Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Issue 6,

Issue 6


A pre-assessment of the educational programs intended to be applied by Turkish universities in light of the continuing spread of COVID-19

Ismail A. Elhaty; Tariq Elhadary

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 1-20

Education is an ongoing process and an activity which we do not have the privilege of delaying or stopping. It has to go on despite any difficulty, obstacle or even crisis like COVID-19 that the whole world is experiencing at present. Hence, the study aims to evaluate the situation and assess the proposed scenarios for the next phase. Based on questionnaires targeting students and academicians at Turkish universities, and a previous study the authors published recently, the study discusses the present status, and explores the future proposed academic plans at Turkish universities. The results showed that both students (77.5%), and instructors (81.8%) fear the infection by COVID-19 which might affect their choice of the proposed educational program (72.2% and 86.6% respectively). The results also showed that students (52.4%) and instructors (62.5%) prefer to continue teaching social subjects using distance learning program while they prefer blended (36.4% and 56.3% respectively) slightly more than face to face for science subjects particularly the practical courses. The authors assume that the blended program is a way out where it offers a reasonable solution for university education especially at science departments.

A Comparison Of Energy Expenditure Using A (Fit Mate Pro) Device Between The University Of Diyala Basketball And Volleyball Teams

Ali Abaas Fadel; Ghazwan Faisal Ghazi; Salam Mousa Shukur; Hussein Ali Faqier

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 21-25

Abstract: Adaptations that occur to the various functional systems in the body come from the regularity of the sports training process based on the application of modern scientific foundations, and these adaptations have a great impact on developing the individual's athletic level in addition to their work in quickly returning the individual to his natural state to pre-effort, which is an indicator of the development of the condition. Training is incomplete and developed at the present time physiological equipment and it has become to measure most of the functional indicators in a direct way and with accurate results almost free from errors in the case of correct use of it and among these devices or supplies is a fitness device (fit mate pro) which was used for the first time in Iraq in 2009 Through it the training programs or tests are evaluated and the player's training status is evaluated, and this device measures a set of functional indicators, especially the maximum oxygen consumption (VO2 MAX), energy spent upon effort and metabolic rate (RMR) (energy expenditure during rest), Basketball is one of the interesting games, and the purpose of this game is to score the largest number of points in the opponent's basket and through the progressive development In various fields of life Including the sports field, especially the basketball game. The game of volleyball is closely related (with physiology), because of this science of importance in the process of development in the scientific and sports field, as well as the functional competence that the athlete possesses has a direct and major role affecting the level of his performance in the correct manner. Which results in a good technique and performance to win the match, in addition to that, the more the player’s functional condition improves, the better he can achieve with energy savings. The importance of the research lies in comparing some physiological variables between the basketball and volleyball teams at the University of Diyala. The research problem included that which is a study Comparison of these two variables for these two activities (basketball and volleyball) Or in different events through differences, in addition to their impact on the practice sporting events (and thus we reach the scientific foundations for selecting players who are qualified to represent the university in Iraqi universities forums) The research objectives included: Measuring the energy spent by the players of the university teams in basketball and volleyball, which is supposed Research There are statistically significant differences in the physiological variables between the players of the two university teams (the basketball team and the volleyball team). The researchers reached the following results:

An insight among students of health sciences towards HIV/AIDS: A cross sectional study in coastal Karnataka

Ankitha Prem; Mahima Mishra; Suhan .; Smitha Nayak; Suman VB; Anupama N; Priyanka Arun Shirali; Rashmi Kaup Shiva

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 26-37

The objective of this paper is to assess the level of knowledge about HIV/AIDS among Interns of a Dental and Medical College. The data is collected through structured questionnaire by cross sectional study method with the sample size of 246. The model is tested on a context of Interns of dental and medical students for the first time. The present study has used a reflective measurement model. Due to the model complexity, the use of Partial Least Square-Structural Equation Modelling approach is found to be appropriate for the purpose of analysis of constructs and their corresponding data. The structural model has proved that the path coefficient value and empirical t values of exogenous latent variables on endogenous latent variable are above that threshold value in relationship between knowledge and trust as well as perception and trust except attitude and trust. The testing of hypothesis confirms the strong relationship between knowledge and trust as well as perception and trust. Based on the results of Importance Performance Matrix Analysis results corporate need focus on changing the perception of interns primarily. Hence,medical college must aim at increasing the performance of the target construct trust so their first priority should be to improve the performance aspects captured by the construct perception performance by improving its total effects as this construct has high chance to improve its total effect which in turn improves its performance.

A comparative study of spirometry between priests who were exposed to smoke from fire rituals and normal individuals

Sangolli Basavaraj; Ghodageri Shruti; Sharma Vishnu; Noojibail Anupama; Kini Rekha D; Chatterjee Pratik Kumar; Shiva Rashmi K; Shetty Sneha B

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 38-45

Introduction:In India, fire rituals (Homa) are commonly performed during religious functions.Some amount of smoke is generated during this ritual. Prolonged exposure to the smoke may lead to lung function abnormalities. However, there is a scarcity of literature on this aspect.
Aims and objectives:To find the spirometricabnormalities if any, in a group of priests who were exposed to smoke during fire ritual, in comparison with normal healthy volunteers
Materials and methods:This was a cross-sectional case control study with 57 cases and 57 controls. Priests who regularly performed fire rituals, at least 3-4 times per month for more than five years were cases. All casesand controls in thisstudy were male respondents. Controls wereage-matched normal, healthy adults without any history of exposure to the fire ritual. In both groups, those with pre-existing lung diseases and smokers were
excluded. FEV1, FVC, FEV1/ FVC Ratio, PEFR, Forced expiratory flow 25 - 75 % were analysed.
Results: Out of 57 cases, 3 cases had obstructive pattern, 11 had restrictive pattern and majority (43) had normal spirometry values. Among control group, 9 had mild restriction. 48 have normal spirometric values, none showed obstructive abnormality.Data was analysed using Independent student T testin Microsoft Office Excel 2007.When each of these spirometry parameters were compared between two groups, the mean difference of FEV-1, FVC, FEV-1/FVC and FEF 25-75 were not statistically significant.
Conclusion: Exposure to smoke generated from fire rituals did not show any lung function abnormality in thisstudy.

DEVALUATION OF CRIMINAL PROHIBITION

Hazdayka-Vasylyshyn Iryna Bogdanivna; Gapchich Vitaliy Oleksiivuch; Marin Oleksandr Kostiantunovuch; Romantsova Svitlana Vasulivna; Sozanskyi Taras Ivanovuch

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 46-55

The article, based on the analysis of theoretical views and legislative practice, hypothesizes the existence of such a phenomenon in legal regulation as the devaluation of criminal prohibition. The effectiveness of criminal law and its impact on the state of crime is a topical issue not only for Ukraine but also for any country in the world. Excessive attention to criminal law by the legislator and attempts to resolve socio-political and economic issues by adjusting criminal law raises the increase of criminal prohibition, which ultimately leads to such a negative phenomenon as the devaluation of criminal prohibition. The publication identifies the areas where such devaluation is possible and provides relevant examples. The article attempts to single out measures to stop the devaluation of criminal prohibitions, among which compliance with the ultima ratio principle is considered the most appropriate. The modern content of this principle in the criminal law doctrine is considered. Human dignity is stated to be a measure of the ultima ratio, and compliance with this principle will stop the devaluation of criminal prohibitions.

Histopathological study of Gallbladder diseases and Molecular Detection of genotoxins of Salmonella Typhi from Gallbladder of Patients Undergoing to Gallbladder Cholecystectomy in Thi-Qar province/Iraq

Zaman K. Hanan; Ezat H. Mezal; Manal B. Saleh; Hazar Shaker Saleh

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 56-66

This study was carried out in high graduated laboratories in department of biology, college of science / university of Thi-Qar, during the period from December 2019 to October 2021. Gallbladder Undergoing to Cholecystectomy were 200 cases were collected and diagnosed in AL-Hussein teaching, Al-Amel Hospitals and Noor Al- Hussein and Ibn-Al- Baitar laboratories in Thi-Qar Province /Iraq and 50 samples of normal gallbladder from forensic as control during the amount from December 2019 to July 2020 from both sexes and different age. After cholecystectomy is done to gallbladder; it's put in containers which contain Neutral Buffered Formalin 10% for Histopathological classification ;The results of histological study appeared that there were the most common diseases were Cholecystitis in patient were 79.0 %, and in control were 5.6%. While the less common disease were cancer in patient were 4.2 %, and in control were 0.00%. A total of 11 isolates of Salmonella Typhi which identified by conventional biochemical test and API 20- E were subjected to DNA extraction , 50 of DNA extracted from tissue in formalin and 100 of DNA extracted from the formalin-fixe paraffin-embedded gallbladder tissue were subjected to PCR assay for presence of invA, viaB and H1d genes. The prevalence of Salmonella Typhi among patients infected with Cancer, Cholecystitis, Galls stones, the result indicate among 200 patient 26 of them infected with Salmonella Typhi with percentage (13.06%). A positive results have seen in 26(100%) of sample subjected to PCR assay for presence of invA, viaB and H1d genes. Tree genes were selected for Screening of Salmonella Typhi producing toxins by Multiplex PCR; these genes are cdtB ,pltA and pltB . The results indicated all toxin genes were isolated from S. Typhi of patients with gallstones, while non CdtB isolated from bacteria in patients with Cholecystitis and 84,6% of S.Typhi contain pltA and pltB genes

Analysis of Risk Factors for Tuberculosis in the Lake Coastal Area, Towuti District, East Luwu Regency, Indonesia

Nasra .; Arsunan, A. A .; Yahya Thamrin; Wahiduddin .; Ida Leida Maria; Nurhaedar Jafar; Rezki Elisafitri; Ahmad Yani

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 67-73

Background: Tuberculosis (TB) is still a global problem. The high incidence of TB is due to the less than optimal TB risk factor interventions. This study aims to analyze the risk factors for TB incidence in the coastal area of the lake, Towuti District, East Luwu Regency.
Methods: This study used a case-control design conducted in the coastal area of the lake, Towuti District, with a sample of 34 cases and 94 controls. Bivariate analysis and logistic regression were used to analyze the risk factors for the incidence of tuberculosis.
Results: The results showed that the significant risk factors for TB incidence were family history (OR = 13,920; 95% CI: 4,36–51,23), household contacts (OR = 3.04; 95% CI: 1.188–7,809), close contact (OR = 8.382; 95% CI: 2.969–24, 852), home ventilation (OR = 14.357; 95% CI: 1.585–669.82), income (OR = 2.609; 95% CI: 1.033–6.675) . Home ventilation is the most dominant risk factor for TB incidence in the coastal area of the lake in Towuti District.
Conclusion: TB disease control strategies based on risk factors need to be implemented in coastal areas.

Stability and Hopf Bifurcation Analysis of Hepatitis B Infection Model with CTL Response Delay

M. Aniji; N. Kavitha; S. Balamuralitharan

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 74-90

In this paper, the Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) infectious model with Cytotoxic T-Lymphocyte (CTL) response delay and its effect on the stability of equilibrium has been investigated. The boundedness and non-negativity solutions of the proposed model were verified. The local stability of virus-free equilibrium and the infected equilibrium were determined by the basic reproduction number R0. Further, the existence of Hopf bifurcation at the infected equilibrium of CTL response was also observed. Using different set of parameters, the empirical findings in the study are shown with numerical simulations.

Prevalence of Refractive Errors in Type 2 Diabetic Patients in Northern India

Kumari Ragni; Srivastava Mrinal Ranjan; Janarthanan Salai Dhavamathi; Awasthi Anan Aanchal; Dubey Gaurav; Chandra Mahesh; Kumari Vibha; Avinash V Prabhu; Garg Pragati; Janardhanan Rajiv

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 91-98

To determine the prevalence of refractive errors among the type 2 diabetic population through a community-based study conducted in Lucknow.
Background of the study: Diabetes prevalence is on the increase rapidly the epidemic proportions during development as well as the world developed. Refractive error in the diabetic population is considered a leading cause of visual impairment.
Methods: A total of 437 patients (> 40 years old) with type 2 diabetes were examined via complete eye screening tests, including objective autorefraction. Spherical equivalent refractions of both eyes were reported. Data collected include age, gender, general medical information, and serum biochemistry.
Results: The mean refraction was −0.84 ± 2.59 D. Prevalence rates were determined for astigmatism (63.8%), hyperopia (1.4%) & myopia (0.2%). 34.6% of the patients were emmetropic. Age is an essential factor for all refractive errors. Correlation showed that every increase of one year of age and one percent of HbA1c is associated with 0.05 D (P = 0.003) and 0.14D (P = 0.04) shift in hyperopia, respectively.
Conclusions: This study provides epidemiological data on refractive errors in a North Indian diabetic population in Lucknow, India. The astigmatism prevalence is higher than the reported rates in the diabetic population compared to hyperopia and myopia. The second major finding was emmetropia.Refractive errors, Type 2 diabetes, Prevalence, Community-based stud

Dance and Music as a Therapy to Heal Physical and Psychological Pain: An Analytical Study of COVID-19 Patients during Quarantine

A. Cineka; J.Michael Raj

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 99-109

This paper delineates that involvement to dance and music is an active therapy that offers physical and psychological benefits for the people who affected with diseases. It is closely connected with human emotions which reduce the psychological pain and depression of people when they are getting involved with music and dance. Due to the outbreak of Coronavirus disease (COVID-19), patients are totally under stress and fear for life and livelihood. To overcome this perilous situation, involvement to dance and music is suggested to be an apt therapy that fights against the psychological and emotional effects through its unique power. Involvement to dance and music serves as a useful vehicle of hope and positivity to patients who are under quarantine. Hence, this paper aims to study the collaborative understanding of COVID-19 patients’ perspectives on the involvement to dance and music and how it relieves their psychological pain and gains their physical strength while diverting them from fear to during quarantine. There are 215 COVID-19 patients taken as subjects from Tamilnadu, India. There were ten questionnaires used to collect the data through Google forms. The data was analyzed through ANOVA calculation. The major finding of the study indicates that involvement to dance and music brings immeasurable healing to body and mind. Furthermore, this study recommends dance and music to be used as a therapy for COVID-19patients all over the world to keep them healthy and positive.

Placental Morphometry In Post-Partum Mother With Anemia Running title : Placental Morphometry

Sri Rejeki; Septiana Arum Nur Aifa; Wulandari Meikawati; Sandeep Poddar

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 110-115

Title of the Article: Placental Morphometry in Post-Partum Mother with Anemia
Context: Anemia in pregnancy affects the abnormality of the placenta, thereby causing a decrease in placental function. Babies born with an abnormal placenta carry a risk of developing arterial blockage, heart failure, hypertension, and cancer in the future.
Aims: Thus, the objective of this study was to determine the correlation between anemia in the third trimester of pregnancy and placental morphometry.
Method: A total of 44 placentas from pregnant women with anemia and no anemia were selected by consecutive sampling techniques. The placentas were measured directly in weight, diameter, thickness, surface area, length of the umbilical cord, and the shape of the placenta. The measurement results were tested with Pearson correlation and Rank Spearman, while the placenta shape was tested by Chi-square.
Result: As many as 75% of pregnant women experience anemia in the third trimester, by most of the placenta has normal weight and thickness, the diameter and length of the umbilical cord are all normal, and the size is mostly oval. The weight of placenta (p = 0.000), thickness of the placenta (p = 0.023), surface area of the placenta (p = 0.000) and diameter of the placenta (p = 0.000) have a correlation with anemia in pregnant women. Umbilical cord length (p = 0.872) means that it has no correlation with anemia in pregnant women. All of them have a direction of the correlation (r) negative.
Statistical analysis used: The test is carried out at a significance level (α) of 95%. Placenta shape (p = 1.00) meaning that it has no correlation with anemia in pregnant women, OR = 0.939 (95%, CI = 0.861-1.024).
Conclusion: The condition of anemia in third-trimester pregnant women has correlation with the weight, thickness, surface area, and diameter of the placenta but has no correlation with the length of the umbilical cord and the shape of the placenta.

