Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Issue 3,

Issue 3


Identifying Gender Dichotomy And Obsure Self In Chitra Devakaruni‟s Novel The Palace Of Illusions

Ritu Raj Choudhary; Yashoda Verma

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 1-7

Indian Mythology is one of the unique elements of Indian culture which enriches it further and makes it a unique one in the world. Through generations, different stories in Indian Mythology have been passed from generations to generation orally or in written scriptures. Gender dichotomy has been reflected as a dominant part of patriarchal society in these mythologies. As a result, this factor creates dangerous consequences which limit a person's full potential and wellbeing. Male or female because of these fixed identities imposed by the society, are forced to ignore their personality traits, temperament and unique characteristics and have to follow the fixed social and cultural notions of 'Masculinity' and 'Femininity’. This paper attempts to read Chitra Banerjee Divakaruni’s novel The Palace of Illusions as an attempt to reinterpret the gender and psychological issues which testifies unawareness of a double marginality, an inequality felt by Draupadi both in terms of gender and psyche. It redefines the roles and parameters of women as a challenge of womanhood, the embodied form of action, knowledge, devotion and power. The inner thoughts and resentments of Draupadi in various stages of her life are given voice by the novelist. Different from the epic, this Draupadi has been presented as one who questions the terms of the mythology which records her existence, by bringing out what it represses or excludes. Her life has been described in her own way which radically questions and consistently undermines the previous constructions of her life, being a victim of patriarchy which is perpetuated by the dominant discourses of the time, examining the power relation of Indian culture where gender is the basis of determining the role in society.

A Study On Stress Management In Capfs With Reference To Family Accommodation At Border Outpost Duty

Dr. Rajesh Deb Barman; Jeetendra Gupta

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 8-16

The stress problems of CAPFs personnel due to family and domestic issues require an effective but practical solution. The objective of this paper is to analyse the issues on provision of family accommodation at BOPs/PLACE OF DUTY for the stress management of CAPFs personnel while performing the operational duties in guarding the nation. The absence of humane approach and concern on this issue caused a severe gap in the well-being of our forces, causing distress and prone to extreme steps. The solution of such a diverse and complex problem cannot be a universal or sacrosanct. A comprehensive humane approach and policy is needed in this regard which can only be derived after we understand the dynamics and the nature of the job. The research also revolves around the suggestions that can be taken by the Govt. to provide better life to CAPF personnel.

The Relationship Between Child Infant Mortality And Air Pollution

Rabab Hajwal Al-Zamily

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 17-25

Objectives: This paper points to verify the influences of motherly exposure the basic air depressions off infant mortality. For further investigation of these relationships, we used vital registry data to retroactively build (2907) deaths occurred between 2009 and 2013 at Children's Medical City Hospital for children younger than one year and (1167) of them less than a month Previous investigates have concerned air contamination in raised mortality and disease, mainly in the aged populace and childish person. Extra in recent times, relations with death in newborns then through several generative reproductive effects have also been registered
The purpose from such study is to analysis the relationship relating revealing to open-air pollution for the period of gestation then infant mortality, airborne contamination is linked to poor pregnancy.
Elevation indication has exposed that population’s physical and mental health be able to be influenced air study by several contaminations.
Then, this investigate
Purposes to examine the correlate between air pollutions (O3, SO2, NO2, CO, Pb, PM2.5 or PM10) and Born prematurely. For the interval period (2009-2013).
Method: Totally Infant mortality information besides child birth information since (first January 2009 to end December 2013) be there recorded Children’s Hospital in Medical City in Baghdad Iraq
And Daily data on air quality from The Iraqi Ministry of Health and the Environment, The reality of the environment report (2010 ...) report on the status of the status of the Iraqi Environment

Species composition of fish and some ecological factors in Haji Ali drainage Al-Hilla/Iraq

Hala R. Mohammed; Moayed J. Al-Amari

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 26-39

The present study included species composition of fish and some ecological factors in haji Ali drainage in the Babylon province. Three stations were chosen for the purpose of the study, the station of first is placed at the beginning of the drain(St1), the second in the middle(St2) and the third at the end(St3), monthly samples were selected from June 2019 to May 2020. Water temperature showed slight changes to the stations were recorded between(11.8C°-28.9C°).Salinity ranged between 0.12gm/l -2.55 gm/l. pH values tended in some months of study to the acidic side and in other months to the basic side has recorded from (6.4-9.3). Dissolved oxygen values ranged from (1.71-
8 .86)mg/l.Biological oxygen demand values ranged between (0.04-4.59) mg/l.Throughout the period mentioned above, a total of 5 397 fish were obtained, belonging to 14 species and 7 families, 11 species of them were native species whereas 3 of them were alien species. The most abundant species was Carassius auratus constituted 31.28% of the total caught of the first station, the value of the dominance index (D3) in first station was 78.53%. The most abundant species in second station was C. auratus constituted 31.46% of the total caught, the value of the dominance index (D3) in the second station was 70.03%. The most abundant species in third station was Planiliza abu constituted 28.08% of the total caught, the index of dominance value (D3) in the third station was 75.68%. Richness index (D) was ranged between (0.66-1.92) and diversity index (H) recorded (1.07-2.01),while evenness index (J) ranged (0.55-0.70).

Covid 19 And Impact On Healthcare Supply Chain

Dr Ranjith P V; Dr Aparna J Varma

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 40-44

Objectives: The study finds out the challenges in healthcare supply chain and suggests the solutions for them. Methods: The study uses brief literature to discuss the challenges and solutions. The qualitative methodology used helps in discussing the main problems and possible methods for solving these. Results: Reach, Demand Uncertainty and shortages are the main problems and technology is one of the best solutions for addressing these. Conclusion: Technology, automation, localization, and data analytics will help healthcare supply chains to be resilient and sustainable in the future.

Indonesian Community Behavior during the Covid-19 Pandemic

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 45-56

The coronavirus disease is already at an alarming level because it spreads to 34 provinces in Indonesia, and the mortality rate has reached 7-8%, which is far above the global average. Nevertheless, the government has worked hard to reduce the spread through various policies, including the closure of schools and offices, encouraging people to stay at home, and implementing the Large-Scale Social Restrictions (PSBB). The policy has an impact on people's behavior. Therefore, an online survey was conducted to describe it. This survey was carried out from 5-10 May 2020, with 556 respondents of at least 17 years old, and it extended to various regions in almost all the provinces. Because it was online, the survey had limitations that could not represent the entire population. During the pandemic, various behaviors emerged in the community. Some people behaved as usual, while others acted like experts. Fifteen behaviors were studied, including COVID-19 knowledge, activities during the pandemic, anxiety levels, people's perception, and habit changes during the pandemic.

Factors Related To Hiv/Aids Knowledge Of Eligible Women

Dhesi Ari Astuti; Nur Rahman Dzakiyullah Dzakiyullah; Linda Yulyani; Claudia Banowati Subarto

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 57-69

Data from Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey (IDHS) 2017 show the increase on the knowledge of prevention for HIV/AIDS among Women (49%) and married Men (55%). However, the factors that influence the increase of knowledge in the community, especially among eligible women (EW) are still unknown. On the other side, to increase the number of HIV voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) requires a good knowledge from community, so it is important to identify what factors that are related to HIV/AIDS knowledge. Therefore, this study aims to determine the factors associated with HIV/AIDS knowledge among EW.
This is a cross-sectional study using secondary data from IDHS 2017 (data couples record). Data were analysed using the Structural Equation Modelling (SEM). This study analyses the relationship between predisposing, enabling and reinforcing factors with the HIV/AIDS knowledge of EW.
The results show that more than 75% of 8.838 EW had less knowledge about HIV/AIDS. There are 73.1% of respondents who have mobile phones, but only 4.9% of respondent access information about HIV / AIDS via the internet. In addition, there are 32.2% of respondents who have an elementary school education level or have no education attainment. From the results of PLS-SEM analysis, it is known that the education level and wealth index of EW are predisposing factors that influence EW’s HIV/AIDS knowledge (p-value = 0,000). The frequency of reading the newspaper and the possession of mobile phone are the enabling factors that influence EW’s HIV/AIDS knowledge (p-value = 0.025). Meanwhile, the factors of health workers and community meetings are the reinforcing factors related to EW’s HIV/AIDS. Therefore, health promotion is needed to increase the number of women in continuing education, completing secondary education to higher education, and the innovation to use information technology to disseminate information about women's reproductive health to the community.

Qualitative Study On Mother’s Experiences For Self-Management Of Gestational Gestational Diabetes Mellitus

