Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Issue 8,

Issue 8

An Efficient Denoising Architecture of MVD-RCA-SP-FIR filter for Real-time ECG signals

Yalamanchili Arpitha; Dr G. L. Madhumathi; Dr N. Balaji

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 1-13

Electrocardiogram (ECG) is non-stationary, non-periodic real-time signal. It is provided to use full electrical information about heart functioning. It means by the analysis of ECG signal; we can identify any living person's hearts are working properly or not. In recent years there is a huge demand for the reduction of size and power of portable devices used for monitoring critical signals such as ECG. The technical advancements in VLSI have created a huge impact on biomedical signal processing. VLSI circuits working at high speed and these can be designed to consume less area and power. Especially for ECG signal denoising, digital filters such as FIR and IIR are used in most of the applications. Finite Impulse Filters (FIR) are used widely compared to IIR filters because of their good stability and high order. In this paper, FIR filter with modified Vedic multiplier-based architecture is introduced to carry out ECG signal denoising application. In this paper at first resource-efficient Vedic multiplier is introduced which is around 55% area-efficient for 8 bit, 15% efficient in terms of delay, and 45% efficient in terms of power in comparisons of the latest design proposed in 2020. Then with the help of a modified Vedic multiplier, FIR is developed which is also efficient in terms of resources. It has 40.5% better ADP and around 20% better APP. This latest design of the filter is much helpful for ECG signal denoising.

Molecular Study And Antibiotic Susceptibility Patterns Of Some Extended Spectrum Beta-Lactamase Genes (ESBL) Of Klebsiella Pneumpniae In Urinary Tract Infections

Ashwak B. AL-Hashimy; Weam K. Al-Musawy

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 14-22

The present study included the collection of 121 samples from MSU for investigating the presence of K.pneumoniae in UTIs, the samples have been collected from Al-Shaheed Mohammed Baqir AL-Hakeem hospital and private laboratories in Baghdad province. The study was carried out through March 2019 to the beginning of June 2019. The samples were identified based on the morphological and microscopically characteristics of the colonies when they were culturing on number of culture media as well as biochemical tests, molecular identification were also used as a final diagnostic test for isolates that were positive as they belong to K.pneumoniae bacteria during previous tests based on the blaTEM, blaSHV and blaCTX-M genes which has specific sequences for K.pneumoniae bacteria as a detection gene and also consider as virulence factor so it have a synonyms mechanism to antibiotic resistance. The results of the final diagnosis showed that 38 isolates belong to target bacteria, The examination of the sensitivity of all bacterial isolates was done for selected 38 isolation towards the 16 antibiotics by a Vitek2 compact ASTN system and the isolates were resistant for a number of antibiotics used such as; Amikacin (5.26%), Imepenem (5.26%), Ertapenem (7.89%), Meropenem (10.52%), Gentamicin (21.05%), Ciprofloxacin (26.32%), Cefoxitin (39.47%), Trimethoprim/Sulfamethoxazole (50%), Ceftriaxone (52.63%), Fosfomycin (55.26%), Piperacillin/Tazobactam (57.89%), Nitrofurantoin (57.89%), Ceftazidime (65.79%), Cefuroxime (71.05%), Cefixime (73.68%) and Ampicillin (100%). The presence of Extended Spectrum Beta-Lactamase genes in 38 K.pneumoniae isolates were 65.8 % of the ESBL genotypes expressed blaSHV genes followed by 52.6 % blaTEM and 42.1 % for blaCTX-M.

Assessment The Levels Of 25(OH) Vitamin D And Ferritin In Patients With Hypothyroid

Amera Kamal Mohammed; Thanaa Abdulmahdi; Zainab Nasser Nabat

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 23-28

Background: Thyroid hormones are essential and have various effects. For instance, they maintain normal growth and regulate metabolism. Hypothyroidism is a condition where the body doesn’t make enough thyroid hormones and people with hypothyroidism usually have a slower metabolism. The serum ferritin levels and vitamin D levels have been changed in patients with Hypothyroidism.
Objective: a study has been carried out to investigate the association among thyroid disorder and the levels of both vitamin D and ferritin.
Materials and Method: The BMI was calculated using the formula BMI= weight (kg)/ height2 (m)2. Vitamin D (25-hydroxyvitamin D), ferritin, T3, T4 and TSH levels were measured using the ELFA (Enzyme Linked Fluorescent Assay, Model: bioMérieux). the results were analysed using SPSS package (version 18).
Results: The results indicated that the age of participants played an ignorable role in this investigation, while significant increases (P<0.05) differences were noticed between the patients and controls in terms of BMI, 25(OH) vit D, ferritin, TSH, T3 and T4. There was also a significant difference(P<0.05) between male and female patients in terms of ferritin, TSH, T3 and T4 in comparison with the controls.
Conclusion: The low levels of Vitamin D and Ferritin concentration were associated with the Patients of hypothyroidism

Exploring Character Education Management-Islamic Based in Industrial Era 4.0 for Vocational Student at Jepara Regency

Ade Sopiali; Purwanto .; Giyoto .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 29-38

This study aims to explain; (1) Definition of Character Education Strengthening (CES); (2) Character in Islamic perspective; and (3) Industrial Era 4.0. Methode application by descriptive Qualitative. This study aim was Student SMK Al Husain Jepara. Instrument Strengthening the data by observation, Q Islamic, interview, DocumenIndustriale results showed that in Islam, the best character was possessed by the role model of the ummah, namely the Prophet Muhammad SAW, with 4 commendable traits namely Amanah, Siddiq, Fatonah, and Tablig. In this study, Jepara Al Husain Keling Vocational School was chosen as the research sample. This is based on the achievement of CEM implementation of 74.44%. The average character score in CEM has reached 2.37. Data from the results of research on CEM implementation from Al Husain Keling Vocational School in Jepara shows that in terms of scores, 18 characters in CEM are considered quite good. However, some character values that still need to be improved include honesty with an average score of 1.36, creating characters with an average score of 2.01 and hard work characters with an average score of 2.04. These three characters can be the main evaluation materials in strengthening character education in Vocational School SMK Al Husain Jepara

The Determination Factors of the Education Quality of Madrassa Aliyah Pati Regency Indonesia

Priyo1 .; Purwanto .; Giyoto .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 39-47

This study aims to find out and examine the factors that affect the Quality of Madrasah Education, focusing on the Leadership of Madrasa Aliyah Principals, Madrasa Aliyah Climate, Teachers’ Performance in Teaching, Learning Facilities, and Community Participation and how much influence of the factors towards the quality of education in Madrasah. The design of this study is quantitative descriptive by: (1) identifying factors that affect the quality of madrasas, (2) identifying the functions of involvement of each factor, and (3) understanding the predictions of results. This study uses a survey method according to the characteristics of the variables studied. The object of his research was the Madrasa Aliyah teachers at Pati regency. Data were collected through questionnaire and observation. The population is the Madrasa Aliyah teachers who are in the Pati Regency area. In determining the sample, four sampling stages were carried out (multistage sampling), namely cluster-proportionate random sampling, simple random sampling, sampling techniques, and simple random sampling techniques. The results of research in the field and data analysis shows that the leadership of the head of the Madrasa Aliyah, the Climate of Islamic Senior High School, Teachers' Performance, Learning Facilities, and Community Participation significantly influence the quality of Madrasah education

Educationally-Disadvantaged Students’ Motivation in Attending Learning Program at Non-Formal Education

Farida Iriani; Adinda Gladya Puspasari

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 48-57

The development of society and economic world has triggered the educational system to prepare their students with the twenty-first century skills and competencies. As students are expected to survive and compete globally, Indonesia is still making an effort to ensure all students in accesing education. Related to this issue, YayasanKejar Aurora has been conducting a complementary learning program categorized as non-formal education for the educationally-disadvantaged students around Cihanjuang, Cimahi City– West Java. This program was initiated in 2012 to support students whom experiencing gap issue in accessing educational opportunities. YayasanKejar Aurora developed a curriculum consisting innovator skills has been attended by hundreds students from the early years to junior high school students. Due to its sustainability, this study is aimed to investigate students’ motivation in joining the complementary learning program. An interview was conducted and result shows students’ interest and enjoyment in learning. Generally, the students agree that the learning activities are fun, make them feel creative, give opportunities to interact and socialize with friends, and feel supported by the teachers.

Exploring the Implementation of De-Radicalization Strategy on Religion Among the Islamic University Students (A Multisites Study at Islamic Higher Education in Indonesia)

Supriyanto .; Agus Sunaryo; Mawi Khusni Albar

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 58-68

This research aims to describe the implementation of the deradicalization strategy of religion for right and ideal format among the students of Islamic Universities. This research is qualitative with a field research approach. The data collection method uses observation, interviews, and documentation. The data analysis method was conducted in four steps data collection, data reduction, data display, and conclusion or verification. The research was conducted at three Islamic Universities (PTKIN) in Indonesia, namely STAIN Bengkalis, IAIN Purwokerto, and UIN Sunan Kalijaga. Based on the research results, it was found that the ideal format for religious deradicalization in PTKIN was through; 1) Early detection of radicalism against new students of State Islamic Universities, 2) The recognition process of academic and students’ culture (PBAK), 3) Strengthening the religious academic institution and the student organizations, and 4) Making treasure of the veiled female students and giving for their groups. The four methods above can be used as the chancellors' policies in deradicalizing their respective campuses.

Implementation of School Based-Management to Improve the Quality of Education at Public Schools of Muhammadiyah in Klaten Indonesia

Uswatun Khasanah; Mudhofir Abdullah; Khuriyah .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 69-75

The quality of education is a benchmark in education units to maintain the quality of institutions both process, inputs, and outputs. This research was conducted to determine the implementation and strategy of developing boarding school management to improve the quality of education in MA Muhammadiyah 1 Klaten. This research is field research, with the type of qualitative research. Data collection techniques include observation, interview, and documentation. The data validity was tested using source triangulation methods and techniques. The results of interviews, field notes, observations, and documentation were analyzed using Miles and Huberman's model consisting of data reduction, data presentation, and conclusion drawing. The results show that the implementation and the strategy of boarding school management development can improve the quality of education

Successful Pregnancy Following Hysteroscopic Adhesiolysis Of Severe Intrauterine Adhesions

Eddy Hartono; Witono Gunawan; Gina Magda Riana

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 76-79

Asherman’s syndrome is an intrauterine adhesions that frequently occurs as a result of trauma to the endometrial layer following intaruterine procedures. We report a case of 30 year old woman with previous history of curretage came with secondary amenorrhea and infertility. Hysterescopic adhesiolysis was performed and directly followed by IUD insertion and hormonal treatment for 3 months. Following three cycles of regular menstruation, the IUD was removed. The patient then underwent ovarian stimulation and got conceived. The antenatal period was uneventful and Cesarean section was performed due to low lying placenta at 39 weeks of gestational age. Delivery process was complicated by placenta accreta that was successfully managed with intrauterine Foley catheter balloon tamponade and bilateral uterine artery ligation. Asherman’s syndrome could result in successful pregnancy even in severe cases of adhesion. However, the pregnancy preceded by intrauterine adhesion may get complicated by abnormal placental implantation.

Influence Of Marketing Mix On Customer Satisfaction In Real Estate: Mediating Effect Of Technology & Moderating Effect Of Government & Building Process In Bangladesh.

Md. Naim Hossain; Prof. Dr. Abu Bakar Abdul Hamid; Prof. Dr. Huam Hon Tat

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 80-96

In Bangladesh the Housing and Real Estate Industry is one of the rapid growing and pioneer business sector. The rapid urbanization needs more accommodation and housing supply, which creates a huge market for the real estate industry in Bangladesh. Brick is one of the main building materials for the construction industry. Brick manufacturing in Bangladesh is done with traditional methods. The fixed chimney kiln (FCK) are used to produce the bricks which consumes coal & fertilized soil and releases pollutants into the atmosphere, leading to harmful effect on animals, human beings and agricultural yields. At present there are number of alternative products are available instead of burnt clay bricks, which are cost effective, environment friendly, and disaster resistant. The Objective of the study is to reviewing literature on the topics, develop a conceptual framework for this research field and investigate the impact of customer satisfaction of the using of these alternative building materials and the technology as a mediating effect within the marketing mix and the role of government & building process. The study would be conducted in Dhaka, Bangladesh where customers & stakeholders would be provided structured questionnaire. The questionnaire would adapt from literature and the study will be conducted with a deductive approach and would be follow quantitative method and positive paradigm. The survey population would be selected from the Dhaka city and among the selected respondent 380 would be the sample size. Convenience sampling method would be applied. The data analysis would be followed descriptive Statistics and regression analysis methods. The analysis would be done by using Smart PLS. The Study would adopt three underpinning theories to establish the relationship among variables. The theories are: Marketing mix theory, the Dissonance theory and the Technology acceptance Model (TAM) theory. The expected findings would be providing a comprehensive view of the customer satisfaction of using alternative building materials and would contribute to body of knowledge theoretically and the practical knowledge will help the policymakers, the government of Bangladesh, managers, and other stakeholders to formulate the next policy and practice. In future, comparative researches can be carried out by collecting samples from other cities of the country. Another research can be done including other social compliance variables which were not included in this study.

Impact Of Robotics On The Motivation And Socio-Affectivity Of Secondary School Students

María José Flores Tena; Hikmat Almadhkhori; Yolanda Deocano Ruiz

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 97-103

There is broad consideration that ICT is a resource that promotes more meaningful learning, allowing students to acquire a set of skills considered key. These competencies allow him to face new challenges and solve difficulties both associated with the educational process and the context in which this student is located, making him more able to adapt the knowledge, skills and values acquired to reality. This article raises this issue by emphasizing the potentials of ICT in the classroom, in particular robotics, for both teachers and students. This means accepting that ICT has made changes to classroom interaction but, above all, in the methodology that vertebrates the teaching-learning process.
The main objective of this study is to know whether the motivation and interest of students is increased when using robotics in the classroom as a technique integrated into active methodologies focused on digital use and management while knowing more positive socio-affective relationships are established between students.
The methodological process adopted in the study responds to the quantitative paradigm. A sample of 150 secondary school students was used, who were given a questionnaire to learn about their perception of the use of educational robotics. The results have shown how the use of robotics increases motivation in the teaching-learning process and how the relationships between students have acquired positive value.
The results of the study also allow for a broader reflection of the educational community on an issue of interest to adapt teaching-learning processes to current needs: does the implementation of robotics in the teaching-learning process facilitate student training in different areas of knowledge and promote mechanisms that increase motivation?

Augmented Reality Audit as Experience Solution for Internship during Covid 19

Bambang Leo Handoko; Holly Deviarti; Erna Bernadetta Sitanggang

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 104-112

Internships or practical work for students currently in higher education or university has become a necessity. Internships are important because they introduce students to the world of work, so that students not only learn theory, but also practice. The current condition where the world is hit by the Covid 19 pandemic makes many students unable to physically intern. Students cannot come to work and to clients due to social distancing. Augmented reality is one of the solutions so that students can get an augmented internship experience. This research is a descriptive qualitative research. In this study, we present data in the form of literature reviews and observations regarding the use of augmented reality in providing internship experiences to students who specialize in the field of auditing science. The results of our research state that augmented reality is more widely used in providing augmented experiences, students can gain work experience without having to meet people physically, however, some challenges must also be considered in augmented development and augmented reality in audit learning, including: content problems, content development costs are still expensive, and also the issue of health problems after usage.

