INFLUENCING FACTORS FOR CONTINUING AND DISCONTINUING NURSING PROFESSION AMONG SENIOR UNDERGRADUATE NURSING STUDENTS
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2020, Volume 7, Issue 11, Pages 4818-4841
AbstractBackground:As occupational insight has a high impact on the evolution of nursing student’s future and standard of nursing, searching for the elements that affect this insight is crucial.
Objectives:To determine the influencing factors for continuing nursing profession. And to determine and explore the influencing factors for discontinuing nursing profession.
Design:Survey design was applied for influencing factors for continuing nursing profession.The explanatory sequential design was used for influencing factors for discontinuing nursing profession.
Method:Total 180 samples were selected as a sample by using enumerative sampling technique for quantitative phase and purposive sampling technique for the qualitative phase.
Result:The findings indicated that the factors which are more influencing students to continue the nursing profession are caring aspects of nursing (59.5%), existing of higher education program in both govt. and private sector (48.8%), serving community people(48.2%), utilization of nursing skills outside of work(41.7%), contribution to community health(42.9%), and expertise can be used for higher education(51.8%). Two new factors are developed for continuing nursing profession after factor analysis i.e. prospects of professional domain and emphasis on the sense of achievement and wellbeing. The factors which are more influencing students to discontinue nursing profession are society’s negative impression towards nursing profession(66.7%), nurses not getting enough appreciation for their work(50%), salary is not satisfactory(50%), nursing is a very stressful job(58.3%) and physical factors like the experience of diligence and unhealthy work environment, mental factors like emotional distress, personal factors related to self and family, professional factors like unfriendly work environment, trampled dignity and social factors like ruined identity.
Conclusion:Based on the study findings, strategies designed to retain nursing students in this profession could decrease the impact of the shortage. To reduce student turnover it is necessary to focus on increasing job satisfaction and career development opportunities for nurses.
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