Mufdlilah .; Aseel Abdulameer Mohammed; Rolita Efriani; Dewi Rokhanawati

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 70-78

Background:Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) becomes common cases over the globe. GDM prevalence is counted as 1-3% out of all pregnancies in the west and 90% of them are complicated by diabetes. GDM is related with the increasing of maternal risk and short-time or long-term perinatal complication.GDM incidents in Indonesia are identified around 1,9-3,6% and around 40-60% women, who ever experienced with GDM, on the further observation after labouring will have diabtes melitus or glucose tolerance disorder. This research is aimed to identify the mother’s experience in GDM self-management.
Methods: This research is a qualitative research with phenomenology approach. This research was conducted on October 2018 – June 2019. The data were collected by employing interview that supported by documentation study over 8 mothers who had GDM interview and 3 midwives in charge at the KIA poly service. The data were analyzed by using thematic analysis.
Results: Qualitative analysis resulted five themes that cover nutrition management, education, glucose monitoring, sports and medication. The results showed that pregnancy mother tried to control the eating pattern as suggested by the health-workers. The mothers should conduct routine glucose controlling, perform physical activity, such as regular walk, perform house works or pregnancy workout. The appropriate medication during the pregnancy involves insulin.
Conclusion: This research reveals mothers’ experiences in GDM self-management in terms of lifestyle. The result of the research could be a valuable guidance in developing comprehensive self-management service, by considering more on mother’s self-management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear understanding about principal self-management for pregnant mothers, hence it could help mother in enhancing adaptation and ability in dealing with GDM. Besides, it could increase the alert towards the risks on pregnancy with diabetes mellitus. Hence screening examination on diabetes melitus.
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This research is aimed to identify the mother’s experience in GDM self disorder. This research is aimed to identify the mother’s experience in GDM self disorder. This research is aimed to identify the mother’s experience in GDM self disorder. This research is aimed to identify the mother’s experience in GDM self disorder. This research is aimed to identify the mother’s experience in GDM self disorder. This research is aimed to identify the mother’s experience in GDM self disorder. This research is aimed to identify the mother’s experience in GDM self disorder. This research is aimed to identify the mother’s experience in GDM self disorder. This research is aimed to identify the mother’s experience in GDM self disorder. This research is aimed to identify the mother’s experience in GDM self disorder. This research is aimed to identify the mother’s experience in GDM self disorder. This research is aimed to identify the mother’s experience in GDM self disorder. This research is aimed to identify the mother’s experience in GDM self disorder. This research is aimed to identify the mother’s experience in GDM self disorder. This research is aimed to identify the mother’s experience in GDM self disorder. This research is aimed to identify the mother’s experience in GDM self disorder. This research is aimed to identify the mother’s experience in GDM self disorder. This research is aimed to identify the mother’s experience in GDM self disorder. This research is aimed to identify the mother’s experience in GDM self disorder. This research is aimed to identify the mother’s experience in GDM self disorder. This research is aimed to identify the mother’s experience in GDM self disorder. This research is aimed to identify the mother’s experience in GDM self disorder. This research is aimed to identify the mother’s experience in GDM self disorder. This research is aimed to identify the mother’s experience in GDM self disorder. This research is aimed to identify the mother’s experience in GDM self disorder. This research is aimed to identify the mother’s experience in GDM self disorder. This research is aimed to identify the mother’s experience in GDM self disorder. This research is aimed to identify the mother’s experience in GDM self disorder. This research is aimed to identify the mother’s experience in GDM self disorder. This research is aimed to identify the mother’s experience in GDM self disorder. This research is aimed to identify the mother’s experience in GDM self disorder. This research is aimed to identify the mother’s experience in GDM self disorder. This research is aimed to identify the mother’s experience in GDM self disorder. This research is aimed to identify the mother’s experience in GDM self disorder. This research is aimed to identify the mother’s experience in GDM self disorder. This research is aimed to identify the mother’s experience in GDM self disorder. This research is aimed to identify the mother’s experience in GDM self disorder. This research is aimed to identify the mother’s experience in GDM self disorder. This research is aimed to identify the mother’s experience in GDM self disorder. This research is aimed to identify the mother’s experience in GDM self disorder. This research is aimed to identify the mother’s experience in GDM self -management.management.management.management. management.management.management.management.Methods: Methods: This research is a qualitative with phenomenology approach. This research is a qualitative with phenomenology approach. This research is a qualitative with phenomenology approach. This research is a qualitative with phenomenology approach. This research is a qualitative with phenomenology approach. This research is a qualitative with phenomenology approach. This research is a qualitative with phenomenology approach. This research is a qualitative with phenomenology approach. This research is a qualitative with phenomenology approach. This research is a qualitative with phenomenology approach. This research is a qualitative with phenomenology approach. This research is a qualitative with phenomenology approach. This research is a qualitative with phenomenology approach. This research is a qualitative with phenomenology approach. This research is a qualitative with phenomenology approach. This research is a qualitative with phenomenology approach. This research is a qualitative with phenomenology approach. This research is a qualitative with phenomenology approach. This research is a qualitative with phenomenology approach. This research is a qualitative with phenomenology approach. This research is a qualitative with phenomenology approach. This research is a qualitative with phenomenology approach. This research is a qualitative with phenomenology approach. This research is a qualitative with phenomenology approach. This research is a qualitative with phenomenology approach. This research is a qualitative with phenomenology approach. This research is a qualitative with phenomenology approach. This research is a qualitative with phenomenology approach. This research is a qualitative with phenomenology approach. This research is a qualitative with phenomenology approach. This research is a qualitative with phenomenology approach. This research is a qualitative with phenomenology approach. This research is a qualitative with phenomenology approach. This research is a qualitative with phenomenology approach. This research is a qualitative with phenomenology approach. This research is a qualitative with phenomenology approach. This research is a qualitative with phenomenology approach. This research is a qualitative with phenomenology approach. This research is a qualitative with phenomenology approach. This research is a qualitative with phenomenology approach. 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The da The da ta were collected ta were collected ta were collected ta were collected ta were collected ta were collected ta were collected ta were collected ta were collected ta were collected ta were collected ta were collected by by employing interview that supported by documentation study over 8 mothers who had GDM employing interview that supported by documentation study over 8 mothers who had GDM employing interview that supported by documentation study over 8 mothers who had GDM employing interview that supported by documentation study over 8 mothers who had GDM employing interview that supported by documentation study over 8 mothers who had GDM employing interview that supported by documentation study over 8 mothers who had GDM employing interview that supported by documentation study over 8 mothers who had GDM employing interview that supported by documentation study over 8 mothers who had GDM employing interview that supported by documentation study over 8 mothers who had GDM employing interview that supported by documentation study over 8 mothers who had GDM employing interview that supported by documentation study over 8 mothers who had GDM employing interview that supported by documentation study over 8 mothers who had GDM employing interview that supported by documentation study over 8 mothers who had GDM employing interview that supported by documentation study over 8 mothers who had GDM employing interview that supported by documentation study over 8 mothers who had GDM employing interview that supported by documentation study over 8 mothers who had GDM employing interview that supported by documentation study over 8 mothers who had GDM employing interview that supported by documentation study over 8 mothers who had GDM employing interview that supported by documentation study over 8 mothers who had GDM employing interview that supported by documentation study over 8 mothers who had GDM employing interview that supported by documentation study over 8 mothers who had GDM employing interview that supported by documentation study over 8 mothers who had GDM employing interview that supported by documentation study over 8 mothers who had GDM employing interview that supported by documentation study over 8 mothers who had GDM employing interview that supported by documentation study over 8 mothers who had GDM employing interview that supported by documentation study over 8 mothers who had GDM employing interview that supported by documentation study over 8 mothers who had GDM employing interview that supported by documentation study over 8 mothers who had GDM employing interview that supported by documentation study over 8 mothers who had GDM employing interview that supported by documentation study over 8 mothers who had GDM employing interview that supported by documentation study over 8 mothers who had GDM employing interview that supported by documentation study over 8 mothers who had GDM employing interview that supported by documentation study over 8 mothers who had GDM employing interview that supported by documentation study over 8 mothers who had GDM employing interview that supported by documentation study over 8 mothers who had GDM employing interview that supported by documentation study over 8 mothers who had GDM employing interview that supported by documentation study over 8 mothers who had GDM employing interview that supported by documentation study over 8 mothers who had GDM employing interview that supported by documentation study over 8 mothers who had GDM employing interview that supported by documentation study over 8 mothers who had GDM employing interview that supported by documentation study over 8 mothers who had GDM employing interview that supported by documentation study over 8 mothers who had GDM employing interview that supported by documentation study over 8 mothers who had GDM employing interview that supported by documentation study over 8 mothers who had GDM employing interview that supported by documentation study over 8 mothers who had GDM employing interview that supported by documentation study over 8 mothers who had GDM employing interview that supported by documentation study over 8 mothers who had GDM employing interview that supported by documentation study over 8 mothers who had GDM employing interview that supported by documentation study over 8 mothers who had GDM interview and 3 midwives in charge at the KIA poly service. The data were analyzed by interview and 3 midwives in charge at the KIA poly service. The data were analyzed by interview and 3 midwives in charge at the KIA poly service. The data were analyzed by interview and 3 midwives in charge at the KIA poly service. The data were analyzed by interview and 3 midwives in charge at the KIA poly service. The data were analyzed by interview and 3 midwives in charge at the KIA poly service. The data were analyzed by interview and 3 midwives in charge at the KIA poly service. The data were analyzed by interview and 3 midwives in charge at the KIA poly service. The data were analyzed by interview and 3 midwives in charge at the KIA poly service. The data were analyzed by interview and 3 midwives in charge at the KIA poly service. The data were analyzed by interview and 3 midwives in charge at the KIA poly service. The data were analyzed by interview and 3 midwives in charge at the KIA poly service. The data were analyzed by interview and 3 midwives in charge at the KIA poly service. The data were analyzed by interview and 3 midwives in charge at the KIA poly service. The data were analyzed by interview and 3 midwives in charge at the KIA poly service. The data were analyzed by interview and 3 midwives in charge at the KIA poly service. The data were analyzed by interview and 3 midwives in charge at the KIA poly service. The data were analyzed by interview and 3 midwives in charge at the KIA poly service. The data were analyzed by interview and 3 midwives in charge at the KIA poly service. The data were analyzed by interview and 3 midwives in charge at the KIA poly service. The data were analyzed by interview and 3 midwives in charge at the KIA poly service. The data were analyzed by interview and 3 midwives in charge at the KIA poly service. The data were analyzed by interview and 3 midwives in charge at the KIA poly service. The data were analyzed by interview and 3 midwives in charge at the KIA poly service. The data were analyzed by interview and 3 midwives in charge at the KIA poly service. The data were analyzed by interview and 3 midwives in charge at the KIA poly service. The data were analyzed by interview and 3 midwives in charge at the KIA poly service. The data were analyzed by interview and 3 midwives in charge at the KIA poly service. The data were analyzed by interview and 3 midwives in charge at the KIA poly service. The data were analyzed by interview and 3 midwives in charge at the KIA poly service. The data were analyzed by interview and 3 midwives in charge at the KIA poly service. The data were analyzed by interview and 3 midwives in charge at the KIA poly service. The data were analyzed by interview and 3 midwives in charge at the KIA poly service. The data were analyzed by interview and 3 midwives in charge at the KIA poly service. The data were analyzed by interview and 3 midwives in charge at the KIA poly service. The data were analyzed by interview and 3 midwives in charge at the KIA poly service. The data were analyzed by interview and 3 midwives in charge at the KIA poly service. The data were analyzed by interview and 3 midwives in charge at the KIA poly service. The data were analyzed by interview and 3 midwives in charge at the KIA poly service. The data were analyzed by interview and 3 midwives in charge at the KIA poly service. The data were analyzed by interview and 3 midwives in charge at the KIA poly service. The data were analyzed by interview and 3 midwives in charge at the KIA poly service. The data were analyzed by using thematic analysis. using thematic analysis. using thematic analysis. using thematic analysis. using thematic analysis. using thematic analysis. using thematic analysis. using thematic analysis. using thematic analysis. using thematic analysis. using thematic analysis.Results:Results:Results: Results: Results: Qualitative analysis resulted Qualitative analysis resultedQualitative analysis resultedQualitative analysis resulted Qualitative analysis resultedQualitative analysis resultedQualitative analysis resultedQualitative analysis resulted Qualitative analysis resulted Qualitative analysis resultedQualitative analysis resultedQualitative analysis resulted Qualitative analysis resulted Qualitative analysis resultedQualitative analysis resulted five themes five themesfive themesfive themes five themesfive themesfive themesfive themes that cover nutrition management, that cover nutrition management, that cover nutrition management, that cover nutrition management, that cover nutrition management, that cover nutrition management, that cover nutrition management, that cover nutrition management, that cover nutrition management, that cover nutrition management, that cover nutrition management, that cover nutrition management, that cover nutrition management, that cover nutrition management, that cover nutrition management, that cover nutrition management, that cover nutrition management, that cover nutrition management, that cover nutrition management, that cover nutrition management, that cover nutrition management, that cover nutrition management, that cover nutrition management, education, glucose monitoring, sports and medication. The results showed that pregnancy education, glucose monitoring, sports and medication. The results showed that pregnancy education, glucose monitoring, sports and medication. The results showed that pregnancy education, glucose monitoring, sports and medication. The results showed that pregnancy education, glucose monitoring, sports and medication. The results showed that pregnancy education, glucose monitoring, sports and medication. The results showed that pregnancy education, glucose monitoring, sports and medication. The results showed that pregnancy education, glucose monitoring, sports and medication. The results showed that pregnancy education, glucose monitoring, sports and medication. The results showed that pregnancy education, glucose monitoring, sports and medication. The results showed that pregnancy education, glucose monitoring, sports and medication. The results showed that pregnancy education, glucose monitoring, sports and medication. The results showed that pregnancy education, glucose monitoring, sports and medication. The results showed that pregnancy education, glucose monitoring, sports and medication. The results showed that pregnancy education, glucose monitoring, sports and medication. The results showed that pregnancy education, glucose monitoring, sports and medication. The results showed that pregnancy education, glucose monitoring, sports and medication. The results showed that pregnancy education, glucose monitoring, sports and medication. The results showed that pregnancy education, glucose monitoring, sports and medication. The results showed that pregnancy education, glucose monitoring, sports and medication. The results showed that pregnancy education, glucose monitoring, sports and medication. The results showed that pregnancy education, glucose monitoring, sports and medication. The results showed that pregnancy education, glucose monitoring, sports and medication. The results showed that pregnancy education, glucose monitoring, sports and medication. The results showed that pregnancy education, glucose monitoring, sports and medication. The results showed that pregnancy education, glucose monitoring, sports and medication. The results showed that pregnancy education, glucose monitoring, sports and medication. The results showed that pregnancy education, glucose monitoring, sports and medication. The results showed that pregnancy education, glucose monitoring, sports and medication. The results showed that pregnancy education, glucose monitoring, sports and medication. The results showed that pregnancy education, glucose monitoring, sports and medication. The results showed that pregnancy education, glucose monitoring, sports and medication. The results showed that pregnancy education, glucose monitoring, sports and medication. The results showed that pregnancy education, glucose monitoring, sports and medication. The results showed that pregnancy education, glucose monitoring, sports and medication. The results showed that pregnancy education, glucose monitoring, sports and medication. The results showed that pregnancy education, glucose monitoring, sports and medication. The results showed that pregnancy education, glucose monitoring, sports and medication. The results showed that pregnancy education, glucose monitoring, sports and medication. The results showed that pregnancy education, glucose monitoring, sports and medication. The results showed that pregnancy education, glucose monitoring, sports and medication. The results showed that pregnancy education, glucose monitoring, sports and medication. The results showed that pregnancy education, glucose monitoring, sports and medication. The results showed that pregnancy education, glucose monitoring, sports and medication. The results showed that pregnancy education, glucose monitoring, sports and medication. The results showed that pregnancy education, glucose monitoring, sports and medication. The results showed that pregnancy education, glucose monitoring, sports and medication. The results showed that pregnancy education, glucose monitoring, sports and medication. The results showed that pregnancy mother tried mother tried mother tried mother tried mother tried mother tried mother tried mother tried mother tried to control the eating to control the eating to control the eating to control the eating to control the eating to control the eating to control the eating to control the eating to control the eating to control the eating to control the eating to control the eating pattern as suggested by the health pattern as suggested by the healthpattern as suggested by the health pattern as suggested by the healthpattern as suggested by the health pattern as suggested by the health pattern as suggested by the health pattern as suggested by the health pattern as suggested by the health pattern as suggested by the healthpattern as suggested by the health pattern as suggested by the healthpattern as suggested by the healthpattern as suggested by the healthpattern as suggested by the healthpattern as suggested by the health pattern as suggested by the health-workers. The mothers workers. The mothers workers. The mothers workers. The mothers workers. The mothers workers. The mothers workers. The mothers workers. The mothers workers. The mothers workers. The mothers workers. The mothers should conduct routine glucose should conduct routine glucose should conduct routine glucose should conduct routine glucose should conduct routine glucose should conduct routine glucose should conduct routine glucose should conduct routine glucose should conduct routine glucose should conduct routine glucose should conduct routine glucose should conduct routine glucose should conduct routine glucose should conduct routine glucose should conduct routine glucose should conduct routine glucose should conduct routine glucose controlling, perform physical activity, such as regular controlling, perform physical activity, such as regular controlling, perform physical activity, such as regular controlling, perform physical activity, such as regular controlling, perform physical activity, such as regular controlling, perform physical activity, such as regular controlling, perform physical activity, such as regular controlling, perform physical activity, such as regular controlling, perform physical activity, such as regular controlling, perform physical activity, such as regular controlling, perform physical activity, such as regular controlling, perform physical activity, such as regular controlling, perform physical activity, such as regular controlling, perform physical activity, such as regular controlling, perform physical activity, such as regular controlling, perform physical activity, such as regular controlling, perform physical activity, such as regular controlling, perform physical activity, such as regular controlling, perform physical activity, such as regular controlling, perform physical activity, such as regular controlling, perform physical activity, such as regular controlling, perform physical activity, such as regular controlling, perform physical activity, such as regular controlling, perform physical activity, such as regular controlling, perform physical activity, such as regular controlling, perform physical activity, such as regular controlling, perform physical activity, such as regular controlling, perform physical activity, such as regular walk, perform house works or pregnancy workout. The appropriate medication during the walk, perform house works or pregnancy workout. The appropriate medication during the walk, perform house works or pregnancy workout. The appropriate medication during the walk, perform house works or pregnancy workout. The appropriate medication during the walk, perform house works or pregnancy workout. The appropriate medication during the walk, perform house works or pregnancy workout. The appropriate medication during the walk, perform house works or pregnancy workout. The appropriate medication during the walk, perform house works or pregnancy workout. The appropriate medication during the walk, perform house works or pregnancy workout. The appropriate medication during the walk, perform house works or pregnancy workout. The appropriate medication during the walk, perform house works or pregnancy workout. The appropriate medication during the walk, perform house works or pregnancy workout. The appropriate medication during the walk, perform house works or pregnancy workout. The appropriate medication during the walk, perform house works or pregnancy workout. The appropriate medication during the walk, perform house works or pregnancy workout. The appropriate medication during the walk, perform house works or pregnancy workout. The appropriate medication during the walk, perform house works or pregnancy workout. The appropriate medication during the walk, perform house works or pregnancy workout. The appropriate medication during the walk, perform house works or pregnancy workout. The appropriate medication during the walk, perform house works or pregnancy workout. The appropriate medication during the walk, perform house works or pregnancy workout. The appropriate medication during the walk, perform house works or pregnancy workout. The appropriate medication during the walk, perform house works or pregnancy workout. The appropriate medication during the walk, perform house works or pregnancy workout. The appropriate medication during the walk, perform house works or pregnancy workout. The appropriate medication during the walk, perform house works or pregnancy workout. The appropriate medication during the walk, perform house works or pregnancy workout. The appropriate medication during the walk, perform house works or pregnancy workout. The appropriate medication during the walk, perform house works or pregnancy workout. The appropriate medication during the walk, perform house works or pregnancy workout. The appropriate medication during the walk, perform house works or pregnancy workout. The appropriate medication during the walk, perform house works or pregnancy workout. The appropriate medication during the walk, perform house works or pregnancy workout. The appropriate medication during the walk, perform house works or pregnancy workout. The appropriate medication during the walk, perform house works or pregnancy workout. The appropriate medication during the walk, perform house works or pregnancy workout. The appropriate medication during the walk, perform house works or pregnancy workout. The appropriate medication during the walk, perform house works or pregnancy workout. The appropriate medication during the walk, perform house works or pregnancy workout. The appropriate medication during the pregnancy involves insulin. pregnancy involves insulin. pregnancy involves insulin. pregnancy involves insulin. pregnancy involves insulin. pregnancy involves insulin. pregnancy involves insulin. pregnancy involves insulin. pregnancy involves insulin. pregnancy involves insulin. pregnancy involves insulin. pregnancy involves insulin. pregnancy involves insulin. pregnancy involves insulin.Conclusion:Conclusion: Conclusion:Conclusion: Conclusion: Conclusion:Conclusion: This research reveals mothers’ experiences in GDM self This research reveals mothers’ experiences in GDM self This research reveals mothers’ experiences in GDM self This research reveals mothers’ experiences in GDM self This research reveals mothers’ experiences in GDM self This research reveals mothers’ experiences in GDM self This research reveals mothers’ experiences in GDM self This research reveals mothers’ experiences in GDM self This research reveals mothers’ experiences in GDM self This research reveals mothers’ experiences in GDM self This research reveals mothers’ experiences in GDM self This research reveals mothers’ experiences in GDM self This research reveals mothers’ experiences in GDM self This research reveals mothers’ experiences in GDM self This research reveals mothers’ experiences in GDM self This research reveals mothers’ experiences in GDM self This research reveals mothers’ experiences in GDM self This research reveals mothers’ experiences in GDM self This research reveals mothers’ experiences in GDM self This research reveals mothers’ experiences in GDM self This research reveals mothers’ experiences in GDM self This research reveals mothers’ experiences in GDM self This research reveals mothers’ experiences in GDM self -management in termmanagement in term management in term management in termmanagement in termmanagement in termmanagement in term management in termmanagement in term s of lifestyle. of lifestyle. of lifestyle. of lifestyle. of lifestyle. of lifestyle. The result of the research could be a valuable guidance in developing The result of the research could be a valuable guidance in developing The result of the research could be a valuable guidance in developing The result of the research could be a valuable guidance in developing The result of the research could be a valuable guidance in developing The result of the research could be a valuable guidance in developing The result of the research could be a valuable guidance in developing The result of the research could be a valuable guidance in developing The result of the research could be a valuable guidance in developing The result of the research could be a valuable guidance in developing The result of the research could be a valuable guidance in developing The result of the research could be a valuable guidance in developing The result of the research could be a valuable guidance in developing The result of the research could be a valuable guidance in developing The result of the 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valuable guidance in developing The result of the research could be a valuable guidance in developing The result of the research could be a valuable guidance in developing The result of the research could be a valuable guidance in developing The result of the research could be a valuable guidance in developing The result of the research could be a valuable guidance in developing The result of the research could be a valuable guidance in developing The result of the research could be a valuable guidance in developing The result of the research could be a valuable guidance in developing The result of the research could be a valuable guidance in developing The result of the research could be a valuable guidance in developing The result of the research could be a valuable guidance in developing The result of the research could be a valuable guidance in developing comprehensive selfcomprehensive self comprehensive self comprehensive selfcomprehensive selfcomprehensive selfcomprehensive selfcomprehensive self comprehensive selfcomprehensive self comprehensive self -management service, by considering more on mother’s self management service, by considering more on mother’s self management service, by considering more on mother’s self management service, by considering more on mother’s self management service, by considering more on mother’s self management service, by considering more on mother’s self management service, by considering more on mother’s self management service, by considering more on mother’s self management service, by considering more on mother’s self management service, by considering more on mother’s self management service, by considering more on mother’s self management service, by considering more on mother’s self management service, by considering more on mother’s self management service, by considering more on mother’s self management service, by considering more on mother’s self management service, by considering more on mother’s self 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considering more on mother’s self -management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear management. The necessities of more effective GDM counceling is required to ensure clear underunderunder understanding about principal self standing about principal selfstanding about principal selfstanding about principal self standing about principal self standing about principal self standing about principal self standing about principal self standing about principal selfstanding about principal selfstanding about principal self standing about principal selfstanding about principal self standing about principal self -management for pregnant mothers, hence it could help management for pregnant mothers, hence it could help management for pregnant mothers, hence it could help management for pregnant mothers, hence it could help management for pregnant mothers, hence it could help management for pregnant mothers, hence it could help management for pregnant mothers, hence it could help management for pregnant mothers, hence it could help management for pregnant mothers, hence it could help management for pregnant mothers, hence it could help management for pregnant mothers, hence it could help management for pregnant mothers, hence it could help management for pregnant mothers, hence it could help management for pregnant mothers, hence it could help management for pregnant mothers, hence it could help management for pregnant mothers, hence it could help management for pregnant mothers, hence it could help management for pregnant mothers, hence it could help management for pregnant mothers, hence it could help management for pregnant mothers, hence it could help management for pregnant mothers, hence it could help management for pregnant mothers, hence it could help management for pregnant mothers, hence it could help management for pregnant mothers, hence it could help management for pregnant mothers, hence it could help management for pregnant mothers, hence it could help management for pregnant mothers, hence it could help management for pregnant mothers, hence it could help management for pregnant mothers, hence it could help management for pregnant mothers, hence it could help management for pregnant mothers, hence it could help management for pregnant mothers, hence it could help management for pregnant mothers, hence it could help management for pregnant mothers, hence it could help mother in enhancing adaptation and ability dealing with GDMmother in enhancing adaptation and ability dealing with GDM mother in enhancing adaptation and ability dealing with GDMmother in enhancing adaptation and ability dealing with GDMmother in enhancing adaptation and ability dealing with GDMmother in enhancing adaptation and ability dealing with GDMmother in enhancing adaptation and ability dealing with GDM mother in enhancing adaptation and ability dealing with GDMmother in enhancing adaptation and ability dealing with GDMmother in enhancing adaptation and ability dealing with GDMmother in enhancing adaptation and ability dealing with GDMmother in enhancing adaptation and ability dealing with GDM mother in enhancing adaptation and ability dealing with GDMmother in enhancing adaptation and ability dealing with GDM mother in enhancing adaptation and ability dealing with GDM mother in enhancing adaptation and ability dealing with GDM mother in enhancing adaptation and ability dealing with GDM mother in enhancing adaptation and ability dealing with GDM mother in enhancing adaptation and ability dealing with GDMmother in enhancing adaptation and ability dealing with GDM mother in enhancing adaptation and ability dealing with GDM mother in enhancing adaptation and ability dealing with GDM mother in enhancing adaptation and ability dealing with GDM mother in enhancing adaptation and ability dealing with GDMmother in enhancing adaptation and ability dealing with GDMmother in enhancing adaptation and ability dealing with GDM mother in enhancing adaptation and ability dealing with GDMmother in enhancing adaptation and ability dealing with GDM mother in enhancing adaptation and ability dealing with GDM mother in enhancing adaptation and ability dealing with GDMmother in enhancing adaptation and ability dealing with GDM mother in enhancing adaptation and ability dealing with GDMmother in enhancing adaptation and ability dealing with GDM mother in enhancing adaptation and ability dealing with GDMmother in enhancing adaptation and ability dealing with GDMmother in enhancing adaptation and ability dealing with GDM mother in enhancing adaptation and ability dealing with GDM. 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Besides, it could increase the alert towards risks on pregnancy with increase the alert towards risks on pregnancy with increase the alert towards risks on pregnancy with increase the alert towards risks on pregnancy with increase the alert towards risks on pregnancy with increase the alert towards risks on pregnancy with increase the alert towards risks on pregnancy with increase the alert towards risks on pregnancy with increase the alert towards risks on pregnancy with increase the alert towards risks on pregnancy with increase the alert towards risks on pregnancy with increase the alert towards risks on pregnancy with increase the alert towards risks on pregnancy with increase the alert towards risks on pregnancy with increase the alert towards risks on pregnancy with increase the alert towards risks on pregnancy with increase the alert towards risks on pregnancy with increase the alert towards risks on pregnancy with increase the alert towards risks on pregnancy with increase the alert towards risks on pregnancy with increase the alert towards risks on pregnancy with increase the alert towards risks on pregnancy with increase the alert towards risks on pregnancy with increase the alert towards risks on pregnancy with increase the alert towards risks on pregnancy with increase the alert towards risks on pregnancy with increase the alert towards risks on pregnancy with increase the alert towards risks on pregnancy with increase the alert towards risks on pregnancy with increase the alert towards risks on pregnancy with increase the alert towards risks on pregnancy with diabetes mellitus diabetes mellitus diabetes mellitusdiabetes mellitusdiabetes mellitus diabetes mellitus diabetes mellitusdiabetes mellitus. Hence screening Hence screening Hence screening Hence screening Hence screening Hence screening Hence screening Hence screening Hence screening Hence screening examination on xamination on xamination on xamination on xamination on xamination on xamination on xamination on diabetes melitus. diabetes melitus. diabetes melitus.diabetes melitus. diabetes melitus.diabetes melitus.diabetes

Comparing Sitting Time Between Male And Female Undergraduate Students During Weekdays And Weekends

Yohana Unyang Juren; Kim Geok Soh; Kim Lam Soh; Swee Leong Ong; Siswantoyo, M. K; Jaka S unardi

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 79-87

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the total daily sitting time for male and female undergraduate students and to compare their daily sitting time between weekdays and weekends. A sample of 375 participants responded to the Sedentary Behaviour Questionnaires (SBQ) survey. T-test was used to analyse the differences in sitting time between genders, while multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) was performed to investigate the gender differences in the sitting time between weekdays and weekends. The results showed that female undergraduate have a longer daily sitting time (M=9.64 hours/day, SD=30.302) as compared to the male undergraduate (M=9.46 hours/day, SD=31.296). However, there was no significant difference reported between sitting time for both genders (t=1.379, p= 0.169, p>0.05). Higher total sitting time on weekdays and weekends were also reported by female undergraduate students as compared the male undergraduate students. Similarly, no significant findings were also reported between genders during weekdays and weekends. The reported F-value was F(2,375)=1.7, P=0.05: Wikls’ Lambda=.99; partial eta squared=0.007. Prolong durations of daily sitting time (more then 6 hours daily) is associated with higher rate of chronic diseases and premature death especially among working adults. Hence, undergraduates who are future workforce replacements need to be encouraged to be active and not sit too long during their study years. Good habits such as completing their tasks while standing and to break the prolonged sitting patterns with slight movements should be inculated in their daily routines. This can help them to reduce the risk of being sedentary by sitting too much and too long in a day.