Handling Corona Virus Pandemic In The Indonesian Political Context: A Grounded Theory Study

Riza Primahendra; Tri Adi Sumbogo; Reney Aquino Lensun

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 113-129

Pandemic Covid-19 influence many aspects of life and the effort to handle is paramount. The handling requires political support since it will use massive amount of resources. The study is using grounded theory and data collection is made through in-depth interview and triangulation made by conducting meeting and webinar. The participants of the interview were nine people, the participants of the meeting were 15 people, and the webinar were participated by 74 people. Participants age range from 23-50 years old and having different backgrounds such as volunteers, professionals, company’s employees. The study found that there are five key factors, namely pandemic hit the people differently (theme a), crisis in political communication (theme b), tension between health versus economic approach (theme c), lack of data and weak institution (theme d), and development of volunteerism (theme e). The features have linkages and influences creating complexity of the issue in which theme d affect theme a, theme b, and theme e; theme a have influence on theme c and theme e; theme c give effects on theme b and theme e; theme b influence theme e. The theme that have more influence to other theme is theme d and the theme influenced by all other theme is theme e. The recommendation of the study is to use biopolitics and political valued resources to deal with lack of data and weak institution, and integrating volunteerism in dealing with Covid-19.

Qualitative Analysisof Online Higher Education Websites Using Support Vector Machine

Chandra Mauli Sharma; Dr. Suruchi Gautam

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 130-141

The Quality analysis of online higher education websites is very important now a day. As such most of the quality parameters are defined to measure the quality of these websites. The paper is an attempt to make proper analysis of higher education websites. The research involves the creation of a database that includes well-defined parameters. Details are provided as an input to a learning model based on a vector support machine for comparison and ultimately geographical location. Testing the efficiency and accuracy of the database prepared for this task. This data was developed for seven different training, testing and verification on websites using support systems (SVM) algorithm. Algorithms trained with this database have proven to work well in site testing and level. The parameters provided are included in the model that includes the key keywords obtained (KH), average rating (AS), global standard (GR), wrap rate (BR) and daily page views per visitor (DPVPV). Thereafter a quality matrix is produced based on the quality of the extracted material. Pair pairing analysis was performed to determine the interaction between websites using scores on a quality matrix. The University of Kent (KENT) has been found to have very high standards (13212.43) and in terms of quality content.

Effects Of Obesity On The Serum Levels Of Free And Total Prostate-Specific Antigen In A Sample Of Iraqi Men.

Dr Ziad Hammad Abd; Dr Ruya Abdulhadi M. Saeed; Omar Farhan Ammar (alrawi)

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 142-148

Objectives: the study aims to assess the relationship between obesity and prostatic markers (total prostatic specific antigen (tPSA), and free prostatic specific antigen (fPSA)). Methods: this study was conducted on 127 men aged ≥40 years at The Department of Urology at Al-Ramadi Teaching Hospital. Exclusion criteria were a history of previously diagnosed or treated prostate cancer, the use of prostacare or any drugs that affect the levels of PSA in the serum. Results: the age range of the participants of the study was between 40–80 year. The number of men with normal BMI was 26 (20.47%), 47 men were overweight (37%), 33 men were obese (25.98%), and finally, 21 men were severely obese (16.53%). The mean of parameters total and free prostate-specific antigen (tPSA, fPSA), in the study, were (mean ± SD) (1.683±0.563) ng/ml, (0.537±0.189) ng/ml, respectively. Conclusions: there are no significant relationships between BMI, tPSA, and fPSA, at P≤0.05 in a sample of Iraqi men.

Changes of Electrocardiography Based on Disease Severity in Dengue Hemorraghic Fever

Ivan Tanawal; Idar Mappangara; Sudirman Katu; Syakib Bakri; Haerani Rasyid; Pendrik Tandean; Risna Halim; Hasyim Kasim; Arifin Seweng

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 149-151

Dengue virus (DENV) infection is a global health threat affecting at least 3.6 billion people living in more than 125 countries in the tropics and subtropics.1 Dengue hemorrhagic fever(DHF) is one of the public health problems in Indonesia that increasingly widespread.2 In 2018, the total incidence of dengue fever in Indonesia were 65,602 cases, with 467 deaths. The DHF morbidity rate in 2018 decreased compared to 2017, from 26.10 to 24.75 per 100,000 population. The morbidity rate in South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia, was 24.1 per 100 000 population, and the case fatality rate was 0.9%.2 Dengue fever (DF) and DHF are infectious diseases caused by the dengue virus, which belongs to the flavivirus genus, the flaviviridae family. The disease can present as a mild self-limiting illness, DF, or as the more severe forms of the disease, DHF and dengue shock syndrome (DSS). All four dengue virus serotypes (DENV-1, DENV-2, DENV-3 and DENV-4) can cause dengue. Clinical manifestation of severe dengue includes severe bleeding, severe organ involvement and severe plasma leakage.1

The Dynamics of C-reactive Protein Associated with Nutritional Status Changes in Kidney Failure Patients at Initiation and After 3 Months of Dialysis

Trina Primalia Irawanti; Haerani Rasyid; Syakib Bakri; Hasyim Kasim; Andi Makbul Aman; Fabiola Maureen Shinta Adam; Nur Ahmad Tabri; Arifin Seweng

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 152-159

Among kidney failure patients, especially those on dialysis, malnutrition is associated with poor outcomes. Malnutrition is a multifactorial process, including inflammation, which can be measured by C-reactive protein (CRP). The objective is to evaluate the dynamics of CRP associated with nutritional status changes in kidney failure patients at initiation and after 3 months of dialysis. A prospective cohort study using a consecutive sampling method consisting of 40 kidney failure patients who received initial dialysis at Dr. Wahidin Sudirohusodo Hospital, Makassar, Indonesia from January-March 2020. Nutritional status was evaluated with Subjective Global Assessment (SGA), and CRP was measured at the initial dialysis and after 3 months. All subjects received nutritional education at the beginning. Nutritional status was defined as well-nourished (WN, SGA A) and malnourished (MN, SGA B and C), then classified into 4 groups denoting nutritional changes: Group 1 (WN to WN), Group 2 (MN to WN), Group 3 (WN to MN), and Group 4 (MN to MN). ANOVA, paired t-test, and chi-square test (significance p<0.05) were used for statistical analyses. Subject’s mean age was 50.5±14.8 years old; 52.5% were male. Diabetes and obstructive nephropathy were the most frequent underlying diseases, both had a prevalence of 35%. At initiation, the prevalence of malnutrition was 77.5%; after 3 months, it was 70%. The highest proportion of Group 4 were female (62.5%) and those with diabetes (45.9%). Among all subjects, mean CRP decreased (9.4±32.3 mg/dL) after 3 months. While mean CRP based on nutritional changes, Group 2 had the highest reduction (18.8±26.8 mg/dL), and Group 3, CRP increased (17.5±17.0 mg/dL). C-reactive protein is negatively associated with nutritional status changes in kidney failure patients after 3 months of dialysis. Malnutrition was higher in female subjects and those with diabetes.

Positive Deviance Approach; an Efforts to Reduce the Incidence of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) in Pangkep Regency

Arsunan, A. A.; Masyitha Muis; Jumriani Ansar; Ridwan Amiruddin; Wahiduddin .; Indra Dwinata; Muhammad Akbar Nurdin; Rezki Elisafitri; Andi Dirpan; Aisyah .; Ahmad Yani

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 160-167

This study aimed to determine the effect of positive deviance approach on reducing the incidence of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) in Pangkep Regency. This studi used mix-method design to identify positive deviance behavior in preventing DHF and intervene by applying the positive deviance to the community in Pangkep Regency. The number of samples for quantitative data was 126 respondents and qualitative data was 12 informants. Data collection was conducted through Focus Group Discussion (FGD) and interviews. The research data were analyzed using logistic regression test and McNemar tests. The results showed the most influential factor in DHF incidence was positive deviance. Positive deviance behavior to prevent DHF were used long-sleeved clothing, use oil, and planting medicinal plants in the yard. The results of the intervention showed there was a significant influence of intervention using a positive deviance approach to increasing the planting of medicinal plants in the yard to prevent DHF, and there was a decrease in the incidence rate of DHF in Pangkep Regency. Positive deviance approach could be used as an effort to prevent and control DHF.
This study aimed to determine the effect of positive deviance approach on reducing the incidence of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) in Pangkep Regency. This studi used mix-method design to identify positive deviance behavior in preventing DHF and intervene by applying the positive deviance to the community in Pangkep Regency. The number of samples for quantitative data was 126 respondents and qualitative data was 12 informants. Data collection was conducted through Focus Group Discussion (FGD) and interviews. The research data were analyzed using logistic regression test and McNemar tests. The results showed the most influential factor in DHF incidence was positive deviance. Positive deviance behavior to prevent DHF were used long-sleeved clothing, use oil, and planting medicinal plants in the yard. The results of the intervention showed there was a significant influence of intervention using a positive deviance approach to increasing the planting of medicinal plants in the yard to prevent DHF, and there was a decrease in the incidence rate of DHF in Pangkep Regency. Positive deviance approach could be used as an effort to prevent and control DHF.

Correlation of Body Mass Index with Regular Menstrual Cycle of Young Women

Haniarti .; Ayu Dwi Putri Rusman; Jumarna .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 168-172

This study aims to analyze the correlation of body mass index with the regularity of the menstrual cycle of young women in The City of Parepare. A total of 60 young women age 17 to 19 years participated in this study. The body mass index and regularity of the subject's menstrual cycle were evaluated. In body mass index distribution, young women with normal nutritional status were more likely (48.3%), compared with thin nutritional status (33.3%) and nutritional status (18.3%). Regular menstrual cycle more normal young women (56.7%) compared to abnormal (43.3%). The results of this study indicate that there is a relationship between body mass and regularity of the menstrual cycle in young women.

The Effect Of Combination Syrup Of Date (Phoenix Dactilyfera) And Bee Pollen On Blood Glucose Levels And Weight Gain Of Normal And Non-Diabetic Pregnant Rats

Asni Annisa Siregar; Sartini .; Veni Hadju

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 173-181

Dates and bee pollen contain of bioactive compounds in the form of flavonoids, polyphenols, magnesium, carbohydrates, proteins, and fats which allow them to affect blood glucose levels and weight gain. This study aims to determine the effect of the combination syrup of date and bee pollen on blood glucose levels and weight gain of pregnant Wistar rats. The combination of date and bee pollen syrup is made of 20.6% w/v of dates and 1.035% w/v of bee pollen in 100 ml of syrup. Then the rats were divided into 4 groups, namely the CMC solution as a control group, date syrup with a dose of 413.2 mg/200 g of rats’ weight, bee pollen syrup at a dose of 20.7 mg/200 g of rats’ weight and combination syrup of dates and bee pollen at a dose of 413.2 mg dates and 20.7 mg bee pollen /200 g BW of rats as the intervention group which were given for 20 days. Furthermore, the examination was carried out 3 times, on day 0, day 13, and day 20. The average of blood glucose levels after the intervention was 87.29 g/dl in the control group, date syrup 78.14 g/dl, bee pollen syrup 84.14 g/dl and the combination syrup 83.29 g/dl, while the average of body weight was 240.57 in the control group, 256.86 date syrup, 244.14 bee pollen syrup, and 265.00 for combination syrup. The results of statistical analysis showed P>0.05, it means that there was no significant difference in the value of glucose levels among each group, but there was a significant difference in the body weight of rats in which P<0.05, so the combination syrup of date and bee pollen is safe to be consumed by pregnant women because it does not affect the blood glucose levels significantly and it can increase their weight.

The Effect Of Giving Dates Syrup Combination (Phoenix Dactylifera) And Bee Pollen On Hemoglobin Levels In Pregnant Wistar Rats (Rattus Novergicus)

Fahriani .; Sartini .; Veni Hadju

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 182-189

Background: Anemia often results from iron deficiency in a pregnant woman as a result of a double iron needs resulting from a rise in blood volume, to meet a mother’s (prevent blood loss at birth) and fetal growth. Dates and bee pollen have the potential to increase hemoglobin because of its complex properties and compositions.
Objective of the study :This study aims to identify the effect of combination of dates and bee pollen syrup towards the hemoglobin level on the pregnant white wistar strain
Reseach method:This research used an experimental research design with randomized post test control group. It used simple random sampling technique by paying attention to inclusion and exclusion criteria, and obtain 28 pregnant white wistar strain rats. The samples were divided into 4 groups. The control group was given cmc solution intervention group was given dates syrup,bee pollen, and the combination of dates syrup and bee pollen,at a dose of 2ml/day for 20 days. Measurement of hemoglobin levels using a hematology analyzer.
Result: The results of this study analyzed using paired T test, Anova test with two factorial design and post Hoc LSD. This study shows that from the statistical test of hemoglobin levels, it obtained an average value in control group before 13.700±0.883 and after treatment 13.314±0.979 with a value (p=0,096,p>0.05), which means there is no difference after treatment while in the intervention group date syrup before treatment 12,500 ± 0.416 and after treatment 13,014 ± 0.644 with value (p = 0.179, p> 0.05) which means there is no difference after treatment. The bee pollen syrup group before treatment was 13.814 ± 0.823 and after treatment 14.014 ± 0.795 with value (p = 0.099, p> 0.05) which means there is no difference after treatment. whereas in the combination of date syrup and bee pollen groups before treatment was 12.971 ± 0.616 and after treatment 15.557± 0.378 with value (p=0.000, p<0.05) which means there is a difference after treatment.
Conclusion: The conclusion of this study is that there is an effect of giving a combination of dates syrup and bee pollen. It is hoped that the next researcher can make a combination of dates syrup and bee pollen which is given to pregnant woman

The Comparison of AIRI values in Obese and Non Obese Acute Coronary Syndrome patients

Resy Rosalina; Husaini Umar; Pendrik Tandean; Hasyim Kasim; Andi Makbul Aman; Haerani Rasyid; Arifin Seweng

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 190-197

Introduction : Insulin resistance (IR) has an important role in pancreatic -cell dysfunction and incidence of type-2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM-2), and such resistance is also able to indicate the pathophysiological component of other endocrine metabolic disorders such as hypertension, obesity, dyslipidemia, and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Obesity is a major risk factor for endothelial dysfunction which develops as a result of abnormal regulation of vasoactive substances including nitric oxide, where endothelial dysfunction is the starting point in the pathogenesis of IR. This study’s objective is to compare Admission Insulin Resistance Index (AIRI) values in Obese and Non-Obese Acute Coronary Syndrome patients.
Methods: This was a cross sectional study with consecutive sampling method consisting of 60 subjects who were treated with Acute Coronary Syndrome at Dr. Wahidin Sudirohusodo Hospital Makassar, Indonesia from July-September 2020. Anthropometric examinations include measuring body weight and height to determine body mass index (BMI).
AIRI was measured insulin admission (IU / ml) x plasma glucose admission (mg / dl) / 405. Statistical analyses used were Chi Square test and Spearman’s Correlation test ( significance p <0,01 ).
Results: Average age of the subjects was 54.9 + 13.6 years old, with 76,7 % male. Based on the results of clinical, laboratory and ECG examination, the subjects had hypertension (48.3%), obesity (35%), decreased HDL (38.3%), increased triglycerides (28.3%), increased LDL (70%), increased RBG (76.7%), experienced IR (20%), diagnosed of STEMI (35%), NSTEMI (53.3%), and UAP (11.7%). There was a significant relationship between obesity and AIRI (p <0,001). Where in obese, it was found that the percentage of AIRI's tertile 3 (70%) was the highest compared to AIRI's tertile 2 (20%) and AIRI's tertile 1 (15%). Meanwhile, those who were not obese were found to have the highest level of 1 AIRI (85%) compared to 2 AIRI (80%) and 3 AIRI (30%).

