A study to assess quality of life (QOL) after liver transplant among patients residing in selected areas
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2020, Volume 7, Issue 11, Pages 6183-6197
Abstract: Background: QOL after deceased donor liver transplantation is increasingly recognized as a major outcome parameter. QOL does improve after liver transplantation according to a typical pattern. Purpose: The purpose of the study was to assess quality of life after liver transplant among patients & find out association between selected demographic. Material & Method: A exploratory research design was used for 100patients of liver transplant from Pune city. Non-Probability Purposive sampling methods was used to collect data. QOL was assessed by using Modified Ferrans and Powers Quality of Life index scale was used on 6 point rating scale. The data was collected and analyzed based on the objective using both descriptive and inferential stastics. Results: The study shows that majority (37) 37% patients were from age group 21 to 40 years, Majority (53) 53% patients completed secondary education, Majority patients (53) 53% were from joint family, Majority (53) 53% patients have living donor liver transplant & majority 46% patients have 13 months up to 18 months duration of transplant. The study revealed that 79% patients were moderately Satisfied (81-100) with their quality of life. 14% were slightly satisfied (61-80). 6% were slightly dissatisfied (41-60) and remaining 1% very dissatisfied with quality of life. The mean value is 86.76 and standard deviation 0.707107. Chi-square associations reveal that there is significant association between Education, Family Income and type of transplant with quality of life at 0.05 level of significance. Conclusion: It is important to assess the level of QOL after liver transplant in patients to know their satisfaction to cope with the situation. If patients are dissatisfied then counseling and guidance by trained professional can help them to achieve QOL after liver transplant. Patients can meet other patient living with liver transplant to know their experience improve their quality of life.
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