Demographical Differences In Academic Optimism Among Secondary School Teachers Of Bhutan
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 6433-6438
AbstractThe study on academic optimism was done with consideration to three dimension; teacher sense of self-efficacy, trust in students and parents, and academic emphasis in relation to different demographical differences such as gender, nature of services and qualification of the teachers of secondary school of Bhutan. The researcher used TAO-S set by Wayne K. Hoy et.al. (2010) consisting of 9 items. The sample consists of 308 teachers with equal numbers of male and female teachers working in two district of the country. Researcher used convenient sampling technique to collect the data for this quantitative research. To make the research worthy and relevant the t-test and ANOVA statistical techniques were used. The result shows the insignificant relationship and does support the null hypothesis statements. But in the data generated by the ANOVA and supported post-hoc test, it is found out that their does exist minute differences between B.Ed and PCCE in teacher trust to parents and students which may bring changes to academic optimism. As the overall academic optimism shows strong compliment towards all three demographical dimensions this minute differences is suffice with no differences in all. Thus the growth in academic optimism is at potential and as a result the teachers, students, parents and schools will be equally benefited. Further researcher recommend some of the areas not covered such as salary, types of incentive, age factors and many more that that may contribute a lot for the future study.
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