Family Support as The Key Factor that Influence Quality of Life based on SF-36 among CKD on Hemodialysis Patients

Rusiawati .; Haerani Rasyid; Saidah Syamsuddin; Syakib Bakri; Hasyim Kasim; Arifin Seweng

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 198-205

Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an emerging public health problem that affects 5–10% of the world population. With the availability of recent treatment modalities including renal replacement therapy, the survival of CKD patients has increased considerably which has led to an increased focus on health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Health-related quality of life represents the impact of the disease or its treatment on the subjective feelings of patients about their physical, mental, spiritual, emotional, social, and functional wellbeing. Quality of life among dialysis patients has been shown to be lower as compared to pre-dialysis CKD patients and is an independent risk factor for mortality in dialysis patients. Family support is an important factor that serves as a support system for the patients to face health problems.
Purpose: To examine levels of family support and the correlation of family support and quality of life (QoL) among CKD on hemodialysis (HD) patients.
Methods: This cross-sectional observational study was conducted in August-November 2020 and recruited chronic HD patients from Wahidin Sudirohusodo Hospital in Makassar, Indonesia. The demographic data of HD patients were collected. Quality of life was assessed using the validated Indonesian version of the Short Form-36 (SF-36) questionnaire which consists of Physical Component Summary (PCS) and Mental Component Summary (MCS) and family support that was assessed using the validated “Dukungan Keluarga” questionnaire. The data were analyzed using SPSS version 22.0 statistical software.
Results: A total of 60 subjects (39 males and 21 females) were included. The mean age was 48.9±12.1 years old. About 55% of the subjects was graduated from college. About 86.7% subject was married. About 55% of the subject is not working. About 53.3% of subjects have a family income lower than the regional minimum wage. The mean duration of HD was 22.1±28.6 months. The mean score of family support was 53±8,2. Family support score has a significant positive correlation with each domain of PCS and MCS, the higher score of family support is in accordance with higher score of PCS and MCS.
Conclusion: CKD on HD patients’ quality of life was significantly affected by family support

Effectiveness of Dexamethasone for Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) due to Coronavirus: A Systematic Review

Tri Setyawat; Ari Setiyawan Nugraha; Sarifuddin .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 206-211

Estimates have suggested that up to 12% of patients hospitalized with COVID-19 have required invasive mechanical ventilation, with the majority developing acute respiratory distress syndrome(ARDS). Corticosteroids are the most potent anti-inflammatory drugs. The therapeutic mechanism of corticosteroids might base on attenuating the action of many cytokines that participated in the inflammatory reaction associating severe CAP However, the clinical and efficacy of dexamethasone in COVID-19 patients are currently unclear, so research is needed to know the effectiveness of dexamethasone therapy in patients with COVID-19. This research uses a structured analysis focused on preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyzes (PRISMA) in order to classify all existing literature with appropriate keywords. The database using PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews & Meta Analyses) for instruments and used flowcharts based on the 2009 PRISMA checklist and based on inclusion and exclusion criteria, we found that dexamethasone resulted in a significant increase in the number of ventilator-free days (days alive and free of mechanical ventilation) over 28 days in patients with COVID-19 and moderate or severe ARDS.

Biogenic Nanoparticles From Allium Sativum And Its Bioactives Applications

Shwetha Subbanna; Gopenath TS; Kanthesh M Basalingappa

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 212-232

Recent development in the synthesis of nanoparticles relies on the use of green chemistry with safe, biocompatible materials to manufacture composites, structures, and formulations based on nano for specific applications. The basic goal of green nanoparticle synthesis is to make use of the element's specific physicochemical and biological properties by linking bioactive from prokaryotes and eukaryotes for applications in various basic and applied science fields. Biogenic methods have the potential to provide advanced strategies for surface/material modification in the increasing carbonaceous materials market.
Garlic is an extensively studied herb known for possessing a wide variety of bioactive. The major proportion of garlic bioactive is organosulfur or thiol based organic compounds that have numerous biological and therapeutic activities and thus target biogenic nanocomponents and formulations for synthesis. There is, however, very scant literature on its use in the agriculture sector. The present review focuses on the synthesis of garlic related nanoparticles and their applications across various scientific fields, and their potential environmental implications when used in agriculture.

Panjol Game With Java Ethics Character

Much Arsyad Fardani; Ika Ari Pratiwi; Tutik Khotimah; Zuhdan Kun Prasetyo; Samsuri .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 233-240

The development of an increasingly rapid era brought a change in several aspects. The changes were seen in the advancement of technology that is around us. The smartphone's existence has begun to penetrate the world of children more bring a negative impact on the development of children's character. Fade friendly characters as an impact on excessive use of the smartphone. For this reason, researchers are trying to develop android-based learning media called Panjol. Panjol is an extension of (Java Online Game). The aim of this research to explore the ethics of Javanese culture in Panjol game. From the results of the discussion found several Javanese cultural ethics contained in Panjol game. Some of Javanese cultural ethics include guyub rukun and tulung tinulung.

Exploring Blended Learning Based-Model of English Learning to enhance Students‟ Communicative Competence

Haryanto .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 241-250

This study aims to describe how blended learning is implemented and how English communicative competence is improved for university students. The research was conducted at Nahdlatul Ulama Islamic University, Jepara Indonesia. This is descriptive qualitative research with a case study approach. The subjects of research are English instructors and university students. The informants are 20 English language instructors and 10 students. The data were collected by the technique of interview, questionnaire, and observation. The data were analyzed through data collection, data reduction, data presentation, and concluding. Blended learning based-model at the University is implemented through conversation and dialogue in pairs or groups, teacher-student interaction, literature usage, classroom simulation, and role-play, computer-assisted classroom activities, reading English news and watching English TVs, and participating in social media through e-mail, WhatsApp and Facebook and so on. communicative competence attained along with the activities of blended learning implementation are grammatical competence, sociolinguistic competence, strategic competence, and discourse competence. This study recommends employing the activities of the communicative language teaching approach and supporting modern technologies to achieve better English communicative competence.


Muhammad Santoso; Nasrudin Baidan; Zainul Muttaqin

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 251-261

Some pesantren (Islamic boarding schools) in Indonesia have programs focusing on Tahfidzul Al-Qur'an. The problem that arises in the program is the learning process, like the inadequacy of the methods used in the management of learning Tahfidz Al-Qur'an. This study aims to describe planning, organizing, implementing, monitoring, supporting and inhibiting factors, as well as the results achieved in the learning management of Tahfidz Al-Qur'an. This research method uses a descriptive-qualitative approach through interview techniques, observation and documentation or copying in collecting data. The results of this study show that the planning in Tahfidzul Qur'an program at the Boarding School is carried out with four stages of selection, organizing by determining tasks and mechanisms in the learning process, implementation is marked by the learning process of memorizing the Qur'an, by monitoring the progress of memorizing Al-Qur'an by the santri via the monitoring book and the presence list of santri. The supporting factor comes from the boarding school environment, while the inhibiting factor is the lack of consistency of the students in memorizing the Tahfidz al-Qur'an. The success achieved by the Tahfidz Al-Qur'an program in Islamic boarding schools can be seen from the results of the achievements of the competition Tahfidz Al-Qur'an at various levels and competitions.

The Development of VIKOMAFA as Android-Based Disaster Learning Media for PGSD Students of Universitas Peradaban Indonesia

Yuni Suprapto; Ferani Mulianingsih; Dewi Liesnoor Setyowati

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 262-277

This study aims to reveal the development of Android-based video and comic application (VIKOMAFA) as a disaster learning media to improve the understanding of natural disaster preparedness for the students of the Department of Primary School Teacher Training Education (PGSD) at Universitas Peradaban and to discover the effectiveness of VIKOMAFA as the Android-based video and comic application to improve the understanding of natural disaster preparedness for the PGSD students of Universitas Peradaban. This study offers some benefits, including 1) academics benefit: to contribute to knowledge development for public education; and 2) practical benefit: to deepen the comprehension of moral development in upholding the environmental ethics through the fundamental anticipation in dealing with disaster risk prevention. This research adopted a Research and Development (RnD) model by developing VIKOMAFA application as an Android-based video and comic learning media to improve the understanding of natural disaster preparedness for the sixth-term PGSD students of Universitas Peradaban that received Social Science lecture. The study was conducted at the even term in the academic period of 2018/19, precisely from February to August 2019. It featured a Research and Development method. The utilization of VIKOMAFA as the learning source of disaster education is confirmed effective to foster the understanding of disaster preparedness of PGSD students and the understanding of disaster preparedness for the PGSD students of Universitas Peradaban Indonesia.

National Resilience Strategy On Large-Scale Social Restrictions (Psbb) Through Collaborative Governance

Sunny Ummul Firdaus; Waluyo .; Maria Madalina

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 278-285

The Covid-19 pandemic has produced a perfect storm of negative social and economic impacts with inevitable geopolitical consequences. The policy adopted by President Joko Widodo in accelerating the management of Covid-19 at this time is the Large-Scale Social Restrictions (Large-Scale Social Restrictions). The Presidential Decree Number 7/2020 concerning the Establishment of Task Force for the Acceleration of Covid-19 Handling was then amended by the Presidential Decree Number 9/2020 to expand the scope and composition of the Task Force which involves the ministries/agencies involved in accelerating the management of Covid-19. In its implementation, the Task Force has not been able to function optimally due to the lack of community participation, specifically the lack of community arrangements to deal with a pandemic. Therefore, it needs to involve RT/RW in the unit of Task Force officers so that they can be directly involved in the community of the smaller unit. The participation of RT and RW in breaking the Covid-19 chain is very vital since RT and RW are community institutions which are directly linked to the village community. They are the mouth and ears of the government which have for conveying the policies of the government at local (village)/kelurahan, regional, and national level. As the first recipients of the community’s aspirations, they are the heart of community conflicts so that it is them who better understand the extent of the problems and conflicts that arise in the community. This study aimed to support the head of the RT and the head of the RW for optimally strengthening their role in the prevention of the Covid-19 epidemic by informing of the presence of a patient or suspect suffering from an epidemic, assisting in the proper execution of epidemic control efforts, and motivating the community to overcome the epidemic.

A Policy Design On Narcotics For The Prevention Of The Use Of Narcotics And Its Bad Impacts Reduction Due To Narcotics Abuse

Sunny Ummul Firdaus; Hartiwiningsih .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 286-295

This research showed that Law of the Republic of Indonesia on Narcotics has not been able to actualize its legal objectives, particularly for narcotics users, considering that they are only ideally given rehabilitation sanctions, both medically and socially. On the other hand, they are not subject to criminal sanctions, in which it becomes the main legal sanctions. Besides, they get sentenced by the judges who use articles for narcotics traffickers in handling the crimes. Therefore, it is necessary to reformulate the right policies to manage the crimes in narcotics by providing legal certainty between the users and the traffickers, so they have a positive correlation with the way the judges decide cases based on legal certainty.

Reconstruction of Guarantee for Legal Protection of Communities Affected by Land Procurement For Railway Construction In Indonesia

Ismiyanto .; AL Sentot Sudarwanto; I Gusti Ayu Ketut Rachmi Handayani

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 296-30

This study aims to analyze the concept of regulation that guarantees adequate legal protection in the event of problems in fulfilling the rights of compensation for entitled parties. This research uses normative or doctrinal standard research methods. Primary data sources were obtained through field studies, while secondary data used literature studies data collection techniques using surveys, interviews, and literature study. The data analysis technique used a qualitative approach with an interactive model. The sampling method used was purposive and snowball sampling. In terms of its nature, this dissertation is explanatory research, and from the point of view of its form, it is a prescriptive study. In this legal research, the researcher uses 2 (two) approaches, the statute approach, and the conceptual approach. The results show, in terms of the validity theory of Gustav Radbruch's law, the guarantee of the legal protection of Law Number 2 of 2012 on the process and mechanism for providing compensation for entitled parties have valid validity from a juridical review but does not yet have valid validity from philosophical thought. And sociological. This study also concludes that it is necessary to reconstruct the land acquisition law, mainly concerning the provisions governing the process and mechanism for providing compensation or compensation to entitled parties. To guarantee legal protection in drafted regulations to fulfill the fundamental values of justice and benefits for the community, reconstruction is directed at a. There is the involvement of parties entitled as the subject of land acquisition rights with appraisal in the assessment of land acquisition objects, b. the presence of a dispute resolution institution with a non-litigation paradigm (PnLg) in the form of mediation, c. there is a change in the term "compensation" to "compensation," and d. there are additional rights for entitled parties, namely: "the right to get adequate compensation." Based on the above conclusions, it is recommended that the government revise Law Number 2 of 2012.


A.M. Shende; K.P. Yadav; P.P. Bhad; A.M. Pande

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 306-314

There is various methodologies and mathematical models developed to predict the steel fiber reinforced concrete strength (SFRC) and these methods are prominently used in their time. Due to enhancement in the technology new mathematical models are developed and compared them with the old ones, as per their fit and comparative betterment, these methods become significant for the use by the scientists, researchers and mathematicians. In the research paper discussed here has an objective to develop a new mathematical approach to predict the SFRC strength using two newly introduced models namely Artificial Neural Network Simulation (ANN) and Response surface methodology (RSM) to analyse Aspect ratio, Aggregate-cement ratio, Water-cement ratio, Percentage of fibre and Control strength (referred to as five pi terms).
The comparison of these two methods with experimental strength shows the output for the best fit, the study further extended to compare between these two models with each other to find best fit out of these two models. The calculation of the influence of pi terms, mentioned above to predict the SFRC, make this study more fruitful.