The Impact Of Agrotourism On The Local Community (A Case Study Of Sơn Islet, Cần Thơ City, Vietnam)

Ngo Thi Phuong Lan; Nguyen Thi Van Hanh

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 88-100

Community-based tourism is not only a tourism industry that aims to bring maximum profits to investors. Instead, it pays more attention to the impact of tourism on communities and environmental resources. Agrotourism has become an inevitable trend worldwide and is regarded as a potential gold mine for the development of tourism in southern Vietnam. Sơn Islet has initially been the residence of a few gardening and cage fish farming families. Until recently, the residents of the small island began to develop one of the earliest and most popular community-based agrotourism models in Cần Thơ City. As an emerging type of tourism that has recently grown in Vietnam, agrotourism has not yet considered much by researchers, and there are few studies on agrotourism, or only economic impact has been mentioned. This article aims to learn more about the overall effect of agrotourism on local communities in order to have some recommendations on making community-based agrotourism more effective. Qualitative research with observations and 22 in-depth interviews have been conducted to collect research data. This article discusses both the positive and negative effects of agrotourism on local communities. The elements of success have also been observed, and some suggestions have been made to develop agrotourism, maintain the success of this community model based on agrotourism on Sơn Islet, and achieve breakthrough growth in the near future.

Increasing Challenge of Turnover Intention in Banking Sector of Pakistan

Muhammad Ashfaq; Fazlulaini Mohd Yunus Yunus; Syed Ahmad Gillani; Hamad Raza Zaidi; Sobia Irum

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 101-115

Profitability and competitiveness cannot be gained without the proper utilization of workforce. Modern day organizations are experiencing difficulties to retain and engage their competent employee. The intention to quit or turnover intention of the employee has been a prime area of concern for the banks as the labour market exhibited a shortage of workforce that is competent as well as qualified. Banks witnessed a growing phase with intense competition from newly entered private and foreign banks. In this scenario employees may switch their jobs in the wake of better compensation and growth opportunities offered. Therefore, there is a need to study new and improved management concepts like workplace spirituality (WPS) to improve the workplace and make the employees more committed. This study explores the relationship of WPS on employee’s behavioral outcomes like turnover intention in Pakistani banking sector. The mediation of psychological contract in this relationship is also the focus of this research. Top five banks have been chosen for the study. The selection of top five banks was based on the number of employees. The main focus of this research is to find out that how the concept of workplace spirituality can help the baking sector to lower down the turnover intention of their employees by fulfillment of the psychological contract in the context of Pakistani banking sector. Data were analyzed by using PLS-SEM as used by past researchers like Chin (2012). Sample size was 338 and questionnaire distribution was done in different branches of top five banks of Pakistan for the purpose of data gathering. Simple random sampling was used for distribution of questionnaire. Overall results show the positive linkage of WPS and psychological contract on the employee’s turnover intention of banking employees. This research endeavor is an attempt to provide the useful insight into the concept of WPS, psychological contract and employees turnover intentions.

Career Management and Work Behavior in Malaysian Banking Sector Perspective

Muhammad Ashfaq; Fadillah ismail; Sobia Irum

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 116-132

Career management is a very important, sensitive and a key factor for both employer and employee. Because both want to grow, develop and successful in present and future as well. Along with career management turnover intention is also a point of concern for employer and employees. Turnover intention is increasing day by day in top talented employees and in organizations as well. Both the factors career management and turnover intention are always keep in the consideration of the researchers. The present study was aimed at understanding the concept of individual career management and organizational career management in the context of Malaysian banking sector. Literature supports the concept that individual career management and organizational career management are interlinked concepts and it has the linkage with the turnover intention as well. Banking sector the world over is facing the issue of employee turnover and Malaysian banking sector is no exception. Therefore, the present study is aimed at exploring to deal with this burning issue with the help of career management practices and its impact on turnover intention. Data was analyzed by using PLS-SEM. The results of the study have important implications for the banks to deal effectively with the existing problem of employee turnover. Overall the proposed model of this study shows high explanatory power in understanding the concepts of career management to reduced turnover intention in Malaysian banking sector.

The Modification of Counsellor Performance Inventory in Malaysian Context

Aqilah Yusoff1, Nor Mazlina Ghazali; Nor Mazlina Ghazali; Azzahrah Anuar; Wan Marzuki Wan Jaafar; Edris Aden; Anis Nurshafiqah Azhar Azhar; Sim Chia Wei

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 133-144

Research questionnaires are not always translated appropriately before they are used in new temporal, cultural or linguistic settings. Thus, the results based on such instruments may therefore not accurately reflect what they are supposed to measure. Gjersing et al., (2010). Research has shown that there were only a few literatures in counselling supervision that had been investigated, said Wan Marzuki Wan Jaafar (2011). This study aims to modify the Counsellor Performance Inventory (CPI) by Iannelli (2000) into Malaysian context. The original dimensions on CPI cover the following things: Counselling Skills, Counselling Knowledge and Interpersonal Relationship. This research is a research development aims to modify the original inventory into Malaysian context that considerate of the cultural and ethical practices and added a new dimension known as Professionalism and Ethical Practices. This paper was intended to explain the modification process involved in this study according to Stewart et al., (2012) recommended the researcher to include the reports of: 1) Features of the original measure that required modification; 2) Source of information on the basis for modifications; 3) Specific type of modification made; and 4) How the modified measure was tested for psychometric adequacy and results. Additionally, by implemented the modification on the instrument, it will get the gaps closer and measure what it’s supposedly to be measure.

The Impact Of Government Policies On House Prices In Malaysia: An Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) Cointegration Approach.

Paul Anthony Mariadas; Hussin Abdullah; Norehan Abdullah

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 145-155

This paper examines the impact of government policies on house prices in Malaysia. In addition, this study also includes the role of gross domestic product, interest rate and total population as emphasised by the Life Cycle and Overlapping Generation Models. This study used an annual time series data from 1988 to 2017. By using autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) framework, we develop a model of house price determination with a focus on government policy. This study revealed that PR1MA has a positive association with house prices. On the other hand, MM2H is not a primary contributor to the house prices in Malaysia.

Does Attitude to Generosity and Positive Emotion Influence Intention to Cause Related Marketing Activity?

Diena D widienawati; Mts Arief; Sri Bramantoro Abdinagoro; Dyah Gandasari

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 156-163

This study aims to provide empirical evidence on the relationship between generosity and intention to participate in Cause-Related Marketing (CRM) program directly or mediated by positive emotion. The quantitative study was conducted with convenience sampling to 54 respondents (92% return rate). The questionnaire included items to measure the attitude toward generosity, intention to participate in the CRM program and positive emotion. All data were analyzed using SmartPLS. The finding of the study is that there is a significant positive relationship between generosity to positive emotion and a significant positive relationship between positive emotion and intention to participate in the CRM program. However, the direct relationship between attitude and generosity to the intention to participate in the CRM program is not significant. This study has both theoretical and practical implications. The contribution to theoretical is that this study gives empirical evidence of the relationship between generosity and intention. The practical implication is that this study can give insight to the manager on how to use CRM to improve company relationships with customers.

Benefits And Challenges: For Marketing Strategies On-Line

Maryam I.Y. Suleiman; Dr. Norhilmi Bin Muhammad; Ibrahim Suleiman Yahaya; Magaji Abubakar Adamu; Amina Usman Sabo

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 164-179

Online marketing, also known as internet marketing, uses interactive, virtual spaces to advertise and sell goods and services. Additionally, modern internet-based, synchronous networking technologies have contributed to the transformation of major economic industries such as marketing. Being cost-effective, fast and enjoying an incredible global scope, internet marketing has yielded tremendous gains for various businesses. This impactful, new approach, however, also includes its particular difficulties, e.g. lack of face-to - face contact, privacy , and security, etc. that should be considered as part of this. The present study focuses on the impacts on marketing practice of internet-fostered digital spaces and also shows the analysis of various marketing strategies that a company can use to achieve its target. The paper starts with the definition of online marketing and the examination of historical context to use online marketing; various online marketing strategies, online marketing strategy, various claims by different authors, which will shed some light on The next focal point is the marketing possibilities which prevent the implementation of this new virtual space. The research continues with issues that arose from virtual space deployment in the marketing area, such as security and privacy issues, lack of confidence etc. We suggest the conclusions by considering the answers to the problems that lie ahead.

The Moderating effect of Perceived Support in the Link among Work Engagement and Turnover Intention: Evidence from Nigeria

Paul Dung Gadi; Daisy Mui Hung Kee

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 180-190

The purpose of this research is to test the moderating effect of perceived support in the link connecting work engagement and turnover intention. A set of 360 surveys was given out to academics in the tertiary institutions in Nigeria and SmartPLS to test the hypotheses. The results verified the effect of supervisor support moderates the effect of work engagement on turnover intention whereas organizational support was not supported. Therefore, to validate the findings, a longitudinal study is required. Future studies should aim to consist of public/private higher institutions of learning in Nigerian. This study supports evidence for supervisors intervening effect on the link connecting work engagement and turnover intention in higher institutions of learning in the country. This paper provides theoretical evidence and a managerial base for potential scholars since Nigeria lacks investigations on moderating impact on distinctive effects.

Psychosocial Safety Climate, Job Demands, and Work-Related Outcomes: A Study of Malaysian Research Universities

Kia Hui Gan; Daisy Mui Hung Kee

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 191-196

The recent QS 2021 World University Rankings showed that all five Malaysian research universities have improve and ranked among the world’s top 200. The improvement in the ranking is an indicator that Malaysian research universities are making continuous efforts in improving their research and academics. To achieve a better ranking, Malaysian research universities use key performance indicators for academicians. Academicians may feel burdened with the high expectations from the management. The present study intends to examine how psychosocial safety climate (PSC) influence academicians work-related attitudes such as work engagement and job satisfaction. The study also intends to examine if job demands mediate the relationship between PSC and work-related attitudes. The paper is the first study examining PSC and academician’s work-related attitudes in Malaysian research universities.

The Impact of Workplace Spirituality on Turnover Intentions in Malaysian Banking Sector

Muhammad Ashfaq; Ts. Dr. Hj. Ishamuddin Mustapha; Sobia Irum

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 197-219

The purpose of this paper is to provide a hypothesized model which investigates the relationship of workplace spirituality and turnover intentions in the banking employees of Malaysia. This study was conducted on managerial employees of banking sector of Malaysia. Sample was drawn from different commercial banks operating in Malaysia for this study. A total of 381 usable returns were collected for the analysis. Structural equation model (SEM) through PLS were implemented to obtain the best fit model and to determine the role of Workplace spirituality to improve the turnover intentions in banking employees. As predicted, the hypothesized model best fits the data. The results of direct relationship analysis and SEM also contribute to the clarification of the causal relations between workplace spirituality and turnover intentions in banking employees. Moreover, the results revealed that the influence of workplace spirituality on turnover intention was significant in banking environment in Malaysia. Research limitations/implications – The results of this study might only be generalized to banks and similar contexts. Moreover, although the sample of the study was yielded from sample in Malaysian banking sector, the common methods bias might be a problem in generalizing the results. Workplace spirituality is the concept though which Banks can retain and their employees and workplace spirituality also helps the organizations to reduce the negative work attitude for employees. The results also helps the decisions makers to focus on building training programs in order to understand the benefits of enriching spiritual environment and be more supportive of spirituality movement. Furthermore, organizations can design some of activities that make work environment more meaningful.
This study is unique as it is the first that examined theoretically and empirically the influence of workplace spirituality on turnover intentions especially in the banking environment.

Sustainability Risk Management Using Failure Mode Efeect Analysis: Evidence From Malaysia

Shazrul Ekhmar Abdul Razak; Mazlina Mustapha; Nor Aziah Abu Kasim; Sabarina Mohamed Shah

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 220-239

Palm oil industry in Malaysia has been in the limelight due to criticisms from various pressure groups on the severe sustainability issues as the results of palm oil productions and processes. Emerging sustainability issues expose palm oil industry to face the unprecedented set of sustainability risks. As such the identification of sustainability risks, the assessment of their impact, the development of sustainability risk management (SRM) to respond and monitor those risks are critical for organization in order to ensure company’s viability and survival in current business environment. Thus, this study intends to provide useful insights on the management of sustainability issues using risk management framework that includes risk identification, risk assessment and analysis, risk response, and risk monitoring. Questionnaires were distributed to operational managers in selected palm oil mills. Failure Mode Effect Analysis (FMEA) was employed to analyse the data. The findings reveal that sustainability risks are perceived as having major impact to business operations; they occur occasionally and are moderately easy to be detected. By assessing the impact of sustainability risks, an acceptable range of risk mitigation strategies can be assigned properly. This finding highlights the need for integrated sustainability risk management approaches to facilitate the development of effective sustainable strategies.

The Rational — Irrational Dialectic with the Moderating Effect of Cognitive Bias in the Theory of Planned Behavior

Geetha a/p Muthusamy; Kenny Teoh Guan Cheng

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 240-250

A standard economic model (i.e., Theory of Planned Behavior) is based largely on logical cognition (Ajzen & Fishbein ,1991). As a result, it is known for the rational component in the theory predominates in influencing the dependent variable that is intention; meaning that, TPB largely ignores the role of irrational influences in decision making. However, in reality, an individual decision is based on both rational and irrational forces (Micklitz et al., 2011; Mullainathan & Thaler, 2000). The study, being explorative, include Cognitive Bias as a moderator to predict female consumers purchase intention towards cosmetic products choice paradox. Hence, to the extent that it can incorporate the measurement of irrational variation, this study postulates that TPB can be improved as a model of behavioural intention. A self-administered questionnaire was employed to gather data from 380 consumers via purposive sampling and subsequently analysed using Partial Least Squares–Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM). This study attempts to investigate if Cognitive Bias which is known as an irrational factor moderates, that is, either improves or reduces purchase decision of consumers due to the causal effects of Behavioral Beliefs and Attitude. As a result, it has been found that people's decision making is heavily influenced by the framing of the problem which is known as Cognitive Bias (van Schie & van der Pligt, 1995; Elliot & Archibald, 1989; Tversky & Kahneman, 1981); thus, Cognitive Bias violates Expected Utility Theory.

The Role Of Women Labors In Indonesian Economic Growth

Risni Julaeni Yuhan; Anugerah Karta Monika

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 251-264

Indonesia has the fourth population rank in the world, the women’s population is greater than man. The increasing number of women’s population, along the growth of women’s labors in Indonesia who are active in the economy, it can be seen from the increasing number of Women's Labor Force Participation Rates from year to year. This is driven by the existence of the gender equality principle which is one of the targets in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The increasing population who work, both men and women have a role in economy. This research aims to study the role of women labors in Indonesia's economic growth 2015-2018. We used 34 provinces data from the publication of the National Labor Force Survey, the variables are economic growth, man labor, women’s labor and the number of poor people. The results in this study using panel data regression showed there is no spilover between women labors and man labors. In addition, the growth of women labors in Indonesia is not statistically significant on economic growth. While the growth of man labors and the government expenditure has a significant positive effect on economic growth and the growth of the poor population has a significant negative impact on economic growth.

