Household-based Survey of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice towards Dengue Infections among Local City Communities in Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 5405-5416
AbstractDengue infection is the most rapidly spreading mosquito-borne viral disease in the world. Selangor indicated the highest number of dengue cases in Malaysia. Being the capital of the state, this study aims to investigate the awareness on the importance of eliminating mosquitoes breeding habitats in and near the household’s area among communities in Section 13, Shah Alam. The cross-sectional survey was conducted among randomly selected 250 respondents, who fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The survey was adopted from a structured questionnaire. The data were analyzed using SPSS version 21.0. Among the 250 respondents, around 36.8% had previous history of dengue infection. The results showed that there is no significant difference in total score of knowledge (K), attitude (A) and practice (P) to those who are infected and not infected by dengue previously. It also found that there is negative correlation observed between the total score of knowledge (p=0.000), (r= -0.984) and attitude (p=0.013), (r=-0.259) with the infected person. This study has discovered that there are similar levels of KAP among the infected and non-infected person in the community of Section 13, Shah Alam showing that the efforts of Ministry of Health Malaysia in disseminating information to gain their knowledge, in a hope better attitude and practice, already been achieved in that particular area. Moreover, if the level of the knowledge and attitude of the community increase, the percentage of the infected person can be decreased. In conclusion, continuous practice and daily routine should be conducted in eliminating Aedes mosquito breeding sites.
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