English Language A Vogue In The Fashion Industry

Ms. Sharon Samson; Dr. S.V. Karthiga

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 315-319

This paper focuses on how English Language is used in the Fashion Industry. The study of fashion has been long neglected in academics than any other social or cultural trend, representing the more important political and historical zeitgeist of a time period. This paper takes up the study of fashion with a "theoretical facelift." English as an original theoretical framework delineates fashion's communicative frameworks as cloth, drape and belt, this work analyses the conceptual meaning of runway performances. English Language is involved in fashion advertising and plays the role of defining consumers for purchased or consumed goods the better their everyday lives. Ads depict the erroneous mirage that people are more successful, worthier, and physically beautiful based on their specific brand identity and consumption habits. Designers use the conceptual runway performance elements of time, advertisement, place, environment, music, model appearance and actions to explain and reinforce the message that their clothing communicates, while conceptual fashion shows are often characterized as spectacles intended to stimulate the popularity of a label and ultimately boost sales. This aims to provide a basis for the explanation of English as a language for fashion.

New Technological Innovation And Challenging Issues In Car

G.Sasikala .; V.Mahalakshmi .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 320-328

Accidents happen very quickly in day to day life. Breaks in-front of you would slam your foot in a fraction of second, along with your body. To overcome this instance an ejector seat has been designed as an idea of improvement with current existing safety tools which protect people when a car crashes. Traditional airbag is limited in that it protects people after car is crashed and in many situations it would be too late, and also it cannot protect people when the car falls off a cliff. The ejector seat ejects people with different weights to the same height when danger is detected.
The prototype results show that it can detect relative distance and speed accurately with a small error of +/-2 cm, and the weight can be measured to an accuracy of +/- 2 grams. The seat is ejected and when relative distance and speed reach a threshold that we calculated to be reasonable for deadly situation, and the springs which are used to eject are compressed to desired position to make sure that different weights are ejected to the same height. This situation is immediately sent to the nearby server helpline through GSM module, and help is availed at once.

Jimeta Neighborhoods Residents‟ Contentment With The Sustainability Municipal Setting

David Martin @ Daud Juanil; Ahmed Yahaya Abdul; Mohamed Ahmed Said; Abbas Sa'id El- nafaty; Faizah Mohammed Bashir

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 329-344

The dispassionate indicators of happiness measurement consider the obvious conditions of municipal elements, such as housing, nutrition, and the setting. Autonomous indices were done, on the subject of the questions asked by the researchers through the questionnaire of people about contentment. In this regard, it attempts to measure the role of municipal elements in contentment and quality of life of the inhabitants in the Commissioners’ neighbourhoods of Jimeta. The research technique used in this article was descriptive-analytical and data collection was prepared using a questionnaire. The data were analyzed by SPSS software. The questionnaire contains 3 components of 8 indicators and 29 questions. Cronbach's alpha test was used to calculate the reliability of the questionnaire. Its reliability was 0.81 and was acceptable. The outcomes of the research show that the contentment of residents in the study area is in a judicious situation. According to the results, the level of citizenship contentment of the neighbourhoods is from the social, environmental, and economic components, with a score of 4.35, 3.92, and 2.47 from the Likert spectrum, correspondingly.

Review Of The Current Concepts, Dimensions, Elements And Indicators Of Social Sustainability And Social Development

Ogungbenro Matthew. Taiwo; Salfarina Samsudin; Dzulkanian@ Zulkarnain Daud; Obaje J. Ataguba; Fidelis Osagie Atamamen

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 345-354

The concept of social sustainability is typically described as the conservation or enhancement of the welfare of current and future generations. Social sustainability is accomplishing the present basic needs of human beings with assurances of its sustained benefits for future generations. However, it is considered a complex, three-pronged, and multidisciplinary concept that is challenging to critically comprehend and measure empirically, particularly in the context of sustainable development. Furthermore, the numerous definitions, theories, and approaches increase the complexity along with the adoption and implementation of its principal tenets.  Therefore, this paper presents a concise overview of the current concepts, dimensions, elements and indicators of social sustainability in the context of social development. According to the findings, social sustainability is typically involved with the continuous provision of social services (i.e. healthcare, education, housing, leisure and transport), reduce poverty and inequality (inter- and intra-generational) among residents of any community. As such, social sustainability is concerned with the current and future standard of living of people. Likewise, socially sustainable development is construed as the sustenance of social values, characteristics, and relations of people and place for the future. According to the authors, the interactions within social networks, contribution to cooperative groups and networks within the community are typical indicators of social sustainability. Furthermore, three distinct categories of social sustainability exist, namely; development, bridge, and maintenance sustainability. Furthermore, the elements of social sustainability identified were good health services, education, safe neighbourhoods, sanitation, and low-cost housing. Furthermore, the findings showed that indicators ensure that stakeholders are adequately informed about the complexity of social systems, engender comprehensive understanding and evaluation of sustainability and lastly effective communication of the empirical findings for enhanced decision making by stakeholders. In conclusion, the brief perspectives and future outlook on social sustainability indicate that the concept is crucial to sustainable development from the perspective of sustainable communities 

The Influence Of Dividend In Sustaining Corporate Governance And Corporate Social Responsibility On Shariah Compliance Companies Performance

A. Rahayati; S. Roshima; A. Syahiza; A.M.Farah Nadirah; A.H. Nurul Shahariza

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 355-370

This paper aims to examine the influence of dividend in sustaining Corporate Governance and Corporate Social Responsibility on Shariah Compliance Companies Performance. Times series cross-sectional data, also known as panel data were employed. Both the direct effect as well as the moderating effect of dividend with Corporate Governance and Corporate Social Responsibilities toward Shariah Compliant Companies performance were analysed by Ordinary Least Square (OLS) with Panel Corrected Standard Error (PCSES) model. The findings of this study will contribute to the knowledge to public, shareholders, stakeholders, standard rulers such as Securities Commission & Bursa Malaysia especially the shariah compliance companies on the effect of dividend payout as a motivational tool to improve the company performance especially when company sustained a good corporate governance and corporate social responsibility.

Visual Framing Of The By-Election Campaign In Malaysia: An Analysis Of Malay And English Dailies

Dr. Manimegalai Ambikapathy; Maizurah Khathu Abdul Hamid

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 371-381

This study examined the visual portrayal of the Semenyih by-election campaign in Malaysia on 2nd March 2019. With the assistance of Rodriguez & Dimitrova (2011) model, two printed mainstream newspapers were selected for this research: 1) Berita Harian; 2) The Star. Main objective of this research is to identify the visual framing of election campaign during the campaign period and it were measured through few variables such as slants of visuals, placement or location of visuals, theme and messages portrayed by visuals, caption focus and the stand of visuals. This study was conducted starting from the nomination day on the 16 February 2019 until the election day. Through content analysis method, each visual from n=88 census, was coded based on mentioned variables. Data was measured through descriptive statistics and inferential analysis. Major finding revealed that most of the visuals were slanted to party and government team in Berita Harian dailies compared to The Star; focused on election information. Findings also figure out few differences between selected two dailies. This study contributes to a several lack of visual framing research during election period.

Analysing The Process Of The Intensive – Extensive Reading Method In A Literature Classroom Setting And ESL Classroom Setting

Mariann Edwina; G.Nagamany Govindan

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 382-390

This article focuses on the use of the intensive reading method in the literature classroom setting, and comparing the method used to the reading process that takes place in the ESL classroom setting. This article also investigates all possible reading processes or steps, and evaluate what steps in the intensive reading method is crucial for students to focus on the reading activity attentively while being able to develop their vocabulary to be better users of the English language. Subsequently, this article also justifies the idea of integrating the intensive reading to the extensive reading to conduct more effective reading lessons that have been observed in many literature classrooms. It is prominent that most literature subjects use the intensive reading method to conduct their reading activities, thus enabling their students to have a better approach towards using the language in other possible ways such as descriptive writing. Therefore, knowing what takes place in the literature classroom and how the process of reading activities are at work is essential for educators and learners in the ESL classroom to conduct and participate in the reading more effectively.

Determinant Factors For Destination Selection Of Halal Eco-Tourism Using Confirmatory Factor Analysis

Nashirah Abu Bakar; Sofian Rosbi; Kiyotaka Uzaki

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 391-412

This study aims to analyze determinant factors for destination selection of halal eco-tourism using confirmatory factor analysis. Destination of halal eco-tourism is place for tourism that educate visitors about environmental awareness and providing halal compliant entertainment. The research method implemented in this study using quantitative approach namely questionnaire analysis. The endogenous latent construct is customer intention to visit destination of halal eco-tourism. The four exogenous latent constructs are brand equity, culture, quality and social. This study developed the research framework with adoption of social distance theory. The sample size of corresponding respondents is 300 customers that have intention to visit tourism places that halal compliant. Next, this study analyzed measurement model using confirmatory factor analysis for pooled model approach. Then, the validity and reliability constructs of measurement model were validated using three main model fit indexes namely absolute fit, incremental fit and parsimonious fit. Next, structural model of path analysis was performed using structural equation modelling was performed. The multivariate regression analysis was performed with maximum likelihood approach. The result shows the absolute fit (RMSEA) is 0.029, incremental fit (CFI) is 0.997 and parsimonious fit (Chi-square/degree-of-freedom) is 1.247. All of three model fit indexes indicate the measurement and structural model is good fit with actual data. Multiple regression analysis shows all four exogenous latent constructs indicates significant relationship to endogenous latent construct namely customer intention to visit destination of halal eco-tourism. The contribution of this study is it adding new knowledge to literature of tourism management. In addition, this study provides clear understanding for policy makers in developing eco-tourism attraction that meet with customers preference in generating profits for tourism industries. The novelty of this research is it provides a clear procedure for performing confirmatory factor analysis for validating model fit with real data.

Strata Title Reforms In Malaysia: A Review And Challenges Of Regulatory And Governance Panacea

Nurul Sal Shabila Izanda; Salfarina Samsudin; Mazalan Zainuddin

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 413-426

Malaysia has some of the largest and most complex strata development in the prime area. A strata scheme is a property development which divides buildings or land into a number of parcels with strata titles. It is separate property deed for each unit in a subdivided under the strata law and necessary as a proof of the ownership of the parcels. The Strata Title Act (STA) 1985 was the first legislation to govern the subdivision buildings into parcels in Peninsular Malaysia. It has gone through a number of modifications and amendments to promote good governance in the property development industry. The latest strata law reforms have accelerated the issuance of strata title, increased protection and facilitated the management of strata for home purchasers and imposed stricter conditions on developers. Until recently, the development of strata schemes in Malaysia has been more notable for its issues and challenges than its successes. This paper is to reviews the legal aspects of the strata development as stipulated in the Strata Title Act 1985 and identifies areas of difficulty in Malaysia that may be the challenges to the interested parties. The research method used is the qualitative research in which it will rely on the analysis of the relevant statutes, rules, regulations, books, journals, articles, thesis, monograph, research grants reports, seminar papers, electronic materials and various newspaper reports. The paper will be of interest to those involved with property developments in international jurisdictions that have similar multi-unit ownership in jurisdictions considering the introduction of similar forms of multi-unit ownership.

Theory Of Planned Behaviour – Assessing The Factors That Influence The Intention To Perform An In-Games Purchase By The Tertiary Learners In Johor

Krishnaveni Sritharan; Mangair Karasi Manickam; Phua Cun Uei

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 427-434

Malaysia has been encouraging the rapid growth of virtual gaming; as it has been making a significant contribution to the economy. The gaming industry has changed its strategy to gain a competitive advantage by selling in-game purchase to their clients to give either an aesthetic appearance to the characters in the games or to enhance the playing experiences. This research intended to assess the factors that influence the intention of tertiary learners in Johor to perform an in-game purchase. A quantitative method of research was conducted on 384 purposive samples utilising a 5-point Likert scale questionnaire which measured both the independent and dependant variables. SmartPLS 2.0 and SPSS 22 was utilised to analyse the data. The results indicate that Attitude and Perceived Behavioural Control has a strong significant influence on the intention to perform the in-game purchase. Furthermore, coefficient values for Subjective Norms showed less significant influence than Attitude and Perceived Behavioural Control. This implies that the respondents were less influenced by any important person or group of people to do an in-game purchase.

The Test Of Humanity During The Covid-19 Situation In Indonesia

Elfindah Princes; Teddy Indira Budiwan

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 435-445

The history has shown that during dangerous situation, people seek for their own safety. However, the example shown from the Covid-19 quick anticipation in Wuhan, China has shown the exact opposite. The researcher tries to identify human behaviors during the pandemic situation of Covid-19 in Indonesia. The researcher argues that compared to other countries, Indonesian people have different characteristics and responses. They are more self-centered and judgmental. Using the qualitative approach, the researcher classifies the people into 4 groups during a pandemic situation with two main groups as the research priority. First, the egocentric group as the group dominating the food and medical supplies. The panic buying in Indonesia causes this group of people to pile up stocks at home and cause the retail price to rocket. The second group is the profit-seeking group who takes advantage of this situation and sells the important food and medical supply in high price. The four groups represent the chaotic society culture in Indonesia and are the main reasons for questions if the humanity still exists. This research gives an understanding to the government to face the next pandemic if it happens someday. There are two limitations. First, at the time this research is made, the Covid-19 pandemic is still ongoing. There is a high possibility that a new group might appear near or at the end of the pandemic. Second, this paper does not separate the people into groups of different income levels, age groups and gender. Future research should address these limitations.

Hijab Fashion Consciousness Among Young Muslim Women In Malaysia

Siti Hasnah Hassan; Husna Ara

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 446-447

In recent years, Muslim women have espoused Hijab fashion as a part of Islamic faith by mixing the contemporary fashion trend to carry out their act of veiling. In turn, this situation has led to the rapid growth of global Islamic clothing market and opened numerous money-spinning opportunities for the fashion industry players. For them, it has become imperative to understand the perception of their Muslim consumers to offer the right product. Therefore, this research attempts to study what considerations articulate together in Muslim women’s hijab fashion consciousness. The purpose of this study is to analyze the impact of self-congruity, modesty, conformity and need for uniqueness to the fashion consciousness. To find the effect of these four aspects on Hijab fashion consciousness, a self-administered survey with a structured questionnaire was conducted in Malaysia. Data were collected from 200 Muslim women in Malaysia who wear Hijab fashion and then, SmartPLS 3.2.8 was used to analyze the hypothetical relationships. The findings of this study revealed that self-congruity and the need for uniqueness have a positive effect on the hijab fashion consciousness of Muslim women. It refers that Hijab fashion marketers must consider these two aspects while creating or designing a hijab fashion to satisfy consumer's expectations.

Factors Influencing Student Engagement In Higher Education Institutions: Central To Sustainability And Progression Of The Institution

J.K.S. Ting; V.M. Tan; M.L. Voon

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 468-473

Competitiveness and sustainability top the agenda in the midst of education communities in Malaysia’s education sector. Many higher education institutions (HEIs) are faced with the pressure to improve the quality of university education. The basis of these pressures might come from competition on the market of higher education services, national ingenuities for quality assurance and accreditation, and the ever-changing requisites of employers and businesses. The higher education (HE) sector in Malaysia is getting more competitive with 47 private universities, 37 private university colleges, 20 public universities, 10 foreign university branch campuses as well as numerous other private institutions of higher learning competing for the same pool of the local, regional as well as international students, along with Singapore, Philippines, Hong Kong and Indonesia. Sustainability is, therefore, critical to all the higher educational institutions (HEIs) at the present juncture as well as in the near future. In view of that, student engagement becomes a crucial indicator of the quality of student experience in these institutions. The centrality of student engagement is thus critical to the success of HEIs as issues relating to student retention remain high on the agendas of HEIs all over. The purpose of this paper is to assess and outline major factors influencing student engagement in the context of HEIs.