THE DEVELOPMENT OF BOCCIA BALL THROWING TEST INSTRUMENTS ON PALSY CEREBRAL ATHLETES

Rumi Iqbal Doewes; Islahuzzaman Nuryadin; Singgih Hendarto; Pomo Warih Adi; Abdul Aziz Purnomo Shidiq

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 265-273

Boccia is a accuracy game for cerebral palsy athletes. In the boccia game, the player will throw a red or blue leather ball with a target of the white ball (jack) target. The score of game is the closest colored ball to the white ball (jack) which counts points. Athletes experience throwing problems in approaching the white ball (jack), so it is necessary to develop instruments to measure throwing skills. This development research purpose was determined the boccia ball throwing test instrument in cerebral palsy athletes. The research subjects were 10 athletes. The research uses a development method through 4 stages such as data collection, product planning, model testing and validation. Research Analysis was used corrected item-total correlation analysis in SPSS through validity and reliability testing. The results showed tht the instrument validity by 6 throws testing, that is in the first throwing the validity value is 0.754; second throwing the validity value is 0.828; third throwing the validity value is 0.859; forth throwing the validity value is 0.742; fifth throwing the validity value is 0.789; and on sixth throwing the validity value is 0.779. The instruments reliability value is 0.918. The research conclusion is the development of boccia ball throwing tests instrument are valid and reliable so that it can be used to measure the accuracy of athletes’ skills in balls throwing of boccia.

An Overview of the Fraud and Forgery Challenges in Land Registration System

Yusri Zakariah; Salfarina Samsudin; Norshafadila Ngadiman

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 274-282

Fraud and forgery are two types of crime in the land registration system. Both crimes are essentially involved in the deception of making dishonest personal gain for oneself or to create loss for another. Many countries have successfully converted their land registration records from paper documents into the computerised system. In Malaysia, since 1995, many different land administration authorities have offered their services through e-government instruments such as Computerised Land Registration System (CLRS) and Electronic Land Administration System (ELAS). Nonetheless, these innovations are factored as the cause in the increase of fraud and forgery cases. This study reviews the fraud and forgery challenges in land registration system innovations related to the information ownership. The fraud and forgery challenges in Malaysia include the (i) limited power of Registrar or land administrator, (ii) lack of expertise and resources, (iii) computerised land registration system security, (iv) lack of concern among legal practitioners and commissioners of oath, and (v) the abuse of power. This study also informs the land administration authorities and practitioners about the significance and challenges to protect information against the misuse for fraudulent purpose.

The Perspective of Malay Oldies: The Meanings of The Pantai Lido Waterfront’s Cultural Landscape

Mohd Amirul Hussain; Nur Afikah Idrus; Mohd Yazid Mohd Yunos; Nor Atiah Ismail; Nor Fazamimah Mohd Ariffin

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 283-300

Many researchers state that the sense of “meaning” plays an essential role in shaping the place’s cultural identity and symbolism. The sense of “meaning” is manifested through the formation of identity and symbolism, which is considered universal because it influences human perception. The sense of “meaning” in an area forms valuable memories that make the place unforgettable due to the influence of the elements of identity and symbolism that exist in it. This study’s objective is to analyse the criteria elements of the cultural landscape in Pantai Lido that make up the sense of “meaning” from the perspective of Malays oldies in Pantai Lido. Furthermore, in achieving the objective, a qualitative method was conducted. It involved in-depth interviews and participant observation by collecting the informants’ perception, memories, attitudes, and beliefs as the subjective reality manifested at both of the psychological and social-cultural levels. The findings demonstrate the meaning of place as the factors that make Pantai Lido more noticeable and memorable. The results show that the meaning of place as a factor that makes Pantai Lido more unique and unforgettable. This study will carry on by suggesting a survey on the importance of meanings of place and its association involvement in developing a cultural landscape on the waterfront in Malaysia. This indicates that perhaps the local authorities and the policymakers need to improve and reshuffle the current regulations for waterfront development in Malaysia.

The Relationship Between Learner Autonomy And Academic Self-Efficacy Among English Major Students In Hubei Province

Zhihao Dong; Siti Maziha Mustapha

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 301-316

The objective of this paper is to explore the current level of learner autonomy and academic self-efficacy and relationship between learner autonomy and academic self-efficacy amongst English major students. A total number of 443 English majors students from eight universities in Hubei Province were chosen as respondents through two steps, stratified sampling and simple random sampling. In this study, two questionnaires were adopted to gather data from the 443 chosen respondents. After the data collection, SPSS 24.0 was used to process the data set to generate descriptive statistics and then Pearson product moment correlation analysis was utilized to find out the correlation between earner autonomy and academic self-efficacy. The outcomes of this research show that: firstly, the overall levels of English major students’ learner autonomy and academic self-efficacy are both moderate; secondly, there is a significant and positive correlation between English major students’ learner autonomy and academic self-efficacy, with the correlation coefficient value being 0.462; thirdly, there is a significant and positive correlation between the five dimensions of English major students’ learner autonomy and academic self-efficacy, with the correlation coefficient value being 0.421, 0.450, 0.279, 0.334 and 0.477 respectively; fourthly, there is a significant and positive correlation between the dimensions of English major students’ academic self-efficacy and learner autonomy with the correlation coefficient value being 0.423, 0.342 respectively. On the basis of the results of the investigation, this study further puts forward some strategies concerning the improving of English major students’ academic self-efficacy and learner autonomy. In addition, some recommendations for future research are also put forward

An Integrated Geo-Physical Approach for Groundwater Investigation in Northwestern Part of Pakistan

Abdul Jabbar Khan; Fida Ul Mustafa; Hamza Farooq Gabriel; Haseeb Ullah Khan; Wasi Haider; Hussain Abbas; Muhammad Shahid

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 317-330

Climate change is causing severe hydrological perturbations commonly seen as erratic precipitation patterns in many regions. North-Western region of Pakistan is also facing severe rainfall decline which has rendered groundwater exploration crucial for the sustenance of agricultural and domestic activities. The integrated geophysical method described here employs Automatic Mapping Water Detector (AMWD) to locate aquifers with relative depths and Electric Resistivity (ER) Survey for investigating the groundwater salinity. AMWD generates output in the form of potential difference curves and profile map, which were interpreted combinedly to investigate the aquifers. ER survey, using Schlumberger configuration, was carried out at the demarcated location and the resistivity values were analyzed to establish a relation with groundwater quality. The AMWD and ER surveys were conducted at four locations. The first two, with known groundwater data, served to cross-check the results obtained from AMWD and ER surveys. Once the method validated, the remaining two locations (Sadiq and Baloch points) were explored with Baloch point showing auspicious prospects for freshwater availability but with underlying layers of saline water. Thus, the method not only aids in locating freshwater aquifers but also provides critical data for sustainable groundwater management in regions prone to both saline and freshwater conditions.

Factors Influencing the Perception of Being Caught (POBC) Among Private Vehicle User

Ahmad Fakhruddin; Muhammad Ali; Jimisiah Jaffar; Shafiq Ur Rehman

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 331-364

Numbers of private car dependencies in Malaysia nowadays are increasing every year. Due to that, Malaysian seems too way more comfort in travel by their owned vehicles. However, high numbers of vehicles on the road would tend to congestions in which areas that had big size of populations such as in urban areas and residential areas. Thus, it does not only require in congestions but it is highly exposed to traffic accidents among vehicles on road. This will determine on what are the level of traffic enforcement effectiveness of the areas. However, government has enforced the rules and regulations of road traffic to ensure the driver to follow the rules. This is because traffic rules and regulations implemented in order to improve the safety on the road. Besides, researchers believe that high rate of traffics accidents on road are related with the human behavior and attitude of the drivers itself. According to [1] stated that Perception of Being Caught (POBC) is a "feeling" of getting caught in a psychological term which relate with an act of awareness on road safety. In this study, researcher would like to determine the factors that influencing the private user’s Perception of Being Caught (POBC). These factors are the key to improve safety on the road. Government which acts as the responsibilities parties may use this result to increasing the road safety and decrease the road fatalities in our nation.

Perceptions Of Intrapreneurial Behaviour Among Business Studies Faculty Members

Muhammad Ali; Dr. Ishamuddin Mustapha; Dr. Sharina Osman

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 365-381

Purpose: The reason for this investigation was to check the notability of intrapreneurship for business education faculty members and look at how its credits and practices identify with faculty’s' work inspiration and socioeconomics.
 Design/methodology/approach: From a sample frame of 851 university business education faculty members in KPK region, Pakistan, 376 faculty members finished an online poll for a reaction rate of 44.1%. Results demonstrated statistically substantial contrasts in faculty members’ intrapreneurial introduction relying upon background, level and specialization of position, and university.
 Findings: Greater trust in and relevant help for intrapreneurship enhanced faculty encouragement. Responders who self-recognized as ambitious innovators encouraged coordinated efforts between their students and active businesspeople, directed new methodologies for showing inventiveness and designed creative educational programs. While responders for the most part felt a sense of freedom, they didn't feel they had satisfactory skills and resources for propelling new enterprises, and they saw less resilience for hazard and risks inside their universities.
 Originality/value: Discoveries of this examination may help separate explicit intrapreneurial characteristics and authoritative components that could strengthen faculty driven instructional method and lessen faculty motivation.

Phytochemical Screening And In Vitro Antioxidant Activity Of Enicostemma Hyssopifolium

K. P. Komal; V. M. BerlinGrace; D.David Wilson; Sardar Hussain

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 382-394

Medicinal plants and plant derived products have been part of the health care system since ancient human civilization. Traditional medicine uses plant extracts because of it’s antioxidant activity. In contrast usage of synthetic antioxidants are being restricted due to several limitations. Thus, there is always demand for newer and alternative phytomedicines. The aim of the present study is to analyse phytochemical components and to explore the In vitro antioxidant potential of methanolic extract of Enicostemma hyssopifolium (MEEh). The plant extract was prepared by organic solvents. The MEEh was used for GC/MS analysis and for exploring the prospects of Enicostemma hyssopifolium. The radical scavenging bioassays such as DPPH and ABTS were carried out to study in vitro antioxidant potency. The lipid peroxidation assay was performed to analyse their inhibitory effects and ferric reducing power of the extract was also evaluated. GC/MS analysis revealed that the plant is a rich source of phytochemicals such as 3,5-Dimethoxyacetophenone, Ergost-5-en-3-ol which are known to have antioxidant potency. In the antioxidant assay of MEEh the IC 50 was found to be 655.3>306.6 μg/ml. In lipid peroxidation assay, 33.45% of inhibition was found at 1000 μg/ml. The findings of the study revealed the potential of Enicostemma hyssopifolium as a source for natural antioxidants. It revealed that the plant could be a promising alternative agent in scavenging free radicals and may have ameliorative effect in complications associated with free radical damage.

Health Monitoring Wearable Device Using Internet Of Things

R. Vani; D. Subitha

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 395-400

The hospitalization of the victims suffering from certain diseases depend hugely over keeping an eye on the information repetitively. New wearable devices and technologies for this purpose are discovered to enhance the continuous monitoring of systems. This newly developed approach is recognized as body-body communion. Using the human body, we can convey various information, data and signals. Practicing this newly developed approach eradicates the existing complex structures which are composed of cords and wires. This makes it uncomfortable for the patient for prolonged hours. This increases the difficulty in critical patients especially the patients which tend to require immediate and timely assistance by the doctors and nurses. In this system, sensors are implemented on the body of the patients’ which regularly keeps an eye on the needed parameters. There are five respective sensors which are being used in this system. They are heart rate sensor, ECG sensor, respiratory sensor, humidity sensor and dust level sensors. Therefore we are able to determine the requirements and needs of the patient almost immediately and accurately. Information which is gathered is relocated from an intermediate network to a hospital. This can later be analysed on the respective customized gadgets and equipments or saved in the victim’s electronic database. Doctors are then able to interpret the problem by making use of the collected information, and can come up with a method of prescription and medication required. This is very helpful in reducing the time and complexity in the prescription planning and analysis. This helps to save a lot of time in preparing a treatment plan and to redeem medical reserves.

Amino Acids In Three Iraqi Truffles Type

Ali A. Alrawi; A. A. AL- Azzami; A. N. Hasan

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 401-405

Three types of Iraqi truffles, which were collected from different regions of the Western Desert in Anbar Governorate in western Iraq, were studied. The three types of truffles were diagnosed as alhurqa truffles that are black-dark brown Terfezia boudieri ,and the second type is truffle aljabah that is brown-light-brown in color Terfezia claveryi.
The third type was white to creamy color, and brittle solid with zigzags and cracks in its outer shell Tirmania nivea . Models of soil grouped with the three types were studied to determine the chemical and physical properties of the soil, as well as the total numbers of bacteria and fungi present in the truffle rhizosphere were calculated. as well as the total numbers of bacteria and fungi present in the truffle rhizosphere. Amino acids, which differed between the three types, were diagnosed in terms of the quality and quantity of the amino acid, The truffle T. boudieri containing 14 amino acids whose values ranged from 0.011 ppm for Aspartic to 75.654 ppm for Arginine, the total concentration of amino acids was 239.609 ppm While T. claveryi contained 0.192 ppm Aspartic acid to 194.433 ppm Glutamic and the total concentration of amino acids was 346.633 ppm. At last T. nivea content 0.294 ppm Isoleucine to 233.555 ppm Alanine, and the total concentration of amino acids was 556.365 ppm. Soil characteristics varied between the three types of truffles. As well as the amount of nutrients in addition to the difference in the numbers of bacteria and fungi between the truffles types. The truffles oxidant results according to estimate Thiobarbituric acid showed higher value in T. boudieri (0.835) than T. claveryi (0.649) and T. nivea (0.486) mg m Malondialdehyde (MDA). kg truffles.

Effect Of Feeding At Different Levels Of Wheat Bran And Date Seeds Powder On Diabetic Rats

Dheyaa Salah Hussein

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 406-417

There is a global rise in the incidence of diseases like diabetes mellitus, atherosclerosis and cardiovascular diseases. Therefore, this study was designed to examine the effect of adding fine bran and date seeds powder as a sources of dietary fibers and active healthy components to prepare functional bread for lowering blood glucose and cholesterol levels. Sensory evaluation revealed that successful replacement of bread samples with 5,10 and 15% fine bran (Fb), 5 and 10% date seeds powder (Dsp) and the mixture of 5% fine bran + 5% date seeds powder. Bread supplemented with 10 and 15% fine bran contained 13.478% and 13.777% (g/100g) protein content respectively, while bread supplemented with mixture of 5% fine bran + 5% date seeds powder, and 10% date seeds powder contained 5.51 and 4.95 (g / 100g) of total dietary fibers respectively. The biological evaluation showed that rats fed on bread sample and its mixtures containing 15% fine bran , 5% date seeds powder, 10% date seeds powder and the mixture of 5% fine bran + 5% date seeds powder for 30 days significantly (p<0.05) reduced serum total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), low density lipoproteins (LDL), very low density lipoproteins (vLDL), while high density lipoproteins (HDL) increased. Also, data showed that rats fed on pan bread made from wheat flour substituted with different levels of fine bran and/or date seeds powder significantly lowered their blood glucose level.

Prevalence Of Gallstone In Relation To Age, Sex And Body Mass Index In Tikrit City

Meqdam A. Khalaf; Abdulhadi M. Jumaa; Ammar L. Hussein

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 418-423

gallstones are common diseases in many countries of the world , and incidence rate may reach about 20 % .Most cases of gallstones occur in females , the incidence rate may reach four times to one in comparison between women and men , mainly in fatty , fertile , age of forty female , gall stones are rare before age of 20 years ,but; may occur at any age . many cases are not diagnosed because they do not cause any signs or symptoms , and thus can only be diagnosed accidently by routine abdominal ultrasound.
The aim of study is to evaluate the relationship between age,sex and body mass index as risk factors for gallstone.
a cross sectional study was conducted in Tikrit city during the period from early of May to the end of October 2019 . 468 were enrolled in present study , and only 95 patients were diagnosed as a case of gallstone (29 male , 66 female). All patients attending private ultrasound clinic with different complains, data was collected by using certain questionnaire.
The results showed that, There was highly significant statistical relationship (P – value ≤0.05) between body mass index mean in both gallstone cases(26.628±5.808) and, in cases without gallstone(22.225±1.316). In the present study there was high statistically significant relation(P- value ≤ 0.05) between body mass index measurement above 25(31.97727273± 3.747859149) and measurement below 25(21.85882353± 1.616313889) in patients with gallstone.
The present study conclude that , Body mass index more than 25 considered as an important risk factor for gallstone.

The Legal Politics of Environmental Conservation as an Effort to Maintain Natural Health

Havis Aravik; Nur Rohim Yunus; Abbas Sofwan Matlail Fajar

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 424-432

The environment is an important component of human life and is one main study in in Islamic economic politics and legal politics in Indonesia. This study discusses the concept of environmental conservation in the perspective of Islamic economic politics and legal politics in Indonesia. This study is a qualitative research using the library research method. The results of this study have proven that environmental conservation is essential for humans to create benefits for people and avoid harm due to environmental damage. In Islamic economic politics, the rules on environmental conservation are found in the fiqh of environment, which is a standard reference for all Muslims. In Indonesia, such rules are regulated in the Law No. 32 of 2009 concerning the environment.

Using Web Scraping In A Knowledge Environment To Build Ontologies Using Python And Scrapy

M. El Asikri; S. Krit; H. Chaib

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 433-442

Web scraping, or web data extraction is data scraping used for extracting data from websites. Web scraping software may access the World Wide Web directly using the Hypertext Transfer Protocol, or through a web browser. While web scraping can be done manually by a software user, the term typically refers to automated processes implemented using a bot or web crawler. It is a form of copying, in which specific data is gathered and copied from the web, typically into a central local database or spreadsheet, for later retrieval or analysis.
In this paper, among others kind of scraping, we focus on those techniques that extract the content of a Web page. In particular, we adopt scraping techniques in the Web e-commerce field. To this end, we propose a solution aimed at analyzing data extraction to exploiting Web scraping using python and scrapy framework .

Technical Assessment Of A Photovoltaic Panel And A Wind Domestic Turbine Systems In Morocco

A. Serbouti; M. Rattal; A. Boulal; E. Oualim; Az. Mouhsen

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 443-452

This paper presents a general methodology of optimizing the energy performance of a photovoltaic panel in five different cities in Morocco, by varying its slope and azimuth. A domestic wind turbine is also studied in Casablanca. For the same capacity, simulations in TRNSYS software prove that photovoltaic panels have a better yield than the domestic wind turbines. These wind generators can be coupled with the photovoltaic system in order to lessen the intermittence of the photovoltaic production at night and during short cloudy days.