Role play:An intervention for increasing development in children with autism Running title: Intervention for Development of Autism Children

Mariyam .; Marlita Isti Pratiwi; Dera Alfiyanti; Amin Samiasih; Vivi Yosafianti Pohan

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 116-121

Background: Autism is a complex neurobiological development disorder that includes disorders of aspects of social interaction, communication, language, behavior, emotions and sensory perceptions. Children with autism who experience developmental delay will feel difficulty in the ability to socialize with the environment. Some therapies that can be done are behavioral, speech, occupational, physical and play therapy. Role play therapy in early childhood can improve social ability. Role play can cultivate empathy, sympathy and enhance cooperation with others.
Purpose: This study aims to determine the influence of role play on the development of autistic children in SLB Negeri Semarang.
Methods: The research design was pre experiment with pre-post test design approach. Sample study was 34 children with autism. Pretest was done by assessing child development. Intervention was done on the second, fourth and sixth days after the pretest. Post test was done on the eighth day. Developments were observed based on Gilliam Autism Rating Scale. Role play was done by asking the child to play a role with the theme of health in pairs. Intervention was done 3 times in 1 week for 5-10 minutes. Wilcoxon test was used for Data analysis.
Finding: The results showed that there was an influence of role play on the development, before the role play 11.8% of good development and after the role play showed 20.6% good development. When children perform role plays, interaction occurs with others, practice improving speech and listening skills and the ability to express feelings.
Conclusion and Recommendation: An Influence of role play on the development. Role play can be used as a therapy for children with autism.

The Profile of Interleukin-6, PGE2, and Menstrual Pain Levels through the Counter-Pressure Regiosacralis Therapy

Sri Rejeki; Achmad Solichan, S.T., M.Kom; Machmudah .; Dwi Nur Rahmantika Puji Safitri; Sandeep Poddar

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 122-128

Menstrual pain (dysmenorrhea) is a pain frequently felt by most women due to the progesterone hormone instability in blood. The pain is commonly felt since the first day of the menstrual period. The mostly used therapy for dysmenorrhea was the pain killing therapy which resulted to a number of bad side effects such as organ damage and hypertension. The non-pharmacological therapies, such as the counter-pressure region sacralis may become an effective and safe alternative to reduce pain. This research aims at describing the profile of interleukin-6, PGE2, and menstrual pain levels through counter-pressure region sacralis therapy. A quasiexperimental research method was conducted with research samples of 50 female teenagers who meet the inclusion criteria. Counter-pressure interventions were given three times when the pain occurred for 45-50 second per treatment. The pain level was measured before and after treatment through Numeric Rating Scale. The research result showed that respondents’ average age was 18.74 (± 3.148) years old, with the youngest age of 15 years old, and the oldest age of 35 years old; most respondents had their first menstrual period (menarche) at the age of 12.58 (± 1.23) years old; the average pain scale before intervention was 5.0 (± 1.54;max 3;min 9); the average pain scale after intervention was 2.53 (± 1.474;max 7;min 1); the average Interleukin-6 was 4.82 (± 5.66) pg/ml; and the average prostaglandin E-2 was 994.73 (± 221.82) pg/ml. This research concludes that counter-pressure region sacralis is effective to decrease menstrual pain.

Determinant Factors Related to Relapse of Schizoprenic Patients at the Islamic Mental Hospital

MahyarSuara .; Sandeep Poddar; Roy Rillera Marzo

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 129-139

Background: During the last century, there has been a high increase in health problems in the world, including Indonesia, one of it is mental health. The actual prevalence of mental health disorders worldwide remains poorly understood. Mental health is very much underreported, and under-diagnosed.
Aims
The purpose of this study was to identify factors associated with schizophrenia relapse of patients at the Islamic Mental Hospital in Jakarta, Indonesia.
Settings and Design
The research method with a quantitative approach was performed with a total sample comprisedof 150 respondents using primary data.
Material and Methods
The data collection method used was library research, field research (observation), and questionnaire research design through a cross-sectional approach.
Statistical Analysis
Univariate analysis process (frequency distribution) and Bivariate analysis with the Chi-square test and multi-variate with path analysis was used in this study
Results
Based on the results of the validity of the instrument, the variable of compliance for taking medication (X1), Stress variable (X2), Drug Abuse variable (X3), the Psychology variable (X4), the variable of Emotional Expression (X5), Relapse among schizophrenic patients (Y) was considered. The results revealed that the correlation of the adherence to the antipsychotic drugs consumption (X1), stress level (X2), and psychological response (X4) to the relapse in schizophrenia patients (Z) is acceptable, whereas the strongest or dominant correlation is the stress factor (X2).
Conclusions
The results of this study can provide a plan for schizophrenic patients in the country. Since schizophrenic patients need medication and treatment for a long time, the researchers recommend for the government to provide medical assistance.

Personality Disorders Among Suicide Attempters

Dr.J.Reuben .; Dr. R.T. Kannapiran; Dr.G. Ambujam; Dr.Rupinder Gill; Dr.Mukil Sakthi

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 140-169

Abstract: Attempted suicide is a common clinical problem in general hospitals. Personality disorders are at increased risk for suicide. There are few case-control studies on attempted suicide in India. The aim of the study was to find out the prevalence of Personality Disorders in survivors following their first suicide attempts. 100 consecutive cases of first suicide attempters (Group-I) were compared with an equal number of randomly selected controls (Group-II), matched for age and sex. Risk-Rescue rating was applied in suicide attempters to know the medical seriousness of the suicide attempt. Structured clinical interview (MINI Plus) and semi-structured clinical interview (IPDE) were used for Personality diagnosis. The two groups were compared using appropriate statistical measures.The overall medical seriousness of the suicide attempt was of moderate lethality (low risk, high rescue group). Group-I had higher personality disorders (52% v 25%) compared to group-II. The difference was found to be statistically significant with an Odds ratio of 3.43 of having personality disorder and suicide attempt. The most common cluster of personality disorder was cluster-B followed by cluster A and cluster-C. Emotionally unstable-impulsive type, schizoid, paranoid and anankastic personality disorders were most frequent among the suicide attempters. Individuals who made first suicide attempt had high prevalence of personality disorders in comparison to the controls.

MОRPHOLOGY OF THE INTERACTION OF DENTURES FROM THE MUCOUS MEMBRANE OF ORAL CAVITY IN INDIVIDUALS WITH INTOLERANT TO ACRYLATES

Alisher Alimov; Gulnara Muminova; Anvar Alimov; Fakhriddin Shamsiev; Kamola Abduyusupova

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 4243-4250

Using the method of scanning electron microscopy learned the state of the surface of dentures and the oral mucosa in individuals that intolerant to acrylic dentures.
It was found that in case of intolerance to acrylic dentures significant accumulation of microorganisms and their proliferation are determined on the surface of the prosthetics in contact with the oral mucosa.
These microorganisms along with micro trauma of the surface of the oral mucosa may be one of the etiological factors in the development of intolerance to acrylic dentures.

Enhancing Prediction of Drug Indication and Side Effects through Named Entity Recognition and Jointly Learning of Syntactic Structures of Sentences

D. Mohanapriya; Dr.R. Beena

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 170-176

Abstract: The drug discovery process needs long time and cost to discover proper drug for treating the patients effectively. The unintended effects of drugs and the beneficial impact of drugs must be recognized because they may inflict severe patient’s injuries due to unforeseen acts of the produced candidate drugs. One of the effective techniques is text mining it can find the hidden relation between genes, diseases and drugs from the huge volume of data. Predict drug Indications and Side effects using TOpic modeling and Natural language processing (PISTON) was a text mining method which used to find the association between drug-disease and drug-side effects. Natural Language Processing (NLP) is used to identify words which relate association among drugs and genes from the sentences which are collected from literatures where words represent drugs and genes co-occurred. The relation between drugs and genes is represented through building drug-topic probability matrix by topic modeling. From the drug-topic probability matrix, the drugs for phenotypes can be identified by training a classifier for high-rank topics of drugs. It also predicted the association between drug and side effects. However, expressive power of named entities and their potential for enhancing the quality of discovered topics has not received much attention in PISTON. So in this paper, an Improved PISTON (IPISTON) is proposed which enhance the quality of discovered topics through named entity recognition system and inducing the syntactic structure from unannotated sentences. Initially, the sentences from the collected literature data are extracted and a dependency graph is constructed using NLP. After that, a Gene Regulation Score (GRS) of each sentence is calculated to define the relationship between gene and diseases. The topic modeling is enhanced by finding the biomedical entities in the biomedical repository using Conditional Random Field (CRF) and Bi-directional Long-Short Term Memory-CRF (BLSTM-CRF). CRF is a sequence modeling framework which finds the biomedical entities through the conditional probability distributions of biomedical entities on collected documents. BLSTM-CRF is a deep learning technique which is used to enhance the performance of CRF based named entity recognition. Moreover, the syntactic structure of sentences is calculated through syntactic distance measure. The syntactic structure, biomedical entities and the drug-topic probability matrix is given as input to CRF, BLSTM-CRF, Naïve Bayes, CART and Logistic for prediction of drug-phenotype and drug-side effects associations.

Effect of BergeniaLigulata on Metabolic Enzymes of Glucose Homeostasis and Its Correlation With Antioxidant Activity in Streptozotocin Induced Diabetic Rats

Nagarani K; Swathi P; Eswar Kumar K

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 187-202

Abstract: Diabetes mellitus is characterized by loss of glucose homeostasis as a result of impaired secretion and function of insulin. The present study was designed to evaluate the role of flower extractof Bergenialigulataagainst diabetesin Streptozotocin induced diabetic rats. Albino Wistar rats weighing 120-150g of either sex were selected for the study.After a week of acclimatization, the rats were subjected to overnight fasting. Diabeteswas induced by intraperitoneal injection of Streptozotocin, freshly dissolved in citrate bufferpH 4.5.In the present study the STZ control animals showed enhanced gluconeogenic enzymes and diminished glycolytic enzymes there by it disturb the glucose homeostasis and diminished insulin production leads increased serum glucose levels. Treatment with flower extract ofBergenialigulata(AFBL) showed significant balancing of glucose homeostasis through reduction in gluconeogenic enzymes and elevation of glycolytic enzymes.The selected flower extract ofBergenialigulata(AFBL) showed in vivo antioxidant activity, antihyperglycemic activity, hepatoprotective activity, nephroprotective activity and finally glucose homeostatic activity might be due to the potent phytoconstituents present in the selected flower extract

Enhanced Tunneled Burrow Wheeler Transform to reduce decoding time with minimum space consumption

Ranjitha S; Robert L

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 203-213

DNA or genomic sequences compression and indexing using the standard algorithms are facing a high complexity as massive datasets grow rapidly.To avoid this problem, a Tunneled Run-Length Encoded (RLE) Burrows-Wheeler Transform (BWT)-based encoding with Improved Index (TBWT-II) algorithm has been proposed that uses Text-Label index (TLBW-index) for counting and discovering the labeled patterns. However, the reduction on global space consumption of the TLBW-index was not effective. Also, the classic MTF in TBWT-II has a specific local property that can be leveraged during encoding time and the decoded character was a series function of the decoded values of prior characters. Therefore in this article, an Enhanced TBWT-II (ETBWT-II) algorithm is proposed to effectively reduce the global space consumption of TLBW-index. The major goal of this algorithm is to avoid the need of local searching capabilities within the compressed database and minimize the space consumption during retrieval of characters. As a result, a locally-decodable Move-To-Front (MTF) encoding is used instead of standard MTF in TBWT-II for reducing the decoding time of a single character with the minimum space consumption. Finally, the experimental results on SCOPe 1.67 dataset show the performance efficiency of proposed ETBWT-II algorithm compared to the existing compression algorithms.

Transportation Communication Of Karakalpakstan In The Years Of The Second World War

Allamuratov Gulmurat

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 218-222

The article highlights the state of transport communication in Karakalpakstan during the Second World War. With the beginning of the war, the entire transport system of the republic was reorganized. All its activities were aimed at meeting the needs of the front. Most of the cars and tractors were mobilized to the front, shipping and railways were heavily burdened. The republic had sea and river transport, through which all cargo flows were carried out. The republic had transport links through the Aral and Amu Darya shipping lines and had access to large railway lines.

A Service Operations Case Study For Enhanced Operations in Telecom Network

Atul Narain; Dr Pratibha Garg

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 223-232

Today telecom operators main focus is on managing the network and customer experience. This becomes more important for operators who are functional in multiple countries. With operations spanning across multiple countries and each country having its own infrastructure along with people, process and tools, these telecom operators are incurring a heavy operational expenditure on managing customer experience and service uptime. This case study is for MobNet Networks (Name changed) with operations in multiple countries and is a very large operator in American and Latin American market,. MobNet networks want to move from a network and resource, to a service-oriented monitoring setup, and improve its overall customer experience as well as reduce opex by introducing a new organization model. The case study focuses on introducing the challenges for the MobNet Networks and defining the business model for MobNet to effectively introduce service centric monitoring with focus on customer experience.

Desirable And Undesirable Effects Of Air Purifier In Clinical Settings During Covid-19 Pandemic

Dr. Shilpi Gupta; Dr. Himangi Dubey; Dr. Amit Rai; Dr. Pallavi Singh; Dr. Nitin Jhunjhunwala; Dr. Shreya Singh

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 233-236

The novel SARS-CoV-2 virus which causes the COVID-19 disease, is mainly transmitted through contact with infected persons according to WHO. Breathing, as well as coughing and sneezing releases tiny infectious droplets into the air which potentially contaminate surrounding surfaces and of course the air in the immediate surrounding. These droplets, so called aerosols, can be of varying sizes, from 1 to over 10 μm (micron or micrometre, 1 micron equates to 0.001 mm). It is assumed by experts that viruses do not fly occasionally in the air but are always enclosed in droplets or attached to other particulate matter. This raises the question in which way ventilation and air-conditioning systems play a role in the transmission or containment of epidemic diseases like COVID-19. Maintaining a healthy indoor air quality thus becomes a general, basic – yet extremely important – necessity. While this is true at all times, it’s imperative in times of a wider health crisis to avoid not only the direct spread of a virus, but to support peoples immune systems to withstand more serious impacts by an aggressive disease and thus reducing pressure on a healthcare system fighting against overload.

Human Emotion Detection And Classification Using Convolution Neural Network

Komala K; Jayadevappa D; Shivaprakash G

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 237-245

Facial expression is the non-verbal communication that provides some related- information about the emotion of a person. Detecting and recognizing human emotion is a big challenge in computer vision and artificial intelligence. The main objective of this paper is to develop a robust technique that can detect and identify human emotions such as anger, sorrow, happiness, surprise, fear, disgust and neutral in real-time. In this paper, Viola–John’s algorithm has been proposed to detect the emotions more accurately. This algorithm is used for tracking the emotions in real time. In this paper, the real-time images are captured, and then features are extracted from the face images. Image enhancement and gradient detection are used after extracting the features of face images, then multiple feature extraction like GLCM, LBP and PCA are applied. All extracted features of face images are combined and compared with different databases to get accurate emotion state. CNN classifier is used to achieve conditional detection of accurate facial expressions.

To Study About Depression And Its Prevention Among Postnatal Mother In Selected Area Of Ahmedabad City, Gujarat

Vamja Diptiben Nanjibhai; Dr. Priyesh M Bhanwara Jain

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 246-253

The disturbance of neuropsychological processes during pregnancy and parturition may cause postpartum depressions in vulnerable individuals. Pre-natal and psychological and instrumental needs are indicated to be poorly met in western society and this crisis can interfere with neurophysiological factors to undermine the functioning of maternal psychology. In relation to neuropsychological women's wellbeing in the time of the transition, the effects of developmental factors and psychological and physical stressors are addressed. The psychobiological shift from pregnancy to successful post-natal parenting, the reconstruction of family and job roles, can be assisted, disregarded and derailed in the environmental milieu. Determining how psychosocial factors impact the link between violence and postpartum depression (PPD) history. Women have received B48 hours of live-born child care from four urban hospitals in Utah. The history has been collected by self-reporting during enrollment of physical or sexual assault. There have also been collected psychosocial covariates, including stressors and depression. Pregnancy stressors were classified using the Pregnancy Risk Assessment System's "stressor" questions. A pre-defined Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale score of C12 for 6-8 weeks after partition was taken as the key result indicator. Psycho-social threats were widespread among 1,038 women tested: 11.7% violence history, pregnancy strainors–financial 49.1%, emotions 35%, partnership-associated 19.8%, and traumas 10.3% and history of depression 16.7%. Interestingly, the experience of violence was just one of women with a moderate degree of stressors. Missuse and pregnancy stressors are normal and affect the probability of PPD positive testing.

