Epidemiological Approach of SARS-CoV2 in the First Month of Appearance in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2020, Volume 7, Issue 11, Pages 2853-2865
AbstractThe new emerging coronavirus SARS-CoV2 is an alerting pandemic worldwide. Understanding the epidemiology, viral behavior in the host, and the severity of the disease in an infected patient is a demanding approach for the healthcare system which lead to plan and contemplate the response for further waves of the same virus and even other related viruses. The evaluation of the protection measurements along with analyzing the recorded data of epidemiology and spread provides thorough insights toward the new Coronavirus modes of transmission, infection, and severity. Kurdistan Region of Iraq was hit by the SARS-CoV2 on March 2020 when first confirmed case recorded. The present paper analyzed a full month data of confirmed hospitalized and quarantined cases with regard to age, sex, geographical distribution. The highest risks were shown to be males of their young ages of 30-39 years old in Sulaimani province due to the social structure of the Kurdish population and the geographical position of Sulaimani. Social integration played a significant role in the spreading the virus in all cities of Kurdistan first onset of the virus in the community. Diagnosed hospitalized cases were mostly suffered from high fever, dry cough and breathing difficulties. The mortality rate was shown to be reasonable, and the majority of the cases were recovered after hospitalization and receive supportive treatment. Social distancing and total lockdown played a significant role in viral spread containment. The health authorities prevented devastating outbreak through tracing all the cases and their contacts, isolating the suspicious contacts, quarantining the neighborhoods were the virus found. Further investigation is needed in a larger scale of data in order to be armed with adequate knowledge for any other waves of COVID-19 in the region.
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