Democracy As A Value And Democracy As A Procedure
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2020, Volume 7, Issue 11, Pages 1891-1897
AbstractDemocracy in general can be viewed from two perspectives, democracy as a value and democracy as a procedure. As a universal democratic value which can simply be interpreted as the government of the society, by the society and for the society. Meanwhile, as a procedure it is a mechanism for selecting representatives who will sit in the representative institution / parliament. Beside of that, it is also a mechanism to test the legitimacy of a regime. This research will emphasize on the second perspective, namely democracy as a procedure. Democracy was originally seen in the days of Ancient Greece, which implemented direct democracy in its city-state. This was effective because at that time the city-states of that era had a small population and a small area. In a modern country, according to its development, democracy implementation is no longer direct but representative democracy, in which the process of electing people's representatives is carried out by referring to the standards set by democratic theory, namely without pressure, confidential, transparency and not manipulated. Thus, apart from political equality and accountability, there are other basic requirements in representative democracy, namely that the representatives are representatives of the society.
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