How Issue Power Related To Regional Autonomy?
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2020, Volume 7, Issue 11, Pages 1863-1869
AbstractThis paper will review the issue of Regional Autonomy, particularly those related to issues of power, democracy and elections at the local level. The tendency of the political practice of using money or money politics in elections, both at the national and local levels, creates dissatisfaction and pessimism towards the development of democracy in Indonesia. After the change of Soeharto's government in May 1998, there was a change in the political landscape in Indonesia. This change of power affects changes in the power structure relationship between the center and the regions. The process of significant change in power after the 1998 reform was implemented through Otda (Regional Autonomy) at the district /city government level since 2001. The next political development is that since 2005, Law No. 32 of 2004 on regional autonomy and direct regional head elections (Pilkada) has been used since 2005. This decentralized political system directly at the same time also brought changes to the life of political parties, especially political party organizations at the local government level. Initially, the granting of authority to regions with the Regional Autonomy Law No. 22 of 1999 was opposed by the department of interior. This can be understood because this department has the greatest interest in determining regional leaders, both the Governor and the Regent / Mayor. Therefore, most of the elite bureaucrats and decision makers support the “half-hearted” decentralization process. Meanwhile, the democratization process provides space for civil society and scholars to participate actively in debates on the “political system” and central-regional relations in Indonesia. The extent to which the constitution and laws open up space for optimal society participation in the policy making process.
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