BASIC UNDERSTANDING OF JIHWA PARIKSHA (TONGUE EXAMINATION) IN DIFFERENT DOSHA AVASTHAS (STAGES OF DOSHAS)
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2020, Volume 7, Issue 10, Pages 3626-3634
AbstractIn Ayurveda, Pariksha means viewing or examining from all sides and aspects. The aim of Pariksha is “Pratipattigyanam”1(Proper knowledge). Giving importance to Pariksha it is clearly mentioned in classical texts that patient should be examined before planning any kind of treatment.2 Rogi Pariksha (Examination of Patient) and Roga Pariksha (Assessment of Disease) together complete the protocol of a comprehensive clinical examination.
The examination of the patient is conducted for the knowledge of lifespan and for the evaluation of strength of Dosha (Body humors) and body.3 There are several methods of examinations which has been explained in Ayurvedic classics, which are helpful in diagnosis of a disease, estimating the status of Rogibala and Rogabala. Among all these methods Ashtasthana Pariksha (eight fold examination) has its own significance. In Ashtasthana Pariksha there are eight factors which are taken into consideration during the examination i.e. Nadi (Pulse), Mootra (Urine), Malam (Fecal matter), Jihwa (Tongue), Sabdam (Voice of patients), Sparsham (Touch), Druk (Eyes & Vision) & Akriti (General body build)4. Jihwa Pariskha is one of the important part of Ashtasthana Pariksha and plays an vital role in diagnosis of the disease. According to Ayurveda, the presence of disease in our system indicates an imbalance in our Doshas and this imbalance can be seen on Jihwa and with the help of Jihwa Pariksha. In this article an attempt has been made to focus on Jihwa Pariksha.
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