“A comparative study of pulmonary function tests in healthy male smokers & non-smokers.”
European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine,
2021, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 1988-1994
AbstractBackground: Tobacco smoking is widely prevalent in developing countries and it has extensive effects on respiratory function and is a risk factor for a number of respiratory diseases. Early detection of lung function decline in smokers will be beneficial for promoting smoking cessation and reducing lung tissue damage.
Method: This cross-sectional study was conducted in the rural and urban areas of Ghaziabad. We assessed the lung function in 150 healthy male smokers and 150 healthy non-smokers through spirometry.
Results: The prevalence of smoking was higher in middle age group (38-49 years age group) as compared to older and younger ones. The spirometry parameters were significantly greater in non-smokers than smokers (p<0.001). Both smokers and non-smokers showed negative correlation between spirometry parameters and age (p<0.001). It was also observed that all spirometry parameters increased with increase in height in both the groups.
Conclusion: Smoking leads to accelerated decline in lung function.
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