Morphometric analysis and clinical significance of humeral condyles in dry bone
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2020, Volume 7, Issue 10, Pages 3471-3476
AbstractAim: The aim of this study was to determine the morphometric of humeral condyles in dry bone and its clinical importance.
Materials and methods: A descriptive study was done in the Department of Anatomy, Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar, India for one year. In the present study 80 numbers of dry humerii were collected from the Department of Anatomy. Ten different parameters of humerus were measured to study the morphometry of the humerus by using digital caliper, measuring tape, graph paper, card board and measuring scale.
Results: Among 80 humerus (out of which 45 are of left side and 35 are of right side) to determine the different parameters of the humerus. The maximum length of the humerus was 284.39, ± 23.51 mm on left side and 291.20, ± 19.70 mm on the right side. Maximum transverse diameter was 39.21, ± 5.81 mm on left side and 36.91, ± 6.12 mm on the right side. Maximum vertical diameter of head was 41.96, ± 6.17 mm on left side 43.04, ± 5.42 mm on the right side. The maximum diameter of girth of head was 125.87, ± 12.78 mm on the left side and 137.61, ± 47.67 mm on the right side. The breadth of trochlear on the left side was 26.85, ± 3.79 mm and 27.11, ±3.64 mm on the right side. The maximum diameter of shaft of humerus was 32.76, ±32.6 mm on left side and 32.04, ± 4.45 mm on the right side. The minimum diameter of shaft was 27.20, ± 2.90 on the left side and 26.55, ± 3.36 mm on the right side. Antero-posterior diameter of trochlea was 28.46, ± 2.81 mm on left side and 28.61, ± 2.76 mm on the right side. The distance between the medial and lateral condyle of humerus on the left side was 57.14, ± 6.44 mm and 58.67, ± 6.36 mm on the right side. The surface area of head of the humerus was 23.26, ± 4.80 mm on the left side and 23.20, ± 5.12 mm on the right side.
Conclusion: we concluded that the morphometric measurements of segments of humerus is important for Anatomist, Forensic Science and Archaeologist to identify the relationship between length of long bones and height of living as well as unknown bone fragments which may be influenced by different factors such as ethnicity, age, sex, race and culture. It is also helpful for the clinician to treat the proximal and distal fracture of humerus and also help the orthopaedic surgeon in various reconstructive surgery of humerus for implantation.
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