Effects Of Bituminaria Bituminosa (L.) Stirton On The Growth Of Atriplex Nummularia Lindl

Zennouhi Omar; El Mderssa Mohamed; Rfaki Abderrazak; Ibijbijen Jamal; Nassiri Laila

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 453-461

In Morocco, forests are under severe pressure because of the intense needs of the population for land used for food crops and wood for domestic or industrial use. To this over-exploitation is added climatic and edaphic aridifications which accentuate the phenomenon of erosion, the degradation and the decrease of soil fertility. Consequently, alternative strategies based on the use of appropriate plants are needed to restore and / or to rehabilitate degraded lands and to improve crop production.
In many countries, Bituminaria bituminosa is used; this shrub has attracted considerable attention related to its important role in nitrogen fertilization, soil protection against erosion and significant productivity improvement (Yates et al.,2009).
Also, the purpose of this study is to evaluate the impact of Bituminaria-rhizobia symbiosis on associated plants such Atriplex nummularia.
So, a trial was conducted under-greenhouse at the Faculty of Sciences of Meknes (Morocco); there were pots with plants of Bituminaria bituminosa and Atriplex nummularia grown alone (monoculture) and others with the association of the two species.
At the flowering stage of the plants, the growth as well as the nodulation parameters including respectively height and dry biomass and number and dry biomass of nodules was evaluated.
The results obtained revealed that Atriplex nummularia benefited from its association with Bituminaria bituminosa as its biomass was high in comparison to its monoculture. Besides that, the growth and the nodulation parameters of B.bituminosa were improved in mixed culture.

Formulation And Evaluation Of Tetanus Toxoid-Loaded Nanostructured Lipid Particles

Kavita Rani; Amit Kumar J. Raval; Dinesh Kaushik; Rajesh Khathuriya

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 462-469

Nanotechnology is regarded as the most imminent technology of 21st century and is contemplated as a big boon in the cosmetic industry. In the present investigation, non-aggregated cationic and unmodified nanoparticles (TT-C-NLPs10 and TTNLPs1) were prepared .In addition, spherical shape, crystalline architecture and cationic charge were also noticed. Furthermore, integrity and conformational stability of TT were maintained as evidenced by symmetrical position of bands and superimposed spectra, in SDS-PAGE and circular dichroism.

Educational Administration In Nigerian: Challenges And The Ways Forward

Ogunode Niyi Jacob; Wama Pajo; Dilmurod Akhmedov

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 470-484

Educational administration is key to the realization of educational objectives. It helps in the systematic arrangement of educational resources to attain the set goals of the education. It is unfortunate that educational administration in Nigeria is facing numerous challenges that is preventing it from achieving it objectives. The aim of this article is to discuss the challenges facing administration of education in Nigeria. The article used secondary data which was sourced from print material and online publication. This article identified weak school administrators, lack of data to plan, inadequate funding, inadequate professional teachers, inadequate infrastructural facilities, institutions Corruption and insecurity as challenges preventing effective administration of education in Nigeria. To address the challenges preventing effective educational administration in Nigeria, the following have been recommended: appointment of competent head for educational institutions, increase the funding of education, provide adequate infrastructural facilities, fight institutional corruption, provide adequate security and generate reliable and creditable data for planning education.

The Relationship Between Serum Creatinine, Serum Urea And Blood Sugar Of Patients In Diyala City In Iraq.

Amer M hussin; Hayder T. Al-Zubaidi; Zainab J. Abdulameer; Husham Abdlsatar Abdlkarem

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 485-493

The present comparative study was done between normal and patients with diabetes and kidney disease in Diyala city in Iraq. The studied ages were ranged between 40 and more than 69. Serum samples were collected from hospitals in Diyala province. The result revealed that the serum sugar values behave in different manner than that of urine and creatinine values. The result showed that male patients percentage (50.0%) was less than male controls percentage (56.0%), while female patients percentage (50.0%) was more than female controls percentage (44.0%) With no significant differences (P> 0.05) among groups according to gender. Blood sugar, blood urea, and serum creatinine were higher in males compared to females. in males blood sugar was higher According to age, the highest age periods in patients was (50-59 year) and in control was (40-49 year), while the lowest age period in patients was (30-39 year ) and in control was (>69 year ) with high significant different between groups according to age periods.
The mean value of serum sugar was high in the patients than control group with high significant differences between groups. The mean values of serum urea were high in patients from the control group with significant differences between groups. Besides, the mean values were significantly higher in Serum Creatinine in patients than controls. the mean value of Blood Sugar was higher in male patients than female with non-significant differences (P>0.05) among patients. So, the mean value of Blood Urea parameters was high in male patients than female with non-significant differences (P>0.05) among patients. Besides, the mean values of Serum Creatinine were higher in males patients than females with non-significant differences (P>0.05) between patients.
Blood sugar did not settled, it goes up and down between the age forty to the age over 69.The least mean values of Blood Sugar were between (50-59) year and the highest values were between (60-69) year with non-significant differences among patients age. On the other hand, the least mean values of Blood Urea were between (40-49) year and the highest values were more than 60 years with non-significant differences among patients age. Besides, the least mean values of blood urea and Serum Creatinine lied between (40-49) years. With age, these values were elevated.

Configure-to-Order (CTO) Production through Lean Initiatives: Manufacturing Delivery in COVID-19 Pandemic Milieu

Khoo Teng Leong; Oo Yu Hock

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 494-505

Manufacturing is a critical demand-supply chain of production to meet consumption needs in fulfilment of contractual obligation under planned delivery schedule or on-demand as needed. This is particularly the case with certain manufacturing concerns that continue to advocate a normative practice of market-response or business-purchase reactions as and when it arises. The maintenance of capital-intensive production and high-cost related products are examples of a typical and common business process in operations management that is reactive rather than proactive. However, as a Business Process Improvement (BPI) strategy that works beyond the practice of normative manufacturing is this proposed model of configure-to-order (CTO) production through lean initiatives. It is a proactive change-driven flexible-adaptive manufacturing enabler that produces ever-shorter delivery times, with economies of scale, operational efficiency, systemic-aligned management and overall productive organizational effectiveness. A case in point is the agility of medical equipment and related products manufacturing business during an unexpected surge of not only critical demand but urgent-fast delivery for its products to combat the death-threatening crisis of Covid-19 pandemic onslaught. In essence, the adoption of ‘lean’ initiatives that incorporates a combined approach of ‘lean’ and ‘agile’ elements - capsulated in the acronym of ‘leagility’ – is a hybrid strategy that facilitates CTO production to deliver the output on time, the result-expected secured and outcome-anticipated fulfilled.

Covid-19 Impacts On Organization Infrastructure Via Exploiting Society Digital Illiteracy: The Rise Of Electronics

Haitham Hilal Al Hajri; Badar Mohammed Al Mughairi; Mohammad Shahadat Hossain; Asif Mahbub Karim

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 506-510

Globally, the COVID-19 pandemic has been the headline over the past few months and forced the institution and individuals to work remotely and practices such as social distancing. Consequently, the cybercriminals urgent implementation of technology to enable the organization to work remotely by conducting cyber-attack targeting critical organization within countries. This article discusses the different type of cyber threats and its impact to the organizations during COVID-19 pandemic by exploiting the digital and technology.

The Impact of Social Media Usage on the Academic Performance of Student

Badar Mohammed Al Mughairi; Hamad Khalifa Al Hakamani; Yusra Mohammed Al Mughairi; Prof. Dr. Asif Mahbub Karim

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 511-517

The grought of the internet services and application, the social media services and application become a major attraction of the user and organization. This lead to the extensive use of social media to achive different type of objectives that meet individual and also the organisation interest. Consenquantly, this use can creat a positive or negative impact. This article studies the impact of social media usage on the accadmic performace of the students. moreover, it illustrates the different impact based on the litreatue review on the types and the age of student. In addition to that, It doministrate the existed and related theories, reviewing the concepts and other studies related to the impact of socal meadia in related ot accadmic performance.

Virus And Covid 19 Spread: In The Light Of Holy Quran And Hadith

Md. Shafiqul Alam Helal; Md. Eunus Mia Bhuiyan; Ikbal Ahmed

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 518-525

COVID-19 virus has now stunned the world. Mankind is not getting rid of this virus even after using all their strength. The cure for this disease has not yet been discovered which proves that the help of Allah is very important where all the strength of man ends. So now, Muslims and non-Muslims all are praying to Allah for help. Allah’s law is that He has created man to be worshiped. Whenever a person turns away from the worship of Allah and disobeys Him, Allah warns the people by sending various kinds of wrath or punishment on them. For example, Allah destroyed many nations, including the nations of Nuh (A) and the Boni Israil. Covid-19 is such a torment which is seen now. At present, people are moving away from the worship of Allah and at the same time, they are engaged in unjust, obscene and brazen acts. One nation persecutes another nation which is disliked by Allah as the Creator. As a result, He has sent down this torment to stun the whole world.

Impact Of COVID 19 On FM Services And Strategies To Overcome This Situation In GCC Countries

Bader Al Rashdi; M. Ramaswamy; Asif Mahbub Karim

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 526-534

The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries) face the dual shock of a pandemic caused by the novel coronavirus (COIVD 19) and a collapse in oil prices. GCC countries many times experienced fluctuations in oil price and learnt how to deal the situation. However, the COVID-19 outbreak, being a new one, has created a lot of concern among GCC countries. This pandemic is causing turbulence to the economies of the GCC countries. Major industries that have been impacted in GCC countries due to COVID-19 pandemic include Energy, Aviation, Food & Beverage, Chemical, Retail & E-commerce, Travel & Tourism among others. Besides a major downfall in oil demand has been reported across the globe due to the effect of COVID-19. Due to this, many oil productions sites have been shut down or has to decrease production in the region. The closure of the industrial and commercial activities because of the pandemic would certainly affect their economies. Facility management (FM) constitutes a branch, jointly representing real estate market with property management and asset management. It plays a crucial role in economic activities in region as FM services are involved in all industrial and commercial activities. The Facility Management (FM) market in GCC countries has witnessed robust growth during the last few decades due to rapid economic activities in this region. It is an established fact in FM services manpower cost dominates the total cost whereas material cost plays vital role in construction industries. Majority of work forces in GCC countries in FM sector is migrant people from the Globe. CCC countries are showing actions that they are capable of acting effectively to contain the health and economic impacts of the pandemic within their own borders, albeit with marked shortcomings when it comes to protecting migrant workers. It is estimated that approximately 23 million migrant workers are living GCC countries . These millions of migrant workers across the Gulf face uncertainty as host countries lock down, employers withhold wages or mull redundancies, and strict coronavirus containment measures lead to deportations and confinement. This will have series impact on FM sector. In this paper a detail study the impact of COVID 19 on FM sector in GCC countries is reported. Strategies to overcome the crisis are listed along with the means and recommendation to implement the strategy.

Theme Of Transferred Resentments In The Context To Family Relations In Mahesh Dattani’s Final Solutions

Z. Zakkina Zareen; Dr. Venkataraman

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 535-537

Indian performance traditions have roots in ancient times. The flowering of those traditions in different directions and forms through the centuries has enriched Indian expressive systems although their development may not necessarily show any chronological or stylistic continuity. However, there are traces-tenuous, heterogeneous and hybrid-which are the crumbs that mark the genealogical networking of these varied foliations. But this is only to be expected as the centuries-old history of the vast subcontinent is fraught with radical changes and transformations. English plays gained more popularity through the following decades especially in the Presidency towns of Calcutta, Madras and Bombay and thrived with the patronage and participation of the officers of the East India Company. Plays by Shakespeare and other European dramatists becomes regular fare for playgoers. Such was the draw of these plays that sometimes actors and specially actresses were brought in from England. Gradually, more play houses were built and the audience began to include wealthy and literate Indians.
Mahesh Dattani has written many illustrious plays but his Final Solutions have been considered as the masterpiece among the other plays. It centers on the Hindu-Muslim problem Final Solutions foregrounds. It also tackles the theme of transferred resentment in the context to family relations. The large part of the play is good theatre and that makes it technically sound. The language is handled quite competently. Our present concern is with the play’s thematic side so let us focus on that. Dattani has attempted a neat balancing act when It comes to tracing the malady of communal disharmony to certain elements within both the communities-Hindu and Muslim. The diagnosis offered is also sound enough. Paid people cause riots or neither plays upon the susceptibilities of the two communities on certain key issues. The chorus is a good device to express the broad way in which the thinking of excitable elements within the two communities goes. Processions being taken out and then attacked and then relation somebody there always is who throws the first stone of the two communities are brought into focus.

Auto-Biographical Elements In Maya Angelou's Autobiographical Poems

Mrs. Sameena Iqbal; Dr. Venkataraman

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 538-542

Maya Angelou is one of the illustrious autobiographical poet, historian, lyrist, playwright, dancer, stage and screen producer, director, performer, singer, and civil rights activist. She is best known for her seven autobiographical poems. The themes encompassing African-American poet Maya Angelou's autobiographies include racism, identity, family, and travel. Angelou is best known for her autobiographical poems. Angelou’s autobiographical poetry occupies a unique position in her development as a poet. As a child, Angelou went through five years of self-imposed silence after she was raped at the age of seven by a Mr. Freeman, who was subsequently kicked to death by her uncle’s. The loss of her voice was a result of the trauma, which made her imagine that her voice could kill. Thanks to her teacher, Bertha Flowers, Angelou started writing autobiographical poetry and overcame her trauma. Autobiographical poetry thus played an essential part in the recovery of her voice, which in turn signaled the success of the healing process.

Challenges Of Elderly People In The Covid-19 Pandemic

Kowsalya B; Dr. Sundara Raj T

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 543-552

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) prevails as an exceedingly transmittable disease, was first noticed in Wuhan, China, in December 2019. The disease has spread to most of the countries and territories around the world. India is not an exemption; the disease was first identified on 30 January 2020 in Kerala. The number of infected people in entire India is rising day by day. This study focused on the difficulties faced by elderly people who are predominantly affected during the span of COVID-19 Pandemic. Elders were mainly influenced by social vulnerability; especially experienced at the times of lockdown and quarantine were loneliness, anxiety and uncertainty can give rise to depressive disorders and insomnia. The challenges faced by the elders during COVID-19.

Nursing Professional Values and Factors Associated with Its Development: Nursing students' perspectives

Asmaa Mohamed Esmail Farag; Soheir Mohamed Weheida; Ola Elsebai Badr

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 553-567

Nursing professional values are the moral knowledge which promote the ethical attitude of nurses, and guide their interaction with patients, colleagues, and community. These values affect the patient's safety and the quality of care. Therefore, it is important to consider its development within nursing education. Aim: identify nursing professional values and factors associated with its development: nursing students' perspective. Design: Descriptive research design was used .Setting: Faculty of Nursing, Alexandria University .Subjects: The subjects comprised of 314 students selected from second academic semester of the year 2018-2019. Tools: I Nursing Professional Values Scale Revised, II Factors associated with nursing professional values development from the students' perspectives. Results: It was found that 57.6% of the nursing students had a high perspective regarding the importance of nursing professional values, and 72.6% of them had a high perspectives regarding the factors associated with the development of nursing professional values, statistically significant correlation was detected between nursing students' demographic , academic data and their levels of perspectives regarding the importance of nursing professional values, in relation to age, residence, academic semester, and academic achievement in previous years (GPA).Conclusion: nursing students perceive caring, justice, and activism to be more important than trust and professionalism as nursing values. Also factors which affect nursing values development are; respectful relationship with nurse educators, work conscience, valuing nursing as a profession, the nursing staff as a role model, educational degrees. Recommendations: Educational workshops about methods of teaching of nursing ethics and values should be given to nursing educators.

Curcumin Neuroendocrine In Mitochondria Alzheimer’s Disease Predicting By Artificial Immune System

Mrs. D. S. Gayathri; Dr. Nagarajan Munusamy

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 568-584

Alzheimer's affliction (AD) is a degenerative character illness that affects people and is acknowledged to be the most, for the most part, saw the reason behind dementia, regardless, dementia can in like way be recognized by various contaminations and conditions. Dementia is a specialist term which is utilized to depict plenty of appearances, and there are a wide extent of sorts of insanity comprising Alzheimer's Disease, vascular insanity, dementia with strange, and others, yet dementia of the Alzheimer's sort (AD) is by a wide margin the most amazing clarification for dementia and this is the kind of dementia this speculation is worried over examinations on the Alzheimer's disorder Neuroimaging Initiative database exhibited that the proposed estimation not simply practiced ideal figure execution over top tier forceful strategies yet also reasonably recognized naturally significant models. The subjects are named unequal or not using AI systems. Henceforth it distinguishes the antigen framework by utilizing clonal determination. The makers have pre-taken care of the data. So it characterized the information mining methods to discover the antigens handling in AIS (Artificial Immune System). At that point, it needs to foresee the negative framework in the antigen separately. It recognizes utilizing the CLONAX calculation to give an ideal arrangement.

Chalet and Resort Guests Expectation and Perception of the Quality Factors Using SERVQUAL Dimension

Muhd Khaizer Omar; NorArnie Sazerin Shamsul Azman; Rosnani Jusoh; Rahimah Jamaludin; Suhaida Abdul Kadir

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 589-608

This article propagates the guests feedback on tourism experience based on the three major quality factors: service, facility, and location. We employ a descriptive quantitative survey and utilize five dimensions of SERVQUAL to determine guests expectation and perception from lodging experience offered by the chalet and resort entrepreneurs along the beach coast of Pengkalan Balak, Malacca, Malaysia. A total of 152 tourists who stay at five selected chalets and resorts are selected using a random sampling technique for the sample of the study. The results of the analysis indicate that the guest expectation on the service quality, the facility, and the environment is higher compared to guest actual experience during their stay in the designated premises. It is evident that the customer satisfaction level is low and the lodging providers are advised to take proactive measures in ensuring the quality of the service, the facility and the convenience of the location are at the global standard. It is important to note that the findings do not generalize to other lodging facilities, for example, hotel and homestay services. The findings from this study projects and assists chalet and resort entrepreneurs to advocate salient improvement for quality standards which ultimately flourish customer satisfaction level and discern best strategies in promoting the beach coast of Pengkalan Balak to be one of the best coastlines and finest chosen tourism destination in Malaysia.

