POLICY GUIDELINES FOR DEVELOPING THE AGRICULTURE THROUGH THE SOCIAL ENTERPRISES: KEYS-SUCCESS TOWARDS THE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 4910-4920
Abstract- The Global change and the capitalist crisis in the West have created conditions for each country to turn to the internal market more, each country has to develop a self-reliant economy and, in particular, value the community economy, the foundation economy. However, Thailand should take advantage of the fertile land, climate, and agricultural inputs to make it the world's food court. The government or relevant authorities should focus on agricultural production urgently, not allowing farmers to act on their own as in the past. The government sector needs to take part in the systematic and technical management of agricultural produce by creating new innovations to direct it seriously and concretely. There should be management from production (cultivation), processing, and distribution systematically. It is known that there are many forms or methods of driving the foundational economy such as cooperatives, community businesses, social enterprises, etc. A model that allows communities to join together to conduct business as a Corporate entity, with moderate operational flexibility, is "the social enterprise". Driving the community economy as a social enterprise is a key management factor for the maximum benefit of the community, there should be operated as follow; (1) Encourage and support the people in the community who have needs similarities to jointly establish at least one social enterprise per sub-district by focusing the producing an agricultural product that they have expertise according to the government can support the means of production or capital according to the legal framework. (2) Regional or local governments provide promotion and support at operational levels such as registration of the enterprise network is the center of the enterprise group, acts as the center of the entire supply chain, as well as coordinating with the relevant departments. (3) The central government acts as a mentor to support policy, budget, academic as well as legal supervision. In addition to that, for maximum efficiency, cooperation between the public, private, and community sectors is needed to drive the entire supply chain.
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