The Effectiveness of Neuro feedback Training on the Working-Memory of People with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Symptoms
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2021, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 1795-1803
AbstractBackground and Objectives:
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is one of the most common psychiatric disorders that sometimes begins in childhood and adolescence. Epidemiological studies have reported the prevalence of obsessive-compulsive symptoms in a high clinical population; hence, the use of new methods can be very useful. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of neurofeedback on working-memory in people with obsessive-compulsive disorder.
A total of 20 obsessive-compulsive patients were selected by convenient sampling and were randomly placed in two groups of 10 (experimental and control). In this study, the N-back test was used to collect information from the Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS). In the beginning, the pretest was done and then the experimental intervention (neurofeedback) was performed on the experimental group during 15 one-hour sessions. At the end of the treatment program, a post-test was given to both groups. Multivariate analysis of variance (MANCOVA) was used for data analysis.
The results showed that neurofeedback is significantly associated with increased working memory and decreased symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder in people with obsessive-compulsive syndrome (p <0.05).
Neurofeedback training increases working memory in people with obsessive-compulsive disorder; therefore, it can be used as an effective method with regard to these patients.
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