A STUDY ON PREVALENT MORPHOLOGICAL PATTERNS OF ANEMIA IN A TERTIARY CARE CENTER FOR A PERIOD OF ONE YEAR
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 5143-5152
AbstractAim: Not just reporting the condition as the anemia is enough, but the pathologist needs to subtype the anemia, so as to guide the clinician in a proper direction towards the prevention and treatment.
Material and Methods:The study was done in central clinical laboratory, government general hospital, [RIMS], Ongole. The study participants were the patients admitted and investigated at RIMS hospital during one year period, from January 2019 to December 2019.
Results: A total of 1477 participants, 706 participants (47.8%) had a microcytic hypochromic pattern, followed by 356 participants (24%) with a normocytic normochromic pattern, 321 participants (21.7%) with a normocytic hypochromic pattern, 85 participants (5.8%) with a dimorphic pattern, 4 participants (0.3%) with a hemolytic pattern, one participant (0.07%) with a macrocytic normochromic pattern.
Discussion: The present study includes all age groups and both the sexes, proved that anemia is the among the most common health problems faced by the society.Microcytic hypochromic anemia is the most common type and females are more commonly affected than males. Majority of the patients (46.8%) had moderate degree of anemia with haemoglobin levels 6-9 gm/ dl was seen in 691 patients. Mild degree of anemia (42.7%) with haemoglobin more than 9 gm/dl, was seen in 631 patients. Severe degree of anemia (10.5%) with haemoglobin less than 6 was seen in 155 patients.
Conclusion: Anemia is not a standalone disease, but a clinical condition seen in general practice. Treating anemia in early stages reduces the morbidity and mortality rate and improves the quality of life.
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