Assessment Of Risk Factors For Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) In Health Workers

Kirmanj I Baker; Sabah M Zanagana; Nazar A Hasani; Suhaila S Tahir; Burhan O Rasheed; Amal A Rasheed; Mena A Darweesh; Abdulkarim M Ismail

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 254-266

Background: COVID-19 is a pandemic caused by novel Corona virus; it has infected millions of people and caused mortality of more than half million people around globe.
Objective: The study aimed to assess risk factors of infection with COVID-19 among health care workers (HCW) from different aspects.
Methods: A cross sectional study was applied based upon a WHO assessment protocol to explore the real facts and situation leading to Health Care Workers infections.
Results: The current study has shown that health care workers were often affected by the disease exploring that males and young age employees had predominantly higher percentage of infection.
Regarding the occupation, it was clear that doctors were the most often symptomatic (45%) of the total studied samples; 46% contracted the infection through contact with patients at work. Finally the study illustrated that only 46% tried their best to protect themselves from infection and 4 out of 44 cases denied the existence of the pandemic.
Conclusion: It was concluded that males were predominantly infected, patients with longer exposure had higher rate of infection and those properly using PPE had less chance to acquire the disease.

The Effect Of Special Exercises On Developing Speed Of Performance For Dribbling And Correction Skill For Young Players With Handball

shirooq mahdi Kazem; Shaymaa Hasan Ismael; Rajaa Hasan Ismail

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 267-273

The components of the handball game (physical, skill, tactical, and psychological) are intertwined and interrelated, and that any development or defect in any aspect of it is reflected positively and negatively on the other aspects, and the final outcome of this interconnectedness is what we see on the team as a group or on the players as individuals from development or deterioration in their levels in The above aspects and their ability to exploit them to provide outstanding performance in the service of the team, and that the basic skills in handball are the important factor for the implementation of playing plans and resolving the matches, as these skills are the mainstay of performance in this game and without their proficiency the task of implementing the plans becomes very difficult, and the skill of the kind The ball is one of the most important skills whose mastery depends on the success of many planning matters, as it is the basis of the individual effort of the player to advance the ball and shoot towards the goal by obtaining a suitable opportunity or dispersing one of the team players and creating opportunities for colleagues, as the patience of the ball is a vital thing in the stage of building the attack Also, the skill of aiming towards the goal is one of the most used skills in the game of handball, and the team whose players are good at shooting and its types and use them accurately during the match, and on this The basis is that the development of the skill of the paddle and the accuracy of shooting with handball is a very important matter, and accordingly and the conviction of the researcher that the speed of performance of the skill of the puck with the ball and the accuracy of the performance of the correction are a major and urgent requirement in achieving the application requirements that we have talked about above, because it worked through the skills of handball in the fastest time and with high accuracy To achieve the goals envisaged from them, hence the importance of the research, as for the research method, the researcher used the experimental method with the experimental and control groups, while the research sample was represented by the 25 players of the Specialized School for Talent Care - Diyala.

The Effect Of A Recreational Rehabilitation Approach Using Zumba Exercises On The Rehabilitation Of The Ankle Joint And Solving The Psychological Problems Resulting From Injury Among Basketball Players

Prof. Tahreer Alwan Hassoon; Dr. Kamal Jassim Muhammad

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 274-279

Recently, there has been great development in all different areas of life, in general and in the field of physical education in particular, the level of performance in all sports activities has increased, thanks to scientific studies and research, and the development of devices and tools in the field of physical education, and this has led to concern for the safety of the player and the rehabilitation Injuries as quickly as possible, and taking care of their mental health, by searching for methods and strategies to solve the problems facing the athlete and helping him to reach the highest levels of mental health, and this is what contributed to building an athlete generation that depends on sound scientific foundations.
Zumba exercises are one of the modern training trends, as they reflect one of the results of the scientific renaissance in a purposeful training method, which spread widely and rapidly throughout the world, and made a quantum leap in the field of sports, due to the elements of inclusiveness and recreation it contains, which are practiced in parks, and have a positive effect. In burning calories, improving general health, and zumba exercises is the integration of some principles of aerobic and resistance exercise, to increase the burning of calories, benefit blood vessels, and the harmony and harmony of the body as a whole ”(Perez, 2009: 2), and depends on enjoyable movements and on the tones of music, thus It creates an atmosphere of comfort and pleasure for the participants (Awad, 2004: 12), in addition to its benefits in the psychological field, helping the athlete to face psychological pressures and the challenges they encounter in training, competition and problems resulting from injury, and increase the athlete’s self-confidence, and to perform his daily work with high efficiency. With saving effort and time, Its practice has spread in more than (120) countries and for both genders, and has met with great interest, because its programs are implemented on a regular basis.
Rapid developments occur among the participants, which reflects on the performance and performance of the functional devices, thus reaching the achievement of practical training objectives (Naoush, 2006: 21). Therefore, the importance of research lies in investing in zumba exercises in rehabilitating the athlete after injury and solving psychological problems resulting from injury, and increasing the athlete's confidence in himself through, developing a recreational rehabilitation curriculum to root and care for the mental health of basketball players.

The Effect Of Using A Training Method To Rehabilitate Some Of The Injured Woman’s Muscles

Ali Ayad Hameed

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 280-286

Abstract This section contained the introduction, the importance of research, a brief description of some of the problems facing women for the period after pregnancy and childbirth, the reasons for their occurrence, and the importance of treatment as the research problem came from the low level of physical fitness for women, which led to weakened body muscles in general and especially large ones, which caused their flaccidity and embodied the importance of research Rehabilitation of some muscles that are affected by pregnancy and childbirth, and reducing the contours that occur. As for the importance of research lies in the treatment of flaccidity early and in view of the lack of university and public libraries of research and studies on caring for the strength of women and returning it to what it was before pregnancy. Therefore, the researcher decided to prepare this study as a contribution to the possibility of setting an accurate scientific method and a modest attempt to raise the level of fitness of this sample by using circular training exercises effectively so that this sample serves the community .
As for the aims of the research, lies in preparing a method for the circular training method to restore and rehabilitate the muscles affected in postpartum women, and to identify the effect of the proposed training approach in rehabilitating the muscles of the affected woman after pregnancy and childbirth.
The researcher has assumed that the use of circular training method significantly affects the rehabilitation of the muscles of the affected woman after pregnancy and childbirth and that there are statistically significant differences between the pre and post tests in the research sample and in the interest of the post test.
As for the research fields, the human field included (20) women, all of whom have first births and their ages range between (25-30) years, and the temporal field is defined in the period from 18/1/2019 to 10/14/2019.

The Effect Of The Learning Role Using The Technical And Skill Stages Of The Ground Movements Of The Second-Grade Intermediate Students

Iqbal Ammar Lifta

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 292-298

Given the clarity of this reality, which concerns the reality and role of cognitive-motor and physical integration in the child, we find that it is appropriate for him to mathematically concern the process of choosing beginners to practice some sports, especially ground movements in your artistic gymnastics in the light of perceptual-motor abilities, and this is what earns this study the importance that is not underestimated On the level of the mathematical community, so many scholars have emphasized the truth of the relationship between the motor side and the perceptual, for example what Ahmed Omar mentioned about Piaget (that movement is affected by perception just as perception is affected by movement and it is not possible to separate them and through an accurate expression of them when he put what he called the diagrams. Sensory-kinesthetic on the reality of perceptual-motor integration in the child's behavior since its inception) (Ahmad Omar Suleiman Al-Robi, 1995, 11) and the importance of the research lies in the use of skill exercises prepared according to the constructive learning method to learn and master the series of ground movements for artistic gymnastics for middle school students.

The Effect Of A Skillful Training Curriculum On Developing Handball Shooting Skills For Young Players

shirooq mahdi Kazem; Shaymaa Hasan Ismael; Rajaa Hasan Ismail

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 299-303

The handball game is one of the sports that is widely practiced and occupies a good position, as today it has become very beautiful and magnificent, it has made those practicing it the desire to express its rhythmic performance, it is a wonderful mix of many and different skills, whether it is offensive or defensive, it participates to appear with an artistic painting that crosses In it, women players are individually expressing their ability to master these skills in games, then appear more beautifully and more in a group kinetic rhythm that has artistic expressions that impress the audience, especially when the goals are scored with a high skill of accuracy and speed by the players, and the aiming skill and its different types are in football One hand of the offensive kinetic skills is the basis and column of offensive skill performance in the game, as all movements and skills finally end with aiming at the goal of the opposing team, because this skill is the final outcome of the outcome of the match, and on the other hand it is the level setting in this skill and its different types that are Through it, scoring points and identifying the winning and losing teams, the researcher used the experimental approach in the style of the experimental and control groups, while the research sample was represented by the players of the College of Physical Education and Sports Science / Diyala University team by handball, whose number is (10) players for the academic year 2018/2019, and the researcher reached a The proposed skill training curriculum significantly influences the development of shooting skill by handball.

The Effect Of Hindering Strength Training In Developing Some Physical And Skill Abilities Of Young Football Players

Dr. Dhiaa Hamood Mawlood AL- Hassan; Dr. Ahmed Salman Saleh; Dr.mustafa mahdi Idan

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 304-309

The game of football is characterized by the diversity of its performance and skills and depends on the physical, skill, planning and psychological abilities the player exerts to achieve the best levels for the players. This may be due to the use of training curricula based on sound scientific foundations and modern training methods that develop all physical and skill aspects. In this research, the researchers wanted to find special exercises using obstructive force and note their effect on some of the physical and skillful abilities of young football players in Diyala Sports Club for the category (14-16) years, after the researchers found that there is a weakness in this aspect of the club's soccer players. The researchers used the experimental approach for its suitability to the nature of the study by designing one group with two pre and post- tests. Special exercises were prepared for the use of obstructive force in the air (misleading of all kinds) and in water. By (3 units) training per week for a period of (8 weeks). As the researchers reviewed the Arab and foreign sources in order to choose tests for physical capabilities (explosive strength and distinctive force velocity) and skill tests (for running speed with the ball and the power of kicking the ball) and after statistical treatments, the study concluded that special exercises for obstructive strength have an effect on all the tests under study and in statistical terms. For the benefit of the post test.

The Effect Of Special Exercises To Rehabilitate And Develop Some Functional Variables

Ali Ayad Hameed

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 310-316

Chronic Stable angina is one of the most important diseases of the coronary arteries that are in the form of a stable incomplete blockage in blood flow through one or more coronary arteries due to atherosclerotic plaque and it negatively affects human health and its adaptation to life and its requirements. For the purpose of adapting to these requirements for patients with angina The chest must be prepared specific rehabilitation programs that take into account the specificity of each case of stable angina. Which contribute greatly to strengthening the cardiovascular muscle and related blood vessels, reducing the number of heartbeats, the normal restoration of the work of the heart muscle and adapting to functional shortcomings resulting from narrowing of the arteries of the heart and to resist the frequent clinical appearance of crises of angina pectoris
The study aimed to:
- Knowing the effect of rehabilitative exercises on some functional variables
- Know the differences between the two groups after applying the rehabilitative exercises.
The researcher used the experimental approach as it is the appropriate approach to solve the research problem. The research sample was chosen in an intentional way and they are suffering from simple stable angina-I who do not need to perform a catheter operation and the sample was chosen after the accurate diagnosis by the specialist doctors by accurate description of the case That the patient suffers in addition to the stress test (the individual's ability to walk on the moving device) and to reach a result that the patient suffers from stable angina (CSA-1), and the total number of sample individuals (12) was infected and they were divided into two groups in a random manner and by ( 6) Injured in each group. The researcher conducted the pre-test (measuring chemical variables, stress test) from the date of 2/18/2019, Thursday to the date of 2/25/2019, Thursday also within the official working hours, after which the vocabulary of the qualifying curriculum was applied during (36) rehabilitative units, after which the researcher conducted the test Al-Baadi on 20/5/2019, Thursday, 25/5/2019, Tuesday, within the official working hours as well. To deal with raw grades in a simple way in order to explain them, the researcher used the statistical bag.
In light of the foregoing, the researcher reached several conclusions and recommendations that he will address.

The Effect Of Exercises According To The Heart Rate Index Using The (DYNA FOOT) Device In The Development Of Special Speed And Some Basic Skills Of Young Football Players

Sahar Mohammed Salman

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 317-324

The interest of researchers and trainers in developing training curricula and using modern training methods to develop physical capabilities related to the type of activity or skill required, in addition to laying correct scientific foundations when choosing appropriate hospitalization periods according to the pulse index during repetition of training loads and through the researcher's experience and presence in the academic and field fields I noticed that most of the exercises are either the speed training in the ball during play and training without paying attention to the real special speed and what constitutes the percentage of the speed of performance that a football player has, in addition to that lack of interest in studying the anchoring operations, the position of the foot and the pressure areas with the feet of foothold on the ground during the performance distance stages Inside the stadium, which has the primary role to achieve the required increase in speed, which generated the need to use a modern device to identify these variables, which is a (DYNA FOOT) device to identify indicators of the amounts of thrust, pressure and force exerted during the pivot stages during the actual performance distance, as the researcher decided to prepare exercises To codify and diagnose weaknesses in order to develop appropriate solutions and know the appropriate means correct.
The goal of the research is to prepare and identify exercises according to the heart rate index using the (DYNA FOOT) device in developing special speed and some basic skills for the players of Al-Karkh Football Club. The researcher adopted the experimental approach of the experimental and control groups. Player, as the research sample was selected using a comprehensive inventory method, and the sample was divided into two experimental groups and the control group with (16) players for each group. Exercises were applied according to the heart rate index using a (DYNA FOOT) device on the experimental group for a period of eight weeks and by three training units in The researcher used the SPSS statistical bag to process the data and obtain results and the most important conclusions
- Exercises according to the heart rate index using the (DYNA FOOT) device have a positive effect on developing the special speed and some basic skills of football players.

The Effect Of Using Rehabilitative Exercises In A Preventive Manner To Reduce Shoulder Rotation For People With Special Needs (Wheelchairs)

Basil Abdulsattar Ahmed; Alaa Khalaf Hayder

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 325-329

The current study aimed to prepare preventive exercises to reduce shoulder rotation for people with special needs in wheelchairs, by applying to a sample of (8) for players with wheelchair needs. To achieve the goal of the study, the training program was built, consisting of (36) sessions distributed over (12) weeks, and the training program was divided into (3) phases, where new exercises were used in each phase to bring about the greatest improvement on the sample members, with the aim of revealing the impact of the program A pre-measurement was performed for the front and back shoulder area, and the same measurement was performed after the completion of the training program, and the results showed a clear effect of the program in reducing the roundness of the shoulders, as the program contributed to an increase in the width of the front shoulder area, while the distance related to both sides of the shoulder decreased. the background. In light of this result, the researchers recommended the necessity of adopting the proposed program in this study to correct the rotation of the shoulders, and the need to raise awareness of peaceful orthopedic habits, whether in sitting or working, to reduce the phenomenon of shoulder rotation.

The effect of cross-fit exercises on the development of the force characteristic of speed for the precision skill of shooting with hand ball

Maha Hasan Moslem; Alaa Khalaf Hayder

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 330-336

:Handball is one of the games that are directly affected by physical numbers as a basis for developing the skill aspect after applying the various conditions associated with skill performance, whether these conditions are technical or mechanical and in accordance with the rules of the game, and from the Olympic Games that brought increased attention in terms of their representation in continental competitions, And internationalism, and Olympic is the game of handball, as it had and still has a distinguished position among sporting events in achieving higher results, which require a high level of physical fitness and special abilities, especially the special force represented by the characteristic force of speed, because it is the main and determining factor In the performance and achievement of that sport, and one of the modern methods of developing the physical abilities of the handball game using the Cross Fit method, which contributes to the development of the elements of physical fitness and the development of the physical abilities of handball players. , As it has a fundamental role in practicing sports activities to achieve sporting goals and athletic achievement, and physical abilities mean the efficiency of the body in meeting the requirements of achievement, and this requires the efficiency of the nervous and muscular systems, as it requires a good body and physical measurements that are consistent and free of diseases.

The Effect Of Rehabilitative Exercises In The Case Of Anterior Dislocation Of The Uncomplicated Shoulder Joint For Men Aged 40-50 Years

Basil Abdulsattar Ahmed; Alaa Khalaf Hayder

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 337-344

The shoulder joint is a joint unique from the rest of the joints in the body as it is characterized by a large range of movement and that is through the glen humeral cavity with the head of the bone (Glenohumeral) and the flexibility of soft tissues (Soft Tissues Surfaces) and free-movement surfaces (Freely Sliding Surfaces). The socket in which the humeral head rests is by the glenoid cavity, as the nature of movement in the shoulder joint is three-dimensional (three dimensions mobility), that is, it is of the ball and socket type. The acromion bone is a protrusion over the glenoid in the form of a fibrous bridge with the coracoid twist to keep the humerus bone stable and not outward from the tip of the Coracoid [1].