Factors On Deciding TVET For First Choice Educational Journey Among Pre-Secondary School Student

Muhd Khaizer Omar; Md Abdur Rauf; Normala Ismail; Abdullah Mat Rashid; Hazwan Mohd Puad; Anis Zakaria

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 609-627

Less was known about predicting factors concerning students’ knowledge, interests, and motivation towards Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET). The study aimed to determine the relationships among pre-secondary school students’ demographic factors, knowledge possession, interest and motivation related to TVET stream and to identify the relationship between informational methods and knowledge possession, interest and motivation of students towards TVET. A quantitative descriptive study used to determine the factors contributing to student’s knowledge, interests, and motivation, which play a critical role in 64 pre-secondary school students’ choice of TVET. A questionnaire was utilized to determine the participants’ perceptions of choosing the TVET field. Descriptive and inferential statistics, including one-way ANOVA analysis, were used to analyze the data. Findings revealed that information delivery methods such as receiving information from teachers, parents, peers, internet platforms with motivation have a significant relationship for students to choose TVET. Thus, the promotion and strategy on empowering TVET is salient and developing a positive image on TVET will encourage myriad stakeholders on the importance of TVET for the nation. It is a high time to rebrand the image of vocational education as an element to train skilled human capital development.

Analysis on Energy Management System Controlling Over Demand in Households Using Wireless Technology

Manikanda R V S; Ramya G

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 628-637

This paper proposes that Smart networks are an advancement of the current electric circulation frameworks because of the developing interest of energy, the extension in the utilization of sustainable power sources, and the improvement of novel and imaginative data and correspondence advances (ICT). The establishment of frameworks dependent on remote systems can assume a key job in the expansion of the shrewd matrix toward keen homes that can be considered as one of the most significant parts of brilliant networks. Actually, checking and control applications, vitality gathering, and imaginative metering strategies through shrewd remote gadgets are getting progressively significant. This novel proposes vitality the executives approach for keen homes that joins a remote system, in light of Bluetooth low vitality (BLE), for correspondence among home apparatuses, with a home vitality the board (HEM) plot. The proposed approach tends to the effect of reserve machines and high-power rating loads in top hours to the vitality utilization charges of buyers. Reenactment results show that the proposed approach is productive regarding diminishing pinnacle load request and power utilization accuses of an expansion in the solace level of purchasers.

Medical Imaging: A Brief Review

Preeti Sharma; Sarvesh Swar; Mridul Saini

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 638-650

The probing of the human body is done using different modalities of medical imaging. The explications of various images require different methods of image processing which enhance their visual interpretation. These image analysis methods may provide images for different application using automated or semi-automated methods. The processed images may be widely used for data mining, feature selection etc by retaining the underline information and eliminating the irrelevant features. These techniques do not focus on the acquisition of the images. Computations and analysis of various images is the main thrust of MIP (Medical Image Processing) techniques. In general MIP can be categorised further into different physiological modelling or segmentation or registration of the image .This paper presents a survey on various feature selection methods used in medical imaging wherein most of the techniques and methods like Screening, Scanning, Selecting, etc. are summarized.

An Efficient Brain Tumor Classification And Detection Using Evolutionary Approach For Healthcare System

Vinoth Kumar. V; Dr. Paluchamy. B

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 658-670

The growth of irregular cells within the brain region with the prearrangement of tissues is characterized as a Brain Tumor that leads death to people. Comparing to other categories of cancers, a brain tumor is the most deadly disease that has to be detected and treated in the previous stage. Due to cells' complex formation, the tumor detection process is complicated with simple image processing methodologies. Moreover, for providing proper and efficient treatment to the patients, an exact cancer segmentation and classification technique must process the input of brain images as Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scans. Based on that, this paper develops a novel approach called Soft Computing based Brain Tumor Detection and Classification (SC-BTDC) with the obtained MRI. In the present scenario of tumor detection from image processing, soft computing techniques play a significant role. Hence, it is adopted in this work. The method contains phases such as pre-processing, Fuzzy c-Means clustering-based segmentation, feature extraction, and image classification. The median pre-processing filter and edge detection methods are incorporated for noise removal and clearly define the image in the stage of the median pre-processing filter. Further, FCM based clustering is performed for the image segmentation process, following, factors of Gray Level Co-Occurrence Matrix (GLCM) found feature extraction is established. The final phase includes the classification process using the soft computing technique called Artificial Neural Network (ANN) classification. The proposed system acquires a higher accuracy rate and is compared with various existing algorithms for proving the efficiency and minimum loss of the proposed algorithm.

Feeling Of Psychological Loneliness And Its Relationship To Physical Self-Acceptance Of Female Athletes With Special Needs Ages (18-20) Years

Hiyam Saadoon Aboud

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 671-676

The study aimed to identify the level of psychological loneliness of female athletes with special needs, to identify the level of physical self-acceptance of female players with special needs, and to identify the relationship between psychological loneliness and physical self-acceptance of female players with special needs, and the researcher assumed the existence of Statistically significant differences in the sense of psychological loneliness of female athletes with special needs, and the presence of moral differences statistically significant for the physical self-acceptance of the players with special needs, and the presence of statistically significant differences in the feeling of psychological loneliness and its relationship to the physical self-acceptance of the players with special needs As for the third chapter, the researcher used the descriptive approach, and the study sample was deliberately chosen from the Paralympics players (with mobility impairments) in the Kateen Sports Club, as the research community consisted of (75) players. Weightlifting players (bing press) were selected for the 2018 season. In 2019, their number (12) players and their ages range from (18-20) years, with a percentage of (16%). Psychological acuity and measure of physical self-acceptance in research.

Eating disorders and their relationship to emotion and mindfulness among students of the Faculty of Physical Education

Hiyam Saadoon Aboud; Naseema Abbas Salih

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 677-683

The study aimed to identify the level of eating disorders among students of the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences - University of Diyala, to identify the level of emotions among students of the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences - University of Diyala, and to identify the level of mental alertness among students of the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences - University of Diyala, And identifying the existence of a relationship between eating disorders and its relationship to emotions and mental alertness among students of the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences - University of Diyala, either assuming the research, the researcher assumed the existence of significant statistical differences between each of the eating disorders scale (bulimia nervosa) and the scale of emotions and the mental alertness scale of Students of the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences - University of Diyala, and the existence of statistically significant differences between eating disorders, agitation and mental alertness among students of the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences - University of Diyala, but in Chapter Two the researcher touched on issues related to research variables, and in Chapter Three it has The researcher used the descriptive approach using the survey method. Either the research sample was randomly selected from the students of the College of Education Physical education and sports sciences - Diyala University for the academic year 2018-2019 of (60) students and their ages range from (19-21) years. The researcher used the Eating Disorders Scale, the Emotion Scale and the Mindfulness Scale, but in Chapter Four the research results were presented and analyzed. Chapter Five, the researcher reached conclusions, which are the existence of significant differences between the scale of eating disorders (bulimia nervosa), the scale of emotions and the scale of mental alertness among students - Diyala University, and the existence of a significant relationship between the scale of eating disorders (bulimia nervosa) and the scale of emotions and scale Mindfulness among female students of the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences - University of Diyala, and the researcher recommended the necessity of preparing and setting up a guiding and directive program to educate students about the topic of eating disorders and the factors causing it, and preparing seminars and lectures to raise awareness of the transformation of eating disorders and its relationship to psychological variables and its negative effects on psychological disorders, and conduct more negative studies on the psychological state.

Frequency and its relationship to self-confidence among university students in the events of the square and the field

Naseema Abbas Salih

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 684-691

The research aims to identify the psychological hesitation and self-confidence of the first-stage students in the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences - Diyala University, and to identify a relationship between the two variables, and a researcher assumed that there is a statistically significant relationship between the frequency and self-confidence of the students, as the researcher used the descriptive approach in a manner Relational relationships to solve the problem, and the research sample consisted of (30) students, and they were randomly selected by lottery from the population of (60) research, as it represented (50%) of the original community. The researcher reached conclusions that there is a significant association relationship between Hesitation and self-confidence in the effectiveness of the field and the field, and the presence of a difference in the degree of hesitation and self-confidence of the students, and through the conclusions the researcher recommends that the trainers and teachers should raise the morale and create hope in the sample to get rid of the frustration that in turn leads to hesitation during the performance, and interest in enhancing self-confidence from By showing courage, strong will, persistence and determination, making positive thoughts about performance and avoiding negative thoughts in order to improve the perception about their abilities. Dunia, and conducting studies similar to the current study on games and other sporting events.

Therapeutic Effect of Luteolin in Diabetic Wounds: Minireview

Amnah Asiri

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 692-698

Diabetic wounds are a popular health problem affecting 15% of diabetic individuals. Traditional treatment depends on understanding the relationship between diabetes and wound healing mechanisms. Recent studies tend to use natural products that possess active components for treatments. Luteolin is the most common flavonoids found in many medicinal plants. The study has also highlighted the recent advances in the therapeutic effect of luteolin, particularly, on diabetic wounds healing. Luteolin has demonstrated its anti-inflammatory effect through its impact on fibroblast cell proliferation and migration. Further studies are highly recommended to focus on luteolin as an anti-inflammatory agent in human diabetic wounds healing.

A Review On Underwater Acoustic Communication

Preeti Sharma; Mridul Saini; Sarvesh Swar

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 699-713

Cold ocean and sea spots of our planet shroud a ton of assets and privileged insights. The investigation is impossible without the assistance of specialized methods. The submerged unmanned vehicles and sensor systems constitute the most important parts of the collaborative network and correspondence frameworks. This paper presents a study on submerged acoustic correspondence and route in states of chilly water and icicle-secured oceans and seas. All the preferences and impediments of considerable number of strategies like FSK, PSK OFDM, CDMA and so on in submerged acoustic correspondence are summed up, checked on and contrasted concurring with their long periods of distribution. Moreover, the works are looked at dependent on the multifaceted nature and execution of the calculations while some future exploration issues are also explored and distinguished.

Competency Model of software Developer in Thailand

Sujinda Chemsripong; Chutchonook Charutwinyo

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 714-722

The objective of this research is to study a competency model of the software developer in Thailand. By using qualitative research, the research findings revealed that the carrier path of software developers is divided into two approaches as the entrepreneurs and employees who can grow in their career as executives and experts. Their competencies can be grouped into four categories which are essential competencies, technical competency, business competencies and team competency. The performance evaluation criteria consist of three dimensions which work output, the behaviour of working in the team and learning/self-development. Finally, an appropriate method to develop the competencies is self-learning by using training, knowledge management and assigning mentors as a supported process.

Daylighting And Lighting Energy Saving In South-Oriented Open-Plan Office With Light Shelf In The Tropics

Abimaje Joshua; Yaik-Wah Lim

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 723-744

This paper examined the performance of a light shelf (LS) as a delighting device for reducing electric light usage in a south-oriented open-plan office (OPO) under the sky in the tropic using Integrated Environmental Solution Virtual Environment (IES VE). Results showed that the LS improved daylight quantity of the one-sided light office by reducing the excessive illumination at the area close to the window opening but increased it at the back where the illuminance is low. The improvement at the rear was from 1.55 % (LS 3 at noon on 21st March) to 2.99 % (LS 2 on 22nd June at noon). The LS also improved illuminance uniformity for visual comfort in the room with the best three test cases ranging from 74.07 % (LS 2 and 7) to 76.67 % (L3) compared to the case without LS. The selected test cases showed higher illuminance distribution between adjacent points or possible sitting position in the room than the base case (BC). The reduction in electric light usage ranged from 11.78 % (LS 3) to 15.97 % (LS 2). Hence, the paper concludes that LS improved daylight and electric energy efficiency. Therefore, the LS 2 is recommended for the south-oriented OPO with one-sided lighting in the tropical climate.

Green-Centric Communication Void Avoidance for Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks

Umar Sani; Mohd Murtadha Mohamad

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 745-759

Recently, there is rapid interest in the study of Underwater Wireless Sensor Network (UWSN), which is due to it verse applications such as pollution monitoring, seismic monitoring, equipment monitoring, disaster prevention, tactical surveillance, oceanography data gathering, and assisted navigation. Meanwhile, the realization of these applications is confronted with some underwater limitations namely, acoustic channel constraint, limited bandwidth, and water pressure. Several routing algorithms have been developed to achieve efficient data gathering. However, these algorithms are challenged with communication void problem. The communication void problem leads to packet drop/error and high energy consumption in the course of data packet forwarding. Therefore, in this paper, an improved communication void avoidance mechanism for UWSN has been proposed for handling void hole during data packet forwarding considering dislodgment of sensor nodes. The performance of the proposed mechanism has been evaluated against the adapted adjustment mechanism to confirm its benefit based on different data packet forwarding and energy efficiency metrics.

Preference For Passive Cooling In University Senate Building

Badr Alsolami1, Medina Chukusa; Medina Chukusa; Ahmed Osman Ibrahim; Abdurraheem Abdurrahman Bello; Nusa Jibril Danlamil; Mohammed Manzo Mohammed

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 760-766

The use of passive cooling techniques combined with a low cooling load may result in good thermal comfort. The passive design responds to local climate and site conditions to maximize the efficiency and health of building users while minimizing energy use. It generally believed that passive cooling is healthier, cheaper and sustainable. However, it is not certain where there is provision for the active cooling system; users of such building may prefer passive cooling hence. This study aims to elicit users preference for passive cooling in the senate building chamber of Modibbo Adama University of Technology (MAUTECH) Yola; by administering questionnaires to the users available at the time of the research work. A total of 50 questionnaires were administered, 45 were retrieved and evaluated using 5-point Likert ordinal scale (5 = Strongly agree; 4 = Agree; 3 = Undecided; 2 = Disagree; and 1 = Strongly disagree). Weighted mean values were calculated based on which decisions were made: When the weighted mean value is not less than 3.5, it was decided as agreement; and disagreement when weighted mean values were not more than 2.4. The result showed users preference for passive cooling in the senate building chamber of Modibbo Adama University of Technology (MAUTECH) Yola and users awareness about issues of sustainability. It was recommended that passive cooling strategies should be incorporated in future building designs to boost energy conservation and reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

A Study on The Project Management Practices for PMO and Public Sector – A Systematic Review

Abdulla Al Khoori; Syaiful Rizal Hamid

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 767-774

Most organizations have failed in completing their projects due to different factors such as funds, planning, time, manpower and others factor. Various frameworks or guidelines are practiced by organizations to strive against the existing challenges. Project management office (PMO) can be defined as an emerging concept that defines and maintains the standards of project management within an organization. In the UAE, even though most of the public sectors implement the project management strategy, the majority of organizations are still following the traditional practices. The main objective of this paper is to analyze and provide a review of the literature on framework for establishing project management office practices.

E-Training Integration In Organisation: Modeling Factors Predicting Employee’s Acceptance In A Developing Country

A.U. Alkali; Nur Naha Abu Mansor

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 775-798

Background: While factors influencing e-training use intention has been mostly investigated based on the experiences of the developed countries, such investigations in the in the developing countries have been largely overlooked by researchers. Purpose: This paper extends the technology acceptance model (TAM) by investigating the roles of computer/internet self-efficacy and organisational support on intention of employees to use e-training. Methods: Three hundred and one responses collected from five public universities were in the study. Structural equation modeling was applied in data analysis. Results: The findings show that computer/internet self-efficacy, organisational support and perceived usefulness have positive and significant effects on intention. Likewise, perceived usefulness was found to have influenced the effects of internet self-efficacy, organisational support, and perceived ease of on intention. In addition, importance-performance matrix analysis (IPMA) was performed and the results suggest that emphasis should be given to organisational support and perceived usefulness for successful implementation of e-training. The paper has established the applicability of the TAM in predicting e-training use intention and the significance of organisational support in implementing e-training. In addition, the paper provides a model for understanding employees’ intention to use e-training which can be tested in other countries or in different contexts.

Structural Approach to Modeling the Impact of Community Based-Enterprises (CBEs) on the Program of One District One Industry

Muhammad Abi Sofian Abdul Halim; Wan Fayyadhana Husna Wan Zulkifli; Khatijah Omar; Noor Fadhiha Mokhtar; Zuha Rosufila Abu Hasan

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 799-809

Literally, the concept of community-based enterprises (CBEs) is an originally practiced by community who are living in a small village located in Oyama, Oita, Japan in 1961 through a program One Village One Product (OVOP). Essentially, the model of CBEs which included the factors of cooperation, sustainability and innovation is enhancing the development of business performance among rural communities. In Malaysia, the program of One District One Industry or known as Satu Daerah Satu Industri (SDSI) is virtually practiced the model of CBEs with the purpose is to alleviate poverty among community in rural area. At present, most of rural entrepreneurs are less practiced the factors of cooperation, innovation, and sustainable enterprises as variables in CBEs model in their business activities. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of CBEs model on business performance among entrepreneurs under SDSI program who are operating their business in East-Coast of Peninsular Malaysia. Hence, the method of this study is based on stratified random sampling which covers 230 respondents who are operating their business in the East-Coast of Peninsular Malaysia. Furthermore, the results indicate that all of the respondents in this study are significantly accepted the factors in a model of CBEs are contributing to their business performance improvement. Then, this research has proved that CBEs model is an essential platform to be implemented in helping the SDSI entrepreneurs as well as improving their business performance.

LED Facade as an art form of visual aesthetics and communication in branding

Santo .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 810-819

Malls and shopping buildings are part of public spaces, where communication is established, buildings and shopping centers in the capital city of Jakarta are developing, accompanied by increasingly modern technological developments. Monotonous appearance has now changed drastically and significantly. Technology and design take an crucial role in this stage of development, from the use of standard lamps which are now completely changing with the presence of urban screens, Light Emitting Diodes or LED, electronic components that emit monochromatic light.
Light Emitting Diode takes an important role in changing the appearance of buildings and shopping centers, now has a function as an advertising medium other than as aesthetics in Jakarta and other big cities. Nowadays shopping centers not only offer products but have turned into a gathering place for urban communities as a lifestyle, shopping centers are becoming meeting places and promotional events. Buildings and shopping centers now have a reciprocal (causal) relationship with urban spatial planning, architecture, and design that characterize urban society. In addition, Light Emitting Diode as an urban screen changed its function to become advertising communication media and create a metropolitan building that shines and has aesthetic value in the touch of technology.

