Lancet versus needle phobia among undergraduate medical students: A psychological perspective
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2020, Volume 7, Issue 11, Pages 5500-5507
AbstractBackground: In medical curriculum, experiments in haematology laboratory, require blood with invasive procedures which induces pain. We have observed that majority of the undergraduate students suffer from belonephobia and pain while pricking their own finger. Very few studies are available for finger pricking pain among students. So, this study was conducted to compare any difference in pain and symptoms felt by students after pricking with hypodermic needles and lancet during routine haematology experiments among undergraduate students
Material and methods: After obtaining ethical clearance, this study was conducted in the department of Physiology, Subharti Medical College, Meerut. A total of 216 students (120 females and 96 males) participated voluntarily. They were explained the procedure of how to prick their finger thoroughly. On the first week they pricked with a needle and then on next turn they pricked with a lancet. On both the turns they had to fill a questionnaire based on their experience of fingerpricking. Data from both the questionnaires was filled and was analysed in the SPSS software version 19. Chi square test was applied.
Results: In our study, we found that fear of pain and number of symptoms were significantly lower after pricking with lancet compared to hypodermic needle in all subjects (P<0.001).
Conclusion: It may be due to less pain sensation when compared to hypodermic needles. Less penetration depth with lancets causes minimal injury to the tissue and therefore reduced lancing pain.
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