The Effect Of Different Iterations Of Mental Perception In Teaching Some Basic Skills In Basketball According To Levels Of Learning Performance

Fawwaz Jassem Hamdoon Alnidawi; Hasan Khudhur Mohammed Almuhee; Ahmed Husham Ahmed Ahmed

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 345-351

Abstract: The research aims to uncover the effect of different iterations of mental perception in teaching some basic skills in basketball according to performance learning levels and the importance of mental perception in the educational process and the need to legalize it by giving it appropriately and with various iterations in teaching some basic skills in basketball from second-grade middle school students At the age of (13-14) years, and identify the best frequency of learning these skills during each level of learning performance.
The researchers used the experimental approach with equal groups, and the research community included students of Aleppo Intermediate School for Boys, and the research sample was (48) middle school students in Aleppo Intermediate School for Boys in Nineveh Governorate for the academic year 2019-2020 AD, the sample was divided into three groups and by ( 16) A student for each group, where each group carries out a certain frequency of the iterations of mental perception, and post-tests were conducted in order to obtain the results and use the appropriate means to reach the results by which the research results and hypotheses were achieved, and the most important statistical results were that of the occurrences of mental perception] (A), (B), (C) [Positive impact on the process of teaching some basic skills in basketball (patience, passing, scoring) and the superiority of the first group that used repeated mental perception (A) in teaching some basic skills in basketball under study in The first performance learning level except for the rolling skill was the second group that used repeated mental perception (b) and the second group that used repeated mental perception (b) in teaching all the basic skills of basketball under study at higher level The second performance and the third group that used repetition of mental perception (c) in teaching some basic skills in basketball under study in the third performance learning level except for suppression skill. The second group, which used repeated mental perception (b), excelled.

Skillful Thinking According To The Preference Of Cerebral Sovereignty And Its Relationship To Some Of The Basic Skills Of Tennis

Assistant Professor Dr. Ammar Jabbar Abbas

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 352-359

The great scientific progress is a great fruit for scientists and specialists in the various fields of science. It is important to record the areas of physical education that require a lot of references and scientific works to observe this rapid scientific development in the fields of physical education and the sciences that are entrusted with it.This has been clearly reflected in sporting achievements Which appeared in the international and Olympic tournaments in the high level of sports players in both the collective and individual games and in the destruction of figures on a continuous basis, especially in individual games and the game of tennis ground is one of the sports that have seen remarkable development using the correct scientific application. This development was not coincidental, but was the result of the adoption of scientific methods in education and training and the dependence of the dependence on applied science and other human related such as anatomy and physiology and science and movement and education and the science of breathing and other sciences. The basic skills are one of the components of the game of tennis ground over physical fitness and play plans and psychological and educational, which improves the performance level if he without the skill of the player skills can not implement the basic plans or fully focused duties so it requires attention to the skill preparation in addition to To psychological preparationWhich is concerned with developing the thinking abilities of the players. The philosophical and educational schools were concerned with the development of thought and thinking so that the individual becomes better able to cope with the difficulties and problems that he experiences in different situations of play if the mental side plays a key role in influencing the motor performance and trying to overcome any negative failure to perform. Mahari Here comes the importance of sovereignty in the identification of the role of the mental side of the dominance of the midterm brain and its role in the manner of performance of some basic skills and whether there is an answer to the question about the type of relationship Link mental and mental side of the skill aspect of the game of tennis Either the search problem There is no doubt that intelligence as an important factor and mental ability necessary to be owned by players of different classifications be their mental behavior in the cases of different players according to the studied and planned models and not just reactions resulting from physical experience and skill only that the player must perform the duties that It is assigned through the training units to be programmed for the times of competition and with high accuracy and for the continuation of mental control, for example, thinking of appropriate motor responses to the opponent's skills within the fast and variable gameplay become a basic requirement for players in the abilities of motor compatibility And the dynamic associated with mental activity creative appropriate to the expected

The Effect Of Using A Proposed Training Device On Developing Explosive Power And Speed And Achieving The Effectiveness Of (100m) Youth

Turki Hilal Kadhim; Khalid Khamees Jaber; Rajaa Abdulkareem Hameed; Ahmed Adnan Khamees; Hussan I Hussein

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 360-370

The last period witnessed a great development in all sports games and events as a result of studies and research in various sciences that are in the interest of sports achievement, including the free running event (100m), which is one of the activities of the enemy that witnessed a great development in the level of technical, physical, psychological and other aspects, which led to Achieve new numbers that could not have been registered before this period.
The requirement to reach the highest levels of the effectiveness of a sprint (100 meters) is free to impose on the trainers and workers on this event to find new and modern training methods that would accelerate the process of raising the level of the player and add a new training environment that would create a situation similar to the actual performance with training conditions that impose training burdens on the runner. New or different from the one that was previously trained in, thus moving away from what is ineffective and reaching positive results in the training process.
It is noticeable that there is a wide range of aids in training athletes athletes and according to the type of activity practiced by the athlete, as we notice, for example, that short distance runners use the withdrawal of certain weights attached to the runner’s body for the purpose of developing the element of strength characterized by speed and the use of iron shirts with high weight and weights Legged and others.
As the equipment and training auxiliary means are the focus of attention of many workers in the training field because of their importance and a great role in accelerating the process of development and integration in the physical and skill aspects of the athlete to bring him to higher levels, and that these devices, means and tools have their own goals, including what goes into the process Correcting the movement paths, including what is included in the physical aspects, including what combines the two by facilitating the performance and isolating extraneous movements and contractions that would negatively affect and thus delay the achievement of the ideal level for the player.
Through the observation and experience of researchers, it was found that there is a lack of use of modern scientific devices, tools and means that have a positive impact in raising the level of sports performance and achieving the required achievement, and the trainers ’dependence on some traditional training tools and their lack of modern techniques in the training process that contribute and help the athlete in raising his level of All aspects (physical, skill, and psychological) as well as economics with time, effort and financial resources to achieve good results, hence the importance of research in manufacturing a training device with different training resistances that can be controlled according to the

The effect of a suggested training device on developing strength for youth handball players

Maha Hasan Moslem; Alaa Khalaf Hayder

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 371-380

Sports training in its general sense is the educational and educational process that includes preparing the player or team in an organized manner, based on the best modern scientific means to achieve the desired goal. And sports training is not necessarily related to sport of higher levels only, but includes various sports activities, and for sports training in the content of its goals, all members of society, regardless of their different capabilities and abilities, are the broad rule in defining the goals and the scientific basis for their training curricula in proportion to the general sports and cultural trends of different age levels to ensure the practice of sport As a first step to achieve the foundations of reaching the higher levels.
And the scientific and technical development that the world is witnessing at the present time has effectively helped in the development of various sports equipment and tools, which had a great impact in achieving the best sports achievements. And the use of equipment, means and training tools added to the training process a lot of benefit and speed in achieving training goals and proved its effectiveness as one of the important helping factors in reaching high levels in the elements of physical fitness that the player needs and thus speed in achieving victory, as these devices, methods and tools have special goals Some of them are involved in the process of correcting the movement paths, some of them are included in the physical aspects, some of which combine the two by facilitating performance and isolating extraneous movements and contractions that would negatively affect and thus delay the achievement of the ideal level of the player

Psychological Manifestations And Their Relationship To Sports Injuries Among Boxers (Youth - Juniors)

Firas abd Al- Munaem; Nibras Ali Lateef; Eyad Kamel Shallan

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 381-389

Boxing is one of the basic competitive sports that occupies a special place among other sports, and the possibility of reaching high levels at the present time has become an aspiration that many people interested in sport are working on, whether they are administrators, coaches, or auxiliary science scientists to achieve achievement, including sports psychologists, and that The possibility of injury during training or competition is common, especially in competitions that are characterized by exerting a lot of effort and physical injury. The most difficult stage that an athlete goes through at this level of practice, because it greatly affects his career, which is disturbed and the injury has effects "from the organic physical aspect of deformities, wounds and functional disability. Which has an impact and its impact on the psychological side, that the athlete, especially after a serious injury, is affected by the psychological side to varying degrees, and this injury contributed to understanding the condition of the injured athlete and finding ways to deal with him and with each case after the injury in sports, as an attempt by us to prove what has become Muslim About the reactions from the psychological side of the injured athlete in boxing sport, so we tried to identify the psychological phenomenon resulting from the sports injury The most meaningful meaning of it in light of the symptoms of psychological trauma, and this game is not without aggressive reactions and sports injuries that appear among the players, and the large number of physical injuries in the boxer is one of the facts that characterize high-level competitive sport and its implications on the psychological dimension of the athlete and its conditions and results, especially with regard to injury And the difficulty of retrieving capabilities despite medical follow-up, and trying to apply the theory of post-injury to the case of psychological trauma caused by a physical injury to the injured athlete, highlighting the importance of psychological follow-up in addition to medical follow-up, with the aim of mitigating the consequences of physical injury on the psychological dimension, since the aim of the research is to identify On the psychological manifestations caused by sports injuries in boxers and the identification of sports psychological injuries of boxers (youth - juniors) in Diyala governorate, where the research community consisted of Diyala governorate clubs and divided into two age groups (youth, juniors) for the sports season (2018-2019) of which there are Total (135) are divided into (11) boxing clubs from the governorate for different age groups. Based on that, the researchers selected a representative sample of Governorate clubs and those with psychological injuries "as a result of the fights within the official championships of the boxing game. They are (7) clubs and the number of players is (52) players divided into the aforementioned categories, and they represent (38.51%), as the results indicated the emergence of behavior and feelings that express the voluntary method and the extent of its influence The deep psychological of the apparent deformation and change in the shape of the injured.

The Relationship Of Some Body Measurements And Physical Abilities And The Percentage Of Their Contribution To The Skill Of Scoring Beach Soccer

Prof. Magda Hamid Kampash; Nermin Hassan Murad; Russell Ali Al- Sufi

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 399-405

Abstract:The process of reaching the higher levels and achieving victory over the sports teams depends on many elements, including the training process that is constantly developing, the diagnosis of playing requirements and the mistakes that the player may make, in addition to studying the physical requirements and physical abilities that help raise the level of achievement. Among the differential games that are characterized by the multiplicity of their skills, their sequence, and the possession of physical abilities and physical measurements, which are the cornerstone of the process of success of training, as whatever the training capabilities of the trainer, he cannot be considered a hero without their availability. We find that the overall height, leg height and other measures positively affect the acquisition of skill faster and the good disposition of it within the required duty and the integration of these qualities with the physical abilities such as the explosive power of the two men and creates an integration of the image of the scorer in beach soccer, as football scoring is the primary means for achieving goals With which it is possible to end the effort expended in initiating, building and developing the attack. In addition to this field intelligence, which is the safety valve for the success of offensive opportunities.

The Effect Of Kinetic Exercises Using The Analogous Method To Improve The Performance Of The Motor Chain On The Ground Movement Mat For Fifth Grade Students

Nadihm Ahmed Okab Al-Huseeinawi .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 406-412

Abstract:The study aimed to prepare kinetic exercises and their effect on improving the performance of the kinematic chain on the mat of ground movements using the method of learning with analogies, as the null hypothesis was developed that there were no statistically significant differences for the research groups, as the researcher used the experimental method for its suitability to solve the research problem and the design of the two equivalent groups with the test was chosen The pre- and post-test are randomly selected, and the research sample includes the fifth grade pupils, whose number is 40 students, and they were divided into two control and experimental groups, each group (20) students, and the researcher conducted the pre-test and prepared kinetic exercises bearing the characteristic of sequential performance and the rhythm and compatibility close to the performance of the series, within Learning time to perform the series in the weekly plan and for six units, where the exercises were explained and applied in the second five minutes of warm-up and also in the main section at the beginning of learning with teaching the series because its performance is easier than connecting the vocabulary of the series and after acquiring the nature of the coherent performance that achieved the ease of performing the series and the researcher used devices And with the appropriate tools, the researcher conducted the post test, and the researcher reached the following conclusions: The performance of the kinesthetic exercises achieved the best performance of the kinetic chain by developing the kinetic rhythm in the process of linking the movements that make up the chain and the accuracy of the kinematic transmission and compatibility, and that the use of the sequential kinematic exercises using the learning method with analogies to learn the performance of the chain reduced the learning time and the preference for using these ages from exercises with separate performance.

The Effect Of Using Special Nutritional Supplements Accompanying Weight Training Exercises On The Development Of Muscular Activity Of The Leg Muscles And Achievement On The Effectiveness Of The Triple Jump

Prof. Dr. Ghassan Bahri Shamkhi Hussein; Dr. Omar Abdulelah Salama; Prof. Dr. Maher Abdel-Latif Aref

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 413-418

Abstract:Athletics events today are among the most comprehensive and widespread in the countries of the world because of their popularity and interest for all age groups, and because of their importance in the Olympic Games.
The jumping and jumping competitions are also among the exciting competitions for the player and scenes, and the triple jump competition that requires a great deal of muscle strength related to speed (the characteristic strength of speed) and also requires the player to have complete control over performance and physical ability and possess some special physical characteristics.
The importance of research lies in the interest in athletics activities, including the triple jump. Therefore, scientific methods must be adopted in training and the need to use appropriate methods to explore the physical and functional capabilities inherent in the player's body represented by strength and the level of muscular activity during sports training, as well as providing the requirements for muscular work.

The Effect Of The Rosenberg Model On The Development Of Perception - Kinesthetic For The Skills Of Chest Handling And Spinning Shooting Jumping With Basketball For Students

Rafid ali Dawood

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 414-421

Abstract:Modern education has set a basic goal for it, which is the upbringing of students through its contribution to introducing them to the philosophy of society and that it is imperative that they learn the concepts of the curriculum and its content to create individuals who are able to do new things and not repeat what previous generations did, and thus be able to innovate. Society is changing in line with The tremendous change in the aspects of life, facts and information cannot be dealt with just by remembering them, but rather we must acquire knowledge and be able to understand and apply it in new situations that the learner has never experienced before, and this is what the student needs in the basketball lesson, as he must have new educational models It helps him develop the skill he uses in building new situations while playing, and the basketball game relies on basic skills as an important base on which this game is built in order to develop the level of performance, as the basic skills are of great importance that makes teachers spend most of the time training on the accuracy and performance of skills and their learning In the correct manner, therefore, attention must be directed to the stages of its learning, as it needs to spend a lot of effort and practice in order to master it, so the use of educational models can be Wen has a clear impact on learning basic skills in basketball and its development, and among these models is the Rosenberg model, which includes five stages that include (comprehensive analysis, design, development and production, implementation, and evaluation).

The Impact Of Exercises Strongly In The Atmosphere Of Competition In The Development Of Some Biomechanical Capabilities And Functional Indicators And The Completion Of The 1500-Meter Youth

Ali Nori Ali; Fahem Abdul Wahid Easa; Bushra Kadhum AbdulRida

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 422-428

Abstract:Sports training is a science and art in scientific knowledge and that knowledge contributed to the development of the mathematical achievements of the science of sports training. The science of sports training is one of the sciences that contributed to the progress of many achievements, including the rapid and immediate response to the biomechanical capabilities and adaptations of the functional indicators of the players to reach high achievements in terms of codifying the training program according to the components of pregnancy Training, as the synchronization and development of global numbers by developing and using training methods in terms of adaptations to the atmosphere of competition to form a champion with all possible specifications to upgrade new numbers and capabilities for players to achieve a high achievement, and the running competition (1500 meters) is one of the competitions with a common system that depends on the efficiency of biomechanical capabilities and functional indicators For the players, which requires the coaches to choose the best training methods to influence the development of these capabilities to keep pace with the development in the level of achievement of this competition, the importance of research in the use of modern scientific methods, exercises in the atmosphere of competition, to make players in an atmosphere similar to the atmosphere of competitions and periodic tests to express the level of the goal of training and achieve better Completion.

DESIGN AND LEGALIZATION OF THE ONE-HANDED AND OVERHEAD HANDLING TEST FOR WHEELCHAIR BASKETBALL PLAYERS IN IRAQ.

