Knowledge, Belief and Practice of Universal Safeety Precautions for Prevention of Covid – 19 Among Patients Attending Opd In A Tertiary Care Centre In Kancheepuram District: A Cross Sectional Study
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 5668-5678
AbstractCoronaviruses are predominantly known to cause enzootic infections in mammals and birds. In the past few decades, these viruses have become adept in infecting humans. COVID – 19 which is an acute respiratory illness in humans that can be primarily spread from person to person via respiratory droplets released from cough of an ill person. Even after strict imposition of universal masking and social distancing rules, community spread is rampant in India. So, it is mandatory to look into the issues causing this assumed failure of preventive measures.
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES:
To assess the knowledge about Universal Safety Precautions among patients attending OPD in Sree Balaji Medical College.
To assess the beliefs about Universal Safety Precautions among patients attending OPD in Sree Balaji Medical College.
To assess the practice of Universal Safety precautions among patients attending OPD in Sree Balaji Medical College.
A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out by interview method using a structured questionnaire to assess the knowledge, beliefs and practices of universal safety precautions among
300 participants who were selected using convenient sampling method where every 3rd person registering at the screening desk aged 18 years and above and giving consent to participate were included in the study.
This study revealed that 54.3% had good knowledge, 27.3% had moderate knowledge and 18.3% of participants had poor knowledge. Participants were relatively well informed about the ideal type of mask for prevention of spread of COVID 19, social distancing and the ideal distance to be maintained for to prevent the spread of COVID 19 and the ideal duration for which health status of a contact should be monitored. A large proportion of the participants were confused between transient and close contacts and quarantine and isolation which was perceived to be one and the same. Majority of the participants have positive beliefs about universal safety precautions. As far as practices are concerned, a vast majority of participants have good practices of wearing a mask at al times while out of the house, maintaining social distancing, avoiding going out unless absolutely necessary, avoiding crowded places, washing hands regularly, avoiding touching mouth nose and eyes and avoiding handshaking behavior.
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