Analysis Of Metopic Suture In Adult Human Skulls Of Vidarbha Region: A Cross Sectional Study
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2021, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 368-371
AbstractBackground: Vertical sutures between two halves of the frontal bone that stretch from the anterior fontanelle (bregma) to the nasion are metopic sutures. It is called metopism when the full suture persists between bregma and nasion, while if only a small part persists, it is called incomplete metopic suture.
Aims & Objectives: The present study is aimed at the presence of recurrent metopic sutures in different types in Central Indian adult skulls.
Materials and Methods: The current research was carried out using 100 dry human skulls from the Department of Anatomy & Forensic Medicine obtained from adults. The skulls and their morphological differences were closely investigated for the presence of metopic suture.
Results: 100 adult dry human skulls were analysed in the current study, of which 27 (27 percent) of the skulls displayed recurrent metopic sutures. In 6 (6 percent) of cases, full metopic suture (metopism) was observed. Persistent incomplete metopic sutures were revealed in 17 (17 per cent) of skulls. In 6 (6 percent) of cases, the linear form was observed among the morphological variations. The occurrence of U shaped variation & V shaped variation was shown by 3 skulls each.
Conclusion: Continuous metopic sutures are often misdiagnosed as fractures, so radiologists, forensic specialists, and neurosurgeons must have knowledge of metopic suture and its variations.
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