LEVEL OF STRESS AMONG THE PARENTS OF ALCOHOLIC ADOLESCENTS IN SLUM AREASOF BHUBANESWAR, ODISHA.
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2020, Volume 7, Issue 11, Pages 5096-5104
AbstractObjectives: To determine the level of stress among parents of alcoholic adolescents. Factors affecting the level of stress among parents of alcoholic adolescents.
Methods: A non-experimental survey research approach was used to collect the data in the interview method. Snowball sampling technique was used to select 350 samples. The study was conducted in slum areas of Bhubaneswar, Odisha. The tool was consisting of two parts one is socio-demographic data tool and the other one is the perceived stress scale by Sheldon Cohen which was used for assessing the stress level of parents ofalcoholic adolescents.
Results: The mean ageof alcoholic Adolescent 15.3 years and Father 40 years and Mother 38 years. 64 % of adolescents, 54% fathers and 36% Mothers were studying above 10th standard. 87% of households were Nuclear family and 91 % of parents were having 1-2 children. Hindu population 83% followed by Muslim population with 13%. Schedule tribe was 11.4% and the schedule caste was 21.4%. Age and high Income had a significant association with father’s stress level( The odds ratio to have a stress for Age group up to 40 with above 40 years is 1.9 (1.2-3.1) and the P is <0.01, for Income group comparing the low-Income group to high, is 0.6 (0.4-0.9) and p is 0.02 and for schedule caste and tribe comparing with Others its shows a significant association for stress of father odds 0.15 (0.1-0.2), p=< 0.01. Hence Age and high Income has a significant association with stress and Others category in Caste have a protecting factor for stress. ). Mothers who were working in the formal sector were more prone to get stress than those who were working in the non-formal sector with 2.1 (1.1-3.2) and the P was 0.01.
Conclusion: This study results revealed that 51% of fathers were in stress and 41% of mothers were in stress those who are having alcoholic adolescents.
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