Online ISSN: 2515-8260

Understanding Theoretical Perspective of the Best Implementation of Regional Autonomy

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Amirul Mustofa1 , Eny Haryati2 , Rifai3 , Andy Kurniawan4 , Olga D. Kravchenko5


In a new country, development is a new "ideology." In simple language, it means "planned revolution". Inevitably, these countries realize that they are increasingly lived behind, especially in economic terms, compared to developed countries. Countries in Western Europe and North America have relatively higher living standards, political stability, and extraordinary technological growth. The situation was enjoyed after they experienced evolution which took quite a long time. Until the 19th century, European civilization experienced at least three to four gradual evolution, these are primitive, agrarian, mercantilism, and industrial societies. When these countries entered the mercantilism century, around the 16th century, these new countries were still in the colonialist era. As it is known, the era of trade (mercantilism) created sailors who dared to sail the oceans to find a new country where they could obtain cheap merchandise and then be sold in Europe with double price. The traders' target is spices. Trade can be more profitable if supported by monopoly. A lasting monopoly and more profitable if the area for producing charcoal is controlled (colonialized). During the period of mercantilism 1500-1800, it risen up the economic exploitation in Asia, Africa and Latin America. This era can be said to be the starting point for the emergence of world stratification, or polarization between developed countries and underdeveloped countries, the relationship between the West and the producers of spices in the backward regions was a trade partner relationship.

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