Innovation, Digital Business and Frugal Innovation Type

David Tjahjana; Adler Haymans Manurung; Nugroho Juli Setiadi; Wibowo Kosasih

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 820-831

SME development is an important pillar of regional integration efforts. Micro, small and medium-sized enterprises represent around 97 to 99% of the enterprise population in most ASEAN countries. In Indonesia, small and medium-sized enterprises made up 99.99% of total businesses and employ 97% of the workforce. Based on data from small and medium-sized enterprises that are already using the internet in Indonesia, the use of e-commerce is still between 9 and 15%. One of the innovation types was frugal innovation, which can be defined as products, services, or solutions that arise regardless of financial, human, technological or other resource constraints, and where the end result is cheaper than competitive offers and meets the needs of customers who have not yet been served otherwise. The objective of this research is to investigate the impact of digital business adoption, frugal innovation, and organizational innovation on firm performance. The study was conducted using a descriptive quantitative method in Indonesia. A structured research questionnaire was developed using a Likert scale-four. Data from a total of 100 returned questionnaires was analysed with SEM-PLS. The results of this research show how the performance of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) is affected by digital business adoption, frugal innovation and organisational innovation.

Innovations in Digital Business and Family Commitment

David Tjahjana; Adler Haymans Manurung; Nugroho Juli Setiadi; Wibowo Kosasih

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 832-841

Indonesia is the only South-East Asian nation to participate in the G20. Based on data from 'The Role of SMEs in Asia and Their Difficulties in Accessing Finance', one of the four countries in Asia with the largest percentage of SMEs is Indonesia (99.9%). The authors will conduct this particular investigation on SMEs as they play a vital role and have a huge impact on the economic development of Indonesia. According to survey results from Price Waterhouse Coopers in 2014 regarding family businesses, 95% of businesses in Indonesia are owned or managed by families. Previous findings from family enterprise research show how family engagement as a function of family business positively affects the relationship between innovation and enterprise success. More than 1.022.213 publications released between 2014 and 2019 were screened using the keywords: digital business adoption, e-business adoption, e-commerce adoption, family commitment, family firms, SME innovation, and SME performance. Eventually, for this study, 21 journals were selected based on this analysis, the conceptual model has four possible connections: the good relationship between digital business adoption and SME achievements; the positive relationship between the adoption of digital business and innovativeness; the positive direct impacts of innovativeness on family-firm performance; and a good relationship between SME performance and family commitment and innovativeness. This research refers to a conceptual framework that could play a major part in the success of SMEs through digital business, family commitment, and innovativeness.

Online Impressions On E-Hailing Services: A Study On Positive And Negative Sentiments On Grab Malaysia And Go-Jek Indonesia On Twitter Platform

E.Y.C., Chow; H.L., Goh; Y.W., Lim; S.F., Lai; A.G.M., Tay

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 842-859

The presence of mobile-internet has led to the emergence of the e-hailing industry. As the e-hailing services usage increased, it led riders to share their opinions or discontent after indulging in the services. Therefore, in this study, online sentiments on social media (Twitter) with specific keywords mentioned, were examined to identify the rider opinions towards the e-hailing services in both Malaysia and Indonesia. Service Quality (SERVQUAL) model was used as the foundation to examine the service quality offered by the e-hailing service providers. The dimensions included were: ‘Availability’, ‘Accessibility’, ‘Information’, ‘Comfort’, ‘Safety’, and the additional dimension of ‘Price’. All the data (tweets) collected were classified into either a positive or negative sentiment, and to respective dimensions manually, by referring to keywords. The results revealed that all the dimensions show a negative trend in both countries. ‘Comfort’ and ‘Availability’ was ranked the first in Malaysia and Indonesia respectively, and the results shown were due to riders demanded an e-hailing service that is available anywhere and anytime when they need it. The study results provide a strong reference to practitioners to improve on their service quality and allowed to identify which dimensions were concerned the most by the riders in both countries.

Examining Students’ Intentions to Use Energy Energy -Efficient Products: An Application of Theory of Planned Behaviour

Norazah Mohd Suki; Norbayah Mohd Suki; Iwan Harsono

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 860-868

Energy-efficient products can reduce the threat of global climate. This research aims to examine students’ intentions to use energy-efficient products by using theory of planned behaviour as the guiding principle. Data were analysed using descriptive analysis via the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). The results of descriptive analysis revealed that of the twenty-six items assessed, two statements which represented the environmental awareness factor were the top important aspects highlighted by the respondents in respect to positive perception towards energy-efficient products. They reported that “the main cause of the climate change is a lack of environmental risk perceptions”. This is followed by statement “current environmental situations are very serious for our future”. Moreover, belief factor is also strongly upholding by the participants in this research. They asserted that reliability is important when considering energy-efficient products. Indeed, they strongly believe that environment is important when considering energy-efficient products. The findings advanced body of knowledge on student intentions to use energy-efficient products, which is not much enclosed in the literature in Malaysian context. Direction for future research is also furnished.

Assessing Consumers’ Intention to Purchase Green Energy Brands

Norbayah Mohd Suki; Norazah Mohd Suki; Normala Zulkifli

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 869-875

This research aims to assess consumers’ intention to purchase green energy brands. A descriptive analysis was employed for data analysis by using a sample of 300 students. The results of descriptive analysis inferred that of the twenty-two items assessed, two statements which represented the nature experience factor were the top important aspects highlighted by the respondents in respect to positive perception towards green energy brands, namely “Brand X evokes the sensation of being in nature” and “Brand X makes me feel close to nature”. This significant result implies that the popularity of the brands associated with green energy brands influenced respondents’ perceptions. Philips was the most popular green energy brands. Philips has achieved a CDP Climate Change A List ranking for its leadership in corporate climate action. Further, Lenovo, Haier, and Ericsson were the next preferred green energy brands. The outcomes from the study propose a different frontward motion to the outcomes of prior studies on green energy brands by providing further facts to narrow down the research gap with regard to assessing consumers’ intention to purchase green energy brands. Direction for future research is also furnished.

Developing Quality-conscious Professionals Through the Basics of Quality Management Course: Students’ Expectations

Ahmad Zamri Mansor

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 876-884

The course "Basics of Quality Management", an elective and liberal course for undergraduate level in UKM. The course represents an important effort in producing quality conscious professionals who will be able to utilise the knowledge for the betterment of the organisation and society. The study is guided by the following research questions: (1) What is students’ expectation in learning about quality management concepts?, and (2) How does this course add value to the students’ future career? Research participants consist of 62 undergraduate students from different faculties who registered in this course in the first week of the semester. This study employed qualitative method, where research participants were asked open ended questions in Google Form. Their responses were then analysed into themes. Their expectation in learning the course can be categorised into three themes: that they expect this course would enable them to (1) understand quality concepts; (2) be more quality conscious, and (3) solve quality-related problems related in theri personal and professional domains. Regarding the value-added importance of this course, three themes emerged, that (1) to prepare for their future highly specialized and sensitive nature of their future career; (2) to add competitiveness nature of their aspired new business venture, and (3) to inculcate quality in their professional life. This study serves as an opportunity to gain insight into student perspective into their choice of this course as one of their elective and how this course can add value to their future career.

Numerical Solution Of Higher Order Functional Differential Equation By Collocation Method Via Hermite Polynomials

Muhammad Bilal; Norhayati Rosli; Norazaliza Mohd Jamil; Iftikhar Ahmad

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 885-897

This paper is devoted to propose the numerical solution pantograph differential equations via a new computational approach of Hermite collocation method. The convergence of the Hermite collocation method is investigated. The numerical solution of pantograph differential equations is obtained in terms of Hermite polynomial. Nonlinear pantograph differential equations are solved and compared with the exact solutions to show the validity, applicability, acceptability and accuracy of the Hermite collocation method. The approximated results show good agreement with the exact solutions, hence indicate good performance of the methods in solving the corresponding equations.

Perceived Attributes of a Novel Teaching Aid of Local Anaesthetic Simulator Kit in Performing Inferior Alveolar Nerve Block

Naffisah Mohd Hassan; Siti Noorsuriani Maon; Tengku Intan Baizura Tengku Jamaluddin

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 898-906

Background: The inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB) is the most frequent regional anaesthesia technique used in dental procedures and has been reported to have the highest failure rates among dental undergraduates, interns and even, dental professionals. Hence, local anaesthesia has been formally taught in worldwide dental curriculum since the 1940s. This was when lignocaine was introduced as the safest anaesthesia medium for dental anaesthesia. Otherwise, dental anaesthesia was performed by Horace Wells in 1920s using cocaine. Purpose. This study is mainly aimed to examine the difference between Year 1 and Year 3 dental undergraduates towards perceived attributes of innovation diffusion theory and intention to use a Novel Local Anaesthesia Simulator Kit (LASK) in competently performing inferior alveolar nerve block in pre-clinical simulation. Methodology. A cross-sectional survey was conducted using questionnaire; and distributed to dental undergraduates. A total of 150 questionnaires were valid for data analysis. Results. The findings revealed that the perceived attributes of relative advantage, compatibility, observability and trialability were statistically different for both groups of students. However, results indicate that complexity construct for both non-clinical and pre-clinical groups of students were not statistically significant difference. Conclusion. The findings of this study will contribute to specific educational significance in the dental curriculum, especially in assessment of dental undergraduates’ clinical competence dental undergraduates at a more microscopic level.

An S-curve Model on the Maximum Predictive Pricing of Used Cars

Fadzilah Salim; Nur Azman Abu

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 907-921

A simple linear regression is commonly used as a practical predictive pricing model of used cars. The concept of maximum predictive pricing or efficient frontier model is a popular notion in capital asset pricing model. A non-linear model has been observed to provide a better estimate of price appreciation while describing real-life phenomena. The objective of this paper is to develop a new S-curve model on the maximum predictive pricing of used cars. A dynamic S-shaped Membership Function (SMF) was used as a base function to formulate a new S-curve maximum equation model. A comparison between linear regression, cubic regression, and S-curve model has been made prior to formulating a new S-curve maximum predictive pricing model. Validation of the new S-curve maximum predictive pricing model was done by curve-fitting the new equation into the required data set. This new S-curve model is expected to represent a better and practical model related to the price prediction of used cars and specifically, can offer a more realistic forecast of used car pricing in Malaysia.

Digital Marketing in Online Business

Atirah Sufian; Chin See Min; Murzidah Ahmad Murad; Nor Azah Abdul Aziz

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 922-940

This research discusses the factors impacting the use of social media marketing on sales of the online small businesses in Malacca. The primary data was collected by using explanatory survey. The sample consists of 150 respondents who are online small business owners and who had experiences or non-experiences by implementing the social media marketing on their business in Malacca. The requirement analysis test used are pilot test, Reliability Analysis, Validity Analysis, Descriptive Statistic Analysis, Pearson’s Correlation Analysis, Multiple Regression Analysis and Hypothesis Test Analysis. The data analysis technique is used Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) Version 25.0 software. There are four independent variables such as customers’ feedbacks, communication, content sharing and customers’ relationships will be measured to examine their influence on sales performance of the online small businesses. The research results show that customers’ feedbacks has no direct influence on sales performance, communication has directly influence on sales performance, content sharing has no direct influence on sales performance and customers’ relationships has directly influence on sales performance of online small businesses in Malacca. In overall, the customers’ relationships has been proved to be the most significant factor that impacting the use of social media marketing on sales of the online small businesses because fostering relationships helps the online small businesses to build a positive rapport with customers within the community. The good customers’ relationships will make customers to have a good impression for the business owners and willing to repurchase the products. The achievement of this results could be a reference which offered the knowledge of sales performance on online small businesses for academic purpose, business study or other fields.

A Literature Review on Orthodontically Induced Root Resorption: The Aftermath of the Pursuit of an Attractive Smile

Dr. Anna Jacob B.D.S; Dr Ashith M.V M.D.S; Dr. Siddharth Shetty M.D.S; Dr. Supriya Nambiar M.D.S; Dr. Nidhin Philip Jose M.D.S

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 941-957

Root resorption is one of the most relevant problems in orthodontics that does not have a clear-cut method of resolution or prevention. We can use lighter forces and create an environment that would minimise the chances of developing root resorption, but nonetheless, there is no fool-proof method or mechanics to completely avoid the development of this malady. Moreover, the multifactorial etiology and other such considerations make it difficult to arrive at a conclusion whether this phenomenon can be effectively controlled at all. What we have now are a set of guidelines that were the result of intense research studies performed by pioneers in the orthodontic field. Utmost care and regular follow up are the only way to reduce the adverse effects and achieve stable and consistent treatment results.

Isolation, Assessment of Antimicrobial Sensitivity of Bacterial Pathogens from Post-Cesarean section Infection of patients in Thi-Qar Province

Ezat H. Mezal; Abdullah F. Yousif; Zaman K. Hanan; Ali K. Hanan; AbduladheemTurki Jalil

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 958-964

Cesarean section is the most frequent surgical procedure in obstetrics. This study was carried out to isolating and identifying bacteria causing cesarean section inflammation from patients and antimicrobial susceptibility test to bacterial isolates; 30 samples were collected from patients with different aged of women that had suffering from Post-Cesarean section Infection in Bent-Al-Huda & Al-Habboubi hospital in in Thi-Qar province. The isolates were identified on the bases of their morphological characteristics, the Gram stain reaction, biochemical tests and confirmed by the Api 20 E test. The results revealed that the rate of bacterial isolates in patients with Post-Cesarean section Infection was (76.6%). out of these (34.8 %) were E .coli, (30.4%) were Pseudomonas aeroginosa, (13%) of Staphylococcus aurous, (8.6%) isolates of Acintobacter and Bacillus. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing to 23 bacterial isolates showed variable sensitivity to antibiotic, they were more sensitive to chloramphenicol and Imipenem also the results appeared increasing prevalence of multidrug resistant between isolates.

Virtue Ethics a Framework for Sustainable Development

Anita Jena; Sarita Kar

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 965-970

Environmental extremity or adversity is one of the dominant problems in world wide. For this, the main concern of ethics is to provide a crucial and a cogent remedy for sustainable development. Due to maximization of certain issues concerning sustainable development this paper intends to demonstrate virtue ethics as a method in terms of which such issues can be minimize. An appropriate structure for sustainable development can be attainable through the application of virtue ethics and its implementation in the daily life of human beings. Here we discuss about the virtue ethics which is considered as the character of human being that helps them in attaining a good life. Therefore, virtue ethics is important to study in order to establish a behavioural and habitual foundation that can be conducive for sustainable development. The prime motto of virtue ethics is to discover the protective and potential character of human being which can be more effective for sustainable development.

Multi-Objective Optimization For Optimal Hybrid Renewable Energy Source Selection In Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems

Shilaja C; Dr.S. Jeyanthi

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 971-980

Power generation is more important to fulfill power demand throughout the world. Population and their electric power demand are increasing day by day. Achieve the energy demand from end-users, and recent research works have concentrated on designing a hybrid energy system. This paper proposed a multi-objective optimized model of a hybrid renewable energy system for a grid. The optimal model can choose a suitable design model of solar, wind, diesel, and batteries interconnected in the hybrid energy system. Optimization is applied for minimizing the system cost, fuel cost and diminish the fuel emission. It also aimed to improve the reliability of renewable sources. Initially, the problem is defined as a multi-objective problem and solved by a multi-objective evolutionary algorithm. From the simulation results, it is identified that the proposed multi-objective evolutionary algorithm performs better.

Real time Personalized Security Engine for Securing Privacy in Social Networking Data

Udhaya Kumar. R; Uma Maheshwari. N; Venkatesh. R

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 981-1005

One of the most important words, we hear these days is Social Networks as online applications that allow their users to connect with a variety of links. The use of cookies to identify people has raised serious concerns about security and privacy. Several countries have enacted laws to protect privacy to address these issues. In this paper, we introduce novel detection methods and the results of ongoing tracking strategies, including: fingerprint typing, cookie synchronization, and cookie updates. Our findings include more sophisticated fingerprint imaging techniques that have never been measured in the wild. We've found that almost every new API is being abused by fingerprint trackers. Abuse is often not visible to users and publishers alike, and in many cases the developers of the API were not expected. This paper comes with some important security features on an online social networking site. Research in this field is in its early years. We say that various privacy issues are in place and that privacy research on OSNs will benefit from a comprehensive process.

Utilization pattern of various cervical cancer screening methods and their outcomes among patients visiting outpatient department of tertiary care hospital Running title: Cervical cancer screening methods

Dr. Anima Prasad; Dr. Amrish Kumar

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 1006-1010

Background: The present study was conducted to assess utilization pattern of various cervical cancer screening methods and their outcomes among outpatients of tertiary care hospital.
Materials & Methods: 140 women age ranged 20-50 years were recruited. A questionnaire was developed and distributed among all subjects and asked to fill it and return it. Awareness and utilization and pattern of cervical screening was noted.
Results: Age group 20-30 years comprised of 40, 30-40 years had 60 and 40-50 years had 40 subjects. Education level was upto primary in 65, secondary in 45 and no education in 30 subjects. 90 were married, 25 unmarried and 15 were widow. 98 had awareness and 42 had never heard about it. 55 utilized it and 85 never utilized it. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). The type of methods of screening was PAP’s smear in 15, VIA in 35, VILI in 10, frequency of screening was yearly in 35, once in 20 and never in 85. Accessibility to results of screening was 25 received results of screening, 10 not received results of screening and 20 did not indicate receipt of results of screening. The difference was significant (P< 0.05).
Conclusion: Authors found that there was lack of awareness and utilization of cervical screening among subjects. Most commonly used methods was visual inspection with acetic acid.

TAD: Background Of Mini Implant And The Conceptual Review On Clinical Application Of Mini Implants In Orthodontics

Dr.Thirunavukkarasu. R,MDS; Dr.Bhuvaneswari Mani, MDS; Dr.Nirupama.C, MDS; Dr.Muralidharan D, MDS; Dr.Tamizhmani. J , MDS; Dr.Prasanth C, MDS

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 1011-1017

Orthodontic appliances with mini implants became more popular in the field of orthodontics for past many years .There are wide array of mini implant designs, various materials are available for a variety of clinical uses in orthodontic practice. Absolute anchorage facilitated by mini implant system plays foremost role in successful orthodontic treatment .This literature review explains about historical background, parts, materials, types of mini implants and various clinical application in orthodontic purposes.

An Investigation On The Uterine And Ovarian Artery Flow Velocity Indices In Women With Ovulatory Cycles

Dr Arpita Deb; Dr kanishka S patil; Dr Avikalp kumar

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 1018-1024

Ovulatory dysfunction being one of the commonest cause of infertility requires further evaluation to understand the relation between failure to conceive and a successful reproductive outcome. In this study comparison is done between the flow velocitiy indices in the uterine and ovarian artery during the luteal phase in both ovulatory and anovulatory cycles. It has been tried to ascertain if there is any correlation of the serum progesterone value along with the Doppler flow velocity indices. Very minimal number of studies so far has included all the above comparison and correlations in their study. Women with impaired perfusion can be supplemented with vascular enhancer drugs to improve the ovulatory rate.