The Media Agenda Of Interpersonal Violence In Selected Malaysian Online Newspapers

Hasmah Zanuddin; Norizzati Saifuddin

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 474-489

Interpersonal violence cases in Malaysia has been inclined tremendously. Sadly, it is hard to make Malaysians aware of these dangers resulted by their behaviors. The attention to the issue reduce when writers and editors the issue from their reportage. Hence, there is a need to supply more knowledge to pull the attention on this social problem. The objectives of this research are to study the framing of issues, source and tone of news used in interpersonal violence coverage in selected Malaysian online newspaper. Quantitative content analysis analyzed 255 news articles from two selected Malaysian online newspapers using Krecjie and Morgan table. Simple random sampling selected the articles from and Pilot test and Holsti test tested the reliability. Non-parametric analysis tested the hypothesis and the objectives of this research. Chi-square statistical hypothesis found the association between the independent and dependent variable of this study, which is online newspaper and media agenda. From this research, media played as a vital role as the agenda setter in making Malaysian aware on the criticality of interpersonal violence issue among Malaysian society.

Malaysian Social Media Postings And Public Agenda Setting Review In The Portrayal Of Interpersonal Violence

Norizzati Saifuddin; Hasmah Zanuddin

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 490-506

In Malaysia, the cases of interpersonal violence were enormously increased. People are exposed to the online network and interlink to one another. Hence, agenda setting study can be broadened by including social media as another media platform. The objectives of this research are to study the issue, the salience level and the sentiment emotions of the issue in the social media. The selected social media platform are Facebook and Twitter. This research used quantitative content analysis. Holsti test tested the reliability of the instrument. 420 social media postings selected using Krecjie and Morgan table. Non-parametric test was used to test the variable of this study. Chi-square statistical hypothesis testing found there is significant association between the independent variable that is social media and dependent variable that is the public agenda. From this research, the result showed that social media provide an important role to the public agenda to make Malaysians aware of the importance of interpersonal violence awareness in Malaysian society.

Factors Contributing To The Implementation Of Work-Family Balance Practices In Malaysian Oil And Gas Companies: From An Individual Perspective

Noorhasyimah Ismail; Raffaella Valsecchi; Noor Hidayu Suhaimi

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 507-514

Recently, more attention is being paid to the impacts of Work-Family Balance Practices (WFBPs) at the organisational level. Factors underlying the preference for WFBPS are the flexible working hour, work support, job stress, and performance reward system. Most of past researches shared the attention of the organisational efforts on the work-related consequences such as job satisfaction, turnover intention and affective commitment amongst the employees. However, the current study aims to explore and later reveal the factors undertaking WFBPs at the individual level. The study is conducted using semi-structured qualitative interviews to collect data of the experience of 34 managers and executives from the two selected Malaysian Oil and Gas companies. The description and conceptualization of the work-family balance described by the respondents explain the acceptance and insight of the practice offered. The findings revealed four factors namely well-being improvement, traditional and moderate cultural values, Islamic work ethic, and equal opportunities that give direct and indirect impact on an individuals’ choice to undertake the WFBPs. Furthermore, this study is an effort to accumulate the factors of WFBPs at an individual level which are significant to the manager and executive role in the workplace. Therefore, the findings of this paper contribute as a profound path for future research on individual roles such as manager and executive.

Innovation, Digital Business And Frugal Innovation Type

David Tjahjana; Adler Haymans Manurung; Nugroho Juli Setiadi; Wibowo Kosasih

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 515-526

SME development is an important pillar of regional integration efforts. Micro, small and medium-sized enterprises represent around 97 to 99% of the enterprise population in most ASEAN countries. In Indonesia, small and medium-sized enterprises made up 99.99% of total businesses and employ 97% of the workforce. Based on data from small and medium-sized enterprises that are already using the internet in Indonesia, the use of e-commerce is still between 9 and 15%. One of the innovation types was frugal innovation, which can be defined as products, services, or solutions that arise regardless of financial, human, technological or other resource constraints, and where the end result is cheaper than competitive offers and meets the needs of customers who have not yet been served otherwise. The objective of this research is to investigate the impact of digital business adoption, frugal innovation, and organizational innovation on firm performance. The study was conducted using a descriptive quantitative method in Indonesia. A structured research questionnaire was developed using a Likert scale-four. Data from a total of 100 returned questionnaires was analysed with SEM-PLS. The results of this research show how the performance of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) is affected by digital business adoption, frugal innovation and organisational innovation.

Regulation Matters: A Comparison Of Malaysian-Indonesian‟s E-Hailing Regulation Framework

Dorothea Chee Ke Jing; Goh Hong Lip; Hen Kai Wah; Lim Wei Yin; Low Suet Cheng

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 527-545

E-hailing, which is also known as ride-hailing or ride-sourcing, has been on the rise across the globe. However, it is known as a disruptive innovation as unregulated services have triggered major disruptions and led to certain setbacks in the transportation industry. It has been blamed for the rise in privacy and safety issues, unfair business competition and a decline in demand in the traditional taxi industry. In response to these issues, certain countries have started to regulate the e-hailing industry. The objective of this study is to identify, analyze and contrast on the form and enforcement of Malaysian-Indonesian’s e-hailing regulation framework by using qualitative-comparative research. In this study, literature have been gathered from credible online sources. Based on the results of the study, there are commonalities and differences between the Malaysian and Indonesian’s e-hailing regulation framework. Furthermore, implications of the study have been discussed based on two aspects such as policy makers and individuals. For instance, just as the saying goes, “innovation outpaces regulation”. The current state of the e-hailing industry is underregulated rather than unregulated. Policy makers should seek to improve existing regulation framework rather than starting new regulations from ground up to minimize the risk of overregulation that might eventually diminish the industry.

Numerical Solution Of Higher Order Functional Differential Equation By Collocation Method Via Hermite Polynomials

Muhammad Bilal; Norhayati Rosli; Norazaliza Mohd Jamil; Iftikhar Ahmad

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 546-558

This paper is devoted to propose the numerical solution pantograph differential equations via a new computational approach of Hermite collocation method. The convergence of the Hermite collocation method is investigated. The numerical solution of pantograph differential equations is obtained in terms of Hermite polynomial. Nonlinear pantograph differential equations are solved and compared with the exact solutions to show the validity, applicability, acceptability and accuracy of the Hermite collocation method. The approximated results show good agreement with the exact solutions, hence indicate good performance of the methods in solving the corresponding equations. 

Numerical Simulation Study On Load Deflection Of Reinforced Ultra High Performance Fiber Reinfoeced Concrete And Normal Concrete Beams Under Static Load

Anas Ammar Al- Kabasi; Ali Saif Al- Wardi; Qadir Bux alias Imran Latif; Nasrellah Hassan Ahmed

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 559-572

One of the biggest obstacles that prevents emerging concrete types to become widely adopted in construction is the deficiency of standardization background in practice codes for these materials, despite the fact it possess superior properties, such as Ultra-high Performance Fiber Reinforced Concrete (UHPFRC). In this study, Finite Element Analysis (FEA) is utilized to simulate the behavior of UHPFRC and Normal Concrete (NC) simply supported beams under static flexural loading. Abaqus software has been used in which a simplified version of the Concrete Damage Plasticity Model (CDPM) was chosen as a non-linear constitutive model. The model has been validated against conventional CDPM at global (load-deflection) and local (load-stain) levels. Reinforced UHPFRC beam models showed clearly matching response with the validity research paper (reference study) experimental findings. The response of UHPFRC beams has been compared to NC beams. This comparison has been explained in detail and checked with similar material comparisons in the literature. The proposed study has revealed and compared the distribution of cracks in the form of tension and compression damage for both materials. As a conclusion, modelling is an effective way to predict the behavior of concrete beams in which the relative local response was captured in reinforcement bars. 

Communication Skills Attributes For IR 4.0 For Engineering Graduates

Mohd Kamaruzaman, F.; Hamid, R .; Mutalib, A.A .; Rasul, M.S.

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 573-588

Communication skills have been highlighted as among the most important skills to be conquered by the engineering graduates. As new industrial revolution strikes in, engineering graduates are required to relearn and upgrade their generic skills to remain significant in the challenging working environment. Previous studies have identified the attributes of communication skills, but those attributes may not be relevant anymore; thus, there is a need to identify the current attributes of communication skills for IR 4.0 engineering graduates. Therefore, this study was done to derive the traits/attributes of communication skills using systematic review method considering previous studies from 2006-2019. A crosswalk of seven previous researchers was produced in this study. Emerging themes from the crosswalk are ability to effectively speak with audience; ability to convey a clear written communication; ability to communicate with people from different background; ability to deliver presentations; ability to express own idea; and ability to listen and give appropriate feedback. Findings of the study will provide a significant set of attributes in communication skills for IR 4.0 engineering graduates and embark the opportunities for further research by the authors

Students’ Perception On 3D Mock-Up Model Approached In Teaching And Learning Of Construction Technology Course

Atikah Razali; Mimi Azura Ngatmin; Noorhasyimah Ismail; Tg Ainul Farha Tg Abdul Rahman

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 589-597

This paper aims to propose 3D Mock-up Model approach in teaching and learning construction technology course for quantity surveying students. Objectives of the study are to focus on perception of the students in terms of improving their visualisation, identifying construction components, improving students understanding, attention, and interest towards the implementation of 3D Mock-up Model in teaching and learning. Methods adopted in this study are distribution of questionnaire survey and observation of 64 numbers of diploma students in quantity surveying programme. Based on the findings, 3D Mock-up Model approached improves understanding of the students, make easier for students to identify construction components, improves the visualisation of students, grabs attention of the students and sparks the students’ interests. One of added advantages of the 3D Mock-up Model approach is to make easier for the students to do sketches. Thus, 3D Mock-up Model can be proposed as one of the alternatives in teaching and learning construction technology course. 

Extra Length Manifestations Of Viral Hepatitis C: Analysis Of Detected Features Of Associated Arthritis And Their Diagnostic Aspects

Fazilat Narmamatovna Shukurova; Marif Shakirovich Karimov; Dinara Ayupovna Parpiboeva

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 604-622

Introduction. Chronic viral hepatitis (CVH) is often accompanied by a variety of extrahepatic (systemic) manifestations, often coming to the fore in the clinical picture and, in some cases, determining the prognosis of the disease.
Materials and methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted of 52 patients (mean age 38.54 ± 6.00 years) with a diagnosis of chronic viral hepatitis C (CVHS) who underwent initial consultation with a specialized course of outpatient treatment at the arthrology center (artSCAL) at the Tashkent Medical Academy (TMA) and received inpatient treatment in the departments of the clinic of the Research Institute of Epidemiology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
Results. Among patients with cryoglobulinemia (CGE), the incidence of articular manifestation was 74.3%. According to liver elastography, the examined patients with CGE had signs of liver fibrosis of the 2nd and 3rd degrees, relative to the indices of the group without CGE, where degrees 1 and 2 of fibrosis were more often observed. According to ultrasound of the joints, synovitis occurred in 46 (88.4%) patients.
Conclusion. In patients with chronic hepatitis C, the most common rheumatologic manifestation is arthralgia (92.3%). The relationship between the duration of hepatitis disease, its activity, the severity of liver fibrosis according to elastography and changes in the levels of the main biochemical and immunological parameters is established. Among patients with CGE, the incidence of articular manifestation was 74.3%, and the articular manifestations of HCV were mostly more severe.

Competencies Of Emotional Intelligence And Constructs Of Political Behaviour Among Youth Students

Siti Sarawati Johar; Fauziah Ani; Harliana Halim; Shahidah Hamzah; Nur Zainatul Nadra Zainol; Intan Farhana Saparudin; Raja Zirwatul Aida Raja Ibrahim; Siti Aisyah Panatik Abdul Rahman

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 623-631

This paper stress the importance of strengthening emotional intelligence (EI) among youths. Human capital resources targeting youths are one of the main thrusts of national development in Malaysia especially from the political, economic, social and educational aspects. The main target of this study was to test the presence of the significance impact of EI competence on the constructs determining youths’ political behaviour. A total of 313 students from four public universities in Malaysia were selected as the sample. The Emotional Intelligence Self-Description Inventory (EISDI), and Political Behaviour Questionnaire (PBQ) were used to obtain data which was analysed using regression analysis. The findings showed that the hypotheses were accepted, i.e. there is an impact of EI competence on the political behaviour which significantly influenced EI on the constructs of political behaviour namely conservativism and nationalism. Hence, EI can be construed to be a determining factor in behaviour and ideology that signifies political maturity among Malaysian youth.

The Influence of Social Media Facebook and Twitter on Student’s Rational Choices

Linayati Lestari; Sri Langgeng Ratnasari

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 632-643

The student rational choices is contributes to elections. Student’s rational choices is one of issues at the elections.. The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of social media facebook and twitter on student’s rational choices. This type of research is a quantitative descriptive study with data collection techniques using a questionnaire. The study population was 1978 people with a sample of 322 students. The sampling technique uses the table of Krejcie & Morgan formula. Hypothesis Testing Results for Social Media Facebook variables significantly influence Student’s Rational Choices. Hypothesis testing Social Media Twitter variables significantly influence Student’s Rational Choices. The results of hypothesis testing indicate that the Social Media Facebook and Twitter variables simultaneously have a significant influence on the Student’s Rational Choices. The study expected to serve as a reference to the electoral candidates in an effort to encourage the increasing number of electoral votes among universities

Modern trends for the development of the Deanship in the management of students’ affairs in Saudi universities in light of the booming global experiences: A comparative analytical study

Hasna Balaj Alotaibi; Hessah saad ALarifi

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 644-663

The study aims to identify the trends in the modern development of the administration of the Deanship of Student Affairs in some advanced universities, such as in „Harvard and Manchester Universities‟ and the reality of the administration of student‟s affairs at the King Saud University on the local level. And identify the benefits of these global experiences plan to apply in the development of the Deanship of Students Affairs in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. To achieve the objectives of the study, the researchers used the comparative analytical descriptive method of the available literature and references. In the light findings of the study, several recommendations and proposals were suggested. Such as the need to involve graduates with their experiences in helping with the academic and vocational affairs of currently enrolled students, as well as opening opportunities for students to participate in volunteer campaigns around the world, and forming of a specialized unit to provide trips, visits and family meetings; thus achieving the 2030 Vision of the participation of parents in university programmes and activities, and hence strengthening the link between the University and society.


