Assessment Of Self-Care Activities Among Diabetic Patients Attending An Urban Health Center In Thirumazhisai
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 3489-3495
AbstractDiabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic progressive metabolic disease characterized by chronic hyperglycemia either due to defective insulin secretion or insulin action or both. A WHO study in 2016 states that totally 422 million people have diabetes. This study aims to assess the level of self-care activities practiced by the diabetic patients attending urban health centre in Thirumazhisai. A cross-sectional study was conducted among thetype-2 diabetic patients attending urban health center during the study periodfrom January 2019 to March 2019. A total of 121 patients were included in the study.A pre-designed, pre-tested semi- structured questionnaire was used to collect data. Data entered in MS excel and analyzed using proportion and Pearson’s chi square test. Majority of the patients belonged to the age group 51-60 years.Around 66.1% were females and 93.4% were Hindu by religion.60.3% belong to upper middle class. Mean age at diagnosis of diabetes was 51.14 years (with a standard deviation ± 8.64). Nearly 26% of the participants came with a family history of Diabetes Mellitus. 58.6% (71) were having diabetes for duration of 1-5 years. 95.8% of the patients were taking medications since the diagnosis. Overall satisfactory level of self-care activities was found in nearly half (47.9%) of the study population. There was significant association between age more than 50 years and the self-care activity (at p<0.05).Proper self-care has shown a great impact on the progression of the disease and is beneficial in preventing long term complication. Hence extra efforts should be made to educate and motivate the patients on good self-care behaviors especially lifestyle modification.
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