Uday Abdel-Hussein Karim; Nizar Ali Jabbar; Suzan Khaleefh Joodi

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 429-439

them In order to reach the highest levels and achieve achievements in all fields.
It is these categories that were given. Societies concern for them is the category of the disabled, which represents a large segment of the members of society, especially the countries that have been exposed to natural disasters or wars. And this concern is with these. The category came as a result, either for humanitarian reasons, which are concerned with the members of society, and to view them with equality and justice, or because the sport of people with special needs (People of Determination) has become a sport of achievements, achieving record numbers and representing their countries well in international forums.
Among the games that people with special needs play is wheelchair basketball, which is one of the factors of success that the player has physical and skill abilities.
As basic skills are one of the most important factors for the success of technical performance that must be available to basketball players on the chairs if they have mastered the performance of these skills as required, so there must be methods for measuring the performance of these skills in an accurate scientific manner in order to clearly identify the level of skills of the players And work on developing their level to reach the advanced level in performance and achieving the goals of sports training.
Among these basic skills are the two skills of back-and-head handling, which are important for the wheelchair player, and here lies the importance of research to find a way to measure these two skills of wheelchair basketball players, and apply tests on them to show the players' skill level each according to the accuracy of his technical performance for them. It allows coaches to select players as well as know their real level in these two basic skills in wheelchair basketball.

Use Of Local Vancomycin Antibiotics Injection Dose After End Of Endoscopic Percutaneous Discectomy To Reduce Or Prevent Post-Operative Discitis.

Ammar Najim Abood

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 440-443

The rate of discitis after microscopic discectomy is 1% to 15% and by used of endoscopic discectomy the rate is 1-3% both with systemic prophylaxis antibiotics only. This event of complication can result of disability or death.
AimTo evaluate the infection rates associated with endoscopic lumber discectomy when using of local intradiscal injection and systemic antibiotics.
This retrospective study to analyzed patients under went endoscopic discectomy we gave all patients preoperative 2g of ceftriaxone iv and local intradiscal injection of antibiotics in the end of operation by a cocktail of (vancomycin 1g ,kenacote 40mg plus lidocaine 5ml of 2% ) all dissolved in 10 ml normal saline and injected inside the disc space. Discitis considered when a symptom reappears like back pain radicular pain, also elevation of ESR, CRP and leukocytosis. And this happened between 10 days to 1 month.
Results A total of 151 patients operated for lumber discectomy by using endoscopic procedure. 80 males ( 53% ) and 71 femeles (47% ). 121 (80.13%) of them posterolateral trans foraminal and 30 (19.87%) cases inter laminar approach. Age of ( 19 -61 ) years old average age is 32.5 years old , level of herniated disc L2-3 level 6 patients (3.97%). L 3-4 level 8 patients (5.3%) ,L4-5 level 107 patents (70.86%). L5-S1 level 30 patients (19.87%). All patient follow for 4 months and did blood test for ESR, CRP and WBC . one patient (0.66%) developed discitis and treated by systemic antibiotics,.
Conclusion Using of intravenous antibiotic (ceftriaxone ) 30 minutes preoperative and injection of cocktail of (vancomycin , kenacort and lidocaine) of 10 ml all and injected intradiscal reduce to prevent discitis.

Rate And Reasons Of Conversion Of Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy To Open Surgery: The Experience Of Baquba Teaching Hospital

Bashar Akram AlBayati; Fuad Jarrallah, Salah Saleh

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 444-449

- Baquba Teaching Hospital – Diyala – Iraq, from January 2017 to December 2019. A total of 2749 patients of all age groups and both sexes who were found to have symptomatic gallstones were included in the study. Operative findings, causes of conversion and postoperative complications were recorded.
Result: Out of the 2749 patients who were included in this study, successful laparoscopic cholecystectomy was completed in 2711 patients, while conversion to open procedure was required in 38 patients (1.38 %). Among those who were converted to open surgery, the most common cause of conversion was dense adhesions around the gallbladder representing 42.1 % of causes of conversion.The next common cause of conversion was obscure anatomy at Calot's triangle in 31.58 % patients. Instrument failure was responsible for 10.53 % of conversions. Massive bleeding that could not be controlled laparoscopically was the cause of conversion in 7.89 % of patients and visceral injury was the cause in 5.26 % while the least common cause of conversion was wide cystic duct in 2.63% which was difficult to clip laparoscopically.
Conclusion: The risk of conversion to open surgery is always present and the decision about when to convert to laparotomy is an individual one, often subjective, made by the surgeon in the course of the procedure. The conversion rate in the present study was 1.38 % which is in the lower limit as compared to other studies, with causes similar to or approximating many national and international literatures.

Acute Appendicitis In Pregnancy: The Presentation And The Outcome

Inaam Faisal Mohammed; Bashar Akram AlBayati

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 450-455

Background: Acute Appendicitis is the most common non obstetric surgical emergency during pregnancy that can occur throughout pregnancy but difficulty in diagnosis and delayed treatment can be associated with adverse maternal and pregnancy outcome.
Patients and Method: A prospective, observational study conducted in the Department of General Surgery at Baquba Teaching Hospital – Diyala – Iraq, from April 2016 to April 2020. Seventeen pregnant women, with acute appendicitis, were included.The patients' age ranged from 19 - 39 years with a mean age of 25 years. The patients' history, operative findings, postoperative outcome and histopathology results were recorded and analyzed.
Result: Four patients were in the first trimester, 8 patients were in the second trimester while 5 patients were in the third trimester. Abdominal pain was the main symptoms in all patients followed by poor appetite and nausea, while the main physical signs were tenderness and rebound tenderness in right lower quadrant of the abdomen. The appendix was grossly inflamed in 16 patients and was normal in one patient as proved by histopathology. During the follow up period, 3 patients had surgical site infection (SSI) and treated conservatively, 2 patients had preterm contractions and treated by tocolytic drugs, while fetal loss occurred in one patient.
Conclusion: Acute appendicitis is a common surgical emergency during pregnancy but high degree of suspicion and skills are required for early diagnosis with subsequent proper management to avoid possible complications both to the fetus and the mother

Job Description For Volleyball Administrator

Mohammed A. Saber

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 456-469

The study aims to identify job description, conditions, job qualifications, duties, terms of reference and responsibilities of the volleyball administrative director. The researcher used the descriptive method (survey), and the study population included the team managers, referees and players of the clubs participating in the Kurdistan Volleyball League. The study consisted of (120) individuals, and applied in the period 16/9/2017 to 1/11/2017. The most important conclusions, the team administrative director must possess personal qualities(physical health, high physical fitness, healthy mental health, and emotional maturity, which helps them to accept the difficulties and problems they face, and commitment to moral values - self-denial, humbled, accepting constructive criticism and long experience playing the sport at a high level and work in the administrative field In addition to achieving tangible results in the teams they worked with). Duties and responsibilities of team administrative director (has the ability to plan and define policies and procedures and to organize subordinate activities as he supervises, controls and coordinates between them and has the ability to make appropriate decisions according to the needs of the situation) Job description of the team administrative director (holding a university qualification as well as a specialized course in the principles of public administration science and being a former volleyball player in addition to his clear understanding of volleyball techniques).

The Effect Of An Educational Approach On The Perception-Kinesthetic In Learning The Accuracy Of The Performance Of The Transmission And Reception Skills Of Volleyball

Sahira Mohammed Abdulameer

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 470-476

Achieving the best results is achieved by following accurate and objective scientific knowledge in a sound and planned manner in terms of behavioral responses in the sports field that are expressed through movement, as perception of movement is of great importance in neuromuscular compatibility and in basic experiences that reflect the development of the level of commands In most special skills in volleyball competition, And that basic skills are (the skills of transmission and reception) in the game requires an educational program based on sound scientific foundations, as learning the skill and the ability to perform it is a prerequisite for mastering and building a strong base in learning the basic skills of the game and that the study of the processes of perception of movement in various aspects of The vital topics that affect and are related to the performance of the level that achieves high results, from here lies the importance of the research, since the skills of the volleyball game are characterized by accuracy in the level of performance for each skill, employment and recall of all the requirements of mental processes of perception, feeling and an extremely accurate estimate of time, distance and required strength.
Research problem:
The game of volleyball is one of the sports that contains multiple complex and complex skills that require a high ability of neuromuscular harmony and in the perception and appreciation of the components and vocabulary of Kinetic performance, and despite the availability of physical properties, abilities and Kinetic capabilities of most of the students, the researcher noticed during her presence in the field. There is a weakness in the performance of basic skills, including (the skill of sending and receiving), so the researcher decided to prepare an educational program to produce the Kinetic sentence in its precise form that requires awareness of the parts of the skill to produce the best performance, where the perception of the kinesthetic stands as one of the important factors in the game for its prominent role in coordination and muscular and nervous coordination The need for it does not stop in naming it as a complementary whole, but follows it in its parts or components such as estimating time, distance and force necessary to control the movements of the level of performance.

The Effect Of A Sports Recreational Program On Some Basic Kinetic Skills And Sensory Kinetic Perception For The Mentally Disabled Who Are Able To Learn

Dr. Aws Saad Hussein; Hussein Ali Faqir Mubarak; Suhair Kamel Awad Mohamed; Ghazwan Faisal Ghazi Abdul Aziz

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 477-491

Physical education is considered one of the fields of education, as it derives its philosophy from general education that deals with preparing the individual in all the different aspects of his life, and is an important part of the preparation programs that aim to build a better society, and a means of judging the level of progress and preparation of countries. Education is a right Fundamental for all members of society, whether they are disabled or non-disabled, and that this occurs in different ways, rates, and levels. (Adam and others, adms, r, et, al, 2007 AD: 1) believes that sports recreation is an important part of physical education, which does not exclude any of the classes of society, whether young or old, the disabled or the normal. Therefore, various sports recreation programs must encourage The disabled and their right to engage in appropriate recreational activities, given their multiple benefits for all aspects of their lives. (15)

The Speed Of Nerve Conduction Of The Ulnar Nerve And Its Relationship To An Index Of Accurate Right-Punching Performance Of Young Boxers

Magda Hamid Kampash; Hussein Ali Faqier; Saad Salah A Alameer A.AL; Suhair KamIl Awad

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 492-495

The efforts and efforts exerted by scientists, researchers and trainers to reach facts and studies that help the training process to develop the ability of the athletes ’functional body systems to achieve high-level athletic achievements are still seeking and exerting efforts. Therefore, reaching results through conducting physical tests has an important role in knowing the effectiveness of training methods that appear from During which the process of adaptation of the body's organs of the athlete. The central nervous system is the control center in the arrangement and solidarity of sensory-motor information to complete the movement, as the information received from the external environment and the body in the brain is dealt with, which in turn is a central processing center for all physical and mental activities and is most influential in the state of high physical performance and achievement (Khalil, Raouf 2007: 5)

Indicators Of Creative Organizational Behavior Among Workers In The Directorates Of Student Activities In Iraqi Universities.

Shihab Ahmed Iqaab; Audai Karim Rahman

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 496-502

Changes in the work environment of student activities directorates are among the technological changes, one of the features that work to keep pace with technology, especially since work in this environment needs to keep pace with the development in field work, as “the increase in the level of interest in work methods, high expectations of customers and the more advanced and careful technology by a hierarchy Empowering authority motivates workers to learn to take initiative and take responsibility.
These steps work to create an appropriate atmosphere and create methods that are consistent with the development in the work environment. It is known that the nature of the work of the directorates mainly focuses on the interaction that occurs in discussing the multiple joints in the work environment, as the focus is on the creative organizational behavior of the workers as one of the main axioms that targeting to reach To the best way to achieve the required results, considering the organizational behavior is to apply aspects of scientific knowledge and lead to the creation of interaction between members of the organization.Therefore, the importance of research in the process of lack of the most important indicators of creative organizational behavior among those working in these joints because of their effect on consolidating the contents of work and finding ways to keep pace with the progress that is taking place, as well as working to consolidate the concept of applying effective administrative models in order to improve the quality of work and keep pace with the development that is taking place up to contribute to the achievement of achievements.Research problem:As a result of the continuity in the field of work, the activities related to the reality of student sports activities increased at the university level, through which the researchers noted that organizational work methods are vital indicators that contribute to the elevation of the level of activities. Creative statement cycle in determining the frameworks of activities through indicators of this behavior.

The Effect Of Special Exercises According To Critical Velocity To Improve The Endurance Of Speed And Achievement For 200m Freestyle Swimmers

Ahmed Mohamed Farhan

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 503-505

The sports training process undertakes the harmonious development of the physical elements from all aspects (physiological and psychological) to suit the level of the physical structure with an emphasis on the development of the physical elements.
Water activities differ from the rest of the other activities as they take advantage of the water medium in performance, however the characteristics that must be available in swimming are similar to those required by many other activities, swimming is similar to running and generally includes short, medium and long-distance competitions.
The aim of the training process in the field of swimming is to help the swimmer to adapt to other training duties entrusted to him, which help him in reaching the best achievement according to his capabilities and aptitudes.And the digital achievements that swimmers achieve in all swimming activities did not come suddenly, but rather as a result of good plans proven on modern scientific foundations as well as correct planning and programming of the training curriculum vocabulary.The importance of the research is evident in the number of special exercises according to the critical speed to develop the endurance of speed and achievement for 200m free swimmers and to identify the extent of their impact on developing the research variables under study.As for the research problem, it lies in the lack of use of the training method that targets the energy system according to the principle of critical speed and the determination of the time period of the critical speed using fewer distances and high stresses (high) when determining the time period for the critical speed to develop the endurance of speed and achievement for swimmers (200 m) freestyle.And that the goal of the research is to prepare special exercises according to the critical speed to develop the endurance of speed and achievement for swimmers (200 m) free, as well as to identify the effect of special exercises according to the critical speed to develop the research variables under study for the members of the research sample.
As for the research hypotheses, there are statistically significant differences between the pretest and the post test for the individuals of the research sample and in favor of the post test. The critical velocity is the maximum velocity that can be maintained continuously without fatigue below the lactic threshold.Research methodology and field procedure:

The Effect Of A Proposed Training Program For Weightlifting Exercises To Develop The Explosive Power To Perform Handball Shooting Skills For Young Players

shirooq mahdi Kazem; Shaymaa Hasan Ismael

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 406-411

Abstract: Explosive strength is of great importance in most sports activities and events, mostly because it is one of the basic characteristics of the physical preparation components that characterize sports, as it is the main pillar in the skill of jumping in some sports that require sport to make a great effort to reach the highest point of jumping, and the comprehensive and integrated preparation of the game. According to the scientific method based on choosing the correct training methods and means, it is the basis for the success of the training and handball process, as any game has its basic principles that depend on mastering the best method in training methods, and the principle of developing the quality of strength Explosive through training and according to modern scientific foundations is an important matter, especially in games that need to develop the strength component accompanying the accuracy of performance, in addition to that it needs to perform various movements of stability and surprise and movement and requires the player to move from one situation to another with harmony, fluidity and movement accuracy Super because it is closely related to each other and the fact that handball skills require players to possess the characteristic of explosive power because it is one of the characteristics that help them in performing the various skills of the game, including the skill of shooting with jumping, which is one of the most important offensive handball skills because of its It is an important influence on the outcome of the match as it has evolved and has become one of the most powerful means of attack. Therefore, the coaches must pay attention to this skill by focusing on developing the quality of the explosive force according to training curricula based on sound foundations and work to direct the players ’attention to accuracy in the performance of the correction. As for the research method, the researcher used the experimental approach with equal groups, and the research sample consisted of players from the specialized school for talent sponsors - Diyala handball for youth for the sports season 2018/2019 and the number (24) players were divided into three experimental groups consisting of each group of (8) Players.

Antioxidant Activity Of Aqueous Extract Of Plantain Flower Bract

Methaq Hadi lafta

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 413-417

Background: The objective of this study is to find out the antioxidant activity of plantain flower bract of Musa Paradisiaca. Musa paradisiaca is one of the most important fruit crops with some medicinal benefits which is beneficial to cure some diseases like diabetics, dysentery, ulcer etc. and it also have some antioxidant properties.
Method: Oxidation is a process that produces free radicals which damage cells in human beings by inducing oxidative stress so that the antioxidant properties are used to remove or fight against the free radicals. The antioxidant activity was found out by DPPH (1, 1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl) free radical scavenging method and also, we have seen total antioxidant capacity assay. Results: Because this plantain flowers bract has high content of phenolic compounds and other phyto chemicals which contributes to the antioxidant activity. Conclusion: This DPPH free radical scavenging method was done by using methanol extract and the DPPH assay proved that the bract has potent antioxidant activity and it shows the 168.04 IC50 μg/ml for scavenging activity and 129.29 IC50 μg/ml for total antioxidant capacity assay.

