Evaluation of the spectrum of benign breast diseases of women in a tertiary care hospital: an observational study
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2020, Volume 7, Issue 10, Pages 3722-3727
AbstractAim: to evaluate the clinicopathological profile of benign breast diseases in women.
Methods: A Prospective study was conducted in the Department of Surgery, Anugrah Narayan Magadh Medical College and Hospital, Gaya, Bihar, India, for 12 months. Patients presented with different breast related problems like lump in breast, nipple discharge, associated fever and mastalgia were admitted in surgical ward for evaluation.
Results: In the present study, 120 cases were examined and analysed. Fibroadenoma formed the most common benign breast disease accounting for 50 cases (41.67%), followed by fibroadenosis in 25 cases (20.83%). Benign breast disease was commonly seen in the age group of 20-30years constituting 47.5% of all patients followed by 26.67% cases in age group of 30-40years. It is extremely uncommon in <10yrs and above 55years.
Among all the benign breast diseases, left sided breast involvement was more common onstituting 62 (51.67%) cases while right breast involvement was less common constituting 45(37.5%) patients. Bilateral involvement was seen in only 13 (10.83%) patients. Considering the pattern of benign breast diseases, fibroadenoma was the most common lesion constituting 50 (41.67%) cases followed by fibroadenosis (fibrocystic disease) constituting 25 (20.83%) cases, fibroadenoma with fibrocystic changes constituting 17(14.17%) and breast abscess constituting 8(6.67%) cases. Other benign breast diseases include phylloides tumour 5 (4.17%), lipomas 3(2.5%) and 2(1.67%) galactocele. Patients with breast lump 83.33% , patients with breast pain 35% and patients with nipple discharge 3.33%.
Conclusion: The breast lesions pattern revealed by the present study provides valuable information regarding clinic-pathological profile of breast lesions.
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