Molecular And Diagnostic Study Of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Species By Nested-PCR Technique In Babylon Province/ Iraq

Iman K. Kadhim; Prof. Dr.Maher A. Al-Quraishi

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 1190-1198

The study included identification of Leishmania parasite from cases of cutaneous leishmaniasis, by examination of smears from patients and Nested-PCR technique ,Out of 215 cases suspected for cutaneous leishmaniasis included (61) pus and (178) tissue these pus sample were diagnosed by direct smear method to see the Amastgote phase .The cases included in this study belonged to some hospitals in the Babylon as Morjan Medical City Hospital (24) , Musayyib General Hospital(17), Thu Al-Kifl General Hospital (29) and Hashimyah General Hospital(145), during the period from (October 2019 to March 2020). According to stain results,(60.6%) from the (61) total pus sample cases were positive to giemsa stain and after that used the DNA extraction from total number (215) sample in Nested–PCR and the results appear in percent (82.7%) ,these percent divided in to (20.7%) to Leishmania. Tropica and (79.2%) to Leishmania. Major. The study aimed to detection of Leishmania species in Babylon province

Problem-Based Learning Strategy Used In Obstetric And Gynecological Nursing Course From Nursing Students’ Perspectives

Ayah Shaban Abd-El Fattah Abd-El Rasoul; Howaida Abd-El Galeel Attya Kassem; Niven Rizk Mohamed Hafez

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 1199-1211

Problem- Based Learning strategy (PBL) is one of the innovative teaching strategies that are used in undergraduate nursing education to help students learn how to apply knowledge effectively in a variety of clinical situations. PBL is considered as a convenient teaching and learning method for obstetric and gynecological nursing students. It also relates to its clinical practice to deal with and solve women’s problems. Purpose: This study aimed to explore nursing students’ perspectives about problem-based learning strategy used in Obstetric and Gynecological Nursing course. Design: descriptive exploratory research design was used in this study. Setting: This study was conducted at two scientific nursing departments at the Faculty of Nursing, Alexandria University namely, Obstetric and Gynecological Nursing Department and Pediatric Nursing Department. Subjects: The total number of students was 495 students. Tools: One tool was used for data collection: Nursing Students' Problem-Based Learning Strategy Perspective Questionnaire. Results: this study revealed that nearly more than three quarters of the students have a positive perspective toward PBL strategy. Conclusion: problem-based learning strategy is a valuable teaching method helped in achieving students' satisfaction regarding improving their learning skills. Recommendation: Problem-based learning strategy should be considered as a significant teaching method to be applied in different courses at the Faculty of Nursing. Moreover, Training workshops should be conducted to all nursing educators to enhance their abilities and competencies in the use of PBL strategy.

Efficient Data Mining Methods For Book Review Data Sets Using Bayes, Lazy & Meta Weka Classifier

Mr. Prashant Ratan Bhagat; Dr. Yogesh Kumar Sharma

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 1212-1220

Data mining has become a usually utilized strategy for the examination of hierarchical information, for motivations behind summing up information in valuable manners and recognizing non-insignificant examples and connections in the information. The paper presents consequences of exploration on impact of information discretization on proficiency of Naive Bayes classifier. The investigation has been carried on datasets established on writings of two male and two female writers utilizing the WEKA Data mining programming system. The paired grouping was performed independently for both datasets for wide scope of boundaries of discretization measure so as to examine reliance between methods of discretization and nature of arrangement utilizing Naive Bayes technique. The mathematical aftereffects of tests have been thought about and examined and a few perceptions and ends planned

Improved Convolution Neural Network For Detecting Covid-19 From X-Ray Images

Sankara Sai Sumanth Kota; Anthony Rajesh Reddy; YeruvaRohit Desai; Venubabu Rachapudi

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 1221-1230

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a communicable disease caused by coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), a severe acute respiratory syndrome. It was first identified in Wuhan, Hubei, China in December 2019 and has contributed to a continuing pandemic. As of early July 2020, more than 10.6 million cases throughout 188 countries around the world were identified culminating in much more than 516,000 deaths. To prevent COVID-19 from spreading among people, an automated detection system needs to be introduced as a fast-alternative diagnosis method. Machine learning algorithms based on radiographic images can be used as mechanism to support decision taking and help radiologists speed up the diagnostic process. This work introduces a new paradigm for automatic detection of COVID-19 using raw X-ray images in the chest. The proposed model with 4 Convolutional Layers, 2 Max Pooling Layers and Drop Outs, is designed to provide reliable diagnostics for binary (COVID vs. No-Findings) and multi-class (COVID vs. No-Findings vs. Pneumonia) diagnosis. Our model provided gives 98.9% Binary Classification accuracy and 85% Multi Classification accuracy.

Third Gender Identity Acceptance And Attitudes Of The Society: A Trans Feminist Reading Of I Am Vidya: A Transgender‟s Journey.

Ragitha Rajendran; Dr. Jeyappriya. P

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 1231-1234

Identity is something that defines a person and gender is one aspect of it. Nature has bestowed all the living beings with gender binaries, be it an animal, bird or human beings. Later the concept of gender is redefined with the advent of third gender; The ones who are trapped in the body of the opposite gender. This study throws light on such a third gender woman and her traumatic experiences in the journey as a transwoman, her identity rooting and the problems from the public, acceptance issues and crises; Living Smile Vidya. Through her autobiographical narrative, her problems and identity issues are read in a trans feminist perspective. Thus, this study will be an awareness and appeal to the society on accepting the third gender, trans women, on par with women. They too have their rights to be a part and parcel of the society as they are just “trapped in the male’s body.”

Qualitative Analysis of Online Higher Education Websites Using Support Vector Machine

Chandra Mauli Sharma; Dr. Suruchi Gautam

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 1235-1246

The Quality analysis of online higher education websites is very important now a day. As such most of the quality parameters are defined to measure the quality of these websites. The paper is an attempt to make proper analysis of higher education websites. The research involves the creation of a database that includes well-defined parameters. Details are provided as an input to a learning model based on a vector support machine for comparison and ultimately geographical location. Testing the efficiency and accuracy of the database prepared for this task. This data was developed for seven different training, testing and verification on websites using support systems (SVM) algorithm. Algorithms trained with this database have proven to work well in site testing and level. The parameters provided are included in the model that includes the key keywords obtained (KH), average rating (AS), global standard (GR), wrap rate (BR) and daily page views per visitor (DPVPV). Thereafter a quality matrix is produced based on the quality of the extracted material. Pair pairing analysis was performed to determine the interaction between websites using scores on a quality matrix. The University of Kent (KENT) has been found
to have very high standards (13212.43) and in terms of quality content

Optimal Allocation Of DSTATCOM In The Distribution Network Using Optimization Algorithm

Purushottam Jaipuria; Yuvaraj. T

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 1247-1257

The expansion of power system has prompted the increase of Distributed Generation to satisfy the load demand, due to the development of power grid the efficient utilisation of electricity is most important. Since the significant expense for construction and development of power networks, mitigation alleviation of existing issues that are excessive power losses, voltage profile problems, voltage instabilities, reliability issues. To hinder all these issues Distribution Synchronous Static Compensator D-STATCOM can be connected as a shunt device to provide reactive power compensation in the low voltage distribution network. It is very important to figure out based on reliability, economic usage, availability. This paper provides an up to date survey of the literature on the optimal allocation of D-STATCOM in distribution networks.

Comparative Study Of Pv Fed Various Converter Topologies Intruding Fuzzy Logic Control Technique

Gopalchetty Saikumar; Yuvaraj. T

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 1258-1268

The role of converters play a vital role in improving power production in renewable energy resource. As per the above aspects, the processing of various converters withappropriate control topology will help to convert low magnitude into higher voltage voltage range us mandatory. In accordance with gaining of higher magnitude, differential converter topologies are handled in this proposed work.There are numerous converters avaliable in nature. But depending upon the voltage requirement the converters are chosen. So that the topologies handling in proposed topology are cuk, SEPIC, zeta, and landsman converter. To resolve switching stress a proper gate triggering portion is essential. Thus FUZZY logic control system is preferred due to its advantages like robust in nature, able to handle non-linearities,and able to work witofvague input voltage to attain finite output. To concern high voltage and satisfies load requirement the fuzzy controller is interfaced with above mentioned converter to examine which one is perfect with low switching stress and deducing harmonics is essential one in this analysis. The experimental analysis is carried out with low voltage range to determine the performance of individual converters are examined.

Three Case Reports of Ameloblastoma with relevant clinico-radiographic and histopathologic correlations

Dr. Mohamed Abdulcader Riyaz SS

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 1269-1281

Ameloblastoma is one of the most common clinically significant tumor. It belongs to 1% of all oral tumors. Compared to maxilla, the mandible is qyite commonly affected (4:1). It affects both male and female population equally. The age at presentation is usually between 3rd and 7th decade of life. The usual clinical presentation is that of a slow growing asymptomatic intraoral swelling. There are four clinico-radiographic types of Ameloblastoma namely Unicystic, Multicystic, Peripheral (extra-osseous) and Desmoplastic. The Histologic types include Follicular, Plexiform, Acanthomatous, Granular, Basal cell & Desmoplastic. The unicystic type has three histologic variants namely luminal, intra-luminal and mural. This article is aimed at documenting three case reports of Ameloblastoma with histopathologic variations and correlating them with clinico-radiographic findings

Nicotine Dependence Level On Adult Smokers In West Java Indonesia

Tita Syiami Qodriani; Laili Rahayuwati; Setiawan .; Rindang Ekawati

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 1282-1291

Introduction: Smoking is an adverse behavior for one person and others. Although there are various negative effects of smoking, it does not affect the smokers to quit smoking, thus they had a nicotine dependence. The purpose of this research was to identify the sociodemographic characteristics and smoking history with nicotine dependence, and to identify the level of nicotine dependence on smokers.
Patients and Methods: This research was quantitative descriptive research. The population in this study was 338 smokers. This research used total sampling method and it obtained a sample of 159 adult respondents. Data were collected using the Fagerström Nicotine Dependence (FTND).
Results: The result of this research showed that, even though respondents in low levels of nicotine dependence (42,1%), most respondents were in a moderate level of nicotine dependence (39%), high of nicotine dependence (13,8%), and very high of nicotine dependence (5,1%). In addition, the majority of nicotine dependence tended to occur in respondents aged 18-40 years (49,7%), male (84,3%), final year of high school (49,1%), working as an entrepreneur (65,4%), and had an income of less than Rp2.893.074,72 (68,6%). In respondents’ smoking history, nicotine dependence was more likely to occur in respondents who started smoking at the age of 13-17 years (50,3%) with smoking for 1-10 years (30,2%), and smoking clove cigarettes (52,8%).
Conclusions and Recommendations: The conclusion of this study that most respondents were in low levels of nicotine dependence and some respondents were in moderate, high, and very high levels of nicotine dependence, and there was a tendency between income and nicotine dependence.

Perception Of Conventional And Electronic Cigarette Among Teenage Students

Nafisa Ristiatami Gumilar; Laili Rahayuwati; Setiawan .; Habsyah Saparidah Agustina

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 1292-1301

From years to years, the smoking behavior of teenagers in Indonesia seems to keep increasing. There are also various types of cigarette being consumed, the most popular of which are, beside conventional cigarettes, electronic cigarettes. This research aims at expounding the perception of conventional and electronic cigarettes on teenage students in on Sumedang Regency, West Java, Indonesia. The research method is quantitative-descriptive, involving 365 students using stratified cluster sampling. The research result shows that most teenagers have a high positive perception on the impact of conventional cigarettes (65.2%) and electronic cigarettes (59.8%). The tendency of respondents who have a high perception on the impact of conventional and electronic cigarettes are in grade X (tenth), are female, have a daily allowance, and are not smokers, both of conventional and electronic cigarettes.

Situation And Solutions To Develop The Circular Economy In The Southeast

Le Van Chien; Truong Thi Hien; Nguyen Thi Hoa; Nguyen Hoang Phuong

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 1302-1308

To get rapid and sustainable development, harmoniously solving the relationship between economic growth and environmental protection, “no trade – offs” economic growth with environmental pollution and degradation, transition to a circular economy is the appropriate direction. However, this transition needs to catch up opportunities and accept the challenges that need to be overcome. Global economic growth has gained great achievements, along with that is the shortage of natural resources, the increase of environmental pollution. However, the circular economy also requires strict conditions in terms of institutions and resources. Therefore, the study of the experiences of the preceding countries, points out the difficulties and advantages, and then shines on Vietnam, identifying conditions for the transition from a linear economy to a circular economy is the main content that the Southeast region's economy is aiming for

Pleural Effusion Diagnosed And Treated Turned Out To Be Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia

Dr. Vanitha Gnanasoundran sundarasamy

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 1309-1312

It is not common to diagnose a medical condition as another condition based on clinical features and investigations which later turns out to be normal because of a congenital lesion. There are many lesions reported mimicking Diaphragmatic Hernia which were treated or found during when operated for the other diagnosis. Here we report a case of Pleural effusion on the left side which was treated as Tuberculosis pleural effusion later which was found to be a congenital Diaphragmatic hernia in a middle age male.

Physiological Ergogenic Medicines: Modern Trends Of Application In The Training Of Athletes

Reymbaeva Roza Saparbaevna; Ernazarova Raya Allanazarovna; Orazbaeva Nawbahar Muratbaevna

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 1313-1317

There are various approaches to the classification of ergogenic agents used to improve the physical capabilities of athletes. Mainly, ergogenic agents of five different classes are considered: food, physiological, psychological, pharmacological, mechanical. This article analyzes the results of recent scientific publications concerning the use of physiological ergogenic agents by highly qualified athletes. The study showed that the use of a hyperoxic gas mixture has a directed effect on the functional capabilities of the cardiorespiratory system, optimizing vegetative support. The use of oxygen support before maximum exercise helps to increase the performance of the oxygen transport system, the overall performance of the heart, as well as reduce the limiting capabilities of the respiratory system. Breathing a hyperoxic gas mixture for 20 minutes after maximum exercise accelerates the processes of urgent recovery of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems.

The Influence of Interpersonal Communication Toward Knowledge and Attitude Prevention of Dengue Fever (DHF) in The Work Area of The Meo-Meo Public Health Center in Baubau City

Budi Utama; A. Zulkifli Abdullah; Hasnawati Amqam; Wahiduddin .; Lalu Muhammad Saleh; Rezki Elisafitri; Andi Nilawati Usman; Aisyah .; Ahmad Yani; Arsunan, A.A.

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 1318-1325

Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) risks causing death when the sufferer experiences shock due to bleeding. Until now, there is no specific drug to cure DHF. This study was aimed to determine the effect of interpersonal communication on improving the prevention of Dengue Fever (DHF). The type of research used is Quasi-experiment with nonrandomized pretest-posttest control group design. Samples were taken by simple random sampling of 78 respondents from a population of 1,791 households each of 39 respondents in the intervention group and 39 in the control group. Data collection uses questionnaires and interviews in the working area of the Baubau City Meo-Meo Community Health Center. Data were analyzed using the Wilcoxon and Man Whitney tests. The results showed the percentage of respondents characteristics in this study the most age groups were 28-38 years 39.74%, female sex 79.48%, married 92.31%, high school education 56.41%. The mean score increased knowledge (13.21 to 17.49), AND attitudes (33.38 to 38.92) about DHF before and after interpersonal communication. The mean score increased knowledge (12.69 to 16.49), and attitudes (33.33 to 37.46) about DHF before and after counseling. While the comparison of the intervention group was significant from the control group with (p <0.05) namely knowledge (p = 0,000), and attitude (p = 0.021) about DHF. Interpersonal communication is more influential than counseling and the need for monitoring and evaluating the implementation of interpersonal communication on an ongoing basis.

Analysis Of Six Factors Model Affecting Stock Price At Commercial Banks - Case Study At Eib (Eximbank) Vietnam

Nguyen Thi Hoa; Truong Thi Hien; Vo Huu Phuoc; Nguyen Hoang Phuong

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 1326-1341

Fluctuation of stock price in commercial banks in developing countries such as Vietnam will reflect the business health of bank system and the whole economy. Good business management requires us to consider the impacts of multi macro factors on stock price, and it contributes to promoting business plan and economic policies for economic growth and stabilizing macroeconomic factors. By data collection method through statistics, analysis, synthesis, comparison, quantitative analysis to generate qualitative comments and discussion; using econometric method to perform regression equation and evaluate quantitative results, the article analyzed and evaluated the impacts of six (6) macroeconomic factors on stock price of a joint stock commercial bank, Eximbank (EIB) in Vietnam in the period of 2014-2019, both positive and negative sides. The results of quantitative research, in a seven factor model, show that the increase in Risk free rate has a significant effect on increasing EIB stock price with the highest impact coefficient, the second is decreasing CPI and lending rate. This research finding and recommended policy also can be used as reference in policy for commercial bank system in many developing countries.

THE EFFECT OF PRINCIPAL’S LEADERSHIP AND JOB SATISFACTION ON THE GUIDANCE AND COUNSELING TEACHERS’ PERFORMANCE

Asni M. Pd; Prof. Dr. Sutjipto M.Pd; Prof. Dr. Mukhneri Mukhtar M.Pd.

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 3, Pages 1342-1351

The objective of this research was to determine the effect of principal’s leadership, and job satisfaction to performance of guidance and counseling teachers at Public Vocational School in Jakarta, Indonesia. The research was conducted by using a survey method with path analysis applied in testing hypothesis. The research method is used quantitative approach, using path analysis. The target population size of this research is 133 of teachers. Research samples selected as much as 100 teachers using simple random sampling technique. Results of this study indicates that the principal's leadership and teachers’ job satisfaction have a very important role on the performance among guidance and counseling teachers.The implication of the research is that it is crucial to strengthen teachers' job satisfaction in order to improve the performance among guidance and counseling teachers. Based on this research of data obtained the following conclusions: (1) the principal’s leadership has positive direct effect on performance, (2) job satisfaction has positive direct effect on performance, (3) the principal’s leadership has positive direct effect on job satisfaction. The conclusion is that the teacher’s performance is effected by the principal’s leadership, and teacher’s job satisfaction.