Assessing COVID-19 Related Knowledge And Perceptions Of Preventive Health Care Employees Working In Health Region Kalmunai-Sri Lanka

Shaikila Issadeen; Issadeen Aboobucker; RKAR Kariapper; Ikrima Rifath

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 418-426

According to Coronavirus disease Situation Report– 161 published by World Health Organization on 29 June 2020, globally 10 million cases and 500000 deaths and in Sri Lanka 2037 cases and 11deaths of COVID-19 had been reported . A poor understanding of the disease among Preventive Health care Employees might result in delayed treatment and rapid spread of the infection. This study aimed to investigate the knowledge and perceptions of Preventive health care Employees about COVID-19.A cross-sectional, study was conducted during June and July 2020, midst of COVID-19 outbreak in the country. A self-administered questionnaire with 25 survey item was used. A chi-square test was applied to investigate the level of association among variables, with significance set to P<.05. Out of 230 participants, 200 employees completed the survey and response rate was 86.95%.Among participants 71.5% (n=143) were female, 38.5% (n=77) were aged 40-49 years, and most of employees were Public Health Midwife (n=141, 370.5%) and least were Medical Officers of Health (n=11, 6%). Most participants (n=103, 51.3%) used Government web site to obtain information on COVID-19. A significant proportion of participants had poor knowledge on incubation period (n=41.20.5%) and more (n=187,93.5%)on complication of the disease. All the participants perceived very well about importance of taking travel history and category of waste related to patients (n=200,100%) and poorly (n=76,36%) perceived about the indication of personal protective equipment. Generally participant had moderate amount of knowledge (>57.62%) and positive perception (>69.01%) and Medical officers and Public Health Inspectors scored more than Public Health Midwife. As the global threat of COVID-19 continues to emerge, it was critical to improve the knowledge and perceptions of Preventive Health care Employees .Health ministry should provide a comprehensive and tailored educational and training programme, targeting all staff specially PHM , to promote preventive measures of COVID-19, to achieve equilibrium in terms of knowledge on COVID-19.

Postural Assessment Of Rural Water Fetcher Using Ergonomics

Sonali P. Patil; Keshav K. Sangle

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 427-433

REBA and RULA Ergonomic tools are used for evaluation and ergonomic assessment while carrying, handling, lifting and shifting the load. For evaluation of complex manual water fetching activities a RULA and REBA ergonomic tool is used .In this study of water fetching activities maximum women from rural area were participated. Based on this ergonomic tool observation, water fetching activities of women while water fetching, video recordings and photographs were taken. The reviewed literature, postural activity guidelines are proposed for summarizing analysis of water fetching women’s activity and discomfort has been reported. The basic aim of water fetching study is to make assessment of the level of exposure of ergonomics in various water fetching activities. Another objective of the water fetching activities is to find the level of exposure and musculoskeletal disorders in different body segment and gives the corrective steps to reduce the health risk in the water fetching activity.

Consequences Of Cyberloafing –A Literature Review

Dr. Nimisha Beri, Professor; Shivani Anand

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 434-440

The study explores Cyberloafing which is a multidimensional construct. Initiated as usage of workplace web resources for personal use by employees, in the current scenario it has shifted to usage of internet on mobile technologies viz. smart phones, tabs, laptops at work for personal use. Consequently our study investigated researches which present Cyberloafing as a construct that hampers the workplace performance, is a mode of distraction and rob organizational working hours. However according to some other researches Cyberloafing has positive impact on behavioural patterns of employees and is mentioned as enjoyable break leading to recovery from monotony and stress at work.

Perception Towards Significance Of Holy Places And Revisiting Intention Of Religious Tourists In Himachal Pradesh

Dr. R. KANNAN

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 441-448

Religious tourists are making visit to temples and holy places for worships and doing meditation and performing religious functions and also they understand features and specialty of those places, attracting by various attributes and enjoying different atmospheres particularly in holy places. The results show that the religious tourists are agreed with holy places are providing divine feeling, giving good cultural experience, offering mental freshness, giving peacefulness and happiness, well connected with transport facilities and giving spiritual experience. Significant difference amid perception of religious tourists towards attributes of holy places and their demographics. Perception towards attributes of holy places is positively, significantly and highly related with their revisiting intention. Thus, holy places should give adequate information and they must offer emotional refreshment. Holy places should provide adequate security and they must give best accommodation to religious tourists.

Factors Influencing Student Engagement in Higher Education Institutions: Central to Sustainability and Progression of the Institution

J.K.S. Ting; V.M. Tan; M.L. Voon

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 449-452

Competitiveness and sustainability top the agenda in the midst of education communities in Malaysia’s education sector. Many higher education institutions (HEIs) are faced with the pressure to improve the quality of university education. The basis of these pressures might come from competition on the market of higher education services, national ingenuities for quality assurance and accreditation, and the ever-changing requisites of employers and businesses. The higher education (HE) sector in Malaysia is getting more competitive with 47 private universities, 37 private university colleges, 20 public universities, 10 foreign university branch campuses as well as numerous other private institutions of higher learning competing for the same pool of the local, regional as well as international students, along with Singapore, Philippines, Hong Kong and Indonesia. Sustainability is, therefore, critical to all the higher educational institutions (HEIs) at the present juncture as well as in the near future. In view of that, student engagement becomes a crucial indicator of the quality of student experience in these institutions. The centrality of student engagement is thus critical to the success of HEIs as issues relating to student retention remain high on the agendas of HEIs all over. The purpose of this paper is to assess and outline major factors influencing student engagement in the context of HEIs.

The Effect of Motivation on The Relationship Between Workplace Spirituality and Transfer of Training

Nur Amalina Mohd Rosli; Fadillah Ismail; Siti Sarawati Johar; Adibah Abdul Kadir

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 455-475

These days, the interest of talented laborers in Malaysia has expanded dependent on the expanded computerization and prologue to the most recent innovation for the Industrial Revolution 4.0. Accordingly, the organizations need to investigate the approaches to viably connect with their representatives and use their maximum capacity by improving positive transfer of training. Literature identified motivational factor enhances the transfer of training among employees but at the same time this factor has been influenced by workplace spirituality. However, review of literature revealed that so far, no study had been conducted between workplace spirituality towards transfer of training. This present study focused on the investigation of the relationship between workplace spirituality and the transfer of training, also the mediating effect of the motivation is investigated. To achieve the objectives of this study, a quantitative research design where the questionnaire is distributed to all the respondents involved in the “standard of procedure” training at all Al-Ikhsan’s branches in Malaysia. Further, this data is statistically tested using Statistical Packages for Social Sciences for Windows Version 25 (SPSS) for empirical investigations of the relationships between workplace spirituality, motivation and transfer of training. The results of this study confirmed mediation effect of motivation on the relationship between workplace spirituality towards transfer of training. Results of the study imply that workplace spirituality is a powerful new management concept that can be revolutionize the working environment of an organization by influencing employee performance

The Effect of Immediate and Delayed Feedback on the Achievement of Chinese EFL Learners on Reading Comprehension

Di Qi; Azizah Rajab; Nur’ain Balqis Haladin; Wenjing Wang

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 476-490

This study aims to investigate the effect of using two types of feedback (immediate and delayed) in motivating Chinese students to improve English reading proficiency in the university level. The current study employs 3(immediate feedback and delayed feedback) X 3(low level, moderate level and high level) quasi-experimental study. Highlighting the purpose of the current study by adopting three groups of participants were randomly selected from fuyang normal university for the academic year (2018-2019). 18 English majors in the university were selected to participate in present study for 1 week. By comparing the achievements of pretest and posttest, the result showed that students in the immediate feedback group performed better than students in the delayed feedback group and no feedback group. Additionally, high proficiency learners benefited more from immediate feedback, with making more progress than the other two levels. However, moderate proficiency level learners benefited more from delayed feedback compared to the other two proficiency level groups.

Psychological Warfare through New Media: Framing Political News Media Contents to Understand Student’s Psychological Emotion in Malaysian Higher Education Institutions

Amelia Yuliana Abd Wahab; Abdul Rahman Abdul Razak Shaik; Munir Shuib

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 491-504

The emergence of Internet as the ‘fifth estate’ with the introduction of new media has changed the landscape of political communication. The media audiences connect through the Internet in obtaining the information are in the midst of transition from relying on the traditional mainstream media to the alternative media, especially on the political news contents. The engagement with these political media contents stimulate the psychological emotion of the media audiences. The paper’s main objective is to understand students’ psychological emotion based on the political news media contents framed by the ‘independent’ News Portals. The political media contents were selected based on the salience of news highlighted in the new media for the months of November and December 2019. The participants for the studies were divided into TWO (2) Focus Group sessions, comprising eight (8) participants in each session. Eleven (11) selected specimens – political media contents framed in the various independent News Portals were vetted by the experts to be used in the evaluation procedures for the studies. The studies used the International Positive Negative Affective Schedule Short Form (I-PANAS- SF) as the references for the participants to express their psychological emotions triggered from the selected specimens. From the evaluation, a new 69-items Emotion Words (EWs) were compiled, consisting of both positive and negative EWs. Based on the analysis of findings from the Repertory Grid (RepGrid) Form filled by the sixteen (16) participants, the study managed to capture five ‘constructs’: confusing historical facts, leadership credibility of the politicians, knowledge to handle sensitive issues, appreciation on War History and accurate historical facts that triggered the psychological emotion of these participants. Subsequently, from the specific objectives, the studies managed to develop TWO additional new outcomes, (i) The Affective Lexicon and (ii) RepGrid Form based on the political media contents framed in the new media. All the data were managed in the ATLAS.ti Software. Finally, the findings from the study are recommended to be applied for the future studies as a basis for better understanding of the psychological warfare in the new media that triggers human emotions in politics.

Predicting psychological distress: A cross-sectional study of Malaysian teachers

R Zirwatul Aida R Ibrahim; Wan Zaleha Mohd Zalam; Mazidah Mohd Dagang; Khatijah Omar; Azlina Abu Bakar; Siti Nazilah Mat Ali

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 505-515

Based on the theory underlying the Job Demands-Control (JDC) and Job Demands-Control-Support (JDCS) models, the current study examined the predictors of psychological distress involving job demands, job control and social support. The cross-sectional study designed involved 335 teachers from Kuala Terengganu, a district located on the East Coast of Malaysia. The regression analysis showed that job demands, job control and social support significantly predict psychological distress among teachers. Overall, this study contributes to the corpus of literature by using JDC and JDCS models in the context of the Malaysian culture. Improving job control and social support, reducing job demands considered as important factors to prevent psychological distress among teachers.

Exploring the narratives of Malaysian undergraduate students on service-learning experience in eco-tourism industries

Mohd Zaid, M.F.A; Omar, M.K.; Muhammad, M.M.

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 516-529

As one of the teaching strategies that promote students with hands-on experiences linked with the community engagement, service-learning (SL) has been uniquely positioned favourable in higher education institutions. Precisely, SL is closely related to work integrated learning (WIL) in regards to blending theories with practicality. This study was primarily aimed to explore what Malaysian undergraduate students learned based on their experience in SL project. Eco-tourism industries in Malacca are represented as the community partners that also involved in the project. Twenty informants were selected among 80 students and interviewed through focus group discussions using semi-structured questions. Based on the analysis using constant comparative method, the findings revealed and discussed three emerging themes namely self-value, knowledge-sharing and managing conflicts. The application of SL components involving real situations with the community partners had stimulated broad experience in terms of students’ knowledge and values development.

P roblem based Learning on Creativity Domain in Problem Solving for Secondary School: A Systematic Literature Review Analysis

Siti Najihah Jamal; Nor Hasniza Ibrahim; Noor Dayana Abdul Halim; Johari Surif; Sharifah Osman

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 530-541

Problem-based learning (PBL) is one of the 21st century teaching and learning strategies in STEM education. STEM is an acronym for Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics. Ministry of education has found that PBL can be successfully applied to STEM field. PBL has the potential to develop creativity in problem solving and make students think creatively. It is also considered as an active learning method that encourages the students’ interest in understanding STEM concepts. Therefore, it is becoming a necessity to see how far the creativity domain in problem-based learning has been applied towards students especially in secondary school. Because there was lack of research about that. This systematic literature review analysis aims to focus on the similarities and differences such as the steps of problem-based learning applied, the creativity domain in problem solving, the findings of the study and the gap of research between all the articles. The study article was selected through a database of Scopus and Science Direct Journals according to keywords. Keywords used in the search are problem-based learning AND creative thinking AND secondary school. The search has been limited between 2009 until 2019. The thirteen of articles have been chosen to be analyzed based on the four steps in systematic literature review. The four steps included frame a question, run a search, the abstract and tittle of individual papers have to be read, and the information need to be abstract from selected set of final articles. The results reported the most suitable of creativity domain used in problem solving by the past researchers were fluency, flexibility, originality, elaboration and evaluation. However, generally the domain of creativity to be measured is not described in detail at every step of the problem-based learning even though problem-based learning strategy was very effective in improving students’ creative thinking.

Religious Inclusive Theology In Indonesia: The Reconstruction Of Islamic Theology Learning Through The Approach Of Prophetic Social Science

Muhammad Faisal; Ismail Fahmi Arrauf Nasution; Said Maskur

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 542-558

This article aims to offer a reconstruction of Islamic theology learning. Theology learning in higher education in Indonesia by only discussing the main topic of classic theology has become certain culture. It has potential to become the trigger of religious exclusivity and intolerance emergence. The reconstruction of Islamic theology aims to make Islamic theology learning as the foundation of religious inclusivity and tolerance. This system supports the spirit of prophetic social science which is created to be prophtic educational science, especially theology learning. The results of this study offers important topics of discussion which cover classic theology theme, theology in the perspective of philosophy and tasawuf salafi, theology in the perspective of prophetic social science with humanization based through humanism teaching of Hamzah Fansuri, Cak Nur and Gus Dur liberation, and transcendence through learning system at traditional Islamic Boarding School, until producing thoroughly religious understanding and not instant as the harmonism capital and religious theology inclusivity.

Vocabulary Learning Strategies and Vocabulary Size among Tertiary Students

Alpino Susanto; Jepri .; Yusmarwati Binti Yusof; Heri Sunandar; Said Nuwrun; Hazriyanto .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 559-570

Vocabulary learning strategies have been considered as something that exists in every English learner with different levels. Students' strategies in learning English can show what they are focusing on. Vocabulary learning strategies are part of learning strategies that are fundamental in language learning, where vocabulary is the basis of the foundation. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between Vocabulary Learning Strategies (VLS) employed by students studying English in Riau Archipelago Province and their vocabulary skills and size. A total of 289 students has been taken from various universities in Riau Archipelago Province participated in this study. Data has been analyzed through quantitative methods using two measurement instruments: the vocabulary learning questionnaire used to find students 'VLS preferences and the Vocabulary Level Test (VLT) used to estimate participants' English vocabulary sizes. Data analysis found that there is a significant relationship between the use of several types of learning strategies and vocabulary sizes among tertiary level students. This research proposes a new model of vocabulary learning strategies that can increase vocabulary levels. Students with higher Strategies to retain the knowledge of newly learned vocabulary items ideally increase the level of English vocabulary

Parents's Over Protective Attitudes Towards Social Development of Children

Said Maskur; Muhammad Faisal; Khaeruddin Said; Hazriyanto .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 571-578

Over protective attitude of parents towards children since their childhood will have a negative influence on children's social development. Children will become introverted or possess an excessive ego or grow to be arrogant towards their peers, these negative impact were caused by an unintentional over-protective approach of the parents. Being too strict in enforcing the rules might have a bad effect on a child's psychology and vice versa, excessive attitudes in expressing affection to a child can also have the same negative implications. It is, indeed, human nature when parents try to avoid actions that upset their children. They think that they have the ability to make their children happy by meeting all their needs. Though it is over protective which can damage the child's own personality. Therefore, parents must have the knowledge to educate their children so that they are truly educated into adult children, both physically and mentally or spiritually. So that later children can adapt to the environment properly. Children can be said to have good social development if they meet the following development criteria. In the social aspect, indicators of changes that occur in the childhood phase include: Children are increasingly independent and begin to move away from parents and family, They put more emphasis on the need to make friends and form groups with peers, they have a great need to be liked and accepted by peers, (4) they begin to have a sense of responsibility

Trikaya Parisudha Learning Model and Its Effect on Critical Thinking Skill

I Gede Astawan; Luh Ayu Tirtayani; Ni Wayan Surya Mahayanti; Kadek Eva Krishna Adnyani; Ketut Resika Arthana; Daniel Dike

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 579-592

The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of the Trikaya Parisudha Learning Model (TPLM) on Critical Thinking Skills (CTS). This research was a quasi-experimental study using a pretest-posttest control group design. The study population was the 6th semester of elementary school student teachers of totalling six classes or 168 people. The study sample was two classes or 52 people, selected by random cluster sampling. CTS data were collected with a test instrument. It was analyzed using descriptive statistics and inferential statistics. Descriptive statistics are used to describe the average value and standard deviation, while inferential statistics are used to test hypotheses with a t-test at a significance level of 5%. The results of data analysis showed that the average pretest score was 65.23 in the experimental group and 64.27 in the control group. Meanwhile, the posttest means the score was 79.23 in the experimental group and 66.62 in the control group. The posttest t-test results obtained a value of t = 0.344 with sig. = 0,0001 0.05. These results indicate that the experimental group is better than the control group. Thus it can be concluded that there is a significant influence of TPLM on elementary school student teachers’ CTS. Therefore, lecturers are expected to be able to use this model to improve students' critical thinking skills.