Kek Swee Huan; Suganthi Ramasamy; Yuen Yee Yen and Shalini Devi Pillay

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 664-687

In every economy in the world, financial system plays an essential role in facilitating financial intermediation process that oversees the funds flow between savers and borrowers. Therefore it is essential to ensure financial intermediation process operate smoothly to promote financial stability in an economy. In Malaysia, basically there are two group of licensed financial institutions which promote financial stability in the country, they are; Licensed financial institutions and licensed insurance companies and Takaful operators. Licensed financial institutions consist of conventional banks, Islamic banks, International Islamic banks, Investment banks and other financial institutions while licensed insurance companies and Takaful operators consist of life business, life and general reinsurance business, life reinsurance business, general reinsurance business, Takaful operators and Retakaful operators. For the purpose of this study only one aspect of the licensed financial institutions which is conventional banks are focused on.

Antioxidant Activity Of Some Triazoles Synthesized By Click Chemistry

Jalal Hasan Mohammed; Saadon Abdulla Aowda

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 688-704

In this research, eight new compounds were created from the interaction of a number of aromatic and aliphatic compounds with propargyl bromide to prepare the alkynes after that; alkynes is reacted with the organic azide to form eight new compounds of 1,2,3-triazole by click reaction Using copper as a catalyst After that an antioxidant was done For prepared triazole , DPPH radical scavenging activity and It was the best result values 76.54+-1.9 for compound 9 Compared to the standard model ascorbic acid values 86.03+-4.02 at 200 mg/ml concentration

Examining Assessment Literacy: A Study Of Technical Teacher

Nurfirdawati Binti Muhammad; Normazita Binti Mat Ali; Surianorbaya Binti Zamani; Noor Azlin Binti Yamin; Nur Nadiah Binti Ismail

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 705-717

Teacher assessment literacy is essential to the success of teaching the quality of student learning and student performance. Therefore as teachers, they must acquire an understanding of assessment literacy for utilizing data to make sound data-driven decisions. The purpose of this descriptive study was to examining the levels of assessment literacy among technical teachers of Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia. Thus, the objectives of this study to identify differences in assessment literacy based on technical teachers’ gender and experience practicing competency-based assessment. The instrument used for this research study was the Classroom Assessment Literacy Inventory (CALI). The inventory consists of two sections. The first section of the survey consists of demographic questions regarding gender and experience of assessment training. The second section uses the CALI to examining the level of assessment literacy of technical teachers. A total of 55 technical teachers completed the survey and the data was analyzed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20.  The data from the survey showed that technical teachers averaged 22 out of 35 questions correct (63%). The findings reflected that UTHM technical teachers had an average level of assessment literacy. The study discusses the implications of research findings and offers suggestions for technical teacher preparation programs, teaching institutions, and future research.

Phytochemical Profile Of Cinnamon Extract (Cinnamomum Burmanii Blume) From Three Regions Of Sumatra Island Using Gcms

Liana Verdini; Budi Setiawan; Tiurma Sinaga; Ahmad Sulaeman; I Wayan Teguh Wibawan

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 718-729

This study aims to determine the phytochemical components of different extracts of Cinnamomum burmanii B. from different regions in Indonesia by GC-MS using ethanol, distilled water and isopropyl alcohol as solvents. The analysis showed that the ethanol extract of cinnamon from the Aceh region, which contains five compounds with biological activity and the main compound was 59.77% coumarone. Meanwhile, the distilled water extract contains four compounds with biological activity, and the main chemical compound was 37.01% coumarin. For the extract of isopropyl alcohol, contains four compounds with biological activity and the main compound was coumarin at 41.55%. The ethanol extract of cinnamon from Jambi region contains three compounds with its biological activity and the main compound was coumarin at 28.31%, while the extract using distilled water contains four compounds with biological activity and the main compound was 1-phenyl-4- carboxy-4,5 at 33.50%. Furthermore, for the isopropyl alcohol extract, there are five compounds with biological activity, and the most important chemical compound was 2-propanol at 45.89%. Meanwhile, the ethanol extract of cinnamon from West Sumatra contains six compounds that were identified as biological activity and the main compound was 2-propanol at 14.97%, while the distilled water extract contains four compounds with biological activity and the main compound was 17.49% for 1-phenyl -4-carboxy-4,5. For the extract of isopropyl alcohol, four compounds with biological activity were obtained, and the main compound was 9.96% coumarin. This study confirms the existence of different bioactive compounds and biological activities in each original region of cinnamon in Indonesia.

Genotype Variants Of Dengue Virus On Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (Dhf) Suspect: Cross Sectional Study In Health Facilities In Semarang City, Indonesia

Martini Martini; Syahilla Efriana; Rini Fajarini; Ari Udiyono; Retno Hestiningsih; Atik Mawarni; Indranila Kustarini

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 730-740

Semarang has been reported as an endemic area of dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF), yet continuous data of molecular epidemiology related to dengue fever is not available. The aim of this study was to analyze the characteristics of virus strains, host suspected dengue, and the dynamics of dengue fever in Semarang City. The design of this study was observational description with cross-sectional design. Seventy three DHF suspected patients from two hospitals and seven health centers in Semarang City were sampled during 2017- 2018. Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR) method was used to examine serum suspected dengue and sequence serotypes and genotypes of dengue virus. The results showed that the highest frequency to be exposed by DHF was infant and children; while, the number of male and female with suspected dengue was relatively the same. The dominant serotype was DENV-3, DENV-1, and mix of DENV-2 and DENV-3; while, the circulation of DENV-1 genotype I and DENV-3 genotype I were identified as Indonesian local endemic strain causing epidemics in Indonesia.

Analysis Of Vildagliptin And Nateglinide For Simultaneous Estimation Using Spectro-Chromatographic Methods

Nusrat K. Shaikh; Rakeshkumar Jat; Jitendra O. Bhangale

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 741-755

Background: The combination therapy of Vildagliptin and Nateglinide was found to be an effective and safe in type 2 diabetes mellitus.Objectives:Study a new, simple, precise, accurate and specific stability indicating RP-HPLC and First-order derivative UV spectrophotometric method for the simultaneous estimation of Vildagliptin and Nateglinide in combination. Materials and Methods:The chromatographic separation was achieved isocratically. The mobile phase, Acetonitrile: Phosphate buffer (70:30; % v/v; pH 3.2) was selected as it was found to resolve the peaks with better intensity. For UV spectrophotometric method, methanol was used as a solvent, the spectrum was recorded between 200-400 nm wavelengths, and all the zero-order spectrum (D0) were converted to first-order derivative spectrum (D1) using delta lambda 2.0 and scaling factor 4. 253 nm (zero crossing point of Nateglinide) and 270 nm (zero crossing point of Vildagliptin) were used for determination of Vildagliptin and Nateglinide respectively. The methods were proved linearin the concentration range of 5-25 μg/ml for Vildagliptin and9-45 μg/ml for Nateglinide. Both drugs were subjected to stress conditions including acidic, alkaline, oxidation, photolysis and thermal degradation. Results: The proposed methods were validated in terms of Linearity, Range, Accuracy, Precision, LOD, LOQ, Specificity, Robustness, System suitability tests and stability studies and itsresults were proved within limits. The results showed that Vildagliptin and Nateglinide were more sensitive towards thermal and acidic degradation, respectively. Conclusion:Both methods were highly sensitive, precise, accurate and applicable for the reliable quantitation in their combination.

The extent of practicing Islamic organizational citizenship behaviour among employees in government organizations in Makkah Al-Mukarramah

Rajeh Bati Almasradi; Saad Aziz Al- Otaibi

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 756-774

Earlier research revealed that workers are considered major determinants of establishments’ outputs and ingenuities found in an effective workplace. This study aims to identify Islamic organisational citizenship behaviour (IOCB) that government workers practice in Makkah city. The investigation on Islamic organisational citizenship behaviour was grounded on 4 proxies: altruism, advocating high moral standards, civic virtue, and removal of harm. Number of participants are 500 personnel working in various government agencies and parastatals in the city of Makkah. The instruments used for the study was set of questionnaires adapted and interpreted through back to back translation process. The researcher applied descriptive analysis to analyse demographic variables. Before testing hypotheses, test normality, reliability and common method variance were conducted, and the data were found appropriate for further analysis. However, hypotheses were tested using the Kruskal Wallis test and applying pairwise comparison to determine the effect size among categories using the SPSS version 25. Kruskal Wallis was used because the data were not normally distributed. The findings of the present study will aid organisations in Makkah realise the benefits of practicing Islamic organisational behaviour. Additionally, this paper provides discussions on the practical implication of this study toward the public organisations in Makkah.

Micro Strategy And Character Educational Transformation In Elementary School During The Covid-19 Pandemic Of Sintang Distric, West Kalimantan Province

Daniel Dike; Lusila Parida; Ivan Stevanus

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 775-786

The covid-19 pandemic spawned new ways of learning, attitudes and skills in the dynamics and processes of education in rural areas. This research aims to map a realistic casuistic picture of learning during the pandemic period in Sintang. This research uses case studies in two schools namely Catholic Private Elementary School Panca Setya 2 Sintang and Sekolah DasarNegeri 23 Menyumbung, Sintang. In collecting the data, the writers use observation, and in-depth interviews of teachers, students and parents. Data analysis techniques use inductive analysis. The results showed that anxiety and unpreparedness of learning became the dominant colors of the learning process during the covid-19 pandemic. The micro learning strategy implemented by the school uses the assignment method, communication in WhatsApp group class. Student assignments are given at the beginning of the week and collected on weekends by each parent. Student test scores show improved graphs but the quality of learning outcomes still tends to be the same even there is a bias in the role of parents in answering student test questions. The principal's micro strategy for pandemic learning has been directed towards technology-based learning methods although it is very limited to some learning videos, zoom meetings and google classrooms. The biggest obstacle is the lack of technology infrastructure and the virtual literacy capabilities of teachers, parents and students. In supporting micro learning strategies, the principal needs to strengthen the non-instructional character education policy of the classroom and develop a risk-taker character to encourage the role of teachers as teacher educators.

Optimization Of Process Parameters For ER-4043 Aluminum Deposited By Wire Arc Additive Manufacturing

A. Sirisha Bhadrakali; K.L. Narayana; T. Ram Prabhu

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 787-795

Manufacturing of a part is done by addition of material which is an Additive Manufacturing (AM), now a days gaining its own importance in Manufacturing scenario because of its wide benefits. Wire-Arc Additive Manufacturing (WAAM) process is one of the assured options in manufacturing to traditional reductive manufacturing for fabricating large size metal components with complex geometry, which includes wastage of material, time and cost. This processes generally involve high residual stresses and distortions due to the excessive heat input and high deposition rate. The improvements of surface quality and mechanical properties are critical factors in Wire-Arc Additive Manufacturing. In the present work, the effect of process conditions, on various parameters for Wire-Arc Additive manufactured aluminum alloy components based on Taguchi design of experiments were studied.

A Novel Approach For Predicting Drug Response Similarity Using Machine Learning

M Supriya Menon; P Raja Rajeswari

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 796-808

Medical domain is revolutionized in terms of Diseases, Diagnosis, and Treatment Prediction thereby undergoing immense pressure due to the high dimensionality of numerable multivariate attributes, suppressing the quality of the analysis. Many techniques like Clustering and Classification have ruled over despite, rendering few hairline gaps towards attaining maximum efficiency. Our Machine Learning-based approach heads towards filling these gaps by adopting advanced K-Means in anticipating Drug likelihood in core attributes of Patients. The proposed Methodology focuses on determining Drug Response similarity by enhanced clustering technique concerning sensitive attributes of Patients. We successfully demonstrated its performance on the UCI Patient dataset reflecting enhanced results concerning Quality Parameters.

Conflict Management In Islamic Education

Siti Romlah

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 809-817

Conflict is a disagreement between opposing ideas (clash of interests, goals, opinions, principles, etc.), including battles, conflicts that occur in groups, and between individuals. In essence, conflict occurs when there are two or more sets of conflicting actions or responses to an event. This research aims to describe the management conflict in Islamic education, namely the side effects of a conflict and some principles to anticipate or overcome a conflict by the organization. This is library research. Data are collected from supporting books related to digitalization theory, human resource management, human capital resources, and merit systems. Data sources are journals, papers, theses, dissertations, and internet searches. The research reveals that the side effects of a conflict comprise of creating unpleasant feelings, hindering communication, leading to disintegration, disturbing the cooperation between individuals and sub-systems, and distracting the members from the goals of the organization. Besides, some principles to anticipate or overcome a conflict by the organization are: (1) the manager/leader must acknowledge that all employees are brothers who must be treated as such; 2) any information must be clarified (tabayun); 3) a strong relationship between a leader and his subordinates must be established among the subordinates.

Factors Affecting the Continuance in the Bachelor’s Degree Program of Diploma in Office Management Technology 3rd Year Students in PUP - NCR Branches and Campuses, School Year 2017 – 2018

Avegail Jean M. Avilado; Ribert R. Enierga; Catherine R. Llave

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 818-837

This study aimed to determine the factors that affect the continuance of the Diploma in Office Management Technology students to the Bachelor Degree in the Polytechnic University of the Philippines Branches and Campuses in the National Capital Region. A total of 360 students were divided from the different branches and campuses of PUP in the National Capital Region. Data were gathered through survey questionnaires. Obtained data were analyzed with help of Pearson r correlation and Spearman's rho Correlation. Research findings revealed that there was significant relationship between the nine factors and this study. The factors affecting the continuance of the DOMT Students to pursue Bachelor’s Degree have a significant relationship with the Educational Productivity of the respondents.

The Dimension Of Safety Climate And Performance Measurement At The Malaysian Public Universities

Abd Rahman Ahmad; Soh Hwee Ying; Hairul Rizad Md Sapry

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 838-846

Safety climate is the objective measurement of attitudes and perceptions toward Occupational Safety & Health (OSH) issues but it has been ignored for some time. In Malaysia, safety climate implementation on the legislation concerning workplace safety is already in place. This paper is focusing on the issues of safety climate measurement at the universities' work setting. The respondents are the staff from public universities in Malaysia that are randomly selected to support the study and staff’s opinion on developing a safety climate measurement at the workplace. This study uses a quantitative method by using the survey questionnaire. There was 9 dimension of safety climate measurement and the dominant dimension of safety climate measurement was personal priorities and need for safety. The objectives of this research were successfully obtained through the method of distribution of questionnaires. The findings of this research have shown that the dominant dimension of safety climate measurement is personal priorities and the need for safety which shows the highest mean score. This study provides more understanding about the safety climate measurement at the universities' work setting.


Dr. M. Marimuthu; Vinod Thomas

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 847-853

Tourism in Kerala a fastest growing industry, and a popular tourist destination
in the country. Kerala state blessed with western Ghats, wildlife sanctuaries, wide costrel
areas, beautiful landscape which attract domestic as well as foreign tourists. The state
tourism development corporation promote ecologically sustained tourism that strengthen
local culture, environment friendly development, generation of employment of local people,
preserving the natural beauty of rural areas. Kerala tourism occupies a significant role in
the state economy by contributing more than 10% of the GDP and providing employment
to 1.5 Million people in the state
The tourism industry is properly planned, developed and managed at all levels by the
government result in high economic growth, creation of new employment opportunities,
and better living standard of local people. Tourism department of Kerala frame policies
and plans to strengthen states cultural heritage, natural treasure and lead to positive
economic results especially in rural areas.

