Attitudes and Behavior Practices Against Covid-19 During the Rapid Rise Period Among University Students In Indonesia
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2020, Volume 7, Issue 10, Pages 2393-2404
AbstractDespite strict measures taken, the attitudes and behavior practices of university students against infectious viruses remains the most important factor in limiting the widespread of COVID-19 diseases. This study examined attitude and behaviors practice against COVID 19 among university students during the rapid rise period. A university-based cross-sectional study was conducted among university students by the authors’ networks with university or students union in Indonesia. After consenting, participants completed an online survey to assess socio-demographic, health’s habit, family-history of chronic diseases, attitude, and behavior practice against COVID-19. Multivariable analysis was done using linear regression after checking collinearity, and a p-value of less than 0.05 was considered significant. Totally 543 participants, most of them (78.3%) were female and bachelor students (73.3%). Majority participants showed positive attitude (97.2%) and behavior practice (82,0%) with mean score 2.05 and 2.91, respectively. Education level and smoking habits were significantly different with attitude. The behavior practices were significantly different with age, religion, and exercise. Multiple linear regression showed that younger people were more likely to believe in successful control, and confidence against COVID-19. Being younger, diploma level, and inactive were among the significantly associated factors of poor behavior practices against COVID-19. Our results found that university students had positive attitudes and better behavior practice against COVID-19. Therefore, their attitude and behavior practice must be improved to be prepared for epidemic and pandemic situations. Development comprehensive health education programs are important to increase awareness and to reach sufficient knowledge.
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