Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Keywords : Buccal Mucosa

Oral Cancer: A Retrospective Study of a Decade

Dr. Ruchi Bhuyan; Dr. Sanat Kumar Bhuyan; Sidhant Bhuyan; Akankshya Sahu

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 6, Pages 1200-1207

Introduction Head besides neck cancer(HNC) The word "avast" contains a variety of malignancy sites, including numerous oral cavity locations, such as maxilla, mandible, tongue, oral floor, oral mucosa, gingiva, mouth or pharynx and larynx. mouth cancer is amongst the most frequent cancers in tumors. The purpose of this research is to investigate the occurrence of HNC as well as its association with traditions, age , gender and place throughout India.
Aim: The goal of the research was to document the effect on Odisha coastal communities in East India for Head / Neck Cancer (HNC) and also its meanings by behaviors, age , gender as well as location.
Materials and methods: A study was conducted retrospectively between June 2009 and June 2019. A maximum of 1364 OSCCs (Oral squamous tissue carcinoma) were analysed with the results were statistically analyzed.
Result: Ratio of men to women 2:1 as well as average age between 40 and 59 years. Oral mucosa (48,97%) including tongue (16,49%) or maxila (6,94%) are now the most popular site for cancer, accompanied by lip (1 24%). Tobacco cigarettes and nibbling habits were prevalent amongst these people of eastern India as well as represented the greatest potential risk for onset of disease. Besides that, a strong relationship with OSSC has been discovered in the smokeless type with tobacco, particularly in females.
Conclusions: The result of this evaluation reveals the use of tobacco is among the main reasons for increasing oral cancer malignancy development. Therefore, it is important for an individual to be informed of this tobacco-linked cancer growth.

Traumatic Fibroma: A Case Report

Dr. Ruchika Vasant Lulla; Dr. Priyanka Jaiswal

European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 2020, Volume 7, Issue 7, Pages 1653-1660

Background: Irritational / traumatic fibroma is a reactive lesion that represents most common oral lesions of the soft-tissue, caused by local traumas or plaque-induced inflammation, calculus, overhanging margins and restorations, which may lead to esthetic and functional problems. It can occur at any age group from almost any soft‑tissue site, buccal mucosa tongue, gingiva. However, the buccal mucosa is more commonly involved.
Case presentation: The article presents the case of a 30-year-old female patient with an intraoral swelling at the right side of the cheek mucosa since 4 months. On examining the lesion clinically, it was found to be a well circumscribed, smooth, slightly tender, firm and lobulated pink swelling measuring approx. 3 cm × 3 cm in its greatest diameter in relation to right cheek mucosa near mandibular premolar region. The swelling was associated with traumatic occlusion. The cause of the trauma as well as management of the lesion along with clinico-histological diagnosis is addressed. Complete surgical excision of the lesion was planned. Laser was used for excision of the lesion and the excised lesion as it is comparatively less invasive, easy, the relatively simple and safe method with easy handling of the tissues without any bleeding or scarring. The excised lesion was then sent to histopathology for diagnosis. The case was diagnosed as irritational fibroma after the clinical findings and histological evaluations.
Conclusion: Proper evaluation of the case with careful clinical and histological diagnosis is essential for the management of irritational fibroma. Lasers provide a non-invasive and effective treatment modality for the management of the such lesions.