Case Study: Comparison of the effects of immediate feedback and delayed feedback on Reading comprehension among Chinese English learners

Di Qi; Nur’ain Balqis; Haladin Azizah Rajab; Wenjing Wang; Xiaoxiao Fu

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 593-606

This study aims to investigate the effect of using two types of feedback (immediate and delayed) in motivating Chinese students to improve english reading  proficiency in the university level. Data was collected from 18 Chinese EFL learners over a 12-week period. The results of this study show the effects of immediate feedback and delayed feedback on reading comprehension among Chinese EFL learners. It can be found that under the immediate feedback, all students can quickly absorb feedback from teachers and actively participate in the interaction with teachers. In subsequent interviews, they also confirmed that their comprehension of sentences and passage had improved significantly, and also their reading speed. In the delayed feedback classroom, it is reported that delayed feedback lead to forgetting and a lack of attention. In addition, the majority of the respondents believed immediate feedback on reading comprehension is more effective and they also preferred immediate feedback over delayed feedback.

The Practice of School Social Workers in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Abdulhadi Sharhan Alotaibi; Mohd Suhaimi Mohamad; Nor Jana Saim; Ezarina Zakaria

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 607-620

The practice of school social work in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) has existed for several years. Established in 1954, the Administration of Education and Social Activities under the Ministry of Education (MOE), has since this time, undergone numerous transformations that have affected the level and effectiveness of the practice. This study aims to explain the practice of social workers in Saudi Arabia schools and how social workers perform their duties. In achieving this aim, a qualitative approach was adopted where participants were divided into two focus groups. The data collected were analysed manually in six stages, as suggested by Creswell (1998), Yin (1998) and Meriam (2008). Social workers perform their duties using a variety of skills to solve problems and communicate with school personnel, students, and parents. They also apply strategies in dealing with situations inside the school. However, the data collected via the focus groups revealed that social workers were required to take on many extra tasks that were not within the scope of their job description, which affected their performance and overall effectiveness. Accordingly, this study recommends that a deeper understanding of the present level and conditions surrounding the work efficiency of professionals and decision-makers should be considered in light of removing existing obstacles that hinder the social workers from performing their responsibilities

Students’ Perception on 3D Mock-Up Model Approached in Teaching and Learning of Construction Technology Course

Atikah Razali; Mimi Azura Ngatmin; Noorhasyimah Ismail; Tg Ainul Farha Tg Abdul Rahman

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 621-629

This paper aims to propose 3D Mock-up Model approach in teaching and learning construction technology course for quantity surveying students. Objectives of the study are to focus on perception of the students in terms of improving their visualisation, identifying construction components, improving students understanding, attention, and interest towards the implementation of 3D Mock-up Model in teaching and learning. Methods adopted in this study are distribution of questionnaire survey and observation of 64 numbers of diploma students in quantity surveying programme. Based on the findings, 3D Mock-up Model approached improves understanding of the students, make easier for students to identify construction components, improves the visualisation of students, grabs attention of the students and sparks the students’ interests. One of added advantages of the 3D Mock-up Model approach is to make easier for the students to do sketches. Thus, 3D Mock-up Model can be proposed as one of the alternatives in teaching and learning construction technology course.

The Effect Of Relaxation Of Benson On The Intensity Of Section Cesarea Post Women Pain At Muhammadiyah Metro Hospital In 2018

Nuri Luthfiatil Fitri; Immawati .; Senja Atika Sari; Ludiana .; Janu Purwono

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 630-637

Caesarean section is an effort to give birth to a fetus through surgery due to the condition of the mother or fetus that requires this action to minimize maternal and fetal morbidity. The problem that arises after surgery is the disruption of pain, so it is necessary to take nursing action. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of Benson relaxation on the intensity of post-cesarean section maternal pain at Muhammadiyah Metro Hospital in 2018. This type of experimental research, quasi-experimental design using the form Nonequivalent control group design / non-randomized control group pretest-posttest design. The population in this study were 127 mothers of postoperative cesarean section at Muhammadiyah Metro Hospital, with a sample of 32 people divided into the experimental and control groups 16 each. The analysis used the independent sample T-test. The average post-cesarean section pain before treatment (pretest) in the intervention group was 6.13-1.784, and after treatment (posttest) 2.81-1.559 with a difference in pain score of 3.131 ± 1.078. The mean postoperative pain in the control group pretest cesarean section was difference in the average pain intensity after treatment between the intervention group and the control group was -1.125 with a significance value of 0.039 (p <0.05), which means that there is a significant difference in the intensity of post-cesarean maternal pain between the intervention and control groups. The result of the t value of 1.125 is more significant / smaller than the t table so that there is a difference in the average pain in patients before giving Benson relaxation. Benson relaxation has been proven effective in reducing the pain intensity of post-cesarean women. It is hoped that Benson relaxation can be used as a companion therapy in pain management in post-cesarean section patients.

Children's Companion Program-Holistic Integrative (Prosa Hi) – Smart E-Health To Monitoring Children’s Growth And Development

Tri Sunarsih; Kharisma .; Arief Ikhwan Wicaksono

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 638-647

Until today there has been no information system that can update the data of early child growth and development disorder by age. The recording is still conducted manually so far. The objective of the research was to develop an effective and efficient early detection system for growth and development with prototype and database that can support child growth and development. The recording and reporting method employed in this information system was an incremental one. The result of the research showed that the child SDIDTK program had not involved the role of the community, including Posyandu (Integrated Service Post) cadres and related cross-sector such as Kindergarten Teacher. PROSA-HI application was developed using visual programming and SQL’s database equipped with data combination menu to facilitate the integration of data coming from Posyandu/PAUD where its area has no network. The result of PROSA-HI application included input, process, and output indicators of Child SDIDTK program based on child growth and development indicator. Also, there was information on under-five and pre-school age children that should be detected for their growth and development by developmental age during examination schedule.

Low Level Laser Therapy In Dentistry: A Systematic Review

Dr. Lipika Gopal; Dr. Ashim Aggarwal

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 648-657

Objectives: Systemic review to know the effectiveness of low level laser therapy (LLLT).
Material and Methods: Literature search was carried out from online databases including Medline, Web of Science, and Scopus between 2010 to 2019.
Results: Following screening, 10 publications were eligible for the review. A meta-analysis could not be performed due to the heterogeneity of the studies. The results from the studies indicate that use of maintained dose of LLLT post therapy had substantial beneficial effects.
Conclusions: The use of LLLT post operatively has certain positive effect. Evidence on accelerated wound healing and post-operative analgesia were profound but increased rate of bone formation were only limited to animal studies. Further research is warranted to reach absolute certainty.

A Novel Approach To Detect Face Mask To Control Covid Using Deep Learning

T Subhamastan Rao; S Anjali Devi; P Dileep; M Sitha Ram

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 658-668

COVID-19 caused due to corona virus, this virus was first discovered in wuhan on Dec -2019 now it is a pandemic effecting almost every country in the world. This virus transmitting from one person to another person through droplets spawned when a covid patient sneezes, coughs or exhales. Even these droplets reaches ground soon because they are heavy and unable to hang in the air. One of the solution to prevent covid-19 is wearing the face masks, Many governments trying their best to educate citizens to wear masks in public places even they made it mandatory, but majority people are violating this rule. In current scenario police frequently check for face mask in public places and imposing fine on the people who are not wearing face mask. On other hand some governments introduced technology to detect people with out face mask and send their details to petrol team then they will catch them. In this paper we are proposing a model which detects public without facemask and thatdata can be used to identify the person who is not wearing the mask using facial detection system then that data is integrated with public identification data base to collect details of that person and fine amount will send to his mobile number and address. using CNN model we have detected persons with mask and without mask. CNN can able to identify pixel level data when compared to many algorithms available, CNN works more accurately. We implemented a model with two convolution layers with 100 filters in each and applied drop out 0.5% and used Relu, soft max as activation functions at hidden and fully connected layers respectively, Cross entropy used as loss function adam is optimizer and model trained over 1500 images consists of both classes with mask and without mask and cascade classifier is used to classify faces and it is working with 91.21 accuracy. This AI based mask detection system definitely creates fear in the minds of public and they will start wearing mask in public places so that the spreading of the disease can be controlled that intern useful for wellbeing of the society.

The Effect Of Market Structure And Financial Ratios On Financial Performance In Palestinian Private Hospitals During Coronavirus Disease, Covid-(19)

Fawwaz Abdel Rahman Ekmeil; Mohanad S.S. Abumandil

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 669-676

This study investigates the financial performance of private hospitals for during coronavirus disease, covid-(19). Several financial performance parameters are used such as financial ratio and market structure. Moreover, financial performance is positively related with return on financial with a coefficient of path coefficient, standard error and t-
value, the relationship between financial ratio and market structure on financial performance moderating role knowledge management. However, the findings of the study show the positive and significant relationship between financial ratio and market structure on financial performance with the moderating role knowledge management. Then, this study investigates the financial performance of private hospitals for during coronavirus disease, covid-(19). Several financial performance parameters are used such as financial ratio and market structure. Moreover, financial performance is positively related with return on financial with a coefficient of path coefficient, standard error and t-value, the relationship between financial ratio and market structure on financial performance moderating role knowledge management. However, the findings of the study show the positive and significant relationship between financial ratio and market structure on financial performance with the moderating role knowledge management. Then, this study suggests a set of recommendations regarding the development and enhancing of private hospitals operations which will boost the Development in treatment coronavirus disease, covid-(19) , especially in massive numbers of the increase Rapid spread of infection and improve the financial performance for the hospitals.

Covid 19 And Its Implications On Dental Practice: A Review Of Literature

Dr. R Naveen Reddy; Dr. Swetha Vempalli

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 677-686

The current outburst of the coronavirus strain 2019 (COVID-19) represents a public health emergency of global distress. Because of the community spread outline of this infection, the outburst is still on a rise in spite of global efforts to control the disease spread. The appearance of coronavirus in today’s life brought so many restrictions in daily life. It appears as life has stuck and limited. Dentistry is the field of medicine which has suffered a lot. The present article highlighted various challenges and effect of coronavirus on oral health and its implication

Legal And Social Nature Of The Human Right To Health Care In Post Sovietic Countries

Shvets Yuri Yurievich

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 687-693

This article analyzes the essence of the legal and social nature of the human right to health care. The content of social human rights to health care and medical care is revealed. It is concluded that the right to health care is inseparable from the right to a safe environment and safe working conditions as a social basis for maintaining a healthy nation.

Design Simulator Dental Unit For Practice Of Dental Medicine Students

Masyhudi .; Ika Fikriah; Very Asfirizal; Cicih Bhakti Purnamasari; Muhammad Ikbal

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 694-700

Objective: The dental simulator is very important for dental education at the stage of preclinical education. Training with dental simulators is expected to provide easy adaptation for students to work on patients in professional education in hospitals.
Methods: Make of the body and phantom head simulator, maxilla and mandible typodonts, lamp arms, instrument table arms, and box. Use other components hight speed, low speed, tree way syringe, valve handle, control valve, pressure valve, integral valve, connectors, air pressure matter, and power window.
Results: Vertical direction movement on the instrument table arms and arms of the operating lamp made from Spring Shock-Breaker. LED lamps as illumination are made of iron plate frame; instrument box and body made from a mixture of resin and fiber; phantom head simulator made from a mixture of resin and ceramic adhesive consists of typodont with teeth fixed with glass glue, resin teeth, and room-temperature vulcanizing (RTV) silicone gingiva can be removed, articulators in place of typodont, part maxilla of typodont is fixed on horizontal plate. Movement of head simulator forward - down and slope of the body simulator is controlled by power window.
Conclusions: The dental simulator works well as a learning tool for dental students and designed to follow the principles of dental unit technology.

The Effect Of Giving Extracted Moringa Oleifera Leaves Plus Royal Jelly Supplement On Erythrocyte Index Of Anemia Pregnant Women In Takalar District

Dewi Hastuty; Veni Hadju; Andi Ariyandy

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 701-710

Background: This study aims to determine the effect of giving moringa oleifera leaves extract plus royal jelly supplement on increasing erythrocyte index in anaemia pregnant women.
The method of the research: The research method used is randomized controlled design. The research was conducted in Polongbangkeng Utara Sub district (Puskesmas Polongbangkeng Utara, Ko'mara and Towata) Takalar Regency with a Haematology Analyze examination at the Clinical Pathology Laboratory of the UNHAS Hospital. Subject of the study is 63 anemia pregnant women consisting of 21 subjects of Moringa Leaf Extract plus Royal Jelly (MLERJ) group with the intervention of 1 capsule in the morning with a dose of 500 mg MLE + 10 mg RJ, 21 subjects of Moringa Leaf Extract (MLE) with the intervention 1 capsule in the morning with a dose of 500mg MLE and the Placebo group 21 subjects with the intervention 1 placebo capsule in the morning with a dose of 500mg starch flour, where all of the subjects consumed Fe tablets at night with a dose of 1x60mg. Data were analyzed using the Chi-Square, Mann-Whitney, Wilcoxon, Paied T-Test, Kruskal-Wallis and Post-Hoc Mann Whitney tests.
Results: Based on the characteristics of research subjects based on age, education, occupation, income and parity, the three research groups were not different or evenly distributed. The results showed an increase in the erythrocyte index levels (MCV, MCH and MCHC) of the three study groups. Where in the MLERJ group the levels of MCV, MCH and MCHC experienced a significant increase, in the MLE group who experienced a significant increase in MCV and MCHC levels, while in the Placebo group who experienced a significant increase only in MCV levels.
Conclusion: Supplementation Moringa Leaf Extract Plus Royal Jelly is more effective at increasing the erythrocyte index levels (MCV, MCH and MCHC) in anemic pregnant women so that it can be used as an alternative treatment to treat anemia.

The Effect Of Giving The Supplement Of Kelor Leaves (Moringa Oleifera Leaves) Plus Royal Jelly To Malondialdehid Levels In Anemic Pregnant Women In Takalar District

Via. Zakiah; Veni Hadju; Andy Ariyandy

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 711-716

This study aims to determine the effect of supplementing Moringa leaf extract plus royal jelly on levels of MDA (Malondialdehyde) in anemic pregnant women. This research is a type of Experiment research and the design used is a randomized controlled. The subject in this study were pregnant women with anemia at 20-32 weeks of gestation which consisted of 3 groups, namely the Moringa leaf extract capsule group plus royal jelly (MLERJ), the Moringa leaf extract capsule group (MLE) and the placebo group. Total of 45 subject there are (MLERJ) n=15, (MLE) n=15 and placebo n=15. The treatment is given at a dose of 1x1 in the morning for 60 days and the urine sample taken will be tested in the laboratory using the ELISA Kit and data analysis using the paired sample T test and one way ANOVA test. Characteristics based on Age, Education, Occupation, Income and Parity of the subject.The results of the one way ANOVA test were not significant, but the difference in MDA levels in the MLERJ group was higher, namely -3.64 ± (6.21) than the -2.49 ± (4.06) MLE group and -0.37 ± (3.84) Placebo.

3Physiology Department, Medical Faculty, Universitas Hasanuddin,Indonesia

Ayu Andira; Veni Hadju; Andi Ariyandi

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 717-723

Goal: To know effect of Moringa oleifera leaves plus royal jelly capsule supplementation on haematocrit level of anaemic pregnant woman in Takalar.
Method of study used was Experimental with randomized double blind controlle desian. Subject of the study was anaemic pregnant women in 2nd and 3rd trimester with gestational age of 20-32 weeks pregnancy as much as 63 samples which were divided into 3 groups namely 21 samples of Moringa leaves extract plus royal jelly (MLER) group, 21 samples of Moringa leaves extract (MLE) group, and 21 samples of placebo. Supplementation was given once a day for 60 days. Data was analysed using paired sample T-test and one way anova test.
Result: Based on the characteristics of the subjects, the age of the respondents, education, occupation, income and parity were evenly distributed or not was differrent in the three intervention groups. The highest increase of Haematocrit level after intervention was happened in group who consumed Moringa leaves extract plus royal jelly rather than Moringa leaves extract group and placebo group.
Conclusion: Moringa leaves extract plus royal jelly capsule, Moringa leaves extract capsule, and pacebo can increase haematocrit level, so this supplementation can be given to anaemic pregnant woman.

Differences Symptoms From Covid-19 And Common Cold: A Systematic Review

Erina Thursina Rusydi; Muh. Ardi Munir; Rosmala Nur

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 724-727

Covid -19 has mild symptoms which is like Common Cold and severe symptoms that same as like SARS and MERS. Common Cold itself has the main symptoms of fever, cough, myalgia, headache, nasal congestion, and sore throat. Because of this, many people are mistaken about the symptoms caused by Covid-19 and Common Cold. The aim of this research is to find out the different symptoms of Covid-19 and Common Cold. This study uses a method with literature review. Sources from the research were obtained by searching for national and international journals. Generally journals are indexed on Google Scholar, Elsevier, Science Direct, e-books, and others. Literature collected in accordance with the theme to be raised. This study shows the symptoms of Covid-19 and Common Cold have similarities, because both are diseases that attack the upper respiratory system. But Covid-19 symptoms themselves are moderate to severe and can be accompanied by shortness of breath, so it can causes ARDS (Acute Respiratory Disease Syndrome) which can lead to death. The laboratory test is a way to make a diagnosis to make sure the symptoms are caused by Covid-19 which is tested by reverse-transcription-polymerase-chain-reaction (RT-PCR) which results are positive on Covid-19. As for the Common Cold laboratory tests themselves are not required. The symptoms of Covid-19 and Common Cold have a similarity, because both are diseases that attack the upper respiratory system. Covid-19 can be enforced by laboratory testing while the Common Cold is not needed.

The Potential Of Durian Seed Flour As An Alternative Source Of Carbohydrate For Diabetes Mellitus Sufferers

Purnama Ningsih; Irwan Said; Baharuddin Hamzah; I Made Tangkas; Izlah K. Bissin

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 728-734

Abstract— Durian seed flour is a source of carbohydrates that has the potential to be used to meet the carbohydrate needs of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DMT-2) sufferers, but before it is used to fulfill carbohydrate needs in diabetes sufferers, an in vivo test is needed to identify the glycemic index (GI) of the flour. This study aims to determine the glycemic index of durian seed flour given orally to Sprague Dawley rats. This research was arranged in 2 steps, namely the manufacture of durian seeds flour and the glycemic index test with 5 repetitions with time variations 0; 30; 60; and 120 minutes at 3 days intervals using a glucometer. Rats were grouped into 3 groups each consisting of 2 rats. Flour was suspended in 0.1% sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (Na-CMC) at a dose of 0.5625 g, positive control was 1.125 g of glucose that given in an oral way. Data in the form of test animal blood glucose levels versus time were analyzed into the Area Under Curve (AUC) glucose levels versus AUC. GI calculations were carried out by comparing AUC of durian seed flour to glucose AUC. The results of the research and calculations carried out obtained the GI of durian seed flour of 10.90 with low criteria category. With this GI value, it can be stated that durian seed flour has the potential as a source of carbohydrates for DMT-2 sufferers.

Finite Element Analysis Of Porous Aluminium Aa3003 Alloy Under Compression And Bending Loading

Basem Mohysen Al- Zubaidy; AbdulRaheem Kadhim AbidAli; Noor Hmoud Athaib

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 735-746

Recently, the demand to analyse the performance of metal foams is increased due to the increase in use of them in different engineering applications. In this study, two types of porous metals were finite element (FE) modelled in terms of pore size and distribution (uniform and random) with three pores’ volume fractions (15, 40, and 65%). Uniformly distributed pores were analysed based on a tetrahedron cell. Conversely, the data of the size and location of each pore in the random porous metal were generated using Microsoft excel software. Two types of test samples were modelled, compressive and bending. The results showed that the location of the maximum Von-Mises stress for uniformly pores metal in the compression test was located in the vertical walls between pores. Whereas it located in the upper or the lower surface at the centre of the bending sample. The samples with random distribution pores show more complex behaviour due to the non-uniform thickness of walls between the pores. However, the maximum stress found to be located at the thinner vertical walls between the pores for the compression sample. Nevertheless, the maximum stress was located at the thinnest horizontal walls, near the location of the maximum bending moment.

Women Suppression And Exploitation: A Psycho-Socioanalysis Of Shashi Deshpande’s The Dark Holds No Terrors And Bharati Mukherjee’s Desirable Daughters

Dr. G. Sankar; Dr. V. Saravanan

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 747-753

Shashi Deshpande and Bharati Mukherjee have been the champions of the concerns and struggles of women. Their works, very realistically depicts the various roles of women whose plays in course of their life as a wife, a mother, a sister, a daughter, a daughter-in-law and so on. Their works can’t be called directly feminist since their works are not against man; in fact, their novel portrays the dilemma of the new educated modern working women in the conventional Indian society. This present paper attempts to analyse the select novels of Shashi Deshpande and Bharati Mukherjee. The researcher has chosen the two important novels of their works,such as Shashi Deshpande’s The Dark Holds No Terrors and Bharati Mukherjee’s Desirable Daughters. The focus of the paper is presenting why women are no longer afraid of darkness and why women are really oppressed in the society. Women, for ages altogether, have been subjected to exploitation and suppression; their lives have been spent in the darkness and thus, they are not afraid of darkness instead they feel solace in the dark and even they feel alienated from others due to suppression by the patriarchy society. The study also attempts to highlight the fact that women are denied rights not only because of the circumstances but also because women themselves suppress other women and use men as instruments.

Domestic Harassment Of Women And Children During COVID-19

Mukesh Singh

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 754-761

Domestic abuse, a prevalent problem in all cultures, and debates about this phenomenon are related to the complexities and the tabous. Domestic violence / harassment of relationships refers to romantic marriages or partnerships between spouses and in these situations often the female gender is the survivor. There are many women who experience psychological and physical violence in their close relationships and immediate social environment which later become a serious health problem for them. Domestic violence is a pattern of coercive behaviour which involves physical , psychological, mental, economic and emotional abuse committed by one individual against another near individual with the purpose of gaining and retaining power and control. Domestic abuse can be found in all sorts of intimate marriages, such as married spouses, single spouses, living in families, individuals with shared children, same-sex partners, in past partnerships etc. The aim of this study is to find out the nature and various causes of domestic violence against women during COVID-19's lockdown situation. Using standard questionnaire and random sampling, samples of 165 females from various sectors with varying educational qualifications and family status levels were surveyed. To get the appropriate results, a T-test was applied. Specific causes and character of domestic violence can be found in the COVID-19 case, such as oral bullying, abuse , physical abuse, assault, mistreatment, spouse's aggressive behavior and sexual abuse due in part to factors such as female identity, financial distress, domination, alcohol and extra-marital problems, etc..

Liquid Chromatography Of Hemolymph Of Adult Trachyderma Philistina (Coleoptera:Tenebrionidae)And Antitumor Effect Of Crude Hemolymph Against Different Cell Lines

Nancy Taha Mohamed, PhD; Ahmed Salem El- Ebiarie; Waffa Essam

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 762-780

The liquid chromatography of hemolymph of adult Trachyderma philistine revealed the presence of a lot of individual free amino acids, amides, fattyacids, vitamins and other different compounds were also in the haemolymph .The hemolymph was subjected to liquid chromatography after challenge of holding insect during withdrawing hemolymph. The present study also evaluate the effect of in-vitro anti-cancer activity of crude hemolymph of adult stage of Trachyderma philistine against breast (MCF-7), hepatocellular (HEPG2) andLeukemia(M-NFS-60) carcinoma cells. The best overall antitumor activities (% average growth inhibition) were seen against Breast carcinoma cells with IC50 1.63 ul/ml . The extract showed inhibitory activities against hepatocellular carcinoma HEPG2 and Mouse Myelogenous Leukemia carcinoma cellsM-NFS-60 cell line with IC50 values, 5.57and 12.2μl/ml, respectively .The crude hemolymph showed cytotoxic activity against the normal cell line used. The highest concentration used, 50 μl/ml killed about 61.46% of the normal cells.

A Study On Study Habits Of Engineering Students

Dr. Pallabi Mali

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 781-7888

The investigation has been undertaken in order to study the study habits of Enginering students and to check whether there is any significant difference in study habits of male and female Engineering students and also to find out whether there is any significant difference in study habits of Engineering students studying in Govt. and private management of Jorhat district. A representative sample of 200 Engineering students for this purpose have been selected by using simple random sampling techniques. Descriptive survey method has been used for the present study. Self made questionnaire made by the investigator was used to collect data. Simple percentage, t-test statistical technique was used to analysis the collected data. It has been found from the study that Engineering students have a good habit of study. They read magazines/journals which is related to their course content and help for the development of their career and also suit their interest. They surf internet for different purpose including educational. They also prefer to read books on various items i,e novel, poem, short stories, books on science and technology etc. The study indicate that female Engineering students acquire good habit of study and the Engineering students studying in private management has a better habit of study than the Engineering students study in Govt. management.

Diagnosis Clinical Features In Patients Infected With Novel COVID-19 In Iraq.

Sahar M. Hussein; Marwa A. Kubba; Hadeel Mohamed Khalaf

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 787-795

Novel corona virus COVID-19 suspected patients including 50 samples were collected from different hospitals in Baghdad, Iraq during 5th to 25th of March / 2020. Complete blood count including monocyte, hemoglobin, red blood cell, leukocyte, lymphocyte and platelets count, and serum C- reactive protein diagnosed in 20 patients which are positive to novel covide-19 in Iraq hospital. The result showed that the monocyte count average was 1.5 103 / UL, hemoglobin (Hb) count vary from 9 to 14 g/dl , the red blood cell average count was 4.83 106 / UL, leukocyte average was 16.00 103 / UL, the lymphocyte was 2.5 %, the platelet (PLT) average count was 512 H 103 / UL and the C- reactive protein was 19 mg/L. The results showed that the total number of monocyte, hemoglobin (Hb)and red blood cell were slightly decrease or remained normal, while 90% of patients presented the number of leukocytes were highly increased and the percentage of lymphocytes were reduced, platelets count increased in 80 % and the serum CRP was slightly to high increased, except 10 % of patients slightly increase in leukocyte platelets, moderate change in the percentage of lymphocyte and 20% of serum CRP still normal.
Blood parameter and serum C-Reactive protein can be an active evaluation index for infectious patients with novel COVID-19.

Molecular Study And Antibiotic Susceptibility Patterns Of Some Extended Spectrum Beta-Lactamase Genes (ESBL) Of Klebsiella Pneumoniae From Urinary Tract Infections

Weam K. Al- Musawy; Ashwak B. AL- Hashimy

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 796-804

The present study included the collection of 121 samples from midstream urine for investigating the presence of K.pneumoniae in urinary tract infections, the samples were collected from Al-Shaheed Mohammed Baqir AL-Hakeem hospital and private laboratories in Baghdad province. The study was carried outthrough March 2019 to the beginning of June 2019. The samples were identified according the morphological and microscopically characteristics of the colonies after culturing on number of culture media as well as biochemical tests, molecular identification were also used as a final confirmed diagnostic test for isolates that were diagnosed as K.pneumoniae bacteria based on the blaTEM, blaSHV and blaCTX-Mgenes which has specific sequences for K.pneumoniae bacteria as a detection gene and also consider as virulence factor so it have a synonyms mechanism to antibiotic resistance. The results of the final diagnosis showed that 38 isolates belong to target bacteria, The examination of the sensitivity of all bacterial isolates was done for selected these isolates towards 16 antibiotics by aVitek2 compact ASTN system and the isolates were resistant for a number of antibiotics used such as; Amikacin (5.26%), Imepenem (5.26%), Ertapenem (7.89%), Meropenem (10.52%), Gentamicin (21.05%), Ciprofloxacin (26.32%), Cefoxitin (39.47%), Trimethoprim/Sulfamethoxazole (50%), Ceftriaxone (52.63%), Fosfomycin (55.26%), Piperacillin/Tazobactam (57.89%), Nitrofurantoin (57.89%), Ceftazidime (65.79%), Cefuroxime (71.05%), Cefixime (73.68%) and Ampicillin (100%). The presence of Extended Spectrum Beta-Lactamase genes in 38 K.pneumoniae isolates were 65.8 % of the ESBL genotypes expressed blaSHV genes followed by 52.6 % blaTEM and 42.1 % for blaCTX-M.

Electrolytes System Disorder And Liver Enzyme Alteration In Adult Men With Hepatocellular Injury

Alzahraa Ibrahim Abdulmajeed; Wafaa Sh. Al – Zuhairi; Ekhlas Abdallah Hassan

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 805-812

Objective: The current study aimed to estimate the magnitude of liver hepatocellular damage in adult men suffering from advanced stages of liver infection considering various important variables (age, BMI, TSB, DSB, GOT, GPT, Na+, K+, Cl-). Background: The main cause of hepatocellular injury is viral hepatitis C. Development of this disease leads to transformation of normal liver tissue into fibroses and nodules (cirrhosis), and it is associated with numerous complications, including gastrointestinal bleeding, ascites, renal function disorder and electrolyte disturbance. Method: The sera of all participants, including 25 patients with VHC and 15 cirrhotic patients, were collected for comparison with 23 control donors (healthy men). The present study was conducted in Baaqubah General Hospital/Diyala. Serum electrolyte concentrations were measured by spectrophotometry assay. Results: significantly decreasing sodium concentration in cirrhotic patients and statistically increasing chloride concentration in patients with liver disease compared with the control (P value < 0. 05). Furthermore, a number of disorders that effect of the liver enzymes levels, Conclusion: The essential decrease in sodium (Na+) concentration was observed in cirrhotic men caused by reduction in renal perfusion. This result is in contrast to that of serum chloride, which increased in patients with liver diseases.

An Investigation Of Crucial Factors That Influences The Adoption Of E-Commerce In Small And Medium Enterprises In Iraq

Ibrahim T Nather; M.A. Burhanuddin; YW Sek; Saif Mohammed Ali

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 813-828

Research findings indicate the existence of gaps that emphasize on the comprehension of the factors which influence the acceptance and utilization of electronic commerce (e-commerce) within the small and medium enterprises (SMEs). However, at the global level, the application of e-commerce is a trending and emerging technology that is prevalently practiced towards the boosting of a robust and dynamic economic development. The adoption of e-commerce by SMEs is utilized in the promotion of their business strategies, and business achievements. The subject of E-Commerce has become a significant concern in numerous research fields, whereby it has emerged as indispensable for SMEs around the world. E-commerce is an enabler of enhancing the capacity of Small and Medium Enterprises with added competitive edge for a comprehensive reach and for survival in this vibrant and aggressive environment. Therefore, SME must involve its application of e-commerce technology in this field in order to no longer be separated from the business world and the new economy. Despite the numerous benefits that e-commerce offers, very small number of SMEs in Developing Countries engages in this practice, and are very slow in adopting E-Commerce. The current study aims to assess the unique contribution of the critical factors leading to the adoption of e-commerce by Small and Medium Enterprises in Iraq. To meet the research objectives of this study, the research will be carried out using and exploratory and descriptive research design. This study could be beneficial for SME’s to gain long term success in the global market, and assists in the favorable achievement, and a thorough and secured e-commerce execution within SMEs transactions.