‘Facticity’ as Fate: An Existential insight into John Boyne’sThe Boy in the Striped Pyjamas

Dr. C. S. Arunprabu; Dr. K. Kaviarasu; Dr. S. Poornima; Mr. Khum Prasad Sharma

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 854-858

Martin Heidegger’s facticity otherwise known as Thrownness is incorporated
with the characters in the novel The Boy in the Striped Pyjamas. The individuals face
existential boredom, because they could not make choice of their own, which leads to their
self-deception and bad-faith. This paper highlights facticity in the life of a German boy
Bruno, meanwhile, it throws light on Shmuel, the Jewish boy in the concentration camp.
This article focuses on the existential crisis of both the innocents. It underscores the
facticity through historical anecdotes. It also represents thrownness through the
manifestation of misery in the minor characters. The research paper emphases on
despondency and its repercussions based on the destiny of an individual in the conflict

An Empirical Study on Family Bondage in the Pre and Post Lock Down of Covid-19 (with Special reference to Chennai City.)

Dr.K. Selvasundaram

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 859-868

The Covid-19 outbreak has struck the human which impacted lot in all spheres of
the life of everyone on the earth. This pandemic covid-19 threaded the mankind which also
continues still without any medical curing across the world. World claimed to be top on
doing research in medicine to disease to cure it but in controlling and stopping the of
Covid-19 became terrible day by day. This study depicts the family support during the
pandemic Covid-19 to come out who are affected by this pandemic disease. As measures to
contain the spread of COVID-19 are being implemented across the globe (movement
restrictions/curfews, closure of State borders, quarantine and confinement policies, etc.),
the ability of families to maintain contact is negatively impacted. Likewise, the ability of
those traditionally providing services aiming at restoring and maintaining family contact
(RFL), including the Red Cross and Red Crescent (RCRC) Movement, are sometimes
dramatically reduced.


Kattungi Vijaya Sekhar; Dr. A. Irin , Sutha; Dr. R. Uma Devi

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 869-880

The Global pandemic, COVID-19 has unpredictable impacts on all the sectors of the
economy throughout the globe and no exception to the fishing sector. The fisheries sector
plays a vital role in the economy by providing food & employment to millions of people and
defining the cultural identity of many coastal communities and contributing to keep them
alive. The outbreak and the resultant lockdown in India have greatly affected the livelihoods
of fishing communities across India. Though the lockdown may help in arresting the spread of
corona virus; but has a chronic impact on the livelihoods of vulnerable population
particularly on food systems, storage and market chains, both locally and regionally. Yanam is
a coastal line in which most of the people depends on fishing for their bread and butter. As a
consequence of the current pandemic, thousands of fishermen lost their employment and
suffered increasing inequality and poverty. On this backdrop, the present study has been
undertaken to analyze the impact of COVID-19 on the Livelihoods of Fishermen community
in Yanam, Puducherry.



European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 881-889

Over the past two decades, the global market of Electrical and Electronic
Equipment (EEE) continues to grow exponentially, while the life span of those products
becomes shorter and shorter. Due to Rapid economic growth, urbanization and
industrialization, demand for consumer goods, has been increased for both the
consumption and the production of EEE. Any improperly disposed electronics can be
classified as E-waste. While the Government and the industry are unanimous on the view
that E-waste needs to be efficiently managed from a social and environmental standpoint,
there still is a need for them to mutually arrive at a consensus by understanding the
practical and cultural realities on ground.

Impact of Inducing Motivational Factors towards Entrepreneurial Intention among college students in Chennai

Dr.P. Sankar

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 890-895

Entrepreneurs are contributing a lot for the economic and social development of
each country of world. The intention of students towards entrepreneurship has become an
interesting topic. Many studies have been conducted to find out major motivations for
gearing towards entrepreneurship and to examine how inclination for self employment can
be created. Today, universities are playing leading role for the development of
entrepreneurship culture, and nurture some necessary entrepreneurial skills and behavior
to take on business in upcoming life. The aim of this study is to examine the motivational
factors that contribute for adoption of entrepreneurial career.

An analysis of foreign direct investment inflows in Tamil Nadu


European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 896-906

Several facts have proven that foreign direct investment has significant impact on
economic growth, in particular, foreign direct investment (FDI) impacts five variables—
domestic investment, technology, employment generation and labor skills, the environment,
and export competitiveness. This paper is divided into two sections. The first examines the
rationale for increasing FDI and briefly examines national trends in FDI. The second
looks at FDI trends in Tamil Nadu. There are two competing theories regarding the effect
of FDI on domestic investment. One is that FDI encourages domestic investment by
providing new markets, demand for inputs and new technology that spills over into the
economy. Labor is mobile and often moves from multinational firms to domestic firms;
more skilled labor may leave a multinational firm to form a start-up. Researchers also
believe that FDI can serve to increase competition thereby making markets (including
financial markets) more efficient. Finally, investment in new sectors can stimulate the
growth of new industry and new products.
The present study is based on secondary data and period of the study is from 2009 to 2020.
Total FDI inflows have been raised from US $ 27841 Millions in the year 2008-09 and the
share of direct foreign investment through approvals in equity etc. stood at 65.79% and
that of portfolio investment was 34.21%. Projections show that total FDI inflows will be US
$ 46,098 Millions in 2019-20. Singapore and Mauritius tops in FDI inflows and the FDI
inflows in Manufacturing and Computer service sectors were in highest position. They
have positive impact on the related economic indicators on Indian Economy

Using Multimedia Projector In English Language Teaching Classroom

GavharIslomovnaMusaeva .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 907-912

Multimedia technologies in teaching English language is one of the best and innovative approaches in language instruction, especially to inculcate and strengthen the opportunities to achieve objectives of language pedagogy. In the present times, many academicians and professionals get to know the significance of using various technological devices in the activities of language teaching and learning equally. The new approaches have made language teaching more productive, effective, and communicative. Therefore, in this study, definitions of some important terms that related to innovation such as multimedia technologies and attitude are given. Further, some exploration of the possibilities to use multimedia technologies for effective teaching of English is to be attempted. Moreover, this study will interpret the teachers’ attitudes towards the use of multimedia technologies for teaching English. Finally, the conclusion is drawn as per the survey results indicated. English as a Second Language (ESL) learners at the upper elementary level have struggled to demonstrate the vocabulary required to read in English at grade-level.

The Usage Of Mitomycin-C With Photorefractive Keratectomy In Myopic Patients And Its Effect On Density Of Corneal Endothelium

Ahmed Mohammed Al- Samak; Sajid Yousef Shehab; Hashim AlAmeedee

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 928-934

To evaluate the application of mitomycin-C on the density ofcorneal endothelialiumafter photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) in myopia patients. We use case control study to evaluate 92 eyes of 46 patients (23 cases and 23 controls) with mean age of 27.6 years for cases group and 27.4 for control group (range: 20 - 40). All patients were myopic ranged from -3.00 to -6D underwent photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). The first group (cases) was treated with single usage ofmitomycin-c for 30 seconds and second group (control) group was treated without mitomycin-c. The assessment was done by specular microscope before the procedure and after 3 months postoperatively for each eye to evaluate the density in corneal endothelialium (ECD) in both each group. Forty-six eyes of 23 cases and forty-six eyes of 23 control patients with myopia were treated with photorefractive keratectomy. After three months of surgery the mean ECD was decreased significantly.Theuse ofmitomycin-c for 30 seconds in myopic patients treated by PRK would affectcorneal endothelial cell density after three months postoperatively.

Relationship Between Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate With Plasma Lipid Levels In Non-Dialysis Diabetic Kidney Disease Patients

Cely Palebangan; Haerani Rasyid; Andi Makbul Aman; Syakib Bakri; Husaini Umar; Andi Fachruddin Benyamin; Hasyim Kasim; Arifin Seweng

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 935-943

Aims: To assess the relationship between estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and plasma lipid levels in non-dialysis diabetic kidney disease (ND-DKD) subjects.
Materials and methods : In this cross-sectional study, outpatients from June to September 2020 who had been diagnosed with ND-DKD at Wahidin Sudirohusodo Hospital and Universitas Hasanuddin Hospital were enrolled. Creatinine was examined to determine eGFR based on the chronic kidney disease epidemiology collaboration (CKD-EPI) formulation, lipid profile, and metabolic characteristics. For statistical analysis, Pearson correlation test and Chi-Square test were performed, significant if the p < 0.05.
Results : Of the 103 study participants analyzed with a mean age of 54,7 ± 9,1 years, it was found that the mean showed dyslipidemia, with plasma lipid levels in mg/dl were 254.1; 45.9; 156.2; 191.8 for total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDLc), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDLc), triglyceride (TG), respectively, and the mean eGFR value was 61.6 min ml/1.73m2. From the analysis of the relationship between eGFR and plasma lipid levels, it was found that only the HDLc level was significantly associated with eGFR, and this relationship was only influenced by female gender.
Conclusions : There was a significant positive correlation between eGFR and HDLc level in ND-DKD subject where the lower the eGFR, the lower HDLc level.

Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis: Risk Factors Of Acute Kidney Injury In Major Abdominal Surgery

Emminarty .; Hasyim Kasim; Haerani Rasyid; Syakib Bakri; Andi Makbul Aman; Husaini Umar; Muh. Ilyas; Arifin Seweng; Gita vita soraya

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 944-952

Background and objective: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication in patients undergoing major abdominal surgery. Various recent studies reported an incidence of AKI after surgery ranging from 6.7 to 32%. Risk factors for AKI in this setting may be procedure-related factors, post-operative complications and several patient-related include age, gender, comorbid disease Diabetes Melitus (DM), Hypertension (HT), Cardiovascular disease (CVD), and physical status. This study aimed to explore the risk factors of AKI in major abdominal surgery
Methods: We conducted a systematic literature search from PubMed and Cochrane Library. We included articles describing AKI in the setting of major abdominal surgery, published from 2015 until now, and cohort study design. This review was registered with PROSPERO (CRD42020216405)
Results: From 478 articles, 4 articles met our inclusion criteria describing AKI outcomes in varied population 683-3751. Prevalence of AKI 8,8 %. Age patient risk AKI in major abdominal surgery with Mean difference was 3.04 (95% CI = 1.83-4.25; P <0.00001). Meta-analysis of the four studies showed that Male had a pooled Odds ratio (OR) of 1.79 (95% CI = 1.04-3.08; P = 0.04) , DM OR 1.64 (95% CI 1.36-2.03; P <0.00001), HT pooled OR 1.90 (95% CI = 1.30-2.78; P = 0.0009), CVD has an OR of 1.58 (95% CI = 0.91-2.75; P = 0.10), physical status ASA≥ 3 (The American Society of Anesthesiologists) score has pooled OR 1.70 (95% CI = 1.16-2.49; P = 0.007)
Conclusion: Risk factors of AKI in major abdominal surgery setting are higher significantly in male, and patient with comorbid disease DM and HT had a significantly high risk of AKI, as well as physical status score ASA > 3.

The Effect Of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapyon Lipid Profileof Hiv Patients

Vera Bahar; Andi Makbul Aman; Sudirman Katu; Syakib Bakri; Haerani Rasyid; Husaini Umar; Risna Halim; Arifin Seweng

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 953-960

Background:The widespread use of highly active retroviral therapy (HAART) has indicated a dramatic reduction in impairment due to immunodeficiency. Several studies have shown that an adverse event of HAART on dyslipidemia and insulin resistance. This study aimed to assess changes in lipid profiles after HAART.
Methods:A prospective cohort study with a consecutive sampling method consists of 59 HIV-infected patientsreceiving HAART at Dr. Wahidin Sudirohusodo Hospital, Makassar, Indonesia, from March-September 2020. Lipid profiles were measured at the initial time and after three months of HAART. The drug regimen was divided into two groups: Regimen 
group 1 (tenofovir, lamivudine, efavirenz), and another regimen group (consist of 4 regimen group combination: zidovudine, lamivudine, efavirenz; tenofovir, emtricitabine, lopinavir/ritonavir; tenofovir, lamivudine, nevirapine, and tenofovir, lamivudine, rilpivirine). ANOVA paired t-test and chi-square test were used for statistical analysis(it is significant if p is<0.05).
Results:The mean age of the subjects was 32.1 ± 6.6 years old. About 76.3% of subjects were male. Regimen 1 was used by 88.1% of the subjects and another regimen only 11.9% of the subjects. There were 27 subjects (45.8%) were underweight. The proportion of subjects with lipid abnormalities after 3 months of HAART significantly higher in LDL-c and TG level (P= 0.002 and 0.021). Regimen group1 showed increased levels of total cholesterol (TC), LDL-c, and TG (P = 0.037, 0.041, and 0.001) after HAART.
Conclusion:Highly active retroviral therapy is associated with lipid profile changes in HIV patients after 3 months of therapy.

Case Report: Covid-19 And Severe Malaria Co-Infection

MuhammadJunaedi .; Sudirman Katu; Muh Ilyas; Numan Daud; SahyuddinSaleh .; HaeraniRasyid .; NurjannahLihawa .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 961-968

Background:A mysterious pneumonia case was first reported in Wuhan, China in December 2019. The World Health Organization (WHO) later named this pneumonia Coronavirus Disease (Covid-19) caused by the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) virus. The massive spread of Covid-19 increases the risk of co-infection with other pre-existing pathogens including malaria
Case Report: A 32 years old woman was admitted to the hospital due to complaints of jaundice, fever, dyspneu and andominal pain. On further examination of the malaria smear, plasmodium falciparum was found in the form of trophozoites and gametocytes, the parasite count was 119,902 U/L and a nasopharyngeal PCR swab was positive for SARS CoV-2. The patient conditionimprove after administering artesunate and oseltamivir.
Discussion: Several clinical manifestations are overlapping between Covid-19 and malaria, especially extrapulmonary manifestations of Covid-19 infection, including thrombocytopenia, elevated transaminase enzymes, increased bilirubin, and impaired kidney function. Management was carried out to deal with malaria and Covid-19 simultaneously and continuously.

Compatibility of Endocan Levels with SOFA Scorein Sepsis Patients at Dr.Wahidin Sudirohusodo Hospital Makassar

RizqahAulyna Rachmat; Sudirman Katu; Risna Halim; Syakib Bakri; Haerani Rasyid; Hasyim Kasim; Muhammad Ilyas; Tutik Harjianti; Arifin Seweng

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 969-977

Background:Sepsis is a life-threatening organ dysfunction and the leading cause of death in critically ill patients. The use of biomarkers and scoring systems is an attempt to assist in the diagnosis and assessing the severity of multi-organ dysfunction. C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin (PCT), and the currently reported marker are endocan. Endocan is a biomarker for multiorgan dysfunction in sepsis. Endocan synthesis and release are triggered by proinflammatory cytokineswhich can increase endocan levels in sepsis while the Sequential (Sepsis-related) Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) is a scoring method for identifying organ dysfunction in sepsis. A SOFA score ≥2 indicates organ dysfunction. Endocan and SOFA scores are both aimed at assessing multiorgan dysfunction and can determine the prognosis in sepsis. This study aims to determine the suitability of endocan levels with SOFA values in septic patients at Dr.WahidinSudirohusodoHospital Makassar.
Purpose: To determine the suitability of SOFA values with endocan levels in septic patients at the Dr.WahidinSudirohusodoHospital and its network hospital.
Methods: This cross-sectional observational study was conducted from December 2019-August 2020. The population of this study was all sepsis patients in the hospital. 
WahidinSudirohusodo. Data were analyzed descriptively. The compatibility of endocan levels with SOFA values in septic patients used the Spearman correlation test.
Results: From a total of 150 subjects, it was found that patients <60 years were 45 subjects (80.04%), men were 34 subjects (60.7%), patients with 2 comorbid were 21 subjects (37.5%), the mean Endocan levels were 361.9 ± 472.4 with tertileendocan 1 (<110.0) as many as 19 subjects (33.9%) and tertile 3 (> 232.0) as many as 19 subjects (33.9%) while SOFA scores Mean 5.6 ± 3.7 with SOFA scores 0-6 as many as 36 subjects (64.3%). The endocan level in sepsis was significantly lower than the control, namely 361.9 (p <0.01). Based on the Spearman correlation test, it was found that there was a significant negative correlation between endocan levels and the SOFA score (p <0.05). In women, there was a significant negative correlation between endocan levels and SOFA scores (p <0.05), at age <60 years, there was a significant negative correlation between endocan levels and SOFA scores (p <0.05). with the number of comorbid 1, there was a significant negative correlation between endocan levels and the SOFA score (p <0.05).
Conclusion: There is a significant negative correlation between endocan levels and SOFA score in septic patients at Dr.WahidinSudirohusodo Makassar.

Neutrophil Lymphocyte Ratio And Platelet Lymphocyte Ratioassociated With Disease Activity In Patients With Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

Ismunandar .; Femi Syahriani; Faridin HP; Syakib Bakri; Hasyim Kasim; Tutik Harjianti; Sudirman Kat; Haerani Rasyid; Arifin Seweng

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 978-984

Background: Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic autoimmune disease with no well-known cause. The search for simple laboratory indicators is essential to assess the disease activity of the SLE. Currently, the Neutrophil Lymphocyte Ratio (NLR) and Platelet Lymphocyte Ratio (PLR) are widely used as markers of the inflammation.
Methods: A cross-sectional analytic study involving 35 patients who met the criteria by Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics (SLICC) 2012 was conducted during August 2019 until June 2020. The samples were obtained from outpatients and inpatients of the Rheumatology Clinic at WahidinSudirohusodo hospital and its collaborating hospitals. The data of the value of neutrophils, lymphocytes, platelets and disease activity were collected using the Mexican Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index (MEX-SLEDAI).
Results: Of 35 patients with SLE, all were women aged 18-51 years. The result shows that there is a significant relationship between NLR and MEX-SLEDAI scores (p <0.000). Also, PLR is significantly associated with MEX-SLEDAI scores (p <0.000).

Correlation of CD4 Count andNeutrophil-Lymphocyte Ratio in Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV-AIDS)Patients

Kartika Handayani; Sudirman Katu; Syakib Bakri; Risna Halim; Andi Makbul Aman; Haerani Rasyid; Hasyim Kasim; Arifin Seweng

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 985-993

Background: Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is an RNA virus that causes a decrease in the immune system and destroys specific white blood cells called T-helper lymphocytes or Cluster of Differentiation 4 (CD4); CD4 is a parameter in HIV-AIDS patients while NLR is a simple parameters that were used to assess inflammatory status.
Purpose: This study aims to determine the relationship between CD4 and NLR levels in HIV-AIDS patients.
Methods: This is an observational study with a cross-sectional design conducted in September 2019-September 2020. The study populations were all HIV patients that hospitalized and outpatient at Dr. Wahidin Sudirohusodo Hospital and his network hospital. Data were analyzed descriptively to found out the association between CD4 and NLR levels in HIV-AIDS patients using the Spearman trial.  Results: A total of 150 subjects, consist of 62 (41.3%) subjects at age 30-39 years, 122 (81.3%) male subjects, 108 (72%) subjects who had PEM nutritional status, and 102 subjects (68%) subject with CD4 count <50. Based on the Spearman test, there is negative correlation of CD4 and NLR in HIV-AIDS patient.
Conclusion: There are significant negative correlation between CD4 and NLR in HIV-AIDS patients at Dr. Wahidin Sudirohusodo Makassar, which higher NLR correlates with the lower value of CD4..

A Convenient Synthesis and Reactions ofsome Substituted 1,2,4-Triazine, and Their Derivatives with Carbazole, Sulfonamide and Trityl Chloride Moiety of Biological Interest

Aarfah Majid; Mohammad Ashid; Nasir Hussain; AjitJoshi .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 994-1004

A series of 1,2,4-triazine derivatives [1-9] were synthesized by various analogous methods. In this investigation 5,6-diphenyl-1,2,4-triazine-3-thiol compound [1] was prepared by cyclization of benzil with thiosemicarbazide. Further 5-(prop-2-en-1-yl)-5H-[1,2,4] triazino [5,6-b]indole-3-thiol compound [3] was prepared by treating 1-(prop-2-en-1-yl)-1h-indole-2,3-dione compound [2] with thiosemicarbazide. Further a variety of compounds were prepared by hydrogen replacement of compound [1] and compound [3] by differently active halogen containing scaffolds. Compound [1] was reacted with 9-(2-bromoethyl)-9H-carbazole to produce 9-(2-(5,6-diphenyl-1,2,4-triazin-3-yl)thio)ethyl)9-H-carbazole compound [4].After that, the compound [1] was allowed to react with 2-chloro-N-(4-methylbenzene-1-sulfonyl)-N-(pyridine-2-yl) acetamide to synthesize 2-((5,6-diphenyl-1,2,4-triazin-3-yl)-N-(Pyridin-2-yl)-N-tosylacetamide compound [5].In addition to this ,5,6-diphenyl-3-(tritylthio)-1,2,4-triazine compound [6] was also prepared by condensation reaction between trityl chloride and compound [1]. Further, Compound [3] was reacted with 9-(2-bromoethyl)-9H-carbazole to produce 3-((2-(9H-Carbazol-9-yl)ethylthio)-5-allyl-5H-[1,2,4]triazino[5,6-b]triazino[5,6-b]indole compound [7].After that, the compound [3] was allowed to react with 2-chloro-N-(4-methylbenzene-1-sulfonyl)-N-(pyridine-2-yl) acetamide to synthesize 2-((5-allyl-5H-[1,2,4]triazino[5,6-b]infol-3-yl)thio)-N-(pyridine-2-yl)-N-tosylacetamide compound [8].In addition to this ,5-allyl-3-(tritylthio)-5H-[1,2,4]triazino compound [9] was also prepared by condensation reaction between trityl chloride and compound [3]. All the synthesized compounds were confirmed by spectral data (Table 1) and analytical data (Table 2).

Modern Approaches To Vitiligo Treatment

Mukhabbatkhon Yokubova

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 1005-1007

This article discusses modern approaches to treating vitiligo and lists the methods of treating vitiligo.It was used to treat vitiligo in 28 patients. Most of them enjoyed of clinical condition. The preparation was well tolerated and produced no adverse effects.

Comparative Analysis Of The Frequency Of Occurrence Of The Ccr5del32 Functional Allele

Kadirov Jonibek Fayzullaevich; Rizaev Jasur Alimdjanovic; Khudaykulova Gulnara Karimovna; Rakhmatullaeva Shakhnoza Bakhadyrovn; Muminova Makhbuba Teshaevna

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 1008-1016

A promising area of modern medicine dealing with the problem of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the study of the role of chemokine receptors in the pathogenesis of HIV, such as CXCR-4 and CCR-5. A different role of the CCR5del32 polymorphism of the CCR5 gene in representatives of different ethnic groups has been established, which may cause different susceptibility to HIV.Purpose of the study is to carry out a comparative assessment of the frequency of occurrence of the functional allele "CCR5del32" of the CCR5 gene among different ethnic groups.To identify the delta32 deletion of the CCR5 gene, we used the RFLP approach of polymerase chain reaction followed by detection of the results by electrophoresis in 2% agarose gel.The obtained results of molecular genetic studies on the CCR5-Delta32 marker of the CCR5 gene are representative. The allelic variant "CCR5-Delta32" of the CCR5 gene within the studied populations is distributed unevenly and is most represented in the sample of Europeans. Comparative meta-analyzes show that the frequency of its occurrence among Europeans is significantly higher than in other populations of the world, including in comparison with our population.The relatively low concentration of the protective CCR5Δ32 allele in our population may lead to increased susceptibility to HIV-1 infection.

Ruptured posteriorcerebralarteryaneurysmtreated with clipping in concomitantarteriovenousmalformation – case report

Zygmunt Siedlecki; Sebastian Grzyb; Karol Nowak; Maciej Śniegocki

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 1017-1020

Cerebralaneurysmscoexist with arteriovenousmalformations. In tandem arteriovenousmalformation and aneurysm, in the case of haemorrhage, itisoftendifficult to indicatewhichis the source ofbleeding.Thiscancausediagnosticdifficulties.We present a case of a 40-year-old patient with subarachnoid hemorrhage, occipital malformation and concomitantaneurysm of the ipsilateral posterior cerebral artery. After clinical and neuroimaging analysis, anddiagnostic deliberations, the source of bleeding turned out to be an aneurysm. This case is significant because the aneurysm was treated by surgical clipping, which is rare today. Intravascularcoilingis the treatment of choice for vertebrobasilaraneurysms. Due to the development of endovasculartechniques, clipping of suchaneurysmshasbecomehistoricmethod.We present a procedure of clippingthroughanextendedpterionalcraniotomy. We detail the nuanses, limitations, and potentialcomplications.We also pay attention to maintaining the diagnostic vigilance of indicating the source of bleeding in the event of coexisting aneurysm and malformation.

Ossification of the transverse atlantal ligament forming prominent osteophytes

Zygmunt Siedlecki; Maciej Śniegocki; Mariusz Baumgart; Michał Szpinda

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 1021-1026

The ossifications of the transverse atlantal ligament taking the form of prominent osteophytes within atlas occur rarely.A computed tomographyexamination of the head in a 57-year-old man revealedthesignificantossifications ofthe transverse atlantal ligamentattachments. In the present study, the Osirix 3.9 MD system was employed to perform the bilateral evaluation of linear dimensions, projection surface area and volume of the theseossifications-osteophytes. The sagittal and transverse diameters of examined ossifications were: on the right side 4.02 and 3.97 mm, respectively, and on the left side 3.62 and 3.14 mm, respectively. Furthermore, on the right side the projection surface area and volume were: 12.03 mm2 and 27.66 mm3, respectively, and on the left side – 9.78 mm2 and 23.57 mm3, respectively.Ossified attachments of the transverse ligament forming osteophytesseem to be casuistic.

Evaluation Of Anticancer Effect Of Ethanolic Extract Of Lepidagathis Pungens Nees., Whole Plant By Mtt Assay- An In Vitro Study

Manoharan Dhanalakshmi; Subramaniam AnandaThangadurai

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 1027-1038

Extracts from natural products, especially plants, have served as a valuable source of diverse molecules in many drug discovery efforts and led to the discovery of several important drugs. Lepidagathis pungens Nees., (L.pungens) is a herb of tropical Asia belonging to the family Acanthaceae. The present study deals with the in vitro anticancer activity of ethanolic extract of L.pungens against L6, Ehrlich Ascites Carcinoma (EAC), human breast cancer cells ( MCF 7), human cervical cells (He La) and human hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines (Hep G2). MTT assay was used to assess the in vitro anticancer activity. The extract at various doses were treated against all the cell lines. The parameters analyzed were percentage of cytotoxicity, percentage of cell viability and IC50 values. In results the ethanolic extract of L.pungens showed more potent activity against MCF 7 and EAC cell lines but moderate activity against He La and Hep G2 cell lines. The anticancer nature of the ethanolic extract is due to the presence of phytoconstituents like flavanoids, alkaloids, phenolic compounds, terpenoids, etc. However, further indepth studies are required before final conclusion on the mechanisms involved could be drawn to explain the observed activity. In conclusion, the ethanolic extract of L.pungens possess anticancer activity against various types of cancer cells, correlated to their total phenolic content.

Culture And Religion As The Media Political Commodification

Erwin Kartinawati; Pawito .; Warto .; Mahendra Wijaya; AndrikPurwasito .

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 1039-1054

The involvement of mass media owners in political parties has led to the issue of neutrality. Media neutrality becomes more challenged when media owners are also members of political parties competing in the political constellation as supporters of specific figures running for election. In the end, media content becomes a means to win the supported candidates. The phenomenon could be viewed onMetro TVandTV Onestations during the Indonesian presidential election in 2014. The media was active in broadcasting programs to win public support through the creation of discourse that supported their candidates as the decent and ideal figures to be elected as the leader. Culture and religion became the main sources of discourse construction by attaching certain images, mainly based on Javanese and Islamic philosophy. The use of Javanese and Islam as the source of image construction made sense considering that both aspects have the largest mass base in Indonesia. The utilization of religion and culture by the media to win the candidates were analyzed using critical discourse model by Roger Fowlerand his colleagues. As a result,Metro TVportrayed Jokowi-JK andTV Oneportrayed Prabowo-Hatta as the ideal leader, referring to the characteristics of Islamic Prophets and Javanese kings.Although using culture and religion as a reference, poorly, the behavior of the media in constructing political image towards candidates did not match with the values of Javanese culture and Islam religion.It can lead to a misperception about culture and religion especially Java and Islam.

The Effect Of Financial Performance On The Company's Share Price: A Case Study Indonesian

Mochamad Syafii; Bustanul Ulum; Rusdiyanto .; Petrus Suparman; Dwi Inggarwati Rahayu; Niswan Bayu Syasindy

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 8, Pages 1055-1071

The objectives: This paper aims to examine the effect of the proxy financial performance used by ROA, ROE, NIM on share prices of banking sector companies on the Indonesian Stock Exchange.
Design / methodology / approach: This paper uses a quantitative approach by using numbered data to prove the hypothesis. Data on financial performance variables use proxies of ROA, ROE, NIM from company financial reports and the Indonesia Stock Exchange website at,,, and Google search.
Finding:The findings prove that NIM has a positive and significant effect on share prices. It is hoped that the findings can be used by investors to conduct financial performance analysis to have relevant information. For the ROA variable, ROE has no effect on share prices, meaning ROA, ROE does not have a value relevance to banking stock prices on the Indonesia Stock Exchange.
Practical Implications: The findings are recommended for banking management to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of banking financial performance.
Originality: Previous research was conducted to test financial performance on share prices, the findings concluded that financial performance has an influence on stock prices. The novelty in this study the researcher entered control variables